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NAME

       doveadm-search-query - Overview of search queries for doveadm mailbox commands

DESCRIPTION

       Several  doveadm(1) commands use a search_query in order to act only on matching messages.
       This manual page describes all SEARCH KEYS, which can be used in a search_query.

       Each search_query consists at least of one SEARCH KEY.  Most of the SEARCH KEYS require an
       argument.   All SEARCH KEYS are case-insensitive.  The shortest valid search_query is ALL.
       For example:

              doveadm search ALL

       Multiple search query expressions will be combined with the AND operator by  default.   To
       find all messages that are new and greater than 50 kilobyte, one can use:

              doveadm search NEW LARGER 50k

       OR-ed  SEARCH  KEYS  have  to be written in parenthesis, when mixing ANDs and ORs.  Shells
       commonly require escaping for parentheses.  To find messages that were saved on the  "13th
       of April  2007" AND have the \Seen and/or \Flagged flag set, one can use for example:

              doveadm search SAVEDON 2007-04-13 \( SEEN OR FLAGGED \)

       It's  also  possible  to specify the mailbox, in which should be searched.  Use either the
       keyword mailbox and the name of the mailbox or the keyword mailbox-guid and the  mailbox's
       globally  unique identifier in the search_query.  To find all messages in the mailbox with
       the GUID "44f68b13ce97044b837f000035ca9452" use:

              doveadm search mailbox-guid 44f68b13ce97044b837f000035ca9452 ALL

       To list all deleted messages in the "Trash" folder use:

              doveadm search mailbox Trash DELETED

SEARCH KEYS

       The following search keys from the specification of IMAP version 4 revision  1  (see:  RFC
       3501, section 6.4.4) are supported:

       ALL    Matches all messages.

       ANSWERED
              Matches messages with the IMAP flag \Answered set.

       BCC string
              Matches  messages,  which  contain  string  in  the BCC field of the message's IMAP
              envelope structure.

       BEFORE date specification
              Matches messages with an internal date before date specification.

       BODY string
              Matches messages, which contain string in the body part.

       CC string
              Matches messages, which contain string in  the  CC  field  of  the  message's  IMAP
              envelope structure.

       DELETED
              Matches messages with the IMAP flag \Deleted set.

       DRAFT  Matches messages with the IMAP flag \Draft set.

       FLAGGED
              Matches messages with the IMAP flag \Flagged set.

       FROM string
              Matches  messages,  which  contain  string  in the FROM field of the message's IMAP
              envelope structure.

       HEADER field string
              Matches messages, which either have the named header field, when empty  string  was
              given.   Or  messages,  where the given header field's value contains the specified
              string.

       KEYWORD keyword
              Matches messages with the given IMAP keyword (e.g. $Forwarded) flag set.

       LARGER size
              Matches messages that are larger than the specified size.

       MAILBOX name
              Matches messages in the mailbox with the specified name.

       MAILBOX-GUID guid
              Matches messages in the mailbox with the specified guid.

       NEW    Matches messages, which have the IMAP flag \Recent set but not the IMAP flag \Seen.

       NOT search key
              Inverse matching - matches massages, where the search doesn't match  the  specified
              search key or its value.

       OLD    Matches messages, which do not have the IMAP flag \Recent set.

       ON date specification
              Matches messages whose internal date matches the given date specification.

       search key OR search key
              Matches messages where one of the OR-ed search keys matches.
              Note: IMAP4rev1 uses the syntax: OR search key search key

       RECENT Matches messages with the IMAP flag \Recent set.

       SEEN   Matches messages with the IMAP flag \Seen set.

       SENTBEFORE date specification
              Matches messages with a Date: header before date specification.

       SENTON date specification
              Matches messages with a Date: header matching the given date specification.

       SENTSINCE date specification
              Matches   messages   with   a   Date:   header   matching   or   after   the  given
              date specification.

       SINCE date specification
              Matches  messages  whose   internal   date   is   within   or   after   the   given
              date specification.

       SMALLER size
              Matches messages with a size smaller than the given size.

       SUBJECT string
              Matches  messages,  which contain string in the SUBJECT field of the message's IMAP
              envelope structure.

       TEXT string
              Matches messages, which contain string in the message body.

       TO string
              Matches messages, which contain string in  the  TO  field  of  the  message's  IMAP
              envelope structure.

       UID sequence
              Matches  messages with the given UID(s).  A sequence may be a single UID.  Can be a
              sequence range, written as from:to, e.g. 100:125.  As comma separated list of UIDs,
              e.g.    11,50,4.    It's   also   possible  to  combine  multiple  sequences,  e.g.
              1,3,5,7,10:20.

       UNANSWERED
              Matches messages, which do not have the IMAP flag \Answered set.

       UNDELETED
              Matches messages, which do not have the IMAP flag \Deleted set.

       UNDRAFT
              Matches messages, which do not have the IMAP flag \Draft set.

       UNFLAGGED
              Matches messages, which do not have the IMAP flag \Flagged set.

       UNKEYWORD keyword
              Matches messages, which do not have the given IMAP keyword flag set

       UNSEEN Matches messages, which do not have the IMAP flag \Seen set.

   DOVEADM SEARCH KEYS
       Additional search keys, provided by doveadm(1).

       SAVEDBEFORE date specification
              Matches messages, which were saved before date specification.

       SAVEDON date specification
              Matches messages whose save date matches the given date specification.

       SAVEDSINCE date specification
              Matches messages with a save date matching or after the given date specification.

DATE SPECIFICATION

       doveadm(1) supports a few  additional  date  specification  formats.   They  can  be  used
       anywhere, where a date specification value is obligatory.

       day-month-year
              Default IMAP4rev1 date format.
              day, the day of month: 1-31.
              month,  the  abbreviated  month  name: Jan, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep,
              Oct, Nov or Dec.
              year, four digits of year, e.g.  2007.
              For example the "13th of April 2007" will be represented as 13-Apr-2007.

       interval
              Combination of a positive integer number and a time unit.
              Available time units are: weeks (abbr: w), days (abbr: d), hours  (abbr:  h),  mins
              (abbr: m) and secs (abbr: s).
              To  match  messages  from  last  week,  you  may  specify  for  example:  since 1w,
              since 1weeks or since 7days.

       Unix timestamp
              A 10 digit Unix timestamp, seconds since the 1st of  January  1970,  00:00:00  UTC.
              For example the "13th of April 2007" will be represented as 1176418800.

       YYYY-MM-DD
              Extended  ISO-8601 calendar date format.  For example the "13th of April 2007" will
              be represented as 2007-04-13.

SIZE

       doveadm(1) provides also an additional size representation format.  The following  formats
       can be used anywhere, where a size value is obligatory.

       octets The message size in octets, as specified in the IMAP4rev1 specification.

       size   The   message   size   in  B (byte),  k (kilobyte),  M (megabyte),  G (gigabyte) or
              T (terabyte).
              To  match  messages,  bigger  than  1  megabyte,  you  may  specify  for   example:
              larger 1M or larger 1024k.

SEE ALSO

       doveadm(1), doveadm-search(1)