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Weak - Arrays of weak pointers and hash tables of weak pointers.
Module Weak : sig end Arrays of weak pointers and hash tables of weak pointers. === Low-level functions === type 'a t The type of arrays of weak pointers (weak arrays). A weak pointer is a value that the garbage collector may erase whenever the value is not used any more (through normal pointers) by the program. Note that finalisation functions are run after the weak pointers are erased. A weak pointer is said to be full if it points to a value, empty if the value was erased by the GC. Notes: -Integers are not allocated and cannot be stored in weak arrays. -Weak arrays cannot be marshaled using Pervasives.output_value nor the functions of the Marshal module. val create : int -> 'a t Weak.create n returns a new weak array of length n . All the pointers are initially empty. Raise Invalid_argument if n is negative or greater than Sys.max_array_length -1 . val length : 'a t -> int Weak.length ar returns the length (number of elements) of ar . val set : 'a t -> int -> 'a option -> unit Weak.set ar n (Some el) sets the n th cell of ar to be a (full) pointer to el ; Weak.set ar n None sets the n th cell of ar to empty. Raise Invalid_argument Weak.set if n is not in the range 0 to Weak.length a - 1 . val get : 'a t -> int -> 'a option Weak.get ar n returns None if the n th cell of ar is empty, Some x (where x is the value) if it is full. Raise Invalid_argument Weak.get if n is not in the range 0 to Weak.length a - 1 . val get_copy : 'a t -> int -> 'a option Weak.get_copy ar n returns None if the n th cell of ar is empty, Some x (where x is a (shallow) copy of the value) if it is full. In addition to pitfalls with mutable values, the interesting difference with get is that get_copy does not prevent the incremental GC from erasing the value in its current cycle ( get may delay the erasure to the next GC cycle). Raise Invalid_argument Weak.get if n is not in the range 0 to Weak.length a - 1 . val check : 'a t -> int -> bool Weak.check ar n returns true if the n th cell of ar is full, false if it is empty. Note that even if Weak.check ar n returns true , a subsequent Weak.get ar n can return None . val fill : 'a t -> int -> int -> 'a option -> unit Weak.fill ar ofs len el sets to el all pointers of ar from ofs to ofs + len - 1 . Raise Invalid_argument Weak.fill if ofs and len do not designate a valid subarray of a . val blit : 'a t -> int -> 'a t -> int -> int -> unit Weak.blit ar1 off1 ar2 off2 len copies len weak pointers from ar1 (starting at off1 ) to ar2 (starting at off2 ). It works correctly even if ar1 and ar2 are the same. Raise Invalid_argument Weak.blit if off1 and len do not designate a valid subarray of ar1 , or if off2 and len do not designate a valid subarray of ar2 . === Weak hash tables === === Weak hash tables === === A weak hash table is a hashed set of values. Each value may magically disappear from the set when it is not used by the rest of the program any more. This is normally used to share data structures without inducing memory leaks. Weak hash tables are defined on values from a Hashtbl.HashedType module; the equal relation and hash function are taken from that module. We will say that v is an instance of x if equal x v is true. The equal relation must be able to work on a shallow copy of the values and give the same result as with the values themselves. === module type S = sig end The output signature of the functor Weak.Make . module Make : functor (H : Hashtbl.HashedType) -> sig end Functor building an implementation of the weak hash table structure.