Provided by: gettext-base_0.19.7-2ubuntu3_amd64 bug

NAME

       gettext, dgettext, dcgettext - translate message

SYNOPSIS

       #include <libintl.h>

       char * gettext (const char * msgid);
       char * dgettext (const char * domainname, const char * msgid);
       char * dcgettext (const char * domainname, const char * msgid,
                         int category);

DESCRIPTION

       The  gettext, dgettext and dcgettext functions attempt to translate a text string into the
       user's native language, by looking up the translation in a message catalog.

       The msgid argument identifies the message to be  translated.  By  convention,  it  is  the
       English   version   of   the   message,   with  non-ASCII  characters  replaced  by  ASCII
       approximations. This choice allows the translators to work with message  catalogs,  called
       PO  files,  that contain both the English and the translated versions of each message, and
       can be installed using the msgfmt utility.

       A message domain is a set of translatable msgid messages. Usually, every software  package
       has its own message domain. The domain name is used to determine the message catalog where
       the translation is looked up; it must be a non-empty string. For the gettext function,  it
       is  specified  through  a  preceding  textdomain  call.  For  the  dgettext  and dcgettext
       functions, it is passed as the domainname argument; if this argument is NULL,  the  domain
       name specified through a preceding textdomain call is used instead.

       Translation  lookup  operates  in  the  context of the current locale. For the gettext and
       dgettext functions, the LC_MESSAGES locale facet is used. It is determined by a  preceding
       call  to  the  setlocale function. setlocale(LC_ALL,"") initializes the LC_MESSAGES locale
       based on the first nonempty value of the three environment variables LC_ALL,  LC_MESSAGES,
       LANG;  see setlocale(3). For the dcgettext function, the locale facet is determined by the
       category argument, which should be one of the LC_xxx constants defined in  the  <locale.h>
       header,  excluding LC_ALL. In both cases, the functions also use the LC_CTYPE locale facet
       in order to convert the translated message from the translator's codeset  to  the  current
       locale's  codeset,  unless  overridden  by  a  prior  call  to the bind_textdomain_codeset
       function.

       The    message    catalog    used    by    the    functions    is    at    the    pathname
       dirname/locale/category/domainname.mo.  Here  dirname  is  the directory specified through
       bindtextdomain. Its default  is  system  and  configuration  dependent;  typically  it  is
       prefix/share/locale, where prefix is the installation prefix of the package. locale is the
       name of the current locale facet; the GNU implementation also tries generalizations,  such
       as  the  language name without the territory name. category is LC_MESSAGES for the gettext
       and dgettext functions, or the argument passed to the dcgettext function.

       If the LANGUAGE environment variable is set to a nonempty value, and the locale is not the
       "C"  locale,  the value of LANGUAGE is assumed to contain a colon separated list of locale
       names. The functions will attempt to look up a translation of msgid in each of the locales
       in turn. This is a GNU extension.

       In  the  "C"  locale, or if none of the used catalogs contain a translation for msgid, the
       gettext, dgettext and dcgettext functions return msgid.

RETURN VALUE

       If a translation was found in one of the  specified  catalogs,  it  is  converted  to  the
       locale's  codeset  and returned. The resulting string is statically allocated and must not
       be modified or freed. Otherwise msgid is returned.

ERRORS

       errno is not modified.

BUGS

       The return type ought to be const char *, but is char  *  to  avoid  warnings  in  C  code
       predating ANSI C.

       When an empty string is used for msgid, the functions may return a nonempty string.

SEE ALSO

       ngettext(3),  dngettext(3), dcngettext(3), setlocale(3), textdomain(3), bindtextdomain(3),
       bind_textdomain_codeset(3), msgfmt(1)