Provided by: nmh_1.6-8build1_amd64 bug


       nmh - new MH message system


       nmh  is  the  name  of  a  powerful  message  handling system.  Rather than being a single
       comprehensive program, nmh consists  of  a  collection  of  fairly  simple  single-purpose
       programs to send, retrieve, save, and manipulate messages.

       Unlike most mail clients in UNIX, nmh is not a closed system which must be explicitly run,
       then exited when you wish to return to the shell.  You may freely intersperse nmh commands
       with  other  shell commands, allowing you to read and answer your mail while you have (for
       example) a compilation running, or search for a file or run programs as needed to find the
       answer to someone's question before answering their mail.

       The  rest of this manual entry is a quick tutorial which will teach you the basics of nmh.
       You should read the manual entries for the individual programs for complete documentation.

       To get started using nmh, put the directory “/usr/bin/mh” in your $PATH.  Run the install-
       mh  command.   If you've never used nmh before, it will create the necessary default files
       and directories after asking you if you wish it to do so.

       inc moves mail from your system maildrop into your nmh “+inbox”  folder,  breaking  it  up
       into  separate  files  and converting it to nmh format as it goes.  It prints one line for
       each message it processes, containing the from field, the subject field and as much of the
       first  line  of the message as will fit.  It leaves the first message it processes as your
       current message.  You'll need to run inc each time you wish to incorporate new  mail  into
       your nmh file.

       scan prints a list of the messages in your current folder.

       The  commands  show,  next,  and  prev are used to read specific messages from the current
       folder.  show displays the current message, or a specific message, which may be  specified
       by  its  number,  which  you  pass  as  an  argument  to  show.   next  and  prev display,
       respectively, the message numerically after or before the current message.  In all  cases,
       the  message  displayed becomes the current message.  If there is no current message, show
       may be called with an argument, or next may be used to advance to the first message.

       rmm (remove message) deletes the current message.  It may be called with  message  numbers
       passed as arguments, to delete specific messages.

       repl  is used to respond to the current message (by default).  It places you in the editor
       with a prototype response form.  While you're in the  editor,  you  may  peruse  the  item
       you're  responding  to by reading the file @.  After completing your response, type “l” to
       list (review) it, or “s” to send it.

       comp allows you to compose a message by putting you in the editor on a  prototype  message
       form,  and  then  lets  you  send  it  via  the  whatnow  command.   whatnow also supports
       easy-to-use management of MIME attachments  via  its  attach  and  related  responses,  as
       described in its man page.

       nmh  command  arguments  are  usually called switches.  Some switches have a corresponding
       “-no” switch, which negates all previous occurrences of that switch on the  command  line.
       This  allows  a  user  to  conveniently  override,  on the command line, a switch in their
       profile.  Switches may be abbreviated as long as there is no ambiguity with another switch
       of  the  same  command.   To  avoid  ambiguity  with any switches that may be added in the
       future, it is recommended that full switch names be used in durable  code  such  as  shell
       scripts, functions, and aliases.

       All the nmh commands may be run with the single switch -help, which causes them to print a
       list of the switches they may be invoked with and then exit.

       All the nmh commands may be run with the single switch  -version,  which  causes  them  to
       print the version number of the nmh distribution, and then exit.

       Commands which take a message number as an argument (scan, show, repl, ...)  also take one
       of the words “first”, “prev”, “cur”, “next”, or  “last”  to  indicate  (respectively)  the
       first,  previous,  current, next, or last message in the current folder (assuming they are
       defined).  As a shorthand, “.” is equivalent to “cur”.

       Commands which take a range of message numbers (rmm, scan, show, ...)  also  take  any  of
       the abbreviations:

       <num1>-<num2>   Indicates  all  messages  in  the  range <num1> to <num2>, inclusive.  The
                       range must be nonempty.

       all             Indicates all messages, i.e., first-last.

       <num>:-N        Up to N messages beginning with (or ending with) message num.  Num may  be
                       any of the pre-defined symbols first, prev, cur, next or last.

       last:N          The first, previous, next or last messages, if they exist.

       Commands  that  take  a folder name (inc, refile, scan, ...) accept the folder name in two
       formats:  “+folder” or “@folder”.  In both cases, “folder” can be  a  “/”-separated  path,
       e.g.  “foo/bar”.   “+folder”  specifies  a directory path to a folder.  If “folder” starts
       with “/” then it's an absolute path from the root directory.  If it is  “.”  or  “..”,  or
       starts with “./” or “../”, then it's relative to the current working directory.  Otherwise
       it's relative to mh-profile(5)'s “Path”, i.e. as given by  `mhpath  +`.   “@folder”  is  a
       shorthand  for  “+curfolder/folder”;  it's  a  relative  path  from  the  current  folder.
       “curfolder” is given by `mhpath`.  For example, assuming a Path profile component of Mail,

       scan +inbox     scans $HOME/Mail/inbox
       scan +work/todo scans $HOME/Mail/work/todo
       scan @todo      scans $HOME/Mail/work/todo, if current folder is +work
       refile @../done refiles to $HOME/Mail/work/done, if the current folder is +work/todo
       scan +/tmp      scans /tmp
       scan +.         scans the current directory
       refile @.       refiles current message to end of current folder.

       There are many other possibilities such as creating multiple folders for different topics,
       and automatically refiling messages according to subject, source, destination, or content.
       These are beyond the scope of this manual entry.


       Following is a list of all the nmh commands, grouped loosely according to their role.

       comp(1)         compose a message
       forw(1)         forward messages
       repl(1)         reply to a message
       whatnow(1)      prompting front-end for send

       Note that although whatnow provides much of the primary nmh  user  interface  for  sending
       mail,  it is almost never invoked manually, but rather is invoked indirectly by one of the
       above commands, after you've composed a message in your editor, and before you've  decided
       to  send  it.   Here you can add attachments, check the recipient list, decide to quit and
       send it later, etc.

       Related utilities:

       ali(1)          list mail aliases
       anno(1)         annotate messages
       whom(1)         report to whom a message would go
       dist(1)         redistribute a message to additional addresses

       Advanced commands, only sometimes invoked directly:

       mhbuild(1)      translate MIME composition draft
       send(1)         send a message
       sendfiles(1)    send multiple files in a MIME message

       inc(1)          incorporate new mail

       Related utilities:

       burst(1)        explode digests into messages
       msgchk(1)       check for messages
       rcvdist(1)      asynchronously redistribute new mail
       rcvpack(1)      append message to file
       rcvstore(1)     asynchronously incorporate new mail
       slocal(1)       asynchronously filter and deliver new mail

       next(1)         show the next message
       prev(1)         show the previous message
       show(1)         show(display) messages
       scan(1)         produce a one line per message scan listing
       fnext(1)        select the next folder with new messages
       fprev(1)        select the previous folder with new messages

       Related utilities, only sometimes invoked directly:

       mhl(1)          produce formatted listings of nmh messages
       mhlist(1)       list information about content of MIME messages
       mhn(1)          display/list/store/cache MIME messages
       mhshow(1)       display MIME messages
       mhstore(1)      store contents of MIME messages into files

       Within a folder:

       pick(1)         select messages by content

       Across folders:

       new(1)          list folders with new messages
       unseen(1)       list new messages in a give set of folders
       flist(1)        list folders with messages in given sequence(s)
       flists(1)       list all folders with messages in given sequence(s)
       folder(1)       set/list current folder/message
       folders(1)      list all folders

       mark(1)         mark messages
       refile(1)       file messages in other folders
       rmf(1)          remove folder
       rmm(1)          remove messages
       sortm(1)        sort messages

   Convenience Wrappers
       mhmail(1)       send or read mail
       msh(1)          nmh shell

       mhfixmsg(1)     rewrite MIME messages with various transformations
       mhparam(1)      print nmh profile components
       mhpath(1)       print full pathnames of nmh messages and folders
       packf(1)        compress a folder into a single file
       prompter(1)     prompting editor front end
       rcvtty(1)       report new mail

   Indirectly Invoked Commands
       ap(8)           parse addresses RFC 822-style
       conflict(8)     search for alias/password conflicts
       dp(8)           parse dates RFC 822-style
       fmtdump(8)      decode mh-format(5) files
       install-mh(8)   initialize the nmh environment
       post(8)         deliver a message

   Files Used by nmh Commands
       mh-alias(5)     alias file for nmh message system
       mh-format(5)    format file for nmh message system
       mh-profile(5)   user customization for nmh message system
       mh-tailor(5)    mail transport customization for nmh message system

       mh-draft(5)     draft folder facility
       mh-folders(5)   nmh message storage format specification
       mh-mail(5)      message format for nmh message system
       mh-sequence(5)  sequence specification for nmh message system


              contains nmh commands

              contains nmh format files

              contains nmh library commands

              The user's nmh profile


       install-mh(1), mh-profile(5), mh-chart(7), mh-mime(7)


       If problems are encountered with an nmh program, the problems should be  reported  to  the
       local  maintainers  of  nmh.  When doing this, the name of the program should be reported,
       along with the version information for the program.

       To find out what version of an nmh program is being  run,  invoke  the  program  with  the
       -version  switch.   This  prints  the version of nmh, the host it was compiled on, and the
       date the program was linked.

       Send bug reports and suggestions to