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shmem_int_or_to_all(3), shmem_int4_or_to_all(3), shmem_int8_or_to_all(3), shmem_long_or_to_all(3), shmem_longlong_or_to_all(3), shmem_short_or_to_all(3) - Performs a bitwise OR function reduction across a set of processing elements (PEs)
C or C++: #include <mpp/shmem.h> void shmem_int_or_to_all(int *target, int *source, int nreduce, int PE_start, int logPE_stride, int PE_size, int *pWrk, long *pSync); void shmem_long_or_to_all(long *target, long *source, int nreduce, int PE_start, int logPE_stride, int PE_size, long *pWrk, long *pSync); void shmem_longlong_or_to_all(long long *target, long long *source, int nreduce, int PE_start, int logPE_stride, int PE_size, long long *pWrk, long *pSync); void shmem_short_or_to_all(short *target, short *source, int nreduce, int PE_start, int logPE_stride, int PE_size, short *pWrk, long *pSync); Fortran: INCLUDE "mpp/shmem.fh" INTEGER pSync(SHMEM_REDUCE_SYNC_SIZE) INTEGER nreduce, PE_start, logPE_stride, PE_size CALL SHMEM_INT4_OR_TO_ALL(target, source, nreduce, PE_start, & logPE_stride, PE_size, pWrk, pSync) CALL SHMEM_INT8_OR_TO_ALL(target, source, nreduce, PE_start, & logPE_stride, PE_size, pWrk, pSync)
The shared memory (SHMEM) reduction routines compute one or more reductions across symmetric arrays on multiple virtual PEs. A reduction performs an associative binary operation across a set of values. For a list of other SHMEM reduction routines, see intro_shmem(3). As with all SHMEM collective routines, each of these routines assumes that only PEs in the active set call the routine. If a PE not in the active set calls a SHMEM collective routine, undefined behavior results. The nreduce argument determines the number of separate reductions to perform. The source array on all PEs in the active set provides one element for each reduction. The results of the reductions are placed in the target array on all PEs in the active set. The active set is defined by the PE_start, logPE_stride, PE_size triplet. The source and target arrays may be the same array, but they may not be overlapping arrays. The arguments are as follows: target A symmetric array of length nreduce elements to receive the results of the reduction operations. The data type of target varies with the version of the reduction routine being called. When calling from C/C++, refer to the SYNOPSIS section for data type information. When calling from Fortran, the target data types are as follows: shmem_int8_or_to_all Integer, with an element size of 8 bytes. shmem_int4_or_to_all Integer, with an element size of 4 bytes. source A symmetric array, of length nreduce elements, that contains one element for each separate reduction operation. The source argument must have the same data type as target. nreduce The number of elements in the target and source arrays. nreduce must be of type integer. If you are using Fortran, it must be a default integer value. PE_start The lowest virtual PE number of the active set of PEs. PE_start must be of type integer. If you are using Fortran, it must be a default integer value. logPE_stride The log (base 2) of the stride between consecutive virtual PE numbers in the active set. logPE_stride must be of type integer. If you are using Fortran, it must be a default integer value. PE_size The number of PEs in the active set. PE_size must be of type integer. If you are using Fortran, it must be a default integer value. pWrk A symmetric work array. The pWrk argument must have the same data type as target. In C/C++, this contains max(nreduce/2 + 1, _SHMEM_REDUCE_MIN_WRKDATA_SIZE) elements. In Fortran, this contains max(nreduce/2 + 1, SHMEM_REDUCE_MIN_WRKDATA_SIZE) elements. pSync A symmetric work array. In C/C++, pSync is of type long and size _SHMEM_REDUCE_SYNC_SIZE. In Fortran, pSync is of type integer and size SHMEM_REDUCE_SYNC_SIZE. If you are using Fortran, it must be a default integer value. Every element of this array must be initialized with the value _SHMEM_SYNC_VALUE (in C/C++) or SHMEM_SYNC_VALUE (in Fortran) before any of the PEs in the active set enter the reduction routine. The values of arguments nreduce, PE_start, logPE_stride, and PE_size must be equal on all PEs in the active set. The same target and source arrays, and the same pWrk and pSync work arrays, must be passed to all PEs in the active set. Before any PE calls a reduction routine, you must ensure that the following conditions exist (synchronization via a barrier or some other method is often needed to ensure this): The pWrk and pSync arrays on all PEs in the active set are not still in use from a prior call to a collective SHMEM routine. The target array on all PEs in the active set is ready to accept the results of the reduction. Upon return from a reduction routine, the following are true: The target array is updated. The values in the pSync array are restored to the original values.
The terms collective, symmetric, and cache aligned are defined in intro_shmem(3). All SHMEM reduction routines reset the values in pSync before they return, so a particular pSync buffer need only be initialized the first time it is used. You must ensure that the pSync array is not being updated on any PE in the active set while any of the PEs participate in processing of a SHMEM reduction routine. Be careful to avoid these situations: If the pSync array is initialized at run time, some type of synchronization is needed to ensure that all PEs in the working set have initialized pSync before any of them enter a SHMEM routine called with the pSync synchronization array. A pSync or pWrk array can be reused in a subsequent reduction routine call only if none of the PEs in the active set are still processing a prior reduction routine call that used the same pSync or pWrk arrays. In general, this can be assured only by doing some type of synchronization. However, in the special case of reduction routines being called with the same active set, you can allocate two pSync and pWrk arrays and alternate between them on successive calls.
Example 1: This Fortran example statically initializes the pSync array and finds the logical OR of the integer variable FOO across all even PEs. INCLUDE "mpp/shmem.fh" INTEGER PSYNC(SHMEM_REDUCE_SYNC_SIZE) DATA PSYNC /SHMEM_REDUCE_SYNC_SIZE*SHMEM_SYNC_VALUE/ PARAMETER (NR=1) REAL PWRK(MAX(NR/2+1,SHMEM_REDUCE_MIN_WRKDATA_SIZE)) INTEGER FOO, FOOOR COMMON /COM/ FOO, FOOOR, PWRK INTRINSIC MY_PE IF ( MOD(MY_PE(),2) .EQ. 0) THEN CALL SHMEM_INT8_OR_TO_ALL(FOOOR, FOO, NR, 0, 1, N$PES/2, & PWRK, PSYNC) PRINT *,'Result on PE ',MY_PE(),' is ',FOOOR ENDIF Example 2: Consider the following C/C++ call: shmem_int_or_to_all( target, source, 3, 0, 0, 8, pwrk, psync ); The preceding call is more efficient, but semantically equivalent to, the combination of the following calls: shmem_int_or_to_all(&(target), &(source), 1, 0, 0, 8, pwrk1, psync1); shmem_int_or_to_all(&(target), &(source), 1, 0, 0, 8, pwrk2, psync2); shmem_int_or_to_all(&(target), &(source), 1, 0, 0, 8, pwrk1, psync1); Note that two sets of pWrk and pSync arrays are used alternately because no synchronization is done between calls.