Provided by: keepalived_1.2.19-1_amd64 bug

NAME

       /etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf - configuration file for keepalived

DESCRIPTION

       keepalived.conf  is  the  configuration  file which describes all the keepalived keywords.
       keywords are placed in hierarchies of blocks (and subblocks), each layer  being  delimited
       by '{' and '}' pairs.

       Comments start with '#' or '!' to the end of the line and can start anywhere in a line.

TOP HIERACHY

       GLOBAL CONFIGURATION

       VRRPD CONFIGURATION

       LVS CONFIGURATION

GLOBAL CONFIGURATION

       contains subblocks of Global definitions and Static routes

Global definitions

        global_defs           # Block id
        {
        notification_email    # To:
               {
               admin@example1.com
               ...
               }
        # From: from address that will be in header
        notification_email_from admin@example.com
        smtp_server 127.0.0.1        # IP
        smtp_connect_timeout 30      # integer, seconds
        router_id my_hostname        # string identifying the machine,
                                     # (doesn't have to be hostname).
        vrrp_mcast_group4 224.0.0.18 # optional, default 224.0.0.18
        vrrp_mcast_group6 ff02::12   # optional, default ff02::12
        enable_traps                 # enable SNMP traps
        }

Static routes/addresses

       keepalived  can  configure  static  addresses and routes. These addresses are NOT moved by
       vrrpd, they stay on the machine.  If you already have IPs and routes on your machines  and
       your machines can ping each other, you don't need this section.

       The syntax is the same as for virtual addresses and virtual routes.

        static_ipaddress
        {
        192.168.1.1/24 dev eth0 scope global
        ...
        }

        static_routes
        {
        192.168.2.0/24 via 192.168.1.100 dev eth0
        ...
        }

VRRPD CONFIGURATION

       contains subblocks of VRRP synchronization group(s) and VRRP instance(s)

VRRP synchronization group(s)

        #string, name of group of IPs that failover together
        vrrp_sync_group VG_1 {
           group {
             inside_network   # name of vrrp_instance (below)
             outside_network  # One for each movable IP.
             ...
           }

           # notify scripts and alerts are optional
           #
           # filenames of scripts to run on transitions
           # can be unquoted (if just filename)
           # or quoted (if has parameters)
           # to MASTER transition
           notify_master /path/to_master.sh
           # to BACKUP transition
           notify_backup /path/to_backup.sh
           # FAULT transition
           notify_fault "/path/fault.sh VG_1"

           # for ANY state transition.
           # "notify" script is called AFTER the
           # notify_* script(s) and is executed
           # with 3 arguments provided by keepalived
           # (ie don't include parameters in the notify line).
           # arguments
           # $1 = "GROUP"|"INSTANCE"
           # $2 = name of group or instance
           # $3 = target state of transition
           #     ("MASTER"|"BACKUP"|"FAULT")
           notify /path/notify.sh

           # Send email notification during state transition,
           # using addresses in global_defs above.
           smtp_alert
        }

VRRP instance(s)

       describes  the  movable  IP  for  each  instance  of a group in vrrp_sync_group.  Here are
       described two IPs (on inside_network and on outside_network),  on  machine  "my_hostname",
       which belong to the group VG_1 and which will transition together on any state change.

        #You will need to write another block for outside_network.
        vrrp_instance inside_network {
           # Initial state, MASTER|BACKUP
           # As soon as the other machine(s) come up,
           # an election will be held and the machine
           # with the highest "priority" will become MASTER.
           # So the entry here doesn't matter a whole lot.
           state MASTER

           # interface for inside_network, bound by vrrp
           interface eth0

           # Use VRRP Virtual MAC.
           use_vmac <VMAC_INTERFACE>

           # Send/Recv VRRP messages from base interface instead of
           # VMAC interface
           vmac_xmit_base

           # Ignore VRRP interface faults (default unset)
           dont_track_primary

           # optional, monitor these as well.
           # go to FAULT state if any of these go down.
           track_interface {
             eth0
             eth1
             ...
           }

           # default IP for binding vrrpd is the primary IP
           # on interface. If you want to hide location of vrrpd,
           # use this IP as src_addr for multicast or unicast vrrp
           # packets. (since it's multicast, vrrpd will get the reply
           # packet no matter what src_addr is used).
           # optional
           mcast_src_ip <IPADDR>
           unicast_src_ip <IPADDR>

           # Do not send VRRP adverts over VRRP multicast group.
           # Instead it sends adverts to the following list of
           # ip addresses using unicast design fashion. It can
           # be cool to use VRRP FSM and features in a networking
           # environment where multicast is not supported !
           # IP Addresses specified can IPv4 as well as IPv6
           unicast_peer {
             <IPADDR>
             ...
           }

           # Binding interface for lvs syncd
           lvs_sync_daemon_interface eth1

           # delay for gratuitous ARP after transition to MASTER
           garp_master_delay 10 # secs, default 5

           # arbitrary unique number 0..255
           # used to differentiate multiple instances of vrrpd
           # running on the same NIC (and hence same socket).
           virtual_router_id 51

           # for electing MASTER, highest priority wins.
           # to be MASTER, make 50 more than other machines.
           priority 100

           # VRRP Advert interval, secs (use default)
           advert_int 1
           authentication {     # Authentication block
               # PASS||AH
               # PASS - Simple password (suggested)
               # AH - IPSEC (not recommended))
               auth_type PASS
               # Password for accessing vrrpd.
               # should be the same for all machines.
               # Only the first eight (8) characters are used.
               auth_pass 1234
           }

           #addresses add|del on change to MASTER, to BACKUP.
           #With the same entries on other machines,
           #the opposite transition will be occurring.
           virtual_ipaddress {
               <IPADDR>/<MASK> brd <IPADDR> dev <STRING> scope <SCOPE> label <LABEL>
               192.168.200.17/24 dev eth1
               192.168.200.18/24 dev eth2 label eth2:1
           }

           #VRRP IP excluded from VRRP
           #optional.
           #For cases with large numbers (eg 200) of IPs
           #on the same interface. To decrease the number
           #of packets sent in adverts, you can exclude
           #most IPs from adverts.
           #The IPs are add|del as for virtual_ipaddress.
           virtual_ipaddress_excluded {
            <IPADDR>/<MASK> brd <IPADDR> dev <STRING> scope <SCOPE>
            <IPADDR>/<MASK> brd <IPADDR> dev <STRING> scope <SCOPE>
               ...
           }
           # routes add|del when changing to MASTER, to BACKUP
           virtual_routes {
               #  src  <IPADDR>  [to]  <IPADDR>/<MASK> via|gw <IPADDR> [or <IPADDR>] dev <STRING>
       scope <SCOPE> tab
               src 192.168.100.1 to 192.168.109.0/24 via 192.168.200.254 dev eth1
               192.168.110.0/24 via 192.168.200.254 dev eth1
               192.168.111.0/24 dev eth2
               192.168.112.0/24 via 192.168.100.254      192.168.113.0/24 via 192.168.200.254  or
       192.168.100.254 dev eth1      blackhole 192.168.114.0/24
           }

           # VRRP will normally preempt a lower priority
           # machine when a higher priority machine comes
           # online.  "nopreempt" allows the lower priority
           # machine to maintain the master role, even when
           # a higher priority machine comes back online.
           # NOTE: For this to work, the initial state of this
           # entry must be BACKUP.
           nopreempt

           # Seconds after startup until preemption
           # (if not disabled by "nopreempt").
           # Range: 0 (default) to 1,000
           # NOTE: For this to work, the initial state of this
           # entry must be BACKUP.
           preempt_delay 300    # waits 5 minutes

           # Debug level, not implemented yet.
           debug

           # notify scripts, alert as above
           notify_master <STRING>|<QUOTED-STRING>
           notify_backup <STRING>|<QUOTED-STRING>
           notify_fault <STRING>|<QUOTED-STRING>
           notify <STRING>|<QUOTED-STRING>
           smtp_alert
        }

LVS CONFIGURATION

       contains subblocks of Virtual server group(s) and Virtual server(s)

       The  subblocks contain arguments for ipvsadm(8).  A knowlege of ipvsadm(8) will be helpful
       here.

Virtual server group(s)

        # optional
        # this groups allows a service on a real_server
        # to belong to multiple virtual services
        # and to be only health checked once.
        # Only for very large LVSs.
        virtual_server_group <STRING> {
               #VIP port
               <IPADDR> <PORT>
               <IPADDR> <PORT>
               ...
               #
               # <IPADDR RANGE> has the form
               # XXX.YYY.ZZZ.WWW-VVV eg 192.168.200.1-10
               # range includes both .1 and .10 address
               <IPADDR RANGE> <PORT># VIP range VPORT
               <IPADDR RANGE> <PORT>
               ...
               fwmark <INT>  # fwmark
               fwmark <INT>
               ...  }

Virtual server(s)

       A virtual_server can be a declaration of one of

       vip vport (IPADDR PORT pair)

       fwmark <INT>

       (virtual server) group <STRING>

                  #setup service
                  virtual_server IP port |
                  virtual_server fwmark int |
                  virtual_server group string
                  {
                  # delay timer for service polling
                  delay_loop <INT>

                  # LVS scheduler
                  lb_algo rr|wrr|lc|wlc|lblc|sh|dh
                  # Enable One-Packet-Scheduling for UDP (-O in ipvsadm)
                  ops
                  # LVS forwarding method
                  lb_kind NAT|DR|TUN
                  # LVS persistence timeout, sec
                  persistence_timeout <INT>
                  # LVS granularity mask (-M in ipvsadm)
                  persistence_granularity <NETMASK>
                  # Only TCP is implemented
                  protocol TCP
                  # If VS IP address is not set,
                  # suspend healthchecker's activity
                  ha_suspend

                  # VirtualHost string for HTTP_GET or SSL_GET
                  # eg virtualhost www.firewall.loc
                  virtualhost <STRING>

                  # Assume silently all RSs down and healthchecks
                  # failed on start. This helps preventing false
                  # positive actions on startup. Alpha mode is
                  # disabled by default.
                  alpha

                  # On daemon shutdown, consider quorum and RS
                  # down notifiers for execution, where appropriate.
                  # Omega mode is disabled by default.
                  omega

                  # Minimum total weight of all live servers in
                  # the pool necessary to operate VS with no
                  # quality regression. Defaults to 1.
                  quorum <INT>

                  # Tolerate this much weight units compared to the
                  # nominal quorum, when considering quorum gain
                  # or loss. A flap dampener. Defaults to 0.
                  hysteresis <INT>

                  # Script to launch when quorum is gained.
                  quorum_up <STRING>|<QUOTED-STRING>

                  # Script to launch when quorum is lost.
                  quorum_down <STRING>|<QUOTED-STRING>

                  # setup realserver(s)

                  # RS to add when all realservers are down
                  sorry_server <IPADDR> <PORT>
                  # applies inhibit_on_failure behaviour to the
                  # preceding sorry_server directive
                  sorry_server_inhibit

                  # one entry for each realserver
                  real_server <IPADDR> <PORT>
                     {
                         # relative weight to use, default: 1
                         weight <INT>
                         # Set weight to 0
                         # when healthchecker detects failure
                         inhibit_on_failure

                         # Script to launch when healthchecker
                         # considers service as up.
                         notify_up <STRING>|<QUOTED-STRING>
                         # Script to launch when healthchecker
                         # considers service as down.
                         notify_down <STRING>|<QUOTED-STRING>

                         # pick one healthchecker
                         # HTTP_GET|SSL_GET|TCP_CHECK|SMTP_CHECK|MISC_CHECK

                         # HTTP and SSL healthcheckers
                         HTTP_GET|SSL_GET
                         {
                             # A url to test
                             # can have multiple entries here
                             url {
                               #eg path / , or path /mrtg2/
                               path <STRING>
                               # healthcheck needs status_code
                               # or status_code and digest
                               # Digest computed with genhash
                               # eg digest 9b3a0c85a887a256d6939da88aabd8cd
                               digest <STRING>
                               # status code returned in the HTTP header
                               # eg status_code 200
                               status_code <INT>
                             }
                             # number of get retry
                             nb_get_retry <INT>
                             # delay before retry
                             delay_before_retry <INT>

                             # ======== generic connection options
                             # Optional IP address to connect to.
                             # The default is real server's IP
                             connect_ip <IP ADDRESS>
                             # Optional port to connect to if not
                             # The default is real server's port
                             connect_port <PORT>
                             # Optional interface to use to
                             # originate the connection
                             bindto <IP ADDRESS>
                             # Optional source port to
                             # originate the connection from
                             bind_port <PORT>
                             # Optional connection timeout in seconds.
                             # The default is 5 seconds
                             connect_timeout <INTEGER>
                             # Optional fwmark to mark all outgoing
                             # checker pakets with
                             fwmark <INTEGER>

                             # Optional random delay to begin initial check for
                             # maximum N seconds.
                             # Useful to scatter multiple simultaneous
                             # checks to the same RS. Enabled by default, with
                             # the maximum at delay_loop. Specify 0 to disable
                             warmup <INT>
                         } #HTTP_GET|SSL_GET

                         #TCP healthchecker (bind to IP port)
                         TCP_CHECK
                         {
                             # ======== generic connection options
                             # Optional IP address to connect to.
                             # The default is real server's IP
                             connect_ip <IP ADDRESS>
                             # Optional port to connect to if not
                             # The default is real server's port
                             connect_port <PORT>
                             # Optional interface to use to
                             # originate the connection
                             bindto <IP ADDRESS>
                             # Optional source port to
                             # originate the connection from
                             bind_port <PORT>
                             # Optional connection timeout in seconds.
                             # The default is 5 seconds
                             connect_timeout <INTEGER>
                             # Optional fwmark to mark all outgoing
                             # checker pakets with
                             fwmark <INTEGER>

                             # Optional random delay to begin initial check for
                             # maximum N seconds.
                             # Useful to scatter multiple simultaneous
                             # checks to the same RS. Enabled by default, with
                             # the maximum at delay_loop. Specify 0 to disable
                             warmup <INT>
                         } #TCP_CHECK

                         # SMTP healthchecker
                         SMTP_CHECK
                         {
                             # ======== generic connection options
                             # Optional IP address to connect to.
                             # The default is real server's IP
                             connect_ip <IP ADDRESS>
                             # Optional port to connect to if not
                             # the default of 25
                             connect_port <PORT>
                             # Optional interface to use to
                             # originate the connection
                             bindto <IP ADDRESS>
                             # Optional source port to
                             # originate the connection from
                             bind_port <PORT>
                             # Optional per-host connection timeout.
                             # Default is outer-scope connect_timeout
                             connect_timeout <INTEGER>
                             # Optional fwmark to mark all outgoing
                             # checker pakets with
                             fwmark <INTEGER>

                             # An optional host interface to check.
                             # If no host directives are present, only
                             # the ip address of the real server will
                             # be checked.
                             host {
                               # ======== generic connection options
                               # Optional IP address to connect to.
                               # The default is real server's IP
                               connect_ip <IP ADDRESS>
                               # Optional port to connect to if not
                               # the default of 25
                               connect_port <PORT>
                               # Optional interface to use to
                               # originate the connection
                               bindto <IP ADDRESS>
                               # Optional source port to
                               # originate the connection from
                               bind_port <PORT>
                               # Optional per-host connection timeout.
                               # Default is outer-scope connect_timeout
                               connect_timeout <INTEGER>
                               # Optional fwmark to mark all outgoing
                               # checker pakets with
                               fwmark <INTEGER>
                            }

                            # Number of times to retry a failed check
                            retry <INTEGER>
                            # Delay in seconds before retrying
                            delay_before_retry <INTEGER>
                            # Optional string to use for the smtp HELO request
                            helo_name <STRING>|<QUOTED-STRING>

                            # Optional random delay to begin initial check for
                            # maximum N seconds.
                            # Useful to scatter multiple simultaneous
                            # checks to the same RS. Enabled by default, with
                            # the maximum at delay_loop. Specify 0 to disable
                            warmup <INT>
                         } #SMTP_CHECK

                         #MISC healthchecker, run a program
                         MISC_CHECK
                         {
                             # External system script or program
                             misc_path <STRING>|<QUOTED-STRING>
                             # Script execution timeout
                             misc_timeout <INT>

                             # Optional random delay to begin initial check for
                             # maximum N seconds.
                             # Useful to scatter multiple simultaneous
                             # checks to the same RS. Enabled by default, with
                             # the maximum at delay_loop. Specify 0 to disable
                             warmup <INT>

                             # If set, exit code from healthchecker is used
                             # to dynamically adjust the weight as follows:
                             #   exit status 0: svc check success, weight
                             #     unchanged.
                             #   exit status 1: svc check failed.
                             #   exit status 2-255: svc check success, weight
                             #     changed to 2 less than exit status.
                             #   (for example: exit status of 255 would set
                             #     weight to 253)
                             misc_dynamic
                         }
                     } # realserver defn
                  } # virtual service

AUTHOR

       Joseph Mack.
       Information derived from doc/keepalived.conf.SYNOPSIS,  doc/samples/keepalived.conf.*  and
       Changelog  by  Alexandre Cassen for keepalived-1.1.4, and from HOWTOs by Adam Fletcher and
       Vince Worthington.

SEE ALSO

       ipvsadm(8), ip --help.