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NAME

       backup_volsetrestore - Restores all volumes in a volume set

SYNOPSIS

       backup volsetrestore [-name <volume set name>]
           [-file <file name>]
           [-portoffset <TC port offset>+]
           [-extension <new volume name extension>] [-n]
           [-localauth] [-cell <cell name>] [-help]

       backup vols [-na <volume set name>]
           [-f <file name>]
           [-p <TC port offset>+]
           [-e <new volume name extension>]
           [-n] [-l] [-c <cell name>] [-h]

DESCRIPTION

       The backup volsetrestore command restores the complete contents of a group of read/write
       volumes to the file system, by restoring data from the last full dump and all subsequent
       incremental dumps of each volume.  It is most useful for recovering from loss of data on
       multiple partitions, since it can restore each of a defined set of volumes to a different
       site.

       (If the "FILE YES" instruction appears in the /var/lib/openafs/backup/CFG_device_name file
       associated with the specified port offset, then the backup volsetrestore command restores
       data from the backup data file listed for that port offset in the Tape Coordinator's
       /var/lib/openafs/backup/tapeconfig file, instead of from tape. For the sake of clarity,
       the following text refers to tapes only, but the Backup System handles backup data files
       in much the same way.)

       If restoring one or more volumes to a single site only, it is usually more efficient to
       use the backup volrestore command. If restoring all volumes that resided on a single
       partition, it is usually more efficient to use the backup diskrestore command.

       Indicate the volumes to restore by providing either the -name argument or the -file
       argument:

       ·   The -name argument names a volume set. The Backup System restores all volumes listed
           in the Volume Location Database (VLDB) that match the server, partition, and volume
           name criteria defined in the volume set's volume entries, and for which dumps are
           available. It restores the volumes to their current site (machine and partition), and
           by default overwrites the existing volume contents.

           It is not required that the volume set was previously used to back up volumes (was
           used as the -volumeset option to the backup dump command). It can be defined
           especially to match the volumes that need to be restored with this command, and that
           is usually the better choice. Indeed, a temporary volume set, created by including the
           -temporary flag to the backup addvolset command, can be especially useful in this
           context. A temporary volume set is not added to the Backup Database and exists only
           during the current interactive backup session, which is suitable if the volume set is
           needed only to complete the single restore operation initialized by this command.

           The reason that a specially defined volume set is probably better is that volume sets
           previously defined for use in dump operations usually match the backup version of
           volumes, whereas for a restore operation it is best to define volume entries that
           match the base (read/write) name. In that case, the Backup System searches the Backup
           Database for the newest dump set that includes either the read/write or the backup
           version of the volume. If, in contrast, a volume entry explicitly matches the volume's
           backup or read-only version, the Backup System restores dumps of that volume version
           only.

       ·   The -file argument names a file that lists specific volumes and the site to which to
           restore each. The volume name must match the name used in Backup Database dump records
           rather than in the VLDB, if they differ, because the Backup System does not look up
           volumes in the VLDB. The specified site can be different than the volume's current
           one; in that case, the Backup System removes the current version of the volume and
           updates the volume's location information in the VLDB.

       If all of the full and incremental dumps of all relevant volumes were not written to a
       type of tape that a single Tape Coordinator can read, use the -portoffset argument to list
       multiple port offset numbers in the order in which the tapes are needed (first list the
       port offset for the full dump, second the port offset for the level 1 incremental dump,
       and so on). This implies that the full dumps of all relevant volumes must have been
       written to a type of tape that the first Tape Coordinator can read, the level 1
       incremental dumps to a type of tape the second Tape Coordinator can read, and so on. If
       dumps are on multiple incompatible tape types, use the backup volrestore command to
       restore individual volumes, or use this command after defining new volume sets that group
       together volumes that were dumped to compatible tape types. For further discussion, see
       the OpenAFS Administration Guide.

       By default, the Backup System overwrites the contents of an existing volume with the
       restored data. To create a new volume to house the restored version instead, use the
       -extension argument. The Backup System derives the new volume's name by adding the
       specified extension to the read/write base name, and creates a new VLDB entry. The command
       does not affect the existing volume in any way. However, if a volume with the specified
       extension also already exists, the command overwrites it.

       The -n flag produces a list of the volumes to be restored if the -n flag were not
       included, without actually restoring any volumes. See OUTPUT for a detailed description of
       the output, and suggestions on how to combine it most effectively with the -file and -name
       arguments.

       The execution time for a backup volsetrestore command depends on the number of volumes to
       be restored and the amount of data in them, but it can take hours to restore a large
       number of volumes. One way to reduce the time is to run multiple instances of the command
       simultaneously, either using the -name argument to specify disjoint volume sets for each
       command, or the -file argument to name files that list different volumes. This is possible
       if there are multiple available Tape Coordinators that can read the required tapes.
       Depending on how the volumes to be restored were dumped to tape, specifying disjoint
       volume sets can also reduce the number of tape changes required.

       The Tape Coordinator's default response to this command is to access the first tape it
       needs by invoking the "MOUNT" instruction in the local
       /var/lib/openafs/backup/CFG_device_name file, or by prompting the backup operator to
       insert the tape if there is no "MOUNT" instruction. However, if the "AUTOQUERY NO"
       instruction appears in the CFG_device_name file, or if the issuer of the butc command
       included the -noautoquery flag, the Tape Coordinator instead expects the tape to be in the
       device already. If it is not, or is the wrong tape, the Tape Coordinator invokes the
       "MOUNT" instruction or prompts the operator. It also invokes the "MOUNT" instruction or
       prompts for any additional tapes needed to complete the restore operation; the backup
       operator must arrange to provide them.

OPTIONS

       -name <volume set name>
           Names a volume set to restore. The Backup System restores all of the volumes listed in
           the VLDB that match the volume set's volume entries. Provide this argument or the
           -file argument, but not both.

       -file <file name>
           Specifies the full pathname of a file that lists one or more volumes and the site
           (file server machine and partition) to which to restore each.  Use either this
           argument or the -name argument, but not both.

           Each volume's entry must appear on its own (unbroken) line in the file, and have the
           following format:

               <machine> <partition> <volume> [<comments> ...]

           where

           <machine>
               Names the file server machine to which to restore the volume.

           <partition>
               Names the partition to which to restore the volume.

           <volume>
               Names the volume to restore. It is generally best to specify the base (read/write)
               name of each volume. In this case, the Backup System searches the Backup Database
               for the newest dump set that includes a dump of either the read/write or the
               backup version of the volume. It restores the dumps of that version of the volume,
               starting with the most recent full dump. If, in contrast, the name explicitly
               includes the ".backup" or ".readonly" extension, the Backup System restores dumps
               of that volume version only.

           <comments> ...
               Is any other text. The Backup System ignores any text on each line that appears
               after the volume name, so this field can be used for notes helpful to the backup
               operator or other administrator.

           Do not use wildcards (for example, ".*") in the <machine>, <partition>, or <volume>
           fields. It is acceptable for multiple lines in the file to name the same volume, but
           the Backup System processes only the first of them.

       -extension <new volume name extension>
           Creates a new volume for each volume specified by the -name or -file argument, to
           house the restored data from that volume.  The Backup System derives the new volume's
           name by appending the specified string to the read/write base name, and creates a new
           VLDB volume entry. It preserves the contents of each existing volume. Any string other
           than ".readonly" or ".backup" is acceptable, but the combination of the base name and
           extension cannot exceed 22 characters in length. To use a period to separate the
           extension from the name, specify it as the first character of the string (as in
           ".rst", for example).

       -portoffset <TC port offset>+
           Specifies one or more port offset numbers (up to a maximum of 128), each corresponding
           to a Tape Coordinator to use in the operation. If there is more than one value, the
           Backup System uses the first one when restoring the full dump of each volume, the
           second one when restoring the level 1 incremental dump of each volume, and so on. It
           uses the final value in the list when restoring dumps at the corresponding depth in
           the dump hierarchy and all dumps at lower levels.

           Provide this argument unless the default value of 0 (zero) is appropriate for all
           dumps. If 0 is just one of the values in the list, provide it explicitly in the
           appropriate order.

       -n  Displays a list of the volumes to be restored if the flag were not included, without
           actually restoring them. OUTPUT details the format of the output. When combined with
           the -name argument, its output is easily edited for use as input to the -file argument
           on a subsequent backup volsetrestore command.

       -localauth
           Constructs a server ticket using a key from the local /etc/openafs/server/KeyFile
           file. The backup command interpreter presents it to the Backup Server, Volume Server
           and VL Server during mutual authentication. Do not combine this flag with the -cell
           argument. For more details, see backup(8).

       -cell <cell name>
           Names the cell in which to run the command. Do not combine this argument with the
           -localauth flag. For more details, see backup(8).

       -help
           Prints the online help for this command. All other valid options are ignored.

OUTPUT

       If the -n flag is not provided, the command displays a unique task ID number for the
       operation, in two places:

       ·   In the shell window, directly following the command line.

       ·   In the Tape Coordinator window, if the butc process was started at debug level 1.

       The task ID number is not the same as the job ID number displayed by the backup jobs
       command when the backup volsetrestore command is issued in interactive mode. The Backup
       System does not assign either type of ID number until the restoration process actually
       begins.

       When the -n flag is included, no task ID or job ID numbers are reported because none are
       assigned. Instead, the output begins with a count of the number of volumes to be restored,
       followed by a line for each dump of a volume. For each volume, the line representing the
       most recent full dump appears first, and lines for any subsequent incremental dumps
       follow, ordered by dump level. The lines for a given volume do not necessarily appear all
       together, however.

       The format of each line is as follows (the output is shown here on two lines only for
       legibility reasons):

          <machine> <partition> <volume_dumped> # as <volume_restored>; \
              <tape_name> (<tape_ID>); pos <position_number>; <date>

       where

       <machine>
           Names the file server machine that currently houses the volume, as listed in the VLDB.

       <partition>
           Names the partition that currently houses the volume, as listed in the VLDB.

       <volume_dumped>
           Specifies the version (read/write or backup) of the volume that was dumped, as listed
           in the Backup Database.

       <volume_restored>
           Specifies the name under which to restore the volume. The Backup System only restores
           data to read/write volumes. If the -extension argument is included, then the specified
           extension appears on the name in this field (for example, "user.pat.rst").

       <tape_name>
           Names the tape containing the dump of the volume, from the Backup Database. If the
           tape has a permanent name, it appears here; otherwise, it is the AFS tape name.

       <tape_ID>
           The tape ID of the tape containing the dump of the volume, from the Backup Database.

       <position_number>
           Specifies the dump's position on the tape (for example, 31 indicates that 30 volume
           dumps precede the current one on the tape). If the dump was written to a backup data
           file, this number is the ordinal of the 16 KB-offset at which the volume's data
           begins.

       <date>
           The date and time when the volume was dumped.

       One way to generate a file for use as input to the -file argument is to combine the -name
       and -n options, directing the output to a file. The OpenAFS Administration Guide section
       on using the Backup System to restore data explains how to edit the file as necessary
       before using it as input to the -file argument.

       The output of this command includes only volumes for which the Backup Database includes at
       least one dump record. The command interpreter generates a message on the standard error
       stream about volumes that do not have dump records but either are listed in the file named
       by the -file argument, or appear in the VLDB as a match to a volume entry in the volume
       set named by the -name argument.

EXAMPLES

       The following command restores all volumes included in entries in the volume set named
       "data.restore", which was created expressly to restore data to a pair of file server
       machines on which all data was corrupted due to a software error. All volumes are restored
       to the sites recorded in their entries in the VLDB.

          % backup volsetrestore -name data.restore
          Starting restore
          backup: task ID of restore operation: 112
          backup: Finished doing restore

       The following command restores all volumes that have entries in the file named
       /tmp/restore:

          % backup volsetrestore -file /tmp/restore
          Starting restore
          backup: task ID of restore operation: 113
          backup: Finished doing restore

       The /tmp/restore file has the following contents:

          fs1.abc.com b user.pat
          fs1.abc.com b user.terry
          fs1.abc.com b user.smith
          fs2.abc.com c user.jones
                 .         .     .
                 .         .     .

PRIVILEGE REQUIRED

       The issuer must be listed in the /etc/openafs/server/UserList file on every machine where
       the Backup Server or Volume Location (VL) Server is running, and on every file server
       machine that houses an affected volume. If the -localauth flag is included, the issuer
       must instead be logged on to a server machine as the local superuser "root".

SEE ALSO

       butc(5), backup(8), backup_addvolentry(8), backup_addvolset(8), backup_diskrestore(8),
       backup_dump(8), backup_volrestore(8), butc(8)

COPYRIGHT

       IBM Corporation 2000. <http://www.ibm.com/> All Rights Reserved.

       This documentation is covered by the IBM Public License Version 1.0.  It was converted
       from HTML to POD by software written by Chas Williams and Russ Allbery, based on work by
       Alf Wachsmann and Elizabeth Cassell.