Provided by: libwww-mechanize-perl_1.75-1_all bug

NAME

       WWW::Mechanize - Handy web browsing in a Perl object

VERSION

       Version 1.75

SYNOPSIS

       "WWW::Mechanize", or Mech for short, is a Perl module for stateful programmatic web
       browsing, used for automating interaction with websites.

       Features include:

       ·   All HTTP methods

       ·   High-level hyperlink and HTML form support, without having to parse HTML yourself

       ·   SSL support

       ·   Automatic cookies

       ·   Custom HTTP headers

       ·   Automatic handling of redirections

       ·   Proxies

       ·   HTTP authentication

       Mech supports performing a sequence of page fetches including following links and
       submitting forms. Each fetched page is parsed and its links and forms are extracted. A
       link or a form can be selected, form fields can be filled and the next page can be
       fetched.  Mech also stores a history of the URLs you've visited, which can be queried and
       revisited.

           use WWW::Mechanize;
           my $mech = WWW::Mechanize->new();

           $mech->get( $url );

           $mech->follow_link( n => 3 );
           $mech->follow_link( text_regex => qr/download this/i );
           $mech->follow_link( url => 'http://host.com/index.html' );

           $mech->submit_form(
               form_number => 3,
               fields      => {
                   username    => 'mungo',
                   password    => 'lost-and-alone',
               }
           );

           $mech->submit_form(
               form_name => 'search',
               fields    => { query  => 'pot of gold', },
               button    => 'Search Now'
           );

       Mech is well suited for use in testing web applications.  If you use one of the Test::*,
       like Test::HTML::Lint modules, you can check the fetched content and use that as input to
       a test call.

           use Test::More;
           like( $mech->content(), qr/$expected/, "Got expected content" );

       Each page fetch stores its URL in a history stack which you can traverse.

           $mech->back();

       If you want finer control over your page fetching, you can use these methods.
       "follow_link" and "submit_form" are just high level wrappers around them.

           $mech->find_link( n => $number );
           $mech->form_number( $number );
           $mech->form_name( $name );
           $mech->field( $name, $value );
           $mech->set_fields( %field_values );
           $mech->set_visible( @criteria );
           $mech->click( $button );

       WWW::Mechanize is a proper subclass of LWP::UserAgent and you can also use any of
       LWP::UserAgent's methods.

           $mech->add_header($name => $value);

       Please note that Mech does NOT support JavaScript, you need additional software for that.
       Please check "JavaScript" in WWW::Mechanize::FAQ for more.

IMPORTANT LINKS

       ·   <http://code.google.com/p/www-mechanize/issues/list>

           The queue for bugs & enhancements in WWW::Mechanize and Test::WWW::Mechanize.  Please
           note that the queue at <http://rt.cpan.org> is no longer maintained.

       ·   <http://search.cpan.org/dist/WWW-Mechanize/>

           The CPAN documentation page for Mechanize.

       ·   <http://search.cpan.org/dist/WWW-Mechanize/lib/WWW/Mechanize/FAQ.pod>

           Frequently asked questions.  Make sure you read here FIRST.

CONSTRUCTOR AND STARTUP

   new()
       Creates and returns a new WWW::Mechanize object, hereafter referred to as the "agent".

           my $mech = WWW::Mechanize->new()

       The constructor for WWW::Mechanize overrides two of the parms to the LWP::UserAgent
       constructor:

           agent => 'WWW-Mechanize/#.##'
           cookie_jar => {}    # an empty, memory-only HTTP::Cookies object

       You can override these overrides by passing parms to the constructor, as in:

           my $mech = WWW::Mechanize->new( agent => 'wonderbot 1.01' );

       If you want none of the overhead of a cookie jar, or don't want your bot accepting
       cookies, you have to explicitly disallow it, like so:

           my $mech = WWW::Mechanize->new( cookie_jar => undef );

       Here are the parms that WWW::Mechanize recognizes.  These do not include parms that
       LWP::UserAgent recognizes.

       ·   "autocheck => [0|1]"

           Checks each request made to see if it was successful.  This saves you the trouble of
           manually checking yourself.  Any errors found are errors, not warnings.

           The default value is ON, unless it's being subclassed, in which case it is OFF.  This
           means that standalone WWW::Mechanizeinstances have autocheck turned on, which is
           protective for the vast majority of Mech users who don't bother checking the return
           value of get() and post() and can't figure why their code fails. However, if
           WWW::Mechanize is subclassed, such as for Test::WWW::Mechanize or
           Test::WWW::Mechanize::Catalyst, this may not be an appropriate default, so it's off.

       ·   "noproxy => [0|1]"

           Turn off the automatic call to the LWP::UserAgent "env_proxy" function.

           This needs to be explicitly turned off if you're using Crypt::SSLeay to access a https
           site via a proxy server.  Note: you still need to set your HTTPS_PROXY environment
           variable as appropriate.

       ·   "onwarn => \&func"

           Reference to a "warn"-compatible function, such as "Carp::carp", that is called when a
           warning needs to be shown.

           If this is set to "undef", no warnings will ever be shown.  However, it's probably
           better to use the "quiet" method to control that behavior.

           If this value is not passed, Mech uses "Carp::carp" if Carp is installed, or
           "CORE::warn" if not.

       ·   "onerror => \&func"

           Reference to a "die"-compatible function, such as "Carp::croak", that is called when
           there's a fatal error.

           If this is set to "undef", no errors will ever be shown.

           If this value is not passed, Mech uses "Carp::croak" if Carp is installed, or
           "CORE::die" if not.

       ·   "quiet => [0|1]"

           Don't complain on warnings.  Setting "quiet => 1" is the same as calling
           "$mech->quiet(1)".  Default is off.

       ·   "stack_depth => $value"

           Sets the depth of the page stack that keeps track of all the downloaded pages. Default
           is effectively infinite stack size.  If the stack is eating up your memory, then set
           this to a smaller number, say 5 or 10.  Setting this to zero means Mech will keep no
           history.

       To support forms, WWW::Mechanize's constructor pushes POST on to the agent's
       "requests_redirectable" list (see also LWP::UserAgent.)

   $mech->agent_alias( $alias )
       Sets the user agent string to the expanded version from a table of actual user strings.
       $alias can be one of the following:

       ·   Windows IE 6

       ·   Windows Mozilla

       ·   Mac Safari

       ·   Mac Mozilla

       ·   Linux Mozilla

       ·   Linux Konqueror

       then it will be replaced with a more interesting one.  For instance,

           $mech->agent_alias( 'Windows IE 6' );

       sets your User-Agent to

           Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 6.0; Windows NT 5.1)

       The list of valid aliases can be returned from "known_agent_aliases()".  The current list
       is:

       ·   Windows IE 6

       ·   Windows Mozilla

       ·   Mac Safari

       ·   Mac Mozilla

       ·   Linux Mozilla

       ·   Linux Konqueror

   known_agent_aliases()
       Returns a list of all the agent aliases that Mech knows about.

PAGE-FETCHING METHODS

   $mech->get( $uri )
       Given a URL/URI, fetches it.  Returns an HTTP::Response object.  $uri can be a well-formed
       URL string, a URI object, or a WWW::Mechanize::Link object.

       The results are stored internally in the agent object, but you don't know that.  Just use
       the accessors listed below.  Poking at the internals is deprecated and subject to change
       in the future.

       "get()" is a well-behaved overloaded version of the method in LWP::UserAgent.  This lets
       you do things like

           $mech->get( $uri, ':content_file' => $tempfile );

       and you can rest assured that the parms will get filtered down appropriately.

       NOTE: Because ":content_file" causes the page contents to be stored in a file instead of
       the response object, some Mech functions that expect it to be there won't work as
       expected. Use with caution.

   $mech->put( $uri, content => $content )
       PUTs $content to $uri.  Returns an HTTP::Response object.  $uri can be a well-formed URI
       string, a URI object, or a WWW::Mechanize::Link object.

   $mech->reload()
       Acts like the reload button in a browser: repeats the current request. The history (as per
       the "back" method) is not altered.

       Returns the HTTP::Response object from the reload, or "undef" if there's no current
       request.

   $mech->back()
       The equivalent of hitting the "back" button in a browser.  Returns to the previous page.
       Won't go back past the first page. (Really, what would it do if it could?)

       Returns true if it could go back, or false if not.

STATUS METHODS

   $mech->success()
       Returns a boolean telling whether the last request was successful.  If there hasn't been
       an operation yet, returns false.

       This is a convenience function that wraps "$mech->res->is_success".

   $mech->uri()
       Returns the current URI as a URI object. This object stringifies to the URI itself.

   $mech->response() / $mech->res()
       Return the current response as an HTTP::Response object.

       Synonym for "$mech->response()"

   $mech->status()
       Returns the HTTP status code of the response.  This is a 3-digit number like 200 for OK,
       404 for not found, and so on.

   $mech->ct() / $mech->content_type()
       Returns the content type of the response.

   $mech->base()
       Returns the base URI for the current response

   $mech->forms()
       When called in a list context, returns a list of the forms found in the last fetched page.
       In a scalar context, returns a reference to an array with those forms. The forms returned
       are all HTML::Form objects.

   $mech->current_form()
       Returns the current form as an HTML::Form object.

   $mech->links()
       When called in a list context, returns a list of the links found in the last fetched page.
       In a scalar context it returns a reference to an array with those links.  Each link is a
       WWW::Mechanize::Link object.

   $mech->is_html()
       Returns true/false on whether our content is HTML, according to the HTTP headers.

   $mech->title()
       Returns the contents of the "<TITLE>" tag, as parsed by HTML::HeadParser.  Returns undef
       if the content is not HTML.

CONTENT-HANDLING METHODS

   $mech->content(...)
       Returns the content that the mech uses internally for the last page fetched. Ordinarily
       this is the same as "$mech->response()->decoded_content()", but this may differ for HTML
       documents if "update_html" is overloaded (in which case the value passed to the base-class
       implementation of same will be returned), and/or extra named arguments are passed to
       content():

       $mech->content( format => 'text' )
         Returns a text-only version of the page, with all HTML markup stripped. This feature
         requires HTML::TreeBuilder to be installed, or a fatal error will be thrown. This works
         only if the contents are HTML.

       $mech->content( base_href => [$base_href|undef] )
         Returns the HTML document, modified to contain a "<base href="$base_href">" mark-up in
         the header.  $base_href is "$mech->base()" if not specified. This is handy to pass the
         HTML to e.g. HTML::Display. This works only if the contents are HTML.

       $mech->content( raw => 1 )
         Returns "$self->response()->content()", i.e. the raw contents from the response.

       $mech->content( decoded_by_headers => 1 )
         Returns the content after applying all "Content-Encoding" headers but with not
         additional mangling.

       $mech->content( charset => $charset )
         Returns "$self->response()->decoded_content(charset => $charset)" (see HTTP::Response
         for details).

       To preserve backwards compatibility, additional parameters will be ignored unless none of
       "raw | decoded_by_headers | charset" is specified and the text is HTML, in which case an
       error will be triggered.

   $mech->text()
       Returns the text of the current HTML content.  If the content isn't HTML, $mech will die.

       The text is extracted by parsing the content, and then the extracted text is cached, so
       don't worry about performance of calling this repeatedly.

LINK METHODS

   $mech->links()
       Lists all the links on the current page.  Each link is a WWW::Mechanize::Link object. In
       list context, returns a list of all links.  In scalar context, returns an array reference
       of all links.

   $mech->follow_link(...)
       Follows a specified link on the page.  You specify the match to be found using the same
       parms that "find_link()" uses.

       Here some examples:

       ·   3rd link called "download"

               $mech->follow_link( text => 'download', n => 3 );

       ·   first link where the URL has "download" in it, regardless of case:

               $mech->follow_link( url_regex => qr/download/i );

           or

               $mech->follow_link( url_regex => qr/(?i:download)/ );

       ·   3rd link on the page

               $mech->follow_link( n => 3 );

       ·   the link with the url

               $mech->follow_link( url => '/other/page' );

           or

               $mech->follow_link( url => 'http://example.com/page' );

       Returns the result of the GET method (an HTTP::Response object) if a link was found. If
       the page has no links, or the specified link couldn't be found, returns undef.

   $mech->find_link( ... )
       Finds a link in the currently fetched page. It returns a WWW::Mechanize::Link object which
       describes the link.  (You'll probably be most interested in the "url()" property.)  If it
       fails to find a link it returns undef.

       You can take the URL part and pass it to the "get()" method.  If that's your plan, you
       might as well use the "follow_link()" method directly, since it does the "get()" for you
       automatically.

       Note that "<FRAME SRC="...">" tags are parsed out of the the HTML and treated as links so
       this method works with them.

       You can select which link to find by passing in one or more of these key/value pairs:

       ·   "text => 'string'," and "text_regex => qr/regex/,"

           "text" matches the text of the link against string, which must be an exact match.  To
           select a link with text that is exactly "download", use

               $mech->find_link( text => 'download' );

           "text_regex" matches the text of the link against regex.  To select a link with text
           that has "download" anywhere in it, regardless of case, use

               $mech->find_link( text_regex => qr/download/i );

           Note that the text extracted from the page's links are trimmed.  For example, "<a> foo
           </a>" is stored as 'foo', and searching for leading or trailing spaces will fail.

       ·   "url => 'string'," and "url_regex => qr/regex/,"

           Matches the URL of the link against string or regex, as appropriate.  The URL may be a
           relative URL, like foo/bar.html, depending on how it's coded on the page.

       ·   "url_abs => string" and "url_abs_regex => regex"

           Matches the absolute URL of the link against string or regex, as appropriate.  The URL
           will be an absolute URL, even if it's relative in the page.

       ·   "name => string" and "name_regex => regex"

           Matches the name of the link against string or regex, as appropriate.

       ·   "id => string" and "id_regex => regex"

           Matches the attribute 'id' of the link against string or regex, as appropriate.

       ·   "class => string" and "class_regex => regex"

           Matches the attribute 'class' of the link against string or regex, as appropriate.

       ·   "tag => string" and "tag_regex => regex"

           Matches the tag that the link came from against string or regex, as appropriate.  The
           "tag_regex" is probably most useful to check for more than one tag, as in:

               $mech->find_link( tag_regex => qr/^(a|frame)$/ );

           The tags and attributes looked at are defined below, at "$mech->find_link() : link
           format".

       If "n" is not specified, it defaults to 1.  Therefore, if you don't specify any parms,
       this method defaults to finding the first link on the page.

       Note that you can specify multiple text or URL parameters, which will be ANDed together.
       For example, to find the first link with text of "News" and with "cnn.com" in the URL,
       use:

           $mech->find_link( text => 'News', url_regex => qr/cnn\.com/ );

       The return value is a reference to an array containing a WWW::Mechanize::Link object for
       every link in "$self->content".

       The links come from the following:

       "<a href=...>"
       "<area href=...>"
       "<frame src=...>"
       "<iframe src=...>"
       "<link href=...>"
       "<meta content=...>"

   $mech->find_all_links( ... )
       Returns all the links on the current page that match the criteria.  The method for
       specifying link criteria is the same as in "find_link()".  Each of the links returned is a
       WWW::Mechanize::Link object.

       In list context, "find_all_links()" returns a list of the links.  Otherwise, it returns a
       reference to the list of links.

       "find_all_links()" with no parameters returns all links in the page.

   $mech->find_all_inputs( ... criteria ... )
       find_all_inputs() returns an array of all the input controls in the current form whose
       properties match all of the regexes passed in.  The controls returned are all descended
       from HTML::Form::Input.

       If no criteria are passed, all inputs will be returned.

       If there is no current page, there is no form on the current page, or there are no submit
       controls in the current form then the return will be an empty array.

       You may use a regex or a literal string:

           # get all textarea controls whose names begin with "customer"
           my @customer_text_inputs = $mech->find_all_inputs(
               type       => 'textarea',
               name_regex => qr/^customer/,
           );

           # get all text or textarea controls called "customer"
           my @customer_text_inputs = $mech->find_all_inputs(
               type_regex => qr/^(text|textarea)$/,
               name       => 'customer',
           );

   $mech->find_all_submits( ... criteria ... )
       "find_all_submits()" does the same thing as "find_all_inputs()" except that it only
       returns controls that are submit controls, ignoring other types of input controls like
       text and checkboxes.

IMAGE METHODS

   $mech->images
       Lists all the images on the current page.  Each image is a WWW::Mechanize::Image object.
       In list context, returns a list of all images.  In scalar context, returns an array
       reference of all images.

   $mech->find_image()
       Finds an image in the current page. It returns a WWW::Mechanize::Image object which
       describes the image.  If it fails to find an image it returns undef.

       You can select which image to find by passing in one or more of these key/value pairs:

       ·   "alt => 'string'" and "alt_regex => qr/regex/,"

           "alt" matches the ALT attribute of the image against string, which must be an exact
           match. To select a image with an ALT tag that is exactly "download", use

               $mech->find_image( alt => 'download' );

           "alt_regex" matches the ALT attribute of the image  against a regular expression.  To
           select an image with an ALT attribute that has "download" anywhere in it, regardless
           of case, use

               $mech->find_image( alt_regex => qr/download/i );

       ·   "url => 'string'," and "url_regex => qr/regex/,"

           Matches the URL of the image against string or regex, as appropriate.  The URL may be
           a relative URL, like foo/bar.html, depending on how it's coded on the page.

       ·   "url_abs => string" and "url_abs_regex => regex"

           Matches the absolute URL of the image against string or regex, as appropriate.  The
           URL will be an absolute URL, even if it's relative in the page.

       ·   "tag => string" and "tag_regex => regex"

           Matches the tag that the image came from against string or regex, as appropriate.  The
           "tag_regex" is probably most useful to check for more than one tag, as in:

               $mech->find_image( tag_regex => qr/^(img|input)$/ );

           The tags supported are "<img>" and "<input>".

       If "n" is not specified, it defaults to 1.  Therefore, if you don't specify any parms,
       this method defaults to finding the first image on the page.

       Note that you can specify multiple ALT or URL parameters, which will be ANDed together.
       For example, to find the first image with ALT text of "News" and with "cnn.com" in the
       URL, use:

           $mech->find_image( image => 'News', url_regex => qr/cnn\.com/ );

       The return value is a reference to an array containing a WWW::Mechanize::Image object for
       every image in "$self->content".

   $mech->find_all_images( ... )
       Returns all the images on the current page that match the criteria.  The method for
       specifying image criteria is the same as in "find_image()".  Each of the images returned
       is a WWW::Mechanize::Image object.

       In list context, "find_all_images()" returns a list of the images.  Otherwise, it returns
       a reference to the list of images.

       "find_all_images()" with no parameters returns all images in the page.

FORM METHODS

       These methods let you work with the forms on a page.  The idea is to choose a form that
       you'll later work with using the field methods below.

   $mech->forms
       Lists all the forms on the current page.  Each form is an HTML::Form object.  In list
       context, returns a list of all forms.  In scalar context, returns an array reference of
       all forms.

   $mech->form_number($number)
       Selects the numberth form on the page as the target for subsequent calls to "field()" and
       "click()".  Also returns the form that was selected.

       If it is found, the form is returned as an HTML::Form object and set internally for later
       use with Mech's form methods such as "field()" and "click()".

       Emits a warning and returns undef if no form is found.

       The first form is number 1, not zero.

   $mech->form_name( $name )
       Selects a form by name.  If there is more than one form on the page with that name, then
       the first one is used, and a warning is generated.

       If it is found, the form is returned as an HTML::Form object and set internally for later
       use with Mech's form methods such as "field()" and "click()".

       Returns undef if no form is found.

   $mech->form_id( $name )
       Selects a form by ID.  If there is more than one form on the page with that ID, then the
       first one is used, and a warning is generated.

       If it is found, the form is returned as an HTML::Form object and set internally for later
       use with Mech's form methods such as "field()" and "click()".

       Returns undef if no form is found.

   $mech->form_with_fields( @fields )
       Selects a form by passing in a list of field names it must contain.  If there is more than
       one form on the page with that matches, then the first one is used, and a warning is
       generated.

       If it is found, the form is returned as an HTML::Form object and set internally for later
       used with Mech's form methods such as "field()" and "click()".

       Returns undef if no form is found.

       Note that this functionality requires libwww-perl 5.69 or higher.

FIELD METHODS

       These methods allow you to set the values of fields in a given form.

   $mech->field( $name, $value, $number )
   $mech->field( $name, \@values, $number )
       Given the name of a field, set its value to the value specified.  This applies to the
       current form (as set by the "form_name()" or "form_number()" method or defaulting to the
       first form on the page).

       The optional $number parameter is used to distinguish between two fields with the same
       name.  The fields are numbered from 1.

   $mech->select($name, $value)
   $mech->select($name, \@values)
       Given the name of a "select" field, set its value to the value specified.  If the field is
       not "<select multiple>" and the $value is an array, only the first value will be set.
       [Note: the documentation previously claimed that only the last value would be set, but
       this was incorrect.]  Passing $value as a hash with an "n" key selects an item by number
       (e.g.  "{n => 3}" or "{n => [2,4]}").  The numbering starts at 1.  This applies to the
       current form.

       If you have a field with "<select multiple>" and you pass a single $value, then $value
       will be added to the list of fields selected, without clearing the others.  However, if
       you pass an array reference, then all previously selected values will be cleared.

       Returns true on successfully setting the value. On failure, returns false and calls
       "$self>warn()" with an error message.

   $mech->set_fields( $name => $value ... )
       This method sets multiple fields of the current form. It takes a list of field name and
       value pairs. If there is more than one field with the same name, the first one found is
       set. If you want to select which of the duplicate field to set, use a value which is an
       anonymous array which has the field value and its number as the 2 elements.

               # set the second foo field
               $mech->set_fields( $name => [ 'foo', 2 ] );

       The fields are numbered from 1.

       This applies to the current form.

   $mech->set_visible( @criteria )
       This method sets fields of the current form without having to know their names.  So if you
       have a login screen that wants a username and password, you do not have to fetch the form
       and inspect the source (or use the mech-dump utility, installed with WWW::Mechanize) to
       see what the field names are; you can just say

           $mech->set_visible( $username, $password );

       and the first and second fields will be set accordingly.  The method is called set_visible
       because it acts only on visible fields; hidden form inputs are not considered.  The order
       of the fields is the order in which they appear in the HTML source which is nearly always
       the order anyone viewing the page would think they are in, but some creative work with
       tables could change that; caveat user.

       Each element in @criteria is either a field value or a field specifier.  A field value is
       a scalar.  A field specifier allows you to specify the type of input field you want to set
       and is denoted with an arrayref containing two elements.  So you could specify the first
       radio button with

           $mech->set_visible( [ radio => 'KCRW' ] );

       Field values and specifiers can be intermixed, hence

           $mech->set_visible( 'fred', 'secret', [ option => 'Checking' ] );

       would set the first two fields to "fred" and "secret", and the next "OPTION" menu field to
       "Checking".

       The possible field specifier types are: "text", "password", "hidden", "textarea", "file",
       "image", "submit", "radio", "checkbox" and "option".

       "set_visible" returns the number of values set.

   $mech->tick( $name, $value [, $set] )
       "Ticks" the first checkbox that has both the name and value associated with it on the
       current form.  Dies if there is no named check box for that value.  Passing in a false
       value as the third optional argument will cause the checkbox to be unticked.

   $mech->untick($name, $value)
       Causes the checkbox to be unticked.  Shorthand for "tick($name,$value,undef)"

   $mech->value( $name [, $number] )
       Given the name of a field, return its value. This applies to the current form.

       The optional $number parameter is used to distinguish between two fields with the same
       name.  The fields are numbered from 1.

       If the field is of type file (file upload field), the value is always cleared to prevent
       remote sites from downloading your local files.  To upload a file, specify its file name
       explicitly.

   $mech->click( $button [, $x, $y] )
       Has the effect of clicking a button on the current form.  The first argument is the name
       of the button to be clicked.  The second and third arguments (optional) allow you to
       specify the (x,y) coordinates of the click.

       If there is only one button on the form, "$mech->click()" with no arguments simply clicks
       that one button.

       Returns an HTTP::Response object.

   $mech->click_button( ... )
       Has the effect of clicking a button on the current form by specifying its name, value, or
       index.  Its arguments are a list of key/value pairs.  Only one of name, number, input or
       value must be specified in the keys.

       ·   "name => name"

           Clicks the button named name in the current form.

       ·   "number => n"

           Clicks the nth button in the current form. Numbering starts at 1.

       ·   "value => value"

           Clicks the button with the value value in the current form.

       ·   "input => $inputobject"

           Clicks on the button referenced by $inputobject, an instance of
           HTML::Form::SubmitInput obtained e.g. from

               $mech->current_form()->find_input( undef, 'submit' )

           $inputobject must belong to the current form.

       ·   "x => x"

       ·   "y => y"

           These arguments (optional) allow you to specify the (x,y) coordinates of the click.

   $mech->submit()
       Submits the page, without specifying a button to click.  Actually, no button is clicked at
       all.

       Returns an HTTP::Response object.

       This used to be a synonym for "$mech->click( 'submit' )", but is no longer so.

   $mech->submit_form( ... )
       This method lets you select a form from the previously fetched page, fill in its fields,
       and submit it. It combines the form_number/form_name, set_fields and click methods into
       one higher level call. Its arguments are a list of key/value pairs, all of which are
       optional.

       ·   "fields => \%fields"

           Specifies the fields to be filled in the current form.

       ·   "with_fields => \%fields"

           Probably all you need for the common case. It combines a smart form selector and data
           setting in one operation. It selects the first form that contains all fields mentioned
           in "\%fields".  This is nice because you don't need to know the name or number of the
           form to do this.

           (calls "form_with_fields()" and "set_fields()").

           If you choose this, the form_number, form_name, form_id and fields options will be
           ignored.

       ·   "form_number => n"

           Selects the nth form (calls "form_number()").  If this parm is not specified, the
           currently-selected form is used.

       ·   "form_name => name"

           Selects the form named name (calls "form_name()")

       ·   "form_id => ID"

           Selects the form with ID ID (calls "form_id()")

       ·   "button => button"

           Clicks on button button (calls "click()")

       ·   "x => x, y => y"

           Sets the x or y values for "click()"

       If no form is selected, the first form found is used.

       If button is not passed, then the "submit()" method is used instead.

       If you want to submit a file and get its content from a scalar rather than a file in the
       filesystem, you can use:

           $mech->submit_form(with_fields => { logfile => [ [ undef, 'whatever', Content => $content ], 1 ] } );

       Returns an HTTP::Response object.

MISCELLANEOUS METHODS

   $mech->add_header( name => $value [, name => $value... ] )
       Sets HTTP headers for the agent to add or remove from the HTTP request.

           $mech->add_header( Encoding => 'text/klingon' );

       If a value is "undef", then that header will be removed from any future requests.  For
       example, to never send a Referer header:

           $mech->add_header( Referer => undef );

       If you want to delete a header, use "delete_header".

       Returns the number of name/value pairs added.

       NOTE: This method was very different in WWW::Mechanize before 1.00.  Back then, the
       headers were stored in a package hash, not as a member of the object instance.  Calling
       "add_header()" would modify the headers for every WWW::Mechanize object, even after your
       object no longer existed.

   $mech->delete_header( name [, name ... ] )
       Removes HTTP headers from the agent's list of special headers.  For instance, you might
       need to do something like:

           # Don't send a Referer for this URL
           $mech->add_header( Referer => undef );

           # Get the URL
           $mech->get( $url );

           # Back to the default behavior
           $mech->delete_header( 'Referer' );

   $mech->quiet(true/false)
       Allows you to suppress warnings to the screen.

           $mech->quiet(0); # turns on warnings (the default)
           $mech->quiet(1); # turns off warnings
           $mech->quiet();  # returns the current quietness status

   $mech->stack_depth( $max_depth )
       Get or set the page stack depth. Use this if you're doing a lot of page scraping and
       running out of memory.

       A value of 0 means "no history at all."  By default, the max stack depth is humongously
       large, effectively keeping all history.

   $mech->save_content( $filename, %opts )
       Dumps the contents of "$mech->content" into $filename.  $filename will be overwritten.
       Dies if there are any errors.

       If the content type does not begin with "text/", then the content is saved in binary mode
       (i.e. "binmode()" is set on the output filehandle).

       Additional arguments can be passed as key/value pairs:

       $mech->save_content( $filename, binary => 1 )
           Filehandle is set with "binmode" to ":raw" and contents are taken calling
           "$self->content(decoded_by_headers => 1)". Same as calling:

               $mech->save_content( $filename, binmode => ':raw',
                                    decoded_by_headers => 1 );

           This should be the safest way to save contents verbatim.

       $mech->save_content( $filename, binmode => $binmode )
           Filehandle is set to binary mode. If $binmode begins with ':', it is passed as a
           parameter to "binmode":

               binmode $fh, $binmode;

           otherwise the filehandle is set to binary mode if $binmode is true:

               binmode $fh;

       all other arguments
           are passed as-is to "$mech->content(%opts)". In particular, "decoded_by_headers" might
           come handy if you want to revert the effect of line compression performed by the web
           server but without further interpreting the contents (e.g. decoding it according to
           the charset).

   $mech->dump_headers( [$fh] )
       Prints a dump of the HTTP response headers for the most recent response.  If $fh is not
       specified or is undef, it dumps to STDOUT.

       Unlike the rest of the dump_* methods, $fh can be a scalar. It will be used as a file
       name.

   $mech->dump_links( [[$fh], $absolute] )
       Prints a dump of the links on the current page to $fh.  If $fh is not specified or is
       undef, it dumps to STDOUT.

       If $absolute is true, links displayed are absolute, not relative.

   $mech->dump_images( [[$fh], $absolute] )
       Prints a dump of the images on the current page to $fh.  If $fh is not specified or is
       undef, it dumps to STDOUT.

       If $absolute is true, links displayed are absolute, not relative.

   $mech->dump_forms( [$fh] )
       Prints a dump of the forms on the current page to $fh.  If $fh is not specified or is
       undef, it dumps to STDOUT.

   $mech->dump_text( [$fh] )
       Prints a dump of the text on the current page to $fh.  If $fh is not specified or is
       undef, it dumps to STDOUT.

OVERRIDDEN LWP::UserAgent METHODS

   $mech->clone()
       Clone the mech object.  The clone will be using the same cookie jar as the original mech.

   $mech->redirect_ok()
       An overloaded version of "redirect_ok()" in LWP::UserAgent.  This method is used to
       determine whether a redirection in the request should be followed.

       Note that WWW::Mechanize's constructor pushes POST on to the agent's
       "requests_redirectable" list.

   $mech->request( $request [, $arg [, $size]])
       Overloaded version of "request()" in LWP::UserAgent.  Performs the actual request.
       Normally, if you're using WWW::Mechanize, it's because you don't want to deal with this
       level of stuff anyway.

       Note that $request will be modified.

       Returns an HTTP::Response object.

   $mech->update_html( $html )
       Allows you to replace the HTML that the mech has found.  Updates the forms and links
       parse-trees that the mech uses internally.

       Say you have a page that you know has malformed output, and you want to update it so the
       links come out correctly:

           my $html = $mech->content;
           $html =~ s[</option>.{0,3}</td>][</option></select></td>]isg;
           $mech->update_html( $html );

       This method is also used internally by the mech itself to update its own HTML content when
       loading a page. This means that if you would like to systematically perform the above HTML
       substitution, you would overload update_html in a subclass thusly:

          package MyMech;
          use base 'WWW::Mechanize';

          sub update_html {
              my ($self, $html) = @_;
              $html =~ s[</option>.{0,3}</td>][</option></select></td>]isg;
              $self->WWW::Mechanize::update_html( $html );
          }

       If you do this, then the mech will use the tidied-up HTML instead of the original both
       when parsing for its own needs, and for returning to you through "content".

       Overloading this method is also the recommended way of implementing extra validation steps
       (e.g. link checkers) for every HTML page received.  "warn" and "die" would then come in
       handy to signal validation errors.

   $mech->credentials( $username, $password )
       Provide credentials to be used for HTTP Basic authentication for all sites and realms
       until further notice.

       The four argument form described in LWP::UserAgent is still supported.

   $mech->get_basic_credentials( $realm, $uri, $isproxy )
       Returns the credentials for the realm and URI.

   $mech->clear_credentials()
       Remove any credentials set up with "credentials()".

INHERITED UNCHANGED LWP::UserAgent METHODS

       As a subclass of LWP::UserAgent, WWW::Mechanize inherits all of LWP::UserAgent's methods.
       Many of which are overridden or extended. The following methods are inherited unchanged.
       View the LWP::UserAgent documentation for their implementation descriptions.

       This is not meant to be an inclusive list.  LWP::UA may have added others.

   $mech->head()
       Inherited from LWP::UserAgent.

   $mech->post()
       Inherited from LWP::UserAgent.

   $mech->mirror()
       Inherited from LWP::UserAgent.

   $mech->simple_request()
       Inherited from LWP::UserAgent.

   $mech->is_protocol_supported()
       Inherited from LWP::UserAgent.

   $mech->prepare_request()
       Inherited from LWP::UserAgent.

   $mech->progress()
       Inherited from LWP::UserAgent.

INTERNAL-ONLY METHODS

       These methods are only used internally.  You probably don't need to know about them.

   $mech->_update_page($request, $response)
       Updates all internal variables in $mech as if $request was just performed, and returns
       $response. The page stack is not altered by this method, it is up to caller (e.g.
       "request") to do that.

   $mech->_modify_request( $req )
       Modifies a HTTP::Request before the request is sent out, for both GET and POST requests.

       We add a "Referer" header, as well as header to note that we can accept gzip encoded
       content, if Compress::Zlib is installed.

   $mech->_make_request()
       Convenience method to make it easier for subclasses like WWW::Mechanize::Cached to
       intercept the request.

   $mech->_reset_page()
       Resets the internal fields that track page parsed stuff.

   $mech->_extract_links()
       Extracts links from the content of a webpage, and populates the "{links}" property with
       WWW::Mechanize::Link objects.

   $mech->_push_page_stack()
       The agent keeps a stack of visited pages, which it can pop when it needs to go BACK and so
       on.

       The current page needs to be pushed onto the stack before we get a new page, and the stack
       needs to be popped when BACK occurs.

       Neither of these take any arguments, they just operate on the $mech object.

   warn( @messages )
       Centralized warning method, for diagnostics and non-fatal problems.  Defaults to calling
       "CORE::warn", but may be overridden by setting "onwarn" in the constructor.

   die( @messages )
       Centralized error method.  Defaults to calling "CORE::die", but may be overridden by
       setting "onerror" in the constructor.

WWW::MECHANIZE'S GIT REPOSITORY

       WWW::Mechanize is hosted at GitHub, though the bug tracker still lives at Google Code.

       Repository: <https://github.com/libwww-perl/WWW-Mechanize>.  Bugs:
       <http://code.google.com/p/www-mechanize/issues>.

OTHER DOCUMENTATION

   Spidering Hacks, by Kevin Hemenway and Tara Calishain
       Spidering Hacks from O'Reilly (<http://www.oreilly.com/catalog/spiderhks/>) is a great
       book for anyone wanting to know more about screen-scraping and spidering.

       There are six hacks that use Mech or a Mech derivative:

       #21 WWW::Mechanize 101
       #22 Scraping with WWW::Mechanize
       #36 Downloading Images from Webshots
       #44 Archiving Yahoo! Groups Messages with WWW::Yahoo::Groups
       #64 Super Author Searching
       #73 Scraping TV Listings

       The book was also positively reviewed on Slashdot:
       <http://books.slashdot.org/article.pl?sid=03/12/11/2126256>

ONLINE RESOURCES AND SUPPORT

       ·   WWW::Mechanize mailing list

           The Mech mailing list is at <http://groups.google.com/group/www-mechanize-users> and
           is specific to Mechanize, unlike the LWP mailing list below.  Although it is a users
           list, all development discussion takes place here, too.

       ·   LWP mailing list

           The LWP mailing list is at <http://lists.perl.org/showlist.cgi?name=libwww>, and is
           more user-oriented and well-populated than the WWW::Mechanize list.

       ·   Perlmonks

           <http://perlmonks.org> is an excellent community of support, and many questions about
           Mech have already been answered there.

       ·   WWW::Mechanize::Examples

           A random array of examples submitted by users, included with the Mechanize
           distribution.

ARTICLES ABOUT WWW::MECHANIZE

       ·   <http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/linux/library/wa-perlsecure/>

           IBM article "Secure Web site access with Perl"

       ·   <http://www.oreilly.com/catalog/googlehks2/chapter/hack84.pdf>

           Leland Johnson's hack #84 in Google Hacks, 2nd Edition is an example of a production
           script that uses WWW::Mechanize and HTML::TableContentParser. It takes in keywords and
           returns the estimated price of these keywords on Google's AdWords program.

       ·   <http://www.perl.com/pub/a/2004/06/04/recorder.html>

           Linda Julien writes about using HTTP::Recorder to create WWW::Mechanize scripts.

       ·   <http://www.developer.com/lang/other/article.php/3454041>

           Jason Gilmore's article on using WWW::Mechanize for scraping sales information from
           Amazon and eBay.

       ·   <http://www.perl.com/pub/a/2003/01/22/mechanize.html>

           Chris Ball's article about using WWW::Mechanize for scraping TV listings.

       ·   <http://www.stonehenge.com/merlyn/LinuxMag/col47.html>

           Randal Schwartz's article on scraping Yahoo News for images.  It's already out of
           date: He manually walks the list of links hunting for matches, which wouldn't have
           been necessary if the "find_link()" method existed at press time.

       ·   <http://www.perladvent.org/2002/16th/>

           WWW::Mechanize on the Perl Advent Calendar, by Mark Fowler.

       ·   <http://www.linux-magazin.de/Ausgaben/2004/03/Datenruessel/%28language%29/ger-DE>

           Michael Schilli's article on Mech and WWW::Mechanize::Shell for the German magazine
           Linux Magazin.

   Other modules that use Mechanize
       Here are modules that use or subclass Mechanize.  Let me know of any others:

       ·   Finance::Bank::LloydsTSB

       ·   HTTP::Recorder

           Acts as a proxy for web interaction, and then generates WWW::Mechanize scripts.

       ·   Win32::IE::Mechanize

           Just like Mech, but using Microsoft Internet Explorer to do the work.

       ·   WWW::Bugzilla

       ·   WWW::CheckSite

       ·   WWW::Google::Groups

       ·   WWW::Hotmail

       ·   WWW::Mechanize::Cached

       ·   WWW::Mechanize::Cached::GZip

       ·   WWW::Mechanize::FormFiller

       ·   WWW::Mechanize::Shell

       ·   WWW::Mechanize::Sleepy

       ·   WWW::Mechanize::SpamCop

       ·   WWW::Mechanize::Timed

       ·   WWW::SourceForge

       ·   WWW::Yahoo::Groups

       ·   WWW::Scripter

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

       Thanks to the numerous people who have helped out on WWW::Mechanize in one way or another,
       including Kirrily Robert for the original "WWW::Automate", Lyle Hopkins, Damien Clark,
       Ansgar Burchardt, Gisle Aas, Jeremy Ary, Hilary Holz, Rafael Kitover, Norbert Buchmuller,
       Dave Page, David Sainty, H.Merijn Brand, Matt Lawrence, Michael Schwern, Adriano Ferreira,
       Miyagawa, Peteris Krumins, Rafael Kitover, David Steinbrunner, Kevin Falcone, Mike
       O'Regan, Mark Stosberg, Uri Guttman, Peter Scott, Phillipe Bruhat, Ian Langworth, John
       Beppu, Gavin Estey, Jim Brandt, Ask Bjoern Hansen, Greg Davies, Ed Silva, Mark-Jason
       Dominus, Autrijus Tang, Mark Fowler, Stuart Children, Max Maischein, Meng Wong, Prakash
       Kailasa, Abigail, Jan Pazdziora, Dominique Quatravaux, Scott Lanning, Rob Casey, Leland
       Johnson, Joshua Gatcomb, Julien Beasley, Abe Timmerman, Peter Stevens, Pete Krawczyk, Tad
       McClellan, and the late great Iain Truskett.

COPYRIGHT

       Copyright (c) 2005-2010 Andy Lester. All rights reserved. This program is free software;
       you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.