Provided by: init-system-helpers_1.29ubuntu1_all bug


       update-rc.d - install and remove System-V style init script links


       update-rc.d [-n] [-f] name remove

       update-rc.d [-n] name defaults

       update-rc.d [-n] name disable|enable [ S|2|3|4|5 ]


       update-rc.d   updates   the   System   V   style   init   script  links
       /etc/rcrunlevel.d/NNname whose target is the  script  /etc/init.d/name.
       These  links  are  run  by  init  when  it  changes runlevels; they are
       generally used to start and  stop  system  services  such  as  daemons.
       runlevel   is   one   of  the  runlevels  supported  by  init,  namely,
       0123456789S, and NN is the two-digit sequence  number  that  determines
       where in the sequence init will run the scripts.

       This  manpage  documents  only  the usage and behaviour of update-rc.d.
       For a discussion of the System V style init script arrangements  please
       see init(8) and the Debian Policy Manual.


       update-rc.d requires dependency and runlevel information to be provided
       in the init.d script LSB comment header of all init.d scripts.  See the
       insserv(8) manual page for details about the LSB header format.

       When  run  with  the  defaults  option,  update-rc.d  makes links named
       /etc/rcrunlevel.d/[SK]NNname that point to the script /etc/init.d/name,
       using  runlevel  and  dependency information from the init.d script LSB
       comment header.

       If any files  named  /etc/rcrunlevel.d/[SK]??name  already  exist  then
       update-rc.d  does nothing.  The program was written this way so that it
       will never change  an  existing  configuration,  which  may  have  been
       customized  by the system administrator.  The program will only install
       links if none are present, i.e., if it appears  that  the  service  has
       never been installed before.

       Older  versions  of  update-rc.d also supported start and stop options.
       These options are no longer supported, and are now  equivalent  to  the
       defaults option.

       A  common  system  administration error is to delete the links with the
       thought that this will "disable" the  service,  i.e.,  that  this  will
       prevent  the  service  from  being started.  However, if all links have
       been deleted then the next time the package is upgraded, the  package's
       postinst  script  will  run  update-rc.d  again and this will reinstall
       links at their factory default locations.  The correct way  to  disable
       services  is  to  configure  the service as stopped in all runlevels in
       which it is started by default.  In the System V init system this means
       renaming the service's symbolic links from S to K.

       The  script  /etc/init.d/name  must  exist before update-rc.d is run to
       create the links.


       When invoked with the remove option, update-rc.d removes any  links  in
       the  /etc/rcrunlevel.d directories to the script /etc/init.d/name.  The
       script must have been deleted already.  If the script is still  present
       then update-rc.d aborts with an error message.

       update-rc.d is usually called from a package's post-removal script when
       that  script  is  given  the  purge  argument.   Any   files   in   the
       /etc/rcrunlevel.d directories that are not symbolic links to the script
       /etc/init.d/name will be left untouched.


       When run with the disable [ S|2|3|4|5 ] options,  update-rc.d  modifies
       existing  runlevel  links  for  the script /etc/init.d/name by renaming
       start links  to  stop  links  with  a  sequence  number  equal  to  the
       difference of 100 minus the original sequence number.

       When  run  with  the enable [ S|2|3|4|5 ] options, update-rc.d modifies
       existing runlevel links for the  script  /etc/init.d/name  by  renaming
       stop  links to start links with a sequence number equal to the positive
       difference of current sequence number minus 100, thus returning to  the
       original sequence number that the script had been installed with before
       disabling it.

       Both of these options only operate on start runlevel links of S, 2,  3,
       4  or  5. If no start runlevel is specified after the disable or enable
       keywords, the  script  will  attempt  to  modify  links  in  all  start


       -n     Don't do anything, just show what we would do.

       -f     Force removal of symlinks even if /etc/init.d/name still exists.


       Insert links using the defaults:
          update-rc.d foobar defaults
       The equivalent dependency header would have start and stop
       dependencies on $remote_fs and $syslog, and start in
       runlevels 2-5 and stop in runlevels 0, 1 and 6.
       Remove  all  links  for  a  script  (assuming  foobar  has been deleted
          update-rc.d foobar remove
       Example of disabling a service:
          update-rc.d foobar disable
       Example    of     a     command     for     installing     a     system
       initialization-and-shutdown script:
          update-rc.d foobar defaults
       Example of a command for disabling a system initialization-and-shutdown
          update-rc.d foobar disable




              The directory containing the actual init scripts.

              The directories containing the links used by init and managed by

              Model for use by writers of init.d scripts.


       Debian Policy Manual,
       insserv(8), sysv-rc-conf(8), bum(8), init(8).