Provided by: cpustat_0.01.25-1_i386 bug


       cpustat - a tool to measure CPU utilization.


       cpustat [ options ] [delay [count]]


       cpustat  is a program that dumps the CPU utilization of current running
       tasks (that is, processes or kernel threads).   cpustat  is  useful  to
       monitor  the  activity  of  long  lived  processes in a system, such as
       daemons, kernel threads as well as typical user processes.

       cpustat shows only the tasks that have measured any change in their CPU
       activity  between each sample interval (as indicated by an increment in
       the CPU tick count  stats  of  utime  and  stime  in  /proc/$pid/stat).
       cpustat  thus  only reports activity of busy tasks that are still alive
       at the time of each sample snapshot and hence will not account for very
       short lived processes that exist between each sample period.

       For  each  running  task  that  has consumed some CPU during the sample
       time, the following information is displayed:

           Heading      Description
           %CPU         Total CPU used (in percent)
           %USR         CPU used in user space (in percent)
           %SYS         CPU used in system (kernel) space (in percent)
           PID          Process ID
           S            Process  State,  R  (Running),  S  (Sleeping),   D
                        (Waiting,  Disk  Sleep),  T  (Stopped), t (Tracing
                        stopped),  W  (Paging),  X  (Dead),  x  (Dead),  K
                        (Wakekill), W (Waking), P (Parked).
           CPU          CPU used by the process at time of sampling.
           Time         Total  CPU  time  used  by  the  process  since it
           Task         Process command  line  information  (from  process
                        cmdline or comm fields)

       cpustat  was  designed  to try and minimize the CPU overhead of process
       statistics gathering and reporting. It is  therefore  ideal  for  small
       embedded  devices  where CPU is limited where measuring CPU utilisation
       may affect the overall CPU statistics. For this reason, it  is  not  as
       complex  as  tools  such  as  top(1) that have a more feature rich user


       cpustat options are as follow:

       -a     calculate CPU utilisation based on all CPUs. For example,  if  a
              process  is  using 100% of 1 CPU and the system has 4 CPUs, then
              the utilisation will show  as  25%.   The  default  is  to  show
              utilisation on a per CPU basis.

       -c     get command information from process comm field.

       -d     strip directory basename off command information.

       -D     compute and show the distribution of CPU utilisation by task and
              by CPU.
              By task, this breaks the CPU utilisation of each  task  into  20
              ranges  from minimum to the maximum and shows the count of tasks
              found at in that paricular utilisation range.  Useful to see any
              outliers  and  to characterize the typical per task usage of the
              By CPU, this shows the user and system CPU  utilisation  by  per

       -g     show grand total of CPU utilisation statistics at the end of the
              run. This is the total cumulatave  CPU  used  by  each  process,
              averaged over the entire run duration.

       -h     show help.

       -i     ignore cpustat in the statistics.

       -l     show long (full) command information.

       -n task_count
              only display the first task_count number of top tasks.

       -p PID onlt display process that matches the given PID.

       -q     run quietly, only really makes sense with -r option.

       -r csv_file
              output  gathered data in a comma separated values file. This can
              be then imported and graphed using your  favourite  open  source
              spread  sheet.  The  %CPU utilisation (system and user) for each
              process at each sample time is output into a table.

       -s     show short command information.

       -S     show time stamp. If the -r option is used then an  extra  column
              appears  in  the  CSV  output file with the time of day for each

       -t threshold
              ignore samples where the CPU usage delta per  second  less  than
              the given threshold.

       -T     calculate total CPU utilisation.

       -x     show extra CPU related statistics, namely: CPU load average over
              1, 5 and 10 minutes, CPU frequency (average of  all  online  CPU
              frequencies), number of CPUs online.



              Dump CPU stats every second until stopped.

       cpustat -n 20 60

              Dump  the  top  20  CPU  consuming  tasks every 60 seconds until

       cpustat 10 5

              Dump CPU stats every 10 seconds just 5 times.

       cpustat -x -D -a 1 300

              Gather stats every second for 5 minutes with extra CPU stats and
              show  CPU  utilisation distributions per task and per CPU at the
              end of the run. Also, scale CPU utilisation  by  the  number  of
              CPUs so that 100% utilisation means 100% of all CPUs rather than
              100% of 1 CPU.


       forkstat(8), eventstat(8), vmstat(8), top(1)


       cpustat was written by Colin King <>

       This manual page was written by Colin King  <>,
       for the Ubuntu project (but may be used by others).


       Copyright © 2011-2015 Canonical Ltd.
       This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There is
       NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR  A  PARTICULAR

                                August 14, 2015                     CPUSTAT(8)