Provided by: libperlbal-perl_1.80-3_all bug


       Perlbal::Manual::Management - Managing Perlbal on-the-fly

       Perlbal 1.78.

       How to configure a Perlbal "management" service for on-the-fly configuration and

       Please read Perlbal::Manual::Configuration first for a better explanation on how to
       configure Perlbal. This document will make much more sense after reading that.

   Setting up a management service
       You can create a management service in the following way:

           CREATE SERVICE mgmt
               SET role   = management
               SET listen =
           ENABLE mgmt

       Consulting information with a browser

       If you access the management service (in this case, on port 16000) with a
       browser you'll reach a page with information on the services that are enabled. You're also
       able to click those services and reach further information on each of them.

       Managing Perlbal via telnet

       If you telnet to the management service you get a connection that allows you manage your
       Perlbal's instance.

           $ telnet 16000
           Connected to
           Escape character is '^]'.

       You now have access to several commands (which are case insensitive):

       Admin Commands

       create pool <name>
       create service <name>
           Creates a pool or a service.

               create pool my_new_pool

               create service my_new_service

       disable <service>
           Disables a service (stops listening).

               disable my_service

           Note that you can not disable "management" services.

       enable <service>
           Enables a service (starts listening).

               enable my_service

       header <service> insert <header>:<value>
       header <service> remove <header>
           Inserts or removes headers from the request before they're passed on to the backend.

           When adding headers you must state the value:

               header my_service insert x-myamazingheader:myamazingvalue

           When removing headers you don't need the state any value, the header will be removed
           regardless of the value it holds:

               header my_service remove Connection

           Note: the usage of "x-" in the beginning of your header is not required, but the
           convention is that non-standard headers be prefixed with "x-".

       load <plugin>
           Loads a Perlbal plugin.

               load AccessControl

           Lists plugins

       pool <name> add <ip[:port]>
       pool <name> remove <ip[:port]>
           Allows you to add or remove nodes from a service.

               pool add my_service

               pool remove my_service

           Note that adding a node that already exists or removing a non-existing node do not
           result in an error message.

           Also note that the port number defaults to :80 if omitted.

           Dumps the state of reproxy status.

               SERVER max_reproxy_connections = 0

       server <param> = <value>
           Sets a server parameter, where param is one of:

           ·       max_reproxy_connections = <value>

                   Maximum number of concurrent connections to the backends.

           ·       max_reproxy_connections("ip") = <value>

                   Maximum number of concurrent connections to one specific backend.

           ·       max_connections = <value>

                   Sets the value of "RLIMIT_NOFILE" (maximum number of open files for this

                   Requires BSD::Resource. Also, Perlbal must be run under a superuser.

           ·       nice_level = <value>

                   Sets the "nice" level for the process.

           ·       aio_mode = <value>

                   One of "none", "linux" for Linux::AIO, or "ioaio" for IO::AIO.

                   This controls how disk IO is done asynchronously. Highly recommended to use
                   Linux::AIO or IO::AIO for webserving or reproxying files. For purely reverse
                   proxy or only reproxying URLs, none is fine.

           ·       aio_threads = <value>

                   Number of child threads doing disk IO. Use between 2 and 50.

           ·       track_obj = <value>

                   Developer option to track objects.

           ·       pidfile = <value>

                   Filename to write pidfile to (no pidfile if not specified).

           ·       crash_backtrace = <value>

                   1 or 0 indicating whether to perform a backtrace while the server is crashing.

       set [<pool_name>] <param> = <value>
           Sets a property on a pool. If the pool was just created, specifying the pool name is

           Setting the file to autoload nodes from (Perlbal will periodically check the file for

               SET my_pool nodefile = /path/to/file

           Unsetting the file to autoload nodes from (note that this does not remove current

               SET my_pool nodefile = none

           "undef", "null", "" and '' are interpreted just like "none".

           Note that manually modifying the pool (via POOL ADD or POOL REMOVE) will disable the
           periodic checking of the nodefile.

           Setting the load balancing method:

               SET pool balance_method = 'random'

           Yes, we do realize that "random" is the only method currently available, but hey.

       set [<service_name>] <param> = <value>
           Sets a property on a service. If the service was just created, specifying the service
           name is optional.

           See Perlbal::Manual::LoadBalancer, Perlbal::Manual::ReverseProxy and
           Perlbal::Manual::WebServer for the list of available parameters.

       show service [<service_name>]
       show pool [<pool_name>]
           List all services:

               show service

           Show details of a service:

               show service my_service

           Lists all pools, nodes and services using them:

               show pool

           Show the members of a pool:

               show pool my_pool

       shutdown [graceful]
           Shuts down the server (you'll also lose your telnet session).

           Can be used instantly, killing all active connections:


           Using the parameter "graceful" listening sockets are closed and perlbal stays alive
           until clients bleed off.

               shutdown graceful

       unload <plugin>
           Unloads a plugin.

               unload AccessControl

       use <service>
       use <pool>
           Sets the implied service or pool for future operations.

           For instance, after:

               use my_pool

           You can just type:

               pool add

           Note that creating a service or pool also sets it as the implied service.

       xs [enable <module>]
       xs [disable <module>]
           Show status of XS modules loaded:


           Turn on an already-loaded XS module:

               xs enable module_name

           Turn off an already-loaded XS module:

               xs disable module_name

       Diagnostic Commands

       aio Shows Perlbal::AIO stats.

           Lists the open connections to the backends.


           In the above example, there are 3 open connections (they may be being used or they may
           simply be open according to the value of "connect_ahead").

           Shows the current configuration for each service.

           If a service uses a plugin that supports "dumpconfig", that plugin's configuration is
           also dumped (see "dumpconfig" under Perlbal::Manual::Plugins for more information).

       fd  Shows the maximum number of file descriptors and how many are currently in use.

               max 1024
               cur 8

           Requires Devel::Gladiator.

           Iterate's Perl's internal memory structures and can be used to enumerate all the
           currently live SVs.

           This can be used to hunt leaks and to profile memory usage.

           Displays the list of available commands.

       leaks <code>
           Iterates over active objects.

           If an argument is specified, it is treated as code with $_ being the reference to the

           Shows objects that might have been leaked.

           Lists known mime types.

               css text/css
               doc application/msword

       node <ip[:port]>
           Dumps information on a specific node.

      attempts 10
      lastattempt 1290461126

           Calling "node" with a parameter is the same as calling "nodes".

           Dumps information on all nodes.

      attempts 10
      lastattempt 1290461126
      connects 19
      lastconnect 1290461127
      attempts 19
      responsecodes 200 11
      lastattempt 1290461127

           Shows the amount of time left for each node marked as noverify.

           If the "verify_backend" parameter is set to a true value, perlbal tries to send an
           "OPTIONS" command to a node before sending it the actual client request. If the node
           doesn't support the "OPTIONS" command, the node is added to an internal hash so that
           an "OPTIONS" command is not issued for new requests during the next 60 seconds.


           In the above example, node is on that list and still has 42 seconds
           until an "OPTIONS" command is tried again.

           If the time is a negative value it means that the "OPTIONS" command will be issued
           before the next request.

       obj Shows objects count in scope.

           The environment variable "DEBUG_OBJ" must be set to a true value (see "Environment
           Variables" under Perlbal::Manual::Configuration for more information).

           Shows pending backend connections by service, node, and age.

           Shows CPU usage, current time, pid, and total requests processed.

       prof on
       prof off
       prof data
           Enables/disables profiling or dumps profile data.

           Shows status of all queues (normal, high priority and low priority) for all enabled

               service_mywebsite-normal.age 1
               service_mywebsite-normal.count 8
               service_mywebsite-highpri.age 0
               service_mywebsite-highpri.count 0
               service_mywebsite-lowpri.age 0
               service_mywebsite-lowpri.count 0

       reload <plugin_name>
           Reloads a plugin that supports reloading.

       socks [all]
       socks summary
           Lists all sockets or shows a summary of the sockets (by default lists all sockets).

                  fd    age
                   3   748s Perlbal::ClientManage(R): open to
                   4  1003s Perlbal::TCPListener(R): open: listening on for service 'ws'
                   6  1003s Perlbal::TCPListener(R): open: listening on for service 'mgmt'

               socks summary
                   1 Perlbal::ClientManage
                   2 Perlbal::TCPListener
               Aggregate write buffer: 0.0k
                           Open files: 0

       state changes
           Lists recent state changes of requests.

           For instance, while a request is being processed this command may issue something

               state changes
               Perlbal::ClientProxy=HASH(0x12d7ec28): reading_headers, wait_backend, backend_req_sent, wait_res
               Perlbal::BackendHTTP=HASH(0x12d75f30): connecting, bored, sending_req, wait_res
               wait_res 2

           And as soon as the request is processed:

               state changes
               Perlbal::BackendHTTP=HASH(0x12d75f30): connecting, bored, sending_req, wait_res, xfer_res, closed
               closed 1

           Note: This functionality depends on the environment variable "PERLBAL_TRACK_STATES"
           being set to a true value.

       states <service>
           Shows how many sockets of which type and in which state currently exist for all

               Perlbal::ClientProxy draining_res 1

           If a service is specified, shows the information for that service only.

               states ws
               Perlbal::BackendHTTP wait_res 1
               Perlbal::ClientProxy wait_res 1

           Dumps objects tracked, sorted by age.

               15s Perlbal::HTTPHeaders=HASH(0x1a043a50): Perlbal::HTTPHeaders::clone, Perlbal::BackendHTTP::assign_client, Perlbal::Service::register_boredom, Perlbal::BackendHTTP::event_write, Danga::Socket::EpollEventLoop, (eval), Perlbal::run
               15s Perlbal::HTTPHeaders=HASH(0x19594fe0): Perlbal::HTTPHeaders::new, Perlbal::Socket::read_headers, Perlbal::Socket::read_response_headers, Perlbal::BackendHTTP::event_read_waiting_options, Perlbal::BackendHTTP::event_read, Danga::Socket::EpollEventLoop, (eval), Perlbal::run
               15s Perlbal::HTTPHeaders=HASH(0x1a043d80): Perlbal::HTTPHeaders::new, Perlbal::Socket::read_headers, Perlbal::Socket::read_response_headers, Perlbal::BackendHTTP::event_read, Danga::Socket::EpollEventLoop, (eval), Perlbal::run
               15s Perlbal::BackendHTTP=HASH(0x1a044608): Perlbal::BackendHTTP::new, Perlbal::Service::spawn_backends, Perlbal::Service::note_bad_backend_connect, Perlbal::BackendHTTP::event_err, Danga::Socket::EpollEventLoop, (eval), Perlbal::run
               15s Perlbal::BackendHTTP=HASH(0x1a042588): Perlbal::BackendHTTP::new, Perlbal::Service::spawn_backends, Perlbal::Service::note_bad_backend_connect, Perlbal::BackendHTTP::verify_failure, Perlbal::BackendHTTP::event_read_waiting_options, Perlbal::BackendHTTP::event_read, Danga::Socket::EpollEventLoop, (eval), Perlbal::run
               15s Perlbal::BackendHTTP=HASH(0x1a044488): Perlbal::BackendHTTP::new, Perlbal::Service::spawn_backends, Perlbal::Service::request_backend_connection, Perlbal::ClientProxy::request_backend, Perlbal::ClientProxy::handle_request, Perlbal::ClientProxy::event_read, Danga::Socket::EpollEventLoop, (eval), Perlbal::run

           For this to work you must have the environment variable "DEBUG_OBJ" set to a true
           value and the server option "track_obj" on:

               server track_obj = 1

           Shows the time the server was started, the current uptime and Perlbal's version.

           Debug management command to track size of internal data structures.

               svc-ws-bored_backends [] 2
               svc-ws-pending_connects {} 2
                 {}  =
                 {}  = Perlbal::BackendHTTP=HASH(0x1cfd2490)

       verbose on
       verbose off
           Turns verbose mode on or off.

               verbose on
               load AccessControl
               verbose off
               load AccessControl
               verbose on
               load AccessControl

           Yes, verbose mode only activates the printing of an OK message upon completion of some
           commands such as "load". Errors are displayed regardless of verbose status.

       Note that this functionality doesn't implement any sort of authentication. If you can
       telnet to the address you specify, you can access the information and change things on the

       Some alternatives to authentication are commonly employed:

       ·   specifying the address as being means that no one outside the machine can
           telnet to the management service;

       ·   setting the management address as a private IP available only through a VPN, for
           instance, will allow you to manage these accesses on the VPN instead.

       Perlbal::Manual::Configuration, Perlbal::Manual::Debugging.