Provided by: firehol-doc_2.0.3+ds-1_all bug

NAME

       firehol-masquerade - set up masquerading (NAT) on an interface

SYNOPSIS

       masquerade real-interface rule-params

       masquerade [reverse] rule-params

DESCRIPTION

       The  masquerade  helper  command  sets  up  masquerading  on  the output of a real network
       interface (as opposed to a FireHOL interface definition).

       If a real-interface is specified the command should be used before any interface or router
       definitions.   Multiple  values  can be given separated by whitespace, so long as they are
       enclosed in quotes.

       If used within an interface definition the definition's real-interface will be used.

       If used within a router definition the definition's outface(s) will be used, if specified.
       If  the  reverse  option  is  gived,  then  the  definition's  inface(s)  will be used, if
       specified.

       Unlike most commands, masquerade does not inherit its parent definition's rule-params,  it
       only  honours  its own.  The inface and outface parameters should not be used (iptables(8)
       does not support inface in the POSTROUTING  chain  and  outface  will  be  overwritten  by
       FireHOL using the rules above).

              Note

              The masquerade always applies to the output of the chosen network interfaces.

              FIREHOL_NAT will be turned on automatically (see firehol-variables(5) ) and FireHOL
              will enable packet-forwarding in the kernel.

MASQUERADING AND SNAT

       Masquerading is a special form of Source NAT (SNAT) that changes the  source  of  requests
       when  they  go out and replaces their original source when they come in.  This way a Linux
       host can become an Internet router for a LAN of clients having  unroutable  IP  addresses.
       Masquerading takes care to re-map IP addresses and ports as required.

       Masquerading is expensive compare to SNAT because it checks the IP address of the outgoing
       interface every time for every packet.  If your host has a static IP  address  you  should
       generally prefer SNAT.

EXAMPLES

               # Before any interface or router
               masquerade eth0 src 192.0.2.0/24 dst not 192.0.2.0/24

               # In an interface definition to masquerade the output of its real-interface
               masquerade

               # In a router definition to masquerade the output of its outface
               masquerade

               # In a router definition to masquerade the output of its inface
               masquerade reverse

SEE ALSO

       · firehol(1) - FireHOL program

       · firehol.conf(5) - FireHOL configuration

       · firehol-interface(5) - interface definition

       · firehol-router(5) - router definition

       · firehol-params(5) - optional rule parameters

       · firehol-nat(5) - nat, snat, dnat, redirect config helpers

       · FireHOL Website (http://firehol.org/)

       · FireHOL Online PDF Manual (http://firehol.org/firehol-manual.pdf)

       · FireHOL Online HTML Manual (http://firehol.org/manual)

AUTHORS

       FireHOL Team.