Provided by: uuid-dev_2.20.1-5.1ubuntu20_amd64 bug

NAME

       uuid_generate,  uuid_generate_random, uuid_generate_time, uuid_generate_time_safe - create
       a new unique UUID value

SYNOPSIS

       #include <uuid/uuid.h>

       void uuid_generate(uuid_t out);
       void uuid_generate_random(uuid_t out);
       void uuid_generate_time(uuid_t out);
       int uuid_generate_time_safe(uuid_t out);

DESCRIPTION

       The uuid_generate function creates a new universally unique identifier (UUID).   The  uuid
       will be generated based on high-quality randomness from /dev/urandom, if available.  If it
       is not available, then uuid_generate will use an  alternative  algorithm  which  uses  the
       current  time,  the  local  ethernet MAC address (if available), and random data generated
       using a pseudo-random generator.

       The uuid_generate_random function forces the use of the all-random UUID format, even if  a
       high-quality  random number generator (i.e., /dev/urandom) is not available, in which case
       a pseudo-random generator will be substituted.  Note  that  the  use  of  a  pseudo-random
       generator may compromise the uniqueness of UUIDs generated in this fashion.

       The uuid_generate_time function forces the use of the alternative algorithm which uses the
       current time and the local ethernet MAC address (if available).  This algorithm used to be
       the default one used to generate UUID, but because of the use of the ethernet MAC address,
       it can leak information about when and where the  UUID  was  generated.   This  can  cause
       privacy  problems  in  some  applications,  so  the  uuid_generate function only uses this
       algorithm if  a  high-quality  source  of  randomness  is  not  available.   To  guarantee
       uniqueness  of  UUIDs  generated  by concurrently running processes, the uuid library uses
       global clock state counter (if the process has permissions to  gain  exclusive  access  to
       this  file)  and/or the uuidd daemon, if it is running already or can be be spawned by the
       process (if installed and the process has enough permissions to run it).   If  neither  of
       these  two  synchronization  mechanisms can be used, it is theoretically possible that two
       concurrently running processes obtain the same UUID(s).  To tell whether the UUID has been
       generated in a safe manner, use uuid_generate_time_safe.

       The  uuid_generate_time_safe  is  similar  to uuid_generate_time, except that it returns a
       value which denotes whether any of the synchronization mechanisms  (see  above)  has  been
       used.

       The  UUID  is  16 bytes (128 bits) long, which gives approximately 3.4x10^38 unique values
       (there are approximately 10^80 elementary particles in  the  universe  according  to  Carl
       Sagan's Cosmos).  The new UUID can reasonably be considered unique among all UUIDs created
       on the local system, and among UUIDs created on other systems  in  the  past  and  in  the
       future.

RETURN VALUE

       The   newly  created  UUID  is  returned  in  the  memory  location  pointed  to  by  out.
       uuid_generate_time_safe returns zero if the UUID has been generated in a safe  manner,  -1
       otherwise.

CONFORMING TO

       OSF DCE 1.1

AUTHOR

       Theodore Y. Ts'o

AVAILABILITY

       libuuid  is  part  of  the  util-linux  package since version 2.15.1 and is available from
       ftp://ftp.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils/util-linux/.

SEE ALSO

       uuid(3),   uuidgen(1),    uuidd(8),    uuid_clear(3),    uuid_compare(3),    uuid_copy(3),
       uuid_is_null(3), uuid_parse(3), uuid_time(3), uuid_unparse(3)