Provided by: dotdee_1.12-0ubuntu1_all
dotdee - convert a flat file into one dynamically generated from a .d directory
dotdee -c|--comment /PATH/TO/FILE [COMMENT_DELIMITER_START [COMMENT_DELIMITER_END]] dotdee -d|--dir /PATH/TO/FILE dotdee -l|--list dotdee -o|--original /PATH/TO/FILE dotdee -s|--setup /PATH/TO/FILE [COMMENT_DELIMITER_START [COMMENT_DELIMITER_END]] dotdee -u|--update /PATH/TO/FILE dotdee --update-contents /PATH/TO/FILE dotdee --update-link /PATH/TO/FILE dotdee --undo /PATH/TO/FILE
dotdee is an administrative utility useful for converting a flatfile into a dynamically generated file, from a .d directory. The original path at /PATH/TO/FILE will be replaced with a symbolic link to /etc/dotdee/PATH/TO/FILE, which is dynamically generated by concatenating all of the files in /etc/dotdee/PATH/TO/FILE.d/*, per the order of the shell. The Linux kernel's inotify(7) mechanism is used by dotdee running iwatch(1) against the /etc/dotdee/ directory. Any changes to the constituent files are automatically reflected in the constructed, dynamically generated file. Therefore, as long as the iwatch(1) is running, you should never need to actually run "dotdee --update /PATH/TO/FILE" manually. There is at least 1 file always present in an /etc/dotdee/PATH/TO/FILE.d/ directory: - 50-original is the original file being managed; note that write permissions are removed from this file, as we don't want to ever modify it Optionally, a 2nd file might be present in an /etc/dotdee/PATH/TO/FILE.d/ directory: - .comment is a text file that defines the "comment" string; if, for instance, the contents of .comment is the # character, the following will be printed to the head of the generated file: # DO NOT EDIT THIS FILE DIRECTLY! # Rather, add, remove, or modify file(s) in [/etc/dotdee/path/to/some.conf.d] # per the dotdee(8) manpage. Alternativately, .comment might contain "//", or ";", or anything else that denotes that the rest of the string will be a comment. As for the rest of the contents of /etc/dotdee/PATH/TO/FILE.d/ directory, all of them must begin with 2 or more digits, to ensure that they are processed in a specific order. there are 3 supported file types: - plain text files, which must not be executable; these files are simply concatenated in order - executable files; these files are executed, with the current state of the managed file provided on STDIN, and the STDOUT is then written to the managed file - patch/diff files; these files end in either ".patch" or ".diff", and are applied using the patch(1) command to the current state of the managed file
$ sudo dotdee --setup /etc/hosts update-alternatives: using /etc/dotdee/etc/hosts to provide /etc/hosts (etc:hosts) in auto mode. $ ll /etc/hosts lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 27 2011-05-25 00:26 /etc/hosts -> /etc/alternatives/etc:hosts $ ll /etc/alternatives/etc:hosts lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 22 2011-05-25 00:26 /etc/alternatives/etc:hosts -> /etc/dotdee/etc/hosts $ ll /etc/dotdee/etc/hosts -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 221 2011-05-16 01:40 /etc/dotdee/etc/hosts $ cat /etc/hosts 127.0.0.1 localhost # The following lines are desirable for IPv6 capable hosts ::1 ip6-localhost ip6-loopback fe00::0 ip6-localnet ff00::0 ip6-mcastprefix ff02::1 ip6-allnodes ff02::2 ip6-allrouters ff02::3 ip6-allhosts $ echo 10.9.8.7 somehost | sudo tee /etc/dotdee/etc/hosts.d/10-somehost $ cat /etc/hosts 10.9.8.7 somehost 127.0.0.1 localhost # The following lines are desirable for IPv6 capable hosts ::1 ip6-localhost ip6-loopback fe00::0 ip6-localnet ff00::0 ip6-mcastprefix ff02::1 ip6-allnodes ff02::2 ip6-allrouters ff02::3 ip6-allhosts $ cat /etc/dotdee/etc/hosts.d/60-googledns.patch --- /etc/hosts 2011-05-16 01:40:03.000000000 +0000 +++ /tmp/hosts.new 2011-05-25 00:30:41.187412417 +0000 @@ -1,6 +1,8 @@ 10.9.8.7 somehost 127.0.0.1 localhost +18.104.22.168 googledns + # The following lines are desirable for IPv6 capable hosts ::1 ip6-localhost ip6-loopback fe00::0 ip6-localnet $ cat /etc/hosts 10.9.8.7 somehost 127.0.0.1 localhost 22.214.171.124 googledns # The following lines are desirable for IPv6 capable hosts ::1 ip6-localhost ip6-loopback fe00::0 ip6-localnet ff00::0 ip6-mcastprefix ff02::1 ip6-allnodes ff02::2 ip6-allrouters ff02::3 ip6-allhosts $ cat /etc/dotdee/etc/hosts.d/90-uppercase #!/bin/sh tr '[:lower:]' '[:upper:]' $ cat /etc/hosts 10.9.8.7 SOMEHOST 127.0.0.1 LOCALHOST 126.96.36.199 GOOGLEDNS # THE FOLLOWING LINES ARE DESIRABLE FOR IPV6 CAPABLE HOSTS ::1 IP6-LOCALHOST IP6-LOOPBACK FE00::0 IP6-LOCALNET FF00::0 IP6-MCASTPREFIX FF02::1 IP6-ALLNODES FF02::2 IP6-ALLROUTERS FF02::3 IP6-ALLHOSTS $ sudo dotdee --dir /etc/hosts /etc/dotdee/etc/hosts.d $ cat /some/hosts/snippet > $(sudo dotdee --dir /etc/hosts)/60-foo $ sudo dotdee --original /etc/hosts /etc/dotdee/etc/hosts.d/50-original $ cat /some/other/hosts/file > $(sudo dotdee --original /etc/hosts) $ sudo dotdee --comment /path/to/some.xml '<!--' '-->'
update-alternatives(8), iwatch(1), patch(1)
This manpage and the utility was written by Dustin Kirkland <email@example.com> for Ubuntu systems (but may be used by others). Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU General Public License, Version 3 published by the Free Software Foundation. On Debian systems, the complete text of the GNU General Public License can be found in /usr/share/common-licenses/GPL, or on the web at http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.txt.