Provided by: iproute2_3.12.0-2_amd64 bug

NAME

       bridge - show / manipulate bridge addresses and devices

SYNOPSIS

       bridge [ OPTIONS ] OBJECT { COMMAND | help }

       OBJECT := { link | fdb | mdb | vlan | monitor }

       OPTIONS := { -V[ersion] | -s[tatistics] }

       bridge link set dev DEV  [ cost COST ] [ priority PRIO ]  [ state STATE] [ guard { on |
               off } ] [ hairpin { on | off } ] [ fastleave { on | off } ] [ root_block { on |
               off } ] [ hwmode { vepa | veb } ]

       bridge link [ show ] [ dev DEV ]

       bridge fdb { add | append | del } LLADDR dev DEV { local | temp } { self } { embedded } {
               router } [ dst IPADDR ] [ vni VNI ] [ port PORT ] [ via DEVICE ]

       bridge fdb [ show ] [ dev DEV ]

       bridge mdb { add | del } dev DEV port PORT grp GROUP [ permanent | temp ]

       bridge mdb show [ dev DEV ]

       bridge vlan { add | del } dev DEV vid VID [ pvid ] [ untagged ]  [ self ]  [ master ]

       bridge vlan [ show ] [ dev DEV ]

       bridge monitor [ all | neigh | link | mdb ]

OPTIONS

       -V, -Version
              print the version of the bridge utility and exit.

       -s, -stats, -statistics
              output more information.  If this option is given multiple times, the amount of
              information increases.  As a rule, the information is statistics or some time
              values.

BRIDGE - COMMAND SYNTAX

   OBJECT
       link   - Bridge port.

       fdb    - Forwarding Database entry.

       mdb    - Multicast group database entry.

       vlan   - VLAN filter list.

   COMMAND
       Specifies the action to perform on the object.  The set of possible actions depends on the
       object type.  As a rule, it is possible to add, delete and show (or list ) objects, but
       some objects do not allow all of these operations or have some additional commands.  The
       help command is available for all objects.  It prints out a list of available commands and
       argument syntax conventions.

       If no command is given, some default command is assumed.  Usually it is list or, if the
       objects of this class cannot be listed, help.

bridge link - bridge port

       link objects correspond to the port devices of the bridge.

       The corresponding commands set and display port status and bridge specific attributes.

   bridge link set - set bridge specific attributes on a port
       dev NAME
              interface name of the bridge port

       cost COST
              the STP path cost of the specified port.

       priority PRIO
              the STP port priority.  The priority value is an unsigned 8-bit quantity (number
              between 0 and 255).  This metric is used in the designated port an droot port
              selectio algorithms.

       state STATE
              the operation state of the port.  This is primarily used by user space STP/RSTP
              implementation.  The following is a list of valid values:

              0 - port is DISABLED.  Make this port completely inactive.

              1 - STP LISTENING state.  Only valid if STP is enabled on the brige.  In this state
              the port for list for STP BPDUs and drop all other traffic.

              2 - STP LEARNING state.  Only valid if STP is enabled on the bridge.  In this state
              the port will accept traffic only for the purpose of updating MAC adress tables.

              3 - STP FORWARDING state.  Port is fully active.

              4 - STP BLOCKING state.  Only valid if STP is enabled on the bridge.  This state is
              used during the STP election process.  In this state, port will only process STP
              BPDUs.

       guard on or guard off
              Controls whether STP BPUDs will be processed by the bridge port.  By default, the
              flag is turned off allowed BPDU processing.  Turning this flag on will cause the
              port to stop processing STP BPDUs.

       hairpin on or hairpin off
              Controls whether traffic may be send back out of the port on which it was received.
              By default, this flag is turned off and the bridge will not forward traffic back
              out of the receiving port.

       fastleave on or fastleave off
              This flag allows the bridge to immediately stop multicast traffic on a port that
              receives IGMP Leave message.  It is only used with IGMP snooping is enabled on the
              bridge.  By default the flag is off.

       root_block on or root_block off
              Controls whether a given port is allowed to become root port or not.  Only used
              when STP is enabled on the bridge.  By default the flag is off.

       hwmode Some network interface cards support HW bridge functionality and they may be
              configured in different modes.  Currently support modes are:

              vepa - Data sent between HW ports is sent on the wire to the external switch.

              veb - bridging happens in hardware.

   bridge link show - list bridge port configuration.
       This command displays the current bridge port configuration and flags.

bridge fdb - forwarding database management

       fdb objects contain known Ethernet addresses on a  link.

       The corresponding commands display fdb entries, add new entries, append entries, and
       delete old ones.

   bridge fdb add - add a new fdb entry
       This command creates a new fdb entry.

       LLADDR the Ethernet MAC address.

       dev DEV
              the interface to which this address is associated.

              self - the address is associated with a software fdb (default)

              embedded - the address is associated with an offloaded fdb

              router - the destination address is associated with a router.  Valid if the
              referenced device is a VXLAN type device and has route shortcircuit enabled.

      The next command line parameters apply only when the specified device DEV is of type VXLAN.

       dst IPADDR
              the IP address of the destination VXLAN tunnel endpoint where the Ethernet MAC
              ADDRESS resides.

       vni VNI
              the VXLAN VNI Network Identifier (or VXLAN Segment ID) to use to connect to the
              remote VXLAN tunnel endpoint.  If omitted the value specified at vxlan device
              creation will be used.

       port PORT
              the UDP destination PORT number to use to connect to the remote VXLAN tunnel
              endpoint.  If omitted the default value is used.

       via DEVICE
              device name of the outgoing interface for the VXLAN device driver to reach the
              remote VXLAN tunnel endpoint.

   bridge fdb append - append a forwarding database entry
       This command adds a new fdb entry with an already known LLADDR.  Valid only for multicast
       link layer addresses.  The command adds support for broadcast and multicast Ethernet MAC
       addresses.  The Ethernet MAC address is added multiple times into the forwarding database
       and the vxlan device driver sends a copy of the data packet to each entry found.

       The arguments are the same as with bridge fdb add,

   bridge fdb delete - delete a forwarding database entry
       This command removes an existing fdb entry.

       The arguments are the same as with bridge fdb add,

   bridge fdb show - list forwarding entries.
       This command displays the current forwarding table.

       With the -statistics option, the command becomes verbose.  It prints out the last updated
       and last used time for each entry.

bridge mdb - multicast group database management

       mdb objects contain known IP multicast group addresses on a link.

       The corresponding commands display mdb entries, add new entries, and delete old ones.

   bridge mdb add - add a new multicast group database entry
       This command creates a new mdb entry.

       dev DEV
              the interface where this group address is associated.

       port PORT
              the port whose link is known to have members of this multicast group.

       grp GROUP
              the IP multicast group address whose members reside on the link connected to the
              port.

              permanent - the mdb entry is permanent

              temp - the mdb entry is temporary (default)

   bridge mdb delete - delete a multicast group database entry
       This command removes an existing mdb entry.

       The arguments are the same as with bridge mdb add.

   bridge mdb show - list multicast group database entries
       This command displays the current multicast group membership table. The table is populated
       by IGMP and MLD snooping in the bridge driver automatically. It can be altered by bridge
       mdb add and bridge mdb del commands manually too.

       dev DEV
              the interface only whose entries should be listed. Default is to list all bridge
              interfaces.

       With the -details option, the command becomes verbose.  It prints out the ports known to
       have a connected router.

bridge vlan - VLAN filter list

       vlan objects contain known VLAN IDs for a link.

       The corresponding commands display vlan filter entries, add new entries, and delete old
       ones.

   bridge vlan add - add a new vlan filter entry
       This command creates a new vlan filter entry.

       dev NAME
              the interface with which this vlan is associated.

       vid VID
              the VLAN ID that identifies the vlan.

       pvid   the vlan specified is to be considered a PVID at ingress.  Any untagged frames will
              be assigned to this VLAN.

       untagged
              the vlan specified is to be treated as untagged on egress.

       self   the vlan is configured on the specified physical device.  Required if the device is
              the bridge device.

       master the vlan is configured on the software bridge (default).

   bridge vlan delete - delete a forwarding database entry
       This command removes an existing fdb entry.

       The arguments are the same as with bridge vlan add.  The pvid and untagged flags are
       ignored.

   bridge vlan show - list vlan configuration.
       This command displays the current VLAN filter table.

bridge monitor - state monitoring

       The bridge utility can monitor the state of devices and  addresses continuously.  This
       option has a slightly different format.  Namely, the monitor command is the first in the
       command line and then the object list follows:

       bridge monitor [ all | OBJECT-LIST ]

       OBJECT-LIST is the list of object types that we want to monitor.  It may contain link,
       fdb, and mdb.  If no file argument is given, bridge opens RTNETLINK, listens on it and
       dumps state changes in the format described in previous sections.

       If a file name is given, it does not listen on RTNETLINK, but opens the file containing
       RTNETLINK messages saved in binary format and dumps them.  Such a history file can be
       generated with the

NOTES

       This command uses facilities added in Linux 3.0.

       Although the forwarding table is maintained on a per-bridge device basis the bridge device
       is not part of the syntax. This is a limitation of the underlying netlink neighbour
       message protocol. When displaying the forwarding table, entries for all bridges are
       displayed.  Add/delete/modify commands determine the underlying bridge device based on the
       bridge to which the corresponding ethernet device is attached.

SEE ALSO

       ip(8)

BUGS

       Please direct bugreports and patches to: <netdev@vger.kernel.org>

AUTHOR

       Original Manpage by Stephen Hemminger