Provided by: dacs_1.4.28b-3ubuntu2_amd64 bug

NAME

       cgiparse - CGI argument parsing utility

SYNOPSIS

       cgiparse [mode] [-enc {none | url | mime | dacs}] [-in filename] [-d] [-nonewline]
                [-qs query-string] [-copy filename] [[-n name filename]...]

DESCRIPTION

       This program is part of the DACS suite. It is a stand-alone program that neither accepts
       the usual DACS command line options (dacsoptions) nor accesses any DACS configuration
       files.

       This utility is used by web-based scripts (shell scripts in particular) to obtain their
       CGI arguments, which can be obtained from a URI's query component or in an encoded
       entity-body read from the standard input (as with the POST method). The form content
       types[1] application/x-www-form-urlencoded and multipart/form-data are both understood.

       The program has several different modes of operation, one of which may be specified by the
       first command line argument.

       cgiparse combines query arguments found in the QUERY_STRING environment variable with
       arguments found in the message body it reads from the standard input. If an argument name
       is duplicated the result is indeterminate.

OPTIONS

       The mode may be one of the following:

       -arg variable-name
           Emit the value of the CGI argument variable-name, then exit. If there is no such
           argument, the exit status will be 1 instead of 0.

       -targ variable-name
           Test if the CGI argument variable-name exists. If there is no such argument, the exit
           status will be 1, otherwise it will be 0.

       -html
           Emit an HTML document that lists the CGI argument names and their values.

       -one
           Emit a listing of the CGI argument values (without the names).

       -sh
           Emit CGI arguments as a single line in the format:

               variable-name='variable-value'; [...]

           It is an error if any variable-name or variable-value is syntactically unsuitable for
           this format. The returned string can be used as the argument to eval to set the CGI
           arguments as shell variables.

       -text
           Like -html except emit text. This is the default. With this mode, the program's stdout
           is usually written to a file. Each line of the file has the format:

               variable-name variable-value

           (a space separates the name from the corresponding value). The file is typically read
           by a script to obtain the arguments, or cgiparse can be run with the -in flag to
           retrieve an argument.

       Additionally, cgiparse recognizes these options:

           If writing the parsed CGI arguments (-text), encode the argument value using the
           specified method: url means URL encoding, mime means MIME base-64 encoding, and dacs
           means DACS base-64 encoding. For details about these encodings, please see
           dacs.exprs(5)[2]. The default is none, which means that no encoding is performed (use
           this only when you are sure this cannot cause a problem). If reading the parsed CGI
           arguments (-in), decode the argument values using the specified method. The default is
           none, which means that no decoding is performed; if the arguments were encoded, they
           will be returned in that encoding, but other than this case the decoding method must
           match the encoding method previously used or an error is likely to occur.

       -qs query-string
           Instead of using the environment variable QUERY_STRING to get a query component, use
           query-string.

       -nonewline
           With -arg, do not emit a newline after printing an argument value.

       -d
           Enable debugging output.

       -copy filename
           Append the input stream to filename. This can be useful for debugging purposes.

       -in filename
           Instead of parsing CGI arguments, read variable name/value pairs (as produced by the
           -text flag) from filename. If filename is "-", stdin is read.

       -n name filename
           If parsing succeeds, and there is a MIME body part with a name exactly matching name,
           then:

           ·   if the content disposition is multipart/form-data, write the content as
               quoted-printable text to filename;

           ·   if the content disposition is base64, write the decoded content to filename;

           ·   otherwise the content is written verbatim to filename.

           If the output file exists it is truncated.

EXAMPLES

       The following shell script demonstrates one way of using cgiparse.

           #! /bin/sh

           tmpfile=/tmp/cgiparse.$$

           cgiparse > ${tmpfile}
           chmod 0600 ${tmpfile}

           echo "Context-Type: text/plain"
           echo ""

           done=
           while [ "${done}x" = x ]
           do
             a=
             b=
             read a b
             if [ $? = 1 ]
             then
               done=1
               break
             else
               echo "Arg: ${a}"
               echo "Is: ${b}"
             fi
           done < ${tmpfile}

           rm -f ${tmpfile}
           exit 0

       The following code fragment uses cgiparse to save and then look up its CGI arguments:

           #! /bin/sh

           tmpfile=/tmp/cgiparse.$$
           trap 'rm -f ${tmpfile}; exit 1' EXIT 1 2 3 13 15

           cgiparse -enc mime > ${tmpfile}
           chmod 0600 ${tmpfile}

           mode=`cgiparse -in ${tmpfile} -enc mime -arg MODE`
           target=`cgiparse -in ${tmpfile} -enc mime -arg TARGET`

       The following script will print "1 2 3" to its standard output:

           #! /bin/sh

           args=`cgiparse -sh -qs "a=1&b=2&c=3"`
           eval "$args"
           echo "$a $b $c"

DIAGNOSTICS

       The program exits 0 if everything was fine, 1 if an error occurred.

BUGS

       There do not appear to be any official recommendations concerning how to handle apparently
       "malformed" CGI query strings that do not look like a sequence of name=value pairs. The
       parsing routines that cgiparse uses will flag an error if they see strings containing a
       component like "=foo", for example, although "foo=" is fine.

SEE ALSO

       RFC 3875[3], The WWW Common Gateway Interface, Version 1.2[4], HTML 4.01 Specification[5],
       dacs_prenv(8)[6]

AUTHOR

       Distributed Systems Software (www.dss.ca[7])

COPYING

       Copyright2003-2012 Distributed Systems Software. See the LICENSE[8] file that accompanies
       the distribution for licensing information.

NOTES

        1. form content types
           http://www.w3.org/TR/html401/interact/forms.html#h-17.13.4

        2. dacs.exprs(5)
           http://dacs.dss.ca/man/dacs.exprs.5.html#encode

        3. RFC 3875
           http://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc3875.txt

        4. The WWW Common Gateway Interface, Version 1.2
           http://ken.coar.org/cgi/cgi-120-00a.html

        5. HTML 4.01 Specification
           http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/

        6. dacs_prenv(8)
           http://dacs.dss.ca/man/dacs_prenv.8.html

        7. www.dss.ca
           http://www.dss.ca

        8. LICENSE
           http://dacs.dss.ca/man/../misc/LICENSE