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       notmuch-search-terms - syntax for notmuch queries


       notmuch count [option ...] <search-term> ...

       notmuch dump [--format=(batch-tag|sup)] [--] [--output=<file>] [--] [<search-term> ...]

       notmuch search [option ...] <search-term> ...

       notmuch show [option ...] <search-term> ...

       notmuch tag +<tag> ... -<tag> [--] <search-term> ...


       Several notmuch commands accept a common syntax for search terms.

       The  search  terms can consist of free-form text (and quoted phrases) which will match all
       messages that contain all of the given terms/phrases in the body, the subject, or  any  of
       the sender or recipient headers.

       As  a  special  case,  a  search string consisting of exactly a single asterisk ("*") will
       match all messages.

       In addition to free text, the following prefixes can be  used  to  force  terms  to  match
       against specific portions of an email, (where <brackets> indicate user-supplied values):

       · from:<name-or-address>

       · to:<name-or-address>

       · subject:<word-or-quoted-phrase>

       · attachment:<word>

       · mimetype:<word>

       · tag:<tag> (or is:<tag>)

       · id:<message-id>

       · thread:<thread-id>

       · folder:<maildir-folder>

       · path:<directory-path> or path:<directory-path>/**

       · date:<since>..<until>

       · lastmod:<initial-revision>..<final-revision>

       The from: prefix is used to match the name or address of the sender of an email message.

       The  to:  prefix  is  used  to  match  the names or addresses of any recipient of an email
       message, (whether To, Cc, or Bcc).

       Any term prefixed with subject: will match  only  text  from  the  subject  of  an  email.
       Searching for a phrase in the subject is supported by including quotation marks around the
       phrase, immediately following subject:.

       The attachment: prefix can be used to search for specific  filenames  (or  extensions)  of
       attachments to email messages.

       The  mimetype:  prefix  will  be  used  to match text from the content-types of MIME parts
       within email messages (as specified by the sender).

       For tag: and is: valid tag values include inbox and unread by  default  for  new  messages
       added by notmuch new as well as any other tag values added manually with notmuch tag.

       For  id:,  message  ID  values are the literal contents of the Message-ID: header of email
       messages, but without the '<', '>' delimiters.

       The thread: prefix can be used with the thread ID values that are generated internally  by
       notmuch  (and do not appear in email messages).  These thread ID values can be seen in the
       first column of output from notmuch search

       The path: prefix searches for email messages that are in particular directories within the
       mail store. The directory must be specified relative to the top-level maildir (and without
       the leading slash). By default, path: matches messages in the  specified  directory  only.
       The  "/**"  suffix  can  be  used to match messages in the specified directory and all its
       subdirectories recursively.  path:"" matches messages in the root of the mail  store  and,
       likewise, path:** matches all messages.

       The  folder:  prefix  searches  for  email  messages by maildir or MH folder. For MH-style
       folders, this is equivalent to path:. For maildir, this includes messages in the "new" and
       "cur"  subdirectories.  The  exact  syntax  for  maildir  folders  depends  on  your  mail
       configuration. For maildir++, folder:"" matches the inbox folder (which  is  the  root  in
       maildir++),  other folder names always start with ".", and nested folders are separated by
       "."s, such as folder:.classes.topology. For "file system" maildir, the inbox is  typically
       folder:INBOX and nested folders are separated by slashes, such as folder:classes/topology.

       Both  path: and folder: will find a message if any copy of that message is in the specific

       The date: prefix can be used to restrict the results to only messages within a  particular
       time range (based on the Date: header) with a range syntax of:


       See  DATE  AND TIME SEARCH below for details on the range expression, and supported syntax
       for <since> and <until> date and time expressions.

       The time range can also be specified using timestamps with a syntax of:


       Each timestamp is a number representing the number of seconds  since  1970-01-01  00:00:00

       The  lastmod: prefix can be used to restrict the result by the database revision number of
       when messages were last modified (tags were added/removed or filenames changed).  This  is
       usually  used  in  conjunction with the --uuid argument to notmuch search to find messages
       that have changed since an earlier query.

       In addition to individual terms, multiple terms can be  combined  with  Boolean  operators
       (and,  or, not, and xor). Each term in the query will be implicitly connected by a logical
       AND if no explicit operator is provided (except that terms with a common  prefix  will  be
       implicitly  combined  with  OR).  The shorthand '-<term>' can be used for 'not <term>' but
       unfortunately this does not work at the start of an expression.  Parentheses can  also  be
       used  to  control  the combination of the Boolean operators, but will have to be protected
       from interpretation by  the  shell,  (such  as  by  putting  quotation  marks  around  any
       parenthesized expression).

       In  addition to the standard boolean operators, Xapian provides several operators specific
       to text searching.

          notmuch search term1 NEAR term2

       will return results where term1 is within 10 words of term2. The threshold can be set like

          notmuch search term1 NEAR/2 term2

       The search

          notmuch search term1 ADJ term2

       will  return  results where term1 is within 10 words of term2, but in the same order as in
       the query. The threshold can be set the same as with NEAR:

          notmuch search term1 ADJ/7 term2

       Stemming in notmuch means that these searches

          notmuch search detailed
          notmuch search details
          notmuch search detail

       will all return identical results, because Xapian first "reduces" the term to  the  common
       stem (here 'detail') and then performs the search.

       There  are  two  ways  to turn this off: a search for a capitalized word will be performed
       unstemmed, so that one can search for "John" and not get  results  for  "Johnson";  phrase
       searches are also unstemmed (see below for details).  Stemming is currently only supported
       for English. Searches for words in other languages will be performed unstemmed.

       It is possible to use a trailing '*' as a wildcard.  A  search  for  'wildc*'  will  match
       'wildcard', 'wildcat', etc.

   Boolean and Probabilistic Prefixes
       Xapian  (and  hence notmuch) prefixes are either boolean, supporting exact matches like "‐
       tag:inbox"  or probabilistic,  supporting  a  more  flexible  term  based  searching.  The
       prefixes currently supported by notmuch are as follows.

                   │Boolean                      │ Probabilistic                    │
                   │          tag: id:from: to:              │
                   │                             │                                  │
                   │       thread: folder: path:subject:      attachment: │
                   │                             │        mimetype:                 │

   Terms and phrases
       In general Xapian distinguishes between lists of terms and phrases. Phrases are  indicated
       by  double  quotes  (but  beware  you  probably need to protect those from your shell) and
       insist that those  unstemmed  words  occur  in  that  order.  One  useful,  but  initially
       surprising feature is that the following are equivalant ways to write the same phrase.

       · "a list of words"

       · a-list-of-words

       · a/list/of/words

       · a.list.of.words

       Both  parenthesised  lists of terms and quoted phrases are ok with probabilisitic prefixes
       such as to:, from:, and subject:. In particular

          subject:(pizza free)

       is equivalent to

          subject:pizza and subject:free

       Both of these will match a subject "Free Delicious Pizza" while

          subject:"pizza free"

       will not.


       notmuch understands a variety of standard and natural ways of expressing dates and  times,
       both  in  absolute terms ("2012-10-24") and in relative terms ("yesterday"). Any number of
       relative terms can be combined ("1 hour 25 minutes") and  an  absolute  date/time  can  be
       combined  with  relative  terms  to further adjust it. A non-exhaustive description of the
       syntax supported for absolute and relative terms is given below.

   The range expression

       The above expression restricts the results to only messages from <since> to <until>, based
       on the Date: header.

       <since>  and  <until>  can  describe  imprecise times, such as "yesterday".  In this case,
       <since> is taken as the earliest time it could describe (the beginning of  yesterday)  and
       <until>  is  taken as the latest time it could describe (the end of yesterday). Similarly,
       date:january..february matches from the beginning of January to the end of February.

       date:<expr>..! can be used as a shorthand for  date:<expr>..<expr>.  The  expansion  takes
       place  before  interpretation,  and  thus,  for  example,  date:monday..! matches from the
       beginning of Monday until the end of Monday. (Note that entering date:<expr> without "..",
       for  example  date:yesterday, won't work, as it's not interpreted as a range expression at
       all. Again, use date:yesterday..!)

       Currently, we do not support spaces in range expressions. You can replace the spaces  with
       '_',  or (in most cases) '-', or (in some cases) leave the spaces out altogether. Examples
       in this man page use spaces for clarity.

       Open-ended ranges are supported (since  Xapian  1.2.1),  i.e.  it's  possible  to  specify
       date:..<until>  or  date:<since>..  to  not  limit  the  start  or end time, respectively.
       Pre-1.2.1 Xapian does not report an error on open ended ranges, but it does  not  work  as
       expected either.

   Relative date and time
       [N|number] (years|months|weeks|days|hours|hrs|minutes|mins|seconds|secs) [...]

       All refer to past, can be repeated and will be accumulated.

       Units  can be abbreviated to any length, with the otherwise ambiguous single m being m for
       minutes and M for months.

       Number can also be written out one, two, ..., ten, dozen, hundred.  Additionally, the unit
       may be preceded by "last" or "this" (e.g., "last week" or "this month").

       When  combined  with absolute date and time, the relative date and time specification will
       be relative from the specified absolute date and time.

       Examples: 5M2d, two weeks

   Supported absolute time formats
       · H[H]:MM[:SS] [(am|a.m.|pm|p.m.)]

       · H[H] (am|a.m.|pm|p.m.)

       · HHMMSS

       · now

       · noon

       · midnight

       · Examples: 17:05, 5pm

   Supported absolute date formats
       · YYYY-MM[-DD]

       · DD-MM[-[YY]YY]

       · MM-YYYY

       · M[M]/D[D][/[YY]YY]

       · M[M]/YYYY

       · D[D].M[M][.[YY]YY]

       · D[D][(st|nd|rd|th)] Mon[thname] [YYYY]

       · Mon[thname] D[D][(st|nd|rd|th)] [YYYY]

       · Wee[kday]

       Month names can be abbreviated at three or more characters.

       Weekday names can be abbreviated at three or more characters.

       Examples: 2012-07-31, 31-07-2012, 7/31/2012, August 3

   Time zones
       · (+|-)HH:MM

       · (+|-)HH[MM]

       Some time zone codes, e.g. UTC, EET.


       notmuch(1),  notmuch-config(1),   notmuch-count(1),   notmuch-dump(1),   notmuch-hooks(5),
       notmuch-insert(1),       notmuch-new(1),       notmuch-reply(1),       notmuch-restore(1),
       notmuch-search(1), notmuch-show(1), notmuch-tag(1)


       Carl Worth and many others


       2009-2015, Carl Worth and many others