Provided by: xserver-xorg-video-intel_2.99.917+git20160325-1ubuntu1_amd64 bug

NAME

       intel - Intel integrated graphics chipsets

SYNOPSIS

       Section "Device"
         Identifier "devname"
         Driver "intel"
         ...
       EndSection

DESCRIPTION

       intel  is  an  Xorg  driver  for  Intel integrated graphics chipsets.  The driver supports
       depths 8, 15, 16 and 24.  All visual types are supported in depth 8.   For  the  i810/i815
       other depths support the TrueColor and DirectColor visuals.  For the i830M and later, only
       the TrueColor visual is supported for depths greater than 8.  The driver supports hardware
       accelerated 3D via the Direct Rendering Infrastructure (DRI), but only in depth 16 for the
       i810/i815 and depths 16 and 24 for the 830M and later.

SUPPORTED HARDWARE

       intel supports the i810, i810-DC100, i810e, i815, i830M, 845G, 852GM, 855GM,  865G,  915G,
       915GM,  945G, 945GM, 965G, 965Q, 946GZ, 965GM, 945GME, G33, Q33, Q35, G35, GM45, G45, Q45,
       G43, G41 chipsets, Pineview-M in Atom N400 series, Pineview-D in  Atom  D400/D500  series,
       Intel(R)  HD  Graphics:  2000-6000,  Intel(R)  Iris(TM)  Graphics: 5100/6100, and Intel(R)
       Iris(TM) Pro Graphics: 5200/6200/P6300.

CONFIGURATION DETAILS

       Please refer to xorg.conf(5) for general configuration details.  This section only  covers
       configuration details specific to this driver.

       The  Intel  8xx  and  9xx  families  of integrated graphics chipsets have a unified memory
       architecture meaning that system memory is used as video  RAM.   For  the  i810  and  i815
       family  of  chipsets, operating system support for allocating system memory is required in
       order to use this driver.  For the 830M and later, this  is  required  in  order  for  the
       driver  to  use more video RAM than has been pre-allocated at boot time by the BIOS.  This
       is usually achieved with an "agpgart" or "agp" kernel driver.   Linux,  FreeBSD,  OpenBSD,
       NetBSD, and Solaris have such kernel drivers available.

       By  default,  the  i810/i815  will use 8 MB of system memory for graphics if AGP allocable
       memory is < 128 MB, 16 MB if < 192 MB or 24 MB if  higher.  Use  the  VideoRam  option  to
       change the default value.

       For the 830M and later, the driver will automatically size its memory allocation according
       to the features it will support.  Therefore, the VideoRam option, which in  the  past  had
       been  necessary  to  allow  more  than some small amount of memory to be allocated, is now
       ignored.

       The following driver Options are supported

       Option "ColorKey" "integer"
              This sets the default pixel value for the YUV video overlay key.

              Default: undefined.

       Option "DRI" "string"
              Disable or enable DRI support. A driver name to use  can  be  provided  instead  of
              simple  boolean value, which will be passed to the GL implementation for it to load
              the appropriate backend. Alternatively the maximum level of  DRI  to  enable  (e.g.
              "1", "2" or "3") can be specified.

              Default: All levels of DRI are enabled for configurations where it is supported.

       The following driver Options are supported for the i810 and i815 chipsets:

       Option "CacheLines" "integer"
              This  allows  the  user  to  change  the  amount  of  graphics  memory  used for 2D
              acceleration and video when XAA acceleration is enabled.   Decreasing  this  amount
              leaves  more  for  3D  textures.   Increasing  it can improve 2D performance at the
              expense of 3D performance.

              Default: depends on the resolution, depth, and available video memory.  The  driver
              attempts  to  allocate  space  for  at  3 screenfuls of pixmaps plus an HD-sized XV
              video.  The default used for a specific configuration can be found by examining the
              Xorg log file.

       Option "DDC" "boolean"
              Disable or enable DDC support.

              Default: enabled.

       Option "Dac6Bit" "boolean"
              Enable or disable 6-bits per RGB for 8-bit modes.

              Default: 8-bits per RGB for 8-bit modes.

       Option "XvMCSurfaces" "integer"
              This  option  enables XvMC.  The integer parameter specifies the number of surfaces
              to use.  Valid values are 6 and 7.

              Default: XvMC is disabled.

       VideoRam integer
              This option specifies the amount of system memory to use for graphics, in KB.

              The default is 8192 if AGP allocable memory is < 128 MB, 16384 if < 192  MB,  24576
              if  higher. DRI require at least a value of 16384. Higher values may give better 3D
              performance, at expense of available system memory.

       Option "Accel" "boolean"
              Enable or disable acceleration.

              Default: acceleration is enabled.

       The following driver Options are supported for the 830M and later chipsets:

       Option "Accel" "boolean"
              Enable or disable acceleration.

              Default: acceleration is enabled.

       Option "Present" "boolean"
              Enable use of hardware counters and flow control for the Present extension.

              Default: Enabled

       Option "AccelMethod" "string"
              Select  acceleration  method.   There  are  a  couple  of  backends  available  for
              accelerating  the  DDX.  "UXA"  (Unified  Acceleration  Architecture) is the mature
              backend that was introduced to support the GEM driver model. It is in  the  process
              of  being  superseded by "SNA" (Sandybridge's New Acceleration). Until that process
              is complete, the ability to choose which  backend  to  use  remains  for  backwards
              compatibility.   In  addition,  there  are  a  pair  of  sub-options  to  limit the
              acceleration  for  debugging  use.  Specify  "off"  or  "none"   to   disable   all
              acceleration, or "blt" to disable render acceleration and only use the BLT engine.

              Default: use SNA (render acceleration)

       Option "TearFree" "boolean"
              Disable  or  enable TearFree updates. This option forces X to perform all rendering
              to a backbuffer prior to updating the actual display. It requires an  extra  memory
              allocation  the same size as a framebuffer, the occasional extra copy, and requires
              Damage tracking. Thus enabling TearFree requires more memory and is slower (reduced
              throughput)  and  introduces  a  small  amount of output latency, but it should not
              impact input  latency.  However,  the  update  to  the  screen  is  then  performed
              synchronously with the vertical refresh of the display so that the entire update is
              completed before the display starts its refresh. That is only  one  frame  is  ever
              visible,  preventing  an  unsightly  tear between two visible and differing frames.
              Note that this replicates what the compositing manager  should  be  doing,  however
              TearFree  will  redirect  the  compositor  updates  (and those of fullscreen games)
              directly on to the scanout thus incurring no additional overhead in the  composited
              case.  Also  note  that  not  all  compositing managers prevent tearing, and if the
              outputs are rotated, there will still be tearing without TearFree enabled.

              Default: TearFree is disabled.

       Option "ReprobeOutputs" "boolean"
              Disable or enable rediscovery of connected displays during server startup.  As  the
              kernel  driver  loads  it  scans  for  connected  displays and configures a console
              spanning those outputs. When the  X  server  starts,  we  then  take  the  list  of
              connected   displays   and   framebuffer  layout  and  use  that  for  the  initial
              configuration. Sometimes, not all displays are correctly detected by the kernel and
              so  it  is  useful  in a few circumstances for X to force the kernel to reprobe all
              displays when it starts. To make the X  server  recheck  the  status  of  connected
              displays,  set  the  "ReprobeOutputs" option to true.  Please do file a bug for any
              circumstances which require this workaround.

              Default: reprobing is disabled for a faster startup.

       Option "VideoKey" "integer"
              This is the same as the "ColorKey" option described  above.   It  is  provided  for
              compatibility with most other drivers.

       Option "XvPreferOverlay" "boolean"
              Make  hardware overlay be the first XV adaptor.  The overlay behaves incorrectly in
              the presence of compositing, but some prefer it due to it syncing to vblank in  the
              absence  of  compositing.   While most XV-using applications have options to select
              which XV adaptor to use, this option can be used to place  the  overlay  first  for
              applications which don't have options for selecting adaptors.

              Default: Textured video adaptor is preferred.

       Option "Backlight" "string"
              Override  the  probed  backlight  control  interface.  Sometimes  the automatically
              selected backlight interface may not correspond to  the  correct,  or  simply  most
              useful,  interface available on the system. This allows you to override that choice
              by specifying the entry under /sys/class/backlight to use.

              Default: Automatic selection.

       Option "CustomEDID" "string"
              Override the probed EDID on particular outputs. Sometimes the manufacturer supplied
              EDID is corrupt or lacking a few usable modes and supplying a corrected EDID may be
              easier than specifying every modeline. This option allows to pass the path to  load
              an  EDID  from  per  output.  The format is a comma separated string of output:path
              pairs, e.g.  DP1:/path/to/dp1.edid,DP2:/path/to/dp2.edid

              Default: No override, use manufacturer supplied EDIDs.

       Option "FallbackDebug" "boolean"
              Enable printing of debugging information on acceleration fallbacks  to  the  server
              log.

              Default: Disabled

       Option "DebugFlushBatches" "boolean"
              Flush the batch buffer after every single operation.

              Default: Disabled

       Option "DebugFlushCaches" "boolean"
              Include  an  MI_FLUSH  at the end of every batch buffer to force data to be flushed
              out of cache and into memory before the completion of the batch.

              Default: Disabled

       Option "DebugWait" "boolean"
              Wait for the completion of every  batch  buffer  before  continuing,  i.e.  perform
              synchronous rendering.

              Default: Disabled

       Option "HWRotation" "boolean"
              Override the use of native hardware rotation and force the use of software, but GPU
              accelerated where possible, rotation. On some platforms the  hardware  can  scanout
              directly  into  a  rotated  output  bypassing  the intermediate rendering and extra
              allocations required for software implemented rotation (i.e. native  rotation  uses
              less  resources,  is  quicker  and uses less power). This allows you to disable the
              native rotation in case of errors.

              Default: Enabled (use hardware rotation)

       Option "VSync" "boolean"
              This option controls the use of commands to synchronise rendering with the vertical
              refresh  of the display. Some rendering commands have the option to be performed in
              a "tear-free" fashion by stalling the GPU to wait for the display to be outside  of
              the  region to be updated. This slows down all rendering, and historically has been
              the source of many GPU hangs.

              Default: enabled.

       Option "PageFlip" "boolean"
              This option controls the use of commands to flip the scanout address on  a  VBlank.
              This is used by glXSwapBuffers to efficiently perform the back-to-front exchange at
              the end of a frame without incurring the penalty of a copy, or stalling the  render
              pipeline (the flip is performed asynchronrously to the render command stream by the
              display engine). However, it has historically been the source of many GPU hangs.

              Default: enabled.

       Option "SwapbuffersWait" "boolean"
              This option controls the behavior of glXSwapBuffers and glXCopySubBufferMESA  calls
              by  GL  applications.   If enabled, the calls will avoid tearing by making sure the
              display scanline is outside of the area to be copied before the  copy  occurs.   If
              disabled,  no  scanline  synchronization  is performed, meaning tearing will likely
              occur.

              Default: enabled.

       Option "TripleBuffer" "boolean"
              This option enables the use of a third buffer for page-flipping. The  third  buffer
              allows  applications  to  run  at  vrefresh rates even if they occasionally fail to
              swapbuffers on time. The effect of such missed swaps is the output jitters  between
              60fps  and  30fps,  and  in  the  worst  case  appears  frame-locked  to 30fps. The
              disadvantage of triple buffering is that there is an extra frame of latency, due to
              the  pre-rendered  frame  sitting  in the swap queue, between input and any display
              update.

              Default: enabled.

       Option "Tiling" "boolean"
              This option controls whether memory buffers for  Pixmaps  are  allocated  in  tiled
              mode.   In  most  cases  (especially  for  complex  rendering), tiling dramatically
              improves performance.

              Default: enabled.

       Option "LinearFramebuffer" "boolean"
              This option controls whether the memory for the scanout (also known as the front or
              frame  buffer)  is  allocated in linear memory. A tiled framebuffer is required for
              power conservation features, but for certain system configurations you may wish  to
              override this and force a linear layout.

              Default: disabled

       Option "RelaxedFencing" "boolean"
              This  option  controls  whether we attempt to allocate the minimal amount of memory
              required  for  the  buffers.  The  reduction  in  working  set  has  a  substantial
              improvement  on  system performance. However, this has been demonstrate to be buggy
              on older hardware (845-865 and 915-945, but ok on PineView and later) so  on  those
              chipsets defaults to off.

              Default: Enabled for G33 (includes PineView), and later, class machines.

       Option "XvMC" "boolean"
              Enable  XvMC  driver.  Current  support  MPEG2  MC on 915/945 and G33 series.  User
              should provide absolute path to libIntelXvMC.so in XvMCConfig file.

              Default: Disabled.

       Option "Throttle" "boolean"
              This option controls whether the driver  periodically  waits  for  pending  drawing
              operations to complete. Throttling ensures that the GPU does not lag too far behind
              the CPU and thus noticeable delays in user responsible at the  cost  of  throughput
              performance.

              Default: enabled.

       Option "HotPlug" "boolean"
              This  option  controls  whether the driver automatically notifies applications when
              monitors are connected or disconnected.

              Default: enabled.

       Option "Virtualheads" "integer"
              This option controls specifies the number of fake outputs to create in addition  to
              the  normal  outputs detected on your hardware. These outputs cannot be assigned to
              the regular displays attached to the GPU, but do otherwise act as any other  xrandr
              output and share a portion of the regular framebuffer. One use case for these extra
              heads is for extending your  desktop  onto  a  discrete  GPU  using  the  Bumblebee
              project.  However,  the  recommendation  here  is  to use PRIME instead to create a
              single Xserver that can addresses and coordinate between multiple GPUs.

              Default: 0

       Option "ZaphodHeads" "string"

              Specify the randr output(s) to  use  with  zaphod  mode  for  a  particular  driver
              instance.  If you set this option you must use it with all instances of the driver.
              By default, each head is assigned  only  one  CRTC  (which  limits  using  multiple
              outputs with that head to cloned mode). CRTC can be manually assigned to individual
              heads by preceding the output names with a comma delimited  list  of  pipe  numbers
              followed   by  a  colon.  Note  that  different  pipes  may  be  limited  in  their
              functionality and some outputs may only work with different pipes.
              For example:

              Option "ZaphodHeads" "LVDS1,VGA1"

              will assign xrandr outputs LVDS1 and VGA1 to this instance of the driver.

              Option "ZaphodHeads" "0,2:HDMI1,DP2"

              will assign xrandr outputs HDMI1 and DP2 and CRTCs 0 and 2 to this instance of  the
              driver.

OUTPUT CONFIGURATION

       On  830M  and  better  chipsets,  the  driver  supports  runtime configuration of detected
       outputs.  You can use the xrandr tool to control outputs on the command line as follows:

              xrandr --output output --set property value

       Note that you may need to quote property and value arguments that  contain  spaces.   Each
       output listed below may have one or more properties associated with it (like a binary EDID
       block if one is found).  Some outputs have unique properties which  are  described  below.
       See the "MULTIHEAD CONFIGURATIONS" section below for additional information.

   VGA
       VGA output port (typically exposed via an HD15 connector).

   LVDS
       Low  Voltage  Differential  Signalling  output  (typically a laptop LCD panel).  Available
       properties:

       BACKLIGHT - current backlight level (adjustable)
              By adjusting the BACKLIGHT property, the brightness  on  the  LVDS  output  can  be
              adjusted.   In  some  cases,  this property may be unavailable (for example if your
              platform uses an external microcontroller to control the backlight).

       scaling mode - control LCD panel scaling mode
              When the currently selected display mode differs from the native panel  resolution,
              various scaling options are available. These include

              Center Simply  center the image on-screen without scaling. This is the only scaling
                     mode  that  guarantees  a  one-to-one  correspondence  between  native   and
                     displayed  pixels,  but  some portions of the panel may be unused (so-called
                     "letterboxing").

              Full aspect
                     Scale the image as much as possible while preserving  aspect  ratio.  Pixels
                     may  not  be  displayed  one-to-one  (there  may  be  some blurriness). Some
                     portions of the panel may be unused if the aspect ratio of the selected mode
                     does not match that of the panel.

              Full   Scale  the  image  to the panel size without regard to aspect ratio. This is
                     the only mode which guarantees that every pixel of the panel will  be  used.
                     But  the  displayed image may be distorted by stretching either horizontally
                     or vertically, and pixels may not be displayed one-to-one (there may be some
                     blurriness).

       The  precise  names of these options may differ depending on the kernel video driver, (but
       the functionality should be similar). See the output  of  xrandr  --prop  for  a  list  of
       currently available scaling modes.

   TV
       Integrated TV output.  Available properties include:

       BOTTOM, RIGHT, TOP, LEFT - margins
              Adjusting  these  properties  allows you to control the placement of your TV output
              buffer on the screen. The options with the same name can also be set  in  xorg.conf
              with integer value.

       BRIGHTNESS - TV brightness, range 0-255
              Adjust TV brightness, default value is 128.

       CONTRAST - TV contrast, range 0-255
              Adjust TV contrast, default value is 1.0 in chipset specific format.

       SATURATION - TV saturation, range 0-255
              Adjust TV saturation, default value is 1.0 in chipset specific format.

       HUE - TV hue, range 0-255
              Adjust TV hue, default value is 0.

       TV_FORMAT - output standard
              This  property  allows  you  to  control the output standard used on your TV output
              port.  You can select between NTSC-M, NTSC-443, NTSC-J, PAL-M, PAL-N, and PAL.

       TV_Connector - connector type
              This config option should be added to xorg.conf TV monitor's section, it allows you
              to  force the TV output connector type, which bypass load detect and TV will always
              be taken as connected. You can select between S-Video, Composite and Component.

   TMDS-1
       First DVI SDVO output

   TMDS-2
       Second DVI SDVO output

   TMDS-1 , TMDS-2 , HDMI-1 , HDMI-2
       DVI/HDMI outputs. Available common properties include:

       BROADCAST_RGB - method used to set RGB color range
              Adjusting this property allows you to set RGB color range on each channel in  order
              to  match  HDTV  requirement(default  0  for full range). Setting 1 means RGB color
              range is 16-235, 0 means RGB color range is 0-255 on each channel.  (Full range  is
              0-255, not 16-235)

       SDVO and DVO TV outputs are not supported by the driver at this time.

       See  xorg.conf(5)  for  information on associating Monitor sections with these outputs for
       configuration.  Associating Monitor sections with each output can be helpful if  you  need
       to  ignore  a  specific  output,  for example, or statically configure an extended desktop
       monitor layout.

MULTIHEAD CONFIGURATIONS

       The number of independent outputs is dictated by the number of CRTCs  (in  X  parlance)  a
       given  chip  supports.   Most recent Intel chips have two CRTCs, meaning that two separate
       framebuffers can be displayed simultaneously, in an extended desktop configuration.  If  a
       chip supports more outputs than it has CRTCs (say local flat panel, VGA and TV in the case
       of many outputs), two of the outputs will have to be "cloned", meaning that  they  display
       the  same  framebuffer  contents (or one displays a subset of another's framebuffer if the
       modes aren't equal).

       You can use the "xrandr" tool,  or  various  desktop  utilities,  to  change  your  output
       configuration  at  runtime.   To  statically  configure  your  outputs,  you  can  use the
       "Monitor-<type>" options along with additional  monitor  sections  in  your  xorg.conf  to
       create  your  screen  topology.  The example below puts the VGA output to the right of the
       builtin laptop screen, both running at 1024x768.

       Section "Monitor"
         Identifier "Laptop FooBar Internal Display"
         Option "Position" "0 0"
       EndSection

       Section "Monitor"
         Identifier "Some Random CRT"
         Option "Position" "1024 0"
         Option "RightOf" "Laptop FoodBar Internal Display"
       EndSection

       Section "Device"
         Driver "intel"
         Option "monitor-LVDS" "Laptop FooBar Internal Display"
         Option "monitor-VGA" "Some Random CRT"
       EndSection

TEXTURED VIDEO ATTRIBUTES

       The driver supports the following X11 Xv attributes for Textured Video.  You can  use  the
       "xvattr" tool to query/set those attributes at runtime.

   XV_SYNC_TO_VBLANK
       XV_SYNC_TO_VBLANK  is  used  to  control  whether textured adapter synchronizes the screen
       update to the vblank to eliminate tearing. It is a Boolean  attribute  with  values  of  0
       (never  sync)  or  1  (always sync). An historic value of -1 (sync for large windows only)
       will now be interpreted as 1, (since the current approach for sync is not costly even with
       small video windows).

   XV_BRIGHTNESS
   XV_CONTRAST

REPORTING BUGS

       The  xf86-video-intel  driver  is part of the X.Org and Freedesktop.org umbrella projects.
       Details on bug reporting can be found  at  https://01.org/linuxgraphics/documentation/how-
       report-bugs.  Mailing lists are also commonly used to report experiences and ask questions
       about configuration and other topics.  See lists.freedesktop.org for more information (the
       xorg@lists.freedesktop.org  mailing  list  is  the most appropriate place to ask X.Org and
       driver related questions).

SEE ALSO

       Xorg(1), xorg.conf(5), Xserver(1), X(7)

AUTHORS

       Authors include: Keith Whitwell, and also Jonathan Bian, Matthew J Sottek, Jeff  Hartmann,
       Mark  Vojkovich, Alan Hourihane, H. J. Lu.  830M and 845G support reworked for XFree86 4.3
       by David Dawes and Keith Whitwell.  852GM, 855GM, and 865G support added  by  David  Dawes
       and  Keith Whitwell.  915G, 915GM, 945G, 945GM, 965G, 965Q and 946GZ support added by Alan
       Hourihane and Keith Whitwell. Lid status support added by Alan Hourihane.  Textured  video
       support  for 915G and later chips, RandR 1.2 and hardware modesetting added by Eric Anholt
       and Keith Packard. EXA and Render acceleration added by Wang Zhenyu. TV out support  added
       by Zou Nan Hai and Keith Packard. 965GM, G33, Q33, and Q35 support added by Wang Zhenyu.