Provided by: cifs-utils_6.4-1ubuntu1_i386 bug


       cifs.upcall - Userspace upcall helper for Common Internet File System


       cifs.upcall [--trust-dns|-t] [--version|-v] [--legacy-uid|-l]
        [--krb5conf=/path/to/krb5.conf|-k /path/to/krb5.conf]
        [--keytab=/path/to/keytab|-K /path/to/keytab] {keyid}


       This tool is part of the cifs-utils suite.

       cifs.upcall is a userspace helper program for the linux CIFS client
       filesystem. There are a number of activities that the kernel cannot
       easily do itself. This program is a callout program that does these
       things for the kernel and then returns the result.

       cifs.upcall is generally intended to be run when the kernel calls
       request-key(8) for a particular key type. While it can be run directly
       from the command-line, it´s not generally intended to be run that way.


           This option is deprecated and is currently ignored.

       --krb5conf=/path/to/krb5.conf|-k /path/to/krb5.conf
           This option allows administrators to set an alternate location for
           the krb5.conf file that cifs.upcall will use.

       --keytab=/path/to/keytab|-K /path/to/keytab
           This option allows administrators to specify a keytab file to be
           used. When a user has no credential cache already established,
           cifs.upcall will attempt to use this keytab to acquire them. The
           default is the system-wide keytab /etc/krb5.keytab.

           With krb5 upcalls, the name used as the host portion of the service
           principal defaults to the hostname portion of the UNC. This option
           allows the upcall program to reverse resolve the network address of
           the server in order to get the hostname.

           This is less secure than not trusting DNS. When using this option,
           it´s possible that an attacker could get control of DNS and trick
           the client into mounting a different server altogether. It´s
           preferable to instead add server principals to the KDC for every
           possible hostname, but this option exists for cases where that
           isn´t possible. The default is to not trust reverse hostname
           lookups in this fashion.

           Traditionally, the kernel has sent only a single uid= parameter to
           the upcall for the SPNEGO upcall that´s used to determine what
           user's credential cache to use. This parameter is affected by the
           uid= mount option, which also governs the ownership of files on the

           Newer kernels send a creduid= option as well, which contains what
           uid it thinks actually owns the credentials that it´s looking for.
           At mount time, this is generally set to the real uid of the user
           doing the mount. For multisession mounts, it's set to the fsuid of
           the mount user. Set this option if you want cifs.upcall to use the
           older uid= parameter instead of the creduid= parameter.

           Print version number and exit.


       cifs.upcall is designed to be called from the kernel via the
       request-key callout program. This requires that request-key be told
       where and how to call this program. The current cifs.upcall program
       handles two different key types:

           This keytype is for retrieving kerberos session keys

           This key type is for resolving hostnames into IP addresses. Support
           for this key type may eventually be deprecated (see below).

       To make this program useful for CIFS, you´ll need to set up entries for
       them in request-key.conf(5). Here´s an example of an entry for each key

           #OPERATION  TYPE           D C PROGRAM ARG1 ARG2...
           #=========  =============  = = ================================
           create      cifs.spnego    * * /usr/sbin/cifs.upcall %k
           create      dns_resolver   * * /usr/sbin/cifs.upcall %k

       See request-key.conf(5) for more info on each field.

       The keyutils package has also started including a dns_resolver handling
       program as well that is preferred over the one in cifs.upcall. If you
       are using a keyutils version equal to or greater than 1.5, you should
       use key.dns_resolver to handle the dns_resolver keytype instead of
       cifs.upcall. See key.dns_resolver(8) for more info.


       request-key.conf(5), mount.cifs(8), key.dns_resolver(8)


       Igor Mammedov wrote the cifs.upcall program.

       Jeff Layton authored this manpage.

       The maintainer of the Linux CIFS VFS is Steve French.

       The Linux CIFS Mailing list is the preferred place to ask questions
       regarding these programs.