Provided by: pwgen_2.07-1.1ubuntu1_i386
pwgen - generate pronounceable passwords
pwgen [ OPTION ] [ pw_length ] [ num_pw ]
The pwgen program generates passwords which are designed to be easily
memorized by humans, while being as secure as possible. Human-
memorable passwords are never going to be as secure as completely
completely random passwords. In particular, passwords generated by
pwgen without the -s option should not be used in places where the
password could be attacked via an off-line brute-force attack. On the
other hand, completely randomly generated passwords have a tendency to
be written down, and are subject to being compromised in that fashion.
The pwgen program is designed to be used both interactively, and in
shell scripts. Hence, its default behavior differs depending on
whether the standard output is a tty device or a pipe to another
program. Used interactively, pwgen will display a screenful of
passwords, allowing the user to pick a single password, and then
quickly erase the screen. This prevents someone from being able to
"shoulder surf" the user's chosen password.
When standard output (stdout) is not a tty, pwgen will only generate
one password, as this tends to be much more convenient for shell
scripts, and in order to be compatible with previous versions of this
Don't include numbers in the generated passwords.
-1 Print the generated passwords one per line.
Don't bother to include any capital letters in the generated
This option doesn't do anything special; it is present only for
Don't use characters that could be confused by the user when
printed, such as 'l' and '1', or '0' or 'O'. This reduces the
number of possible passwords significantly, and as such reduces
the quality of the passwords. It may be useful for users who
have bad vision, but in general use of this option is not
Include at least one capital letter in the password. This is
the default if the standard output is a tty device.
-C Print the generated passwords in columns. This is the default
if the standard output is a tty device.
Generate num passwords. This defaults to a screenful if
passwords are printed by columns, and one password otherwise.
Include at least one number in the password. This is the
default if the standard output is a tty device.
Will use the sha1's hash of given file and the optional seed to
create password. It will allow you to compute the same password
later, if you remember the file, seed, and pwgen's options used.
ie: pwgen -H ~/email@example.com gives a list of
possibles passwords for your pop3 account, and you can ask this
list again and again.
WARNING: The passwords generated using this option are not very
random. If you use this option, make sure the attacker can not
obtain a copy of the file. Also, note that the name of the file
may be easily available from the ~/.history or ~/.bash_history
Print a help message.
Generate completely random, hard-to-memorize passwords. These
should only be used for machine passwords, since otherwise it's
almost guaranteed that users will simply write the password on a
piece of paper taped to the monitor...
Generate random passwords that do not contain vowels or numbers
that might be mistaken for vowels. It provides less secure
passwords to allow system administrators to not have to worry
with random passwords accidentally contain offensive substrings.
Include at least one special character in the password.
This version of pwgen was written by Theodore Ts'o
<firstname.lastname@example.org>. It is modelled after a program originally
written by Brandon S. Allbery, and then later extensively modified by
Olaf Titz, Jim Lynch, and others. It was rewritten from scratch by
Theodore Ts'o because the original program was somewhat of a hack, and
thus hard to maintain, and because the licensing status of the program