Provided by: libplack-perl_1.0039-1_all bug

NAME

       Plack::Builder - OO and DSL to enable Plack Middlewares

SYNOPSIS

         # in .psgi
         use Plack::Builder;

         my $app = sub { ... };

         builder {
             enable "Deflater";
             enable "Session", store => "File";
             enable "Debug", panels => [ qw(DBITrace Memory Timer) ];
             enable "+My::Plack::Middleware";
             $app;
         };

         # use URLMap

         builder {
             mount "/foo" => builder {
                 enable "Foo";
                 $app;
             };

             mount "/bar" => $app2;
             mount "http://example.com/" => builder { $app3 };
         };

         # using OO interface
         my $builder = Plack::Builder->new;
         $builder->add_middleware('Foo', opt => 1);
         $builder->add_middleware('Bar');
         $builder->wrap($app);

DESCRIPTION

       Plack::Builder gives you a quick domain specific language (DSL) to wrap your application
       with Plack::Middleware subclasses. The middleware you're trying to use should use
       Plack::Middleware as a base class to use this DSL, inspired by Rack::Builder.

       Whenever you call "enable" on any middleware, the middleware app is pushed to the stack
       inside the builder, and then reversed when it actually creates a wrapped application
       handler. "Plack::Middleware::" is added as a prefix by default. So:

         builder {
             enable "Foo";
             enable "Bar", opt => "val";
             $app;
         };

       is syntactically equal to:

         $app = Plack::Middleware::Bar->wrap($app, opt => "val");
         $app = Plack::Middleware::Foo->wrap($app);

       In other words, you're supposed to "enable" middleware from outer to inner.

INLINE MIDDLEWARE

       Plack::Builder allows you to code middleware inline using a nested code reference.

       If the first argument to "enable" is a code reference, it will be passed an $app and
       should return another code reference which is a PSGI application that consumes $env at
       runtime. So:

         builder {
             enable sub {
                 my $app = shift;
                 sub {
                     my $env = shift;
                     # do preprocessing
                     my $res = $app->($env);
                     # do postprocessing
                     return $res;
                 };
             };
             $app;
         };

       is equal to:

         my $mw = sub {
             my $app = shift;
             sub { my $env = shift; $app->($env) };
         };

         $app = $mw->($app);

URLMap support

       Plack::Builder has a native support for Plack::App::URLMap via the "mount" method.

         use Plack::Builder;
         my $app = builder {
             mount "/foo" => $app1;
             mount "/bar" => builder {
                 enable "Foo";
                 $app2;
             };
         };

       See Plack::App::URLMap's "map" method to see what they mean. With "builder" you can't use
       "map" as a DSL, for the obvious reason :)

       NOTE: Once you use "mount" in your builder code, you have to use "mount" for all the
       paths, including the root path ("/"). You can't have the default app in the last line of
       "builder" like:

         my $app = sub {
             my $env = shift;
             ...
         };

         builder {
             mount "/foo" => sub { ... };
             $app; # THIS DOESN'T WORK
         };

       You'll get warnings saying that your mount configuration will be ignored. Instead you
       should use "mount "/" => ..." in the last line to set the default fallback app.

         builder {
             mount "/foo" => sub { ... };
             mount "/" => $app;
         }

       Note that the "builder" DSL returns a whole new PSGI application, which means

       ·   "builder { ... }" should normally the last statement of a ".psgi" file, because the
           return value of "builder" is the application that is actually executed.

       ·   You can nest your "builder" blocks, mixed with "mount" statements (see "URLMap
           support" above):

             builder {
                 mount "/foo" => builder {
                     mount "/bar" => $app;
                 }
             }

           will locate the $app under "/foo/bar", since the inner "builder" block puts it under
           "/bar" and it results in a new PSGI application which is located under "/foo" because
           of the outer "builder" block.

CONDITIONAL MIDDLEWARE SUPPORT

       You can use "enable_if" to conditionally enable middleware based on the runtime
       environment.

         builder {
             enable_if { $_[0]->{REMOTE_ADDR} eq '127.0.0.1' } 'StackTrace', force => 1;
             $app;
         };

       See Plack::Middleware::Conditional for details.

OBJECT ORIENTED INTERFACE

       Object oriented interface supports the same functionality with the DSL version in a
       clearer interface, probably with more typing required.

         # With mount
         my $builder = Plack::Builder->new;
         $builder->add_middleware('Foo', opt => 1);
         $builder->mount('/foo' => $foo_app);
         $builder->mount('/' => $root_app);
         $builder->to_app;

         # Nested builders. Equivalent to:
         # builder {
         #     mount '/foo' => builder {
         #         enable 'Foo';
         #         $app;
         #     };
         #     mount '/' => $app2;
         # };
         my $builder_out = Plack::Builder->new;
         my $builder_in  = Plack::Builder->new;
         $builder_in->add_middleware('Foo');
         $builder_out->mount("/foo" => $builder_in->wrap($app));
         $builder_out->mount("/" => $app2);
         $builder_out->to_app;

         # conditional. You can also directly use Plack::Middleware::Conditional
         my $builder = Plack::Builder->new;
         $builder->add_middleware_if(sub { $_[0]->{REMOTE_ADDR} eq '127.0.0.1' }, 'StackTrace');
         $builder->wrap($app);

SEE ALSO

       Plack::Middleware Plack::App::URLMap Plack::Middleware::Conditional