Provided by: libmodbus-dev_3.0.6-1_amd64 bug

NAME

       libmodbus - a fast and portable Modbus library

SYNOPSIS

       #include <modbus.h>

       cc `pkg-config --cflags --libs libmodbus` files

DESCRIPTION

       libmodbus is a library to send/receive data with a device which respects the Modbus
       protocol. This library contains various backends to communicate over different networks
       (eg. serial in RTU mode or Ethernet in TCP/IPv6). The http://www.modbus.org site provides
       documentation about the protocol at http://www.modbus.org/specs.php.

       libmodbus provides an abstraction of the lower communication layers and offers the same
       API on all supported platforms.

       This documentation presents an overview of libmodbus concepts, describes how libmodbus
       abstracts Modbus communication with different hardware and platforms and provides a
       reference manual for the functions provided by the libmodbus library.

   Contexts
       The Modbus protocol contains many variants (eg. serial RTU or Ehternet TCP), to ease the
       implementation of a variant, the library was designed to use a backend for each variant.
       The backends are also a convenient way to fulfill other requirements (eg. real-time
       operations). Each backend offers a specific function to create a new modbus_t context. The
       modbus_t context is an opaque structure containing all necessary information to establish
       a connection with others Modbus devices according to the selected variant.

       You can choose the best context for your needs among:

       RTU Context
           The RTU backend (Remote Terminal Unit) is used in serial communication and makes use
           of a compact, binary representation of the data for protocol communication. The RTU
           format follows the commands/data with a cyclic redundancy check checksum as an error
           check mechanism to ensure the reliability of data. Modbus RTU is the most common
           implementation available for Modbus. A Modbus RTU message must be transmitted
           continuously without inter-character hesitations (extract from Wikipedia, Modbus,
           http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modbus (as of Mar. 13, 2011, 20:51 GMT).

           The Modbus RTU framing calls a slave, a device/service which handle Modbus requests,
           and a master, a client which send requests. The communication is always initiated by
           the master.

           Many Modbus devices can be connected together on the same physical link so you need to
           define which slave is concerned by the message with modbus_set_slave(3). If you’re
           running a slave, the slave number is used to filter messages.

           Create a Modbus RTU context

               ·   modbus_new_rtu(3)

           Set the serial mode

               ·   modbus_rtu_get_serial_mode(3)

               ·   modbus_rtu_set_serial_mode(3)

       TCP (IPv4) Context
           The TCP backend implements a Modbus variant used for communications over TCP/IPv4
           networks. It does not require a checksum calculation as lower layer takes care of the
           same.

           Create a Modbus TCP context

               ·   modbus_new_tcp(3)

       TCP PI (IPv4 and IPv6) Context
           The TCP PI (Protocol Indepedent) backend implements a Modbus variant used for
           communications over TCP IPv4 and IPv6 networks. It does not require a checksum
           calculation as lower layer takes care of the same.

           Contrary to the TCP IPv4 only backend, the TCP PI backend offers hostname resolution
           but it consumes about 1Kb of additional memory.

           Create a Modbus TCP context

               ·   modbus_new_tcp_pi(3)

       Common
           Before using any libmodbus functions, the caller must allocate and initialize a
           modbus_t context with functions explained above, then the following functions are
           provided to modify and free a context:

           Free libmodbus context

               ·   modbus_free(3)

           Context setters and getters

               ·   modbus_get_byte_timeout(3)

               ·   modbus_set_byte_timeout(3)

               ·   modbus_set_debug(3)

               ·   modbus_set_error_recovery(3)

               ·   modbus_get_header_length(3)

               ·   modbus_get_response_timeout(3)

               ·   modbus_set_response_timeout(3)

               ·   modbus_set_slave(3)

               ·   modbus_set_socket(3)

               ·   modbus_get_socket(3)

           A libmodbus context is thread safe and may be shared among as many application threads
           as necessary, without any additional locking required on the part of the caller.

           Macros for data manipulation

               ·   MODBUS_GET_HIGH_BYTE(data), extracts the high byte from a byte

               ·   MODBUS_GET_LOW_BYTE(data), extracts the low byte from a byte

               ·   MODBUS_GET_INT32_FROM_INT16(tab_int16, index), builds an int32 from the two
                   first int16 starting at tab_int16[index]

               ·   MODBUS_GET_INT16_FROM_INT8(tab_int8, index), builds an int16 from the two
                   first int8 starting at tab_int8[index]

               ·   MODBUS_SET_INT16_TO_INT8(tab_int8, index, value), set an int16 value into the
                   two first bytes starting at tab_int8[index]

           Functions for data manipulation

               ·   modbus_set_bits_from_byte(3)

               ·   modbus_set_bits_from_bytes(3)

               ·   modbus_get_byte_from_bits(3)

               ·   modbus_get_float(3)

               ·   modbus_set_float(3)

   Connection
       The following functions are provided to establish and close a connection with Modbus
       devices:

       Establish a connection

           ·   modbus_connect(3)

       Close a connection

           ·   modbus_close(3)

       Flush a connection

           ·   modbus_flush(3)

   Client
       The Modbus protocol defines different data types and functions to read and write them
       from/to remote devices. The following functions are used by the clients to send Modbus
       requests:

       Read data

           ·   modbus_read_bits(3)

           ·   modbus_read_input_bits(3)

           ·   modbus_read_registers(3)

           ·   modbus_read_input_registers(3)

           ·   modbus_report_slave_id(3)

       Write data

           ·   modbus_write_bit(3)

           ·   modbus_write_register(3)

           ·   modbus_write_bits(3)

           ·   modbus_write_registers(3)

       Write and read data

           ·   modbus_write_and_read_registers(3)

       Raw requests

           ·   modbus_send_raw_request(3)

           ·   modbus_receive_confirmation(3)

       Reply an exception

           ·   modbus_reply_exception(3)

   Server
       The server is waiting for request from clients and must answer when it is concerned by the
       request. The libmodbus offers the following functions to handle requests:

       Data mapping

           ·   modbus_mapping_new(3)

           ·   modbus_mapping_free(3)

       Receive

           ·   modbus_receive(3)

       Reply

           ·   modbus_reply(3)

           ·   modbus_reply_exception(3)

ERROR HANDLING

       The libmodbus functions handle errors using the standard conventions found on POSIX
       systems. Generally, this means that upon failure a libmodbus function shall return either
       a NULL value (if returning a pointer) or a negative value (if returning an integer), and
       the actual error code shall be stored in the errno variable.

       The modbus_strerror() function is provided to translate libmodbus-specific error codes
       into error message strings; for details refer to modbus_strerror(3).

MISCELLANEOUS

       The LIBMODBUS_VERSION_STRING constant indicates the libmodbus version the program has been
       compiled against. The variables libmodbus_version_major, libmodbus_version_minor,
       libmodbus_version_micro give the version the program is linked against.

AUTHORS

       The libmodbus documentation was written by Stéphane Raimbault
       <stephane.raimbault@gmail.com[1]>

RESOURCES

       Main web site: http://www.libmodbus.org/

       Report bugs on the issue tracker at http://github.com/stephane/libmodbus/issues.

COPYING

       Free use of this software is granted under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
       License (LGPL v2.1+). For details see the files COPYING and COPYING.LESSER included with
       the libmodbus distribution.

NOTES

        1. stephane.raimbault@gmail.com
           mailto:stephane.raimbault@gmail.com