Provided by: postgresql-client-9.5_9.5.2-1_amd64 bug

NAME

       CREATE_DOMAIN - define a new domain

SYNOPSIS

       CREATE DOMAIN name [ AS ] data_type
           [ COLLATE collation ]
           [ DEFAULT expression ]
           [ constraint [ ... ] ]

       where constraint is:

       [ CONSTRAINT constraint_name ]
       { NOT NULL | NULL | CHECK (expression) }

DESCRIPTION

       CREATE DOMAIN creates a new domain. A domain is essentially a data type with optional
       constraints (restrictions on the allowed set of values). The user who defines a domain
       becomes its owner.

       If a schema name is given (for example, CREATE DOMAIN myschema.mydomain ...) then the
       domain is created in the specified schema. Otherwise it is created in the current schema.
       The domain name must be unique among the types and domains existing in its schema.

       Domains are useful for abstracting common constraints on fields into a single location for
       maintenance. For example, several tables might contain email address columns, all
       requiring the same CHECK constraint to verify the address syntax. Define a domain rather
       than setting up each table's constraint individually.

       To be able to create a domain, you must have USAGE privilege on the underlying type.

PARAMETERS

       name
           The name (optionally schema-qualified) of a domain to be created.

       data_type
           The underlying data type of the domain. This can include array specifiers.

       collation
           An optional collation for the domain. If no collation is specified, the underlying
           data type's default collation is used. The underlying type must be collatable if
           COLLATE is specified.

       DEFAULT expression
           The DEFAULT clause specifies a default value for columns of the domain data type. The
           value is any variable-free expression (but subqueries are not allowed). The data type
           of the default expression must match the data type of the domain. If no default value
           is specified, then the default value is the null value.

           The default expression will be used in any insert operation that does not specify a
           value for the column. If a default value is defined for a particular column, it
           overrides any default associated with the domain. In turn, the domain default
           overrides any default value associated with the underlying data type.

       CONSTRAINT constraint_name
           An optional name for a constraint. If not specified, the system generates a name.

       NOT NULL
           Values of this domain are prevented from being null (but see notes below).

       NULL
           Values of this domain are allowed to be null. This is the default.

           This clause is only intended for compatibility with nonstandard SQL databases. Its use
           is discouraged in new applications.

       CHECK (expression)
           CHECK clauses specify integrity constraints or tests which values of the domain must
           satisfy. Each constraint must be an expression producing a Boolean result. It should
           use the key word VALUE to refer to the value being tested. Expressions evaluating to
           TRUE or UNKNOWN succeed. If the expression produces a FALSE result, an error is
           reported and the value is not allowed to be converted to the domain type.

           Currently, CHECK expressions cannot contain subqueries nor refer to variables other
           than VALUE.

           When a domain has multiple CHECK constraints, they will be tested in alphabetical
           order by name. (PostgreSQL versions before 9.5 did not honor any particular firing
           order for CHECK constraints.)

NOTES

       Domain constraints, particularly NOT NULL, are checked when converting a value to the
       domain type. It is possible for a column that is nominally of the domain type to read as
       null despite there being such a constraint. For example, this can happen in an outer-join
       query, if the domain column is on the nullable side of the outer join. A more subtle
       example is

           INSERT INTO tab (domcol) VALUES ((SELECT domcol FROM tab WHERE false));

       The empty scalar sub-SELECT will produce a null value that is considered to be of the
       domain type, so no further constraint checking is applied to it, and the insertion will
       succeed.

       It is very difficult to avoid such problems, because of SQL's general assumption that a
       null value is a valid value of every data type. Best practice therefore is to design a
       domain's constraints so that a null value is allowed, and then to apply column NOT NULL
       constraints to columns of the domain type as needed, rather than directly to the domain
       type.

EXAMPLES

       This example creates the us_postal_code data type and then uses the type in a table
       definition. A regular expression test is used to verify that the value looks like a valid
       US postal code:

           CREATE DOMAIN us_postal_code AS TEXT
           CHECK(
              VALUE ~ '^\d{5}$'
           OR VALUE ~ '^\d{5}-\d{4}$'
           );

           CREATE TABLE us_snail_addy (
             address_id SERIAL PRIMARY KEY,
             street1 TEXT NOT NULL,
             street2 TEXT,
             street3 TEXT,
             city TEXT NOT NULL,
             postal us_postal_code NOT NULL
           );

COMPATIBILITY

       The command CREATE DOMAIN conforms to the SQL standard.

SEE ALSO

       ALTER DOMAIN (ALTER_DOMAIN(7)), DROP DOMAIN (DROP_DOMAIN(7))