Provided by: drbdlinks_1.22-1_all bug


       drbdlinks - manages links into a shared DRBD partition


       drbdlinks [OPTION]... [start|stop|auto|status|monitor|checklinks]


       drbdlinks  is  a  program  that  will  manage  creation  and removal of
       symbolic links.  It is primarily used with clusters of  machines  using
       either shared storage or the "DRBD" replicated block device.

       While  the  name  of  the program is "drbdlinks", it can be used in any
       shared-storage sort of environment where the  shared  storage  is  only
       mounted on the active node.  In cases like NFS where the shared storage
       is always mounted on all nodes, drbdlinks is not necessary.

       The advantage over creating  static  symbolic  links  is  that  package
       updates  often require that directories point at real files, so updates
       can often fail if you do not have the shared storage mounted.

       drbdlinks also supports multiple instances of links,  in  the  case  of
       active/active  clusters.  For example, if you have MySQL running in one
       resource group, and Apache running in another, you  can  use  the  "-c"
       switch to specify a configuration file for each resource group.

       A  simple  configuration  file,  "/etc/drbdlinks.conf",  specifies  the
       links.   This  can  be   used   to   manage   links   for   /etc/httpd,
       /var/lib/pgsql,  and other system directories that need to appear as if
       they are local to the system when running  applications  after  a  drbd
       shared partition has been mounted.

       When  run  with "start" as the mode, drbdlinks will rename the existing
       files/directories,  and  then  make  symbolic  links  into   the   DRBD
       partition.  "stop" does the reverse.

       Mode  "checklinks"  will  report  any  links  that  do not exist in the
       destination area.  During initial setup  and  configuration,  this  can
       help  check  that  you have the destination file-system set up with the
       required components.

       If run with "initialize_shared_storage", destination links specified in
       the configuration file will be populated from the source storage.  This
       is useful for initial setup to populate the shared storage.   Preceding
       paths  will  be  populated  if  they share the same name from source to

       The "monitor" and "status" modes will check the file-system against the
       configuration  file  and  will  report "running" (monitor mode) or "OK"
       (status mode) if all links appear to  be  up.   Otherwise  they  report
       "down" or "stopped" (respectively).

       By  default, the rename appends .drbdlinks to the name, but this can be
       overridden in the configuration file.

       The "list" mode just show the list of links, with each line showing the
       link,  destination,  and  a 0/1 flag for bindMount status.  This may be
       useful for user scripts without having to parse the configuration.

       An init script is included which runs "stop" before  heartbeat  starts,
       and after heartbeat stops.  This is done to try to ensure that when the
       shared partition isn't mounted, the links are in their normal state.


       drbdlinks has several options, using either short or long variants.

       -h, --help
              Print a short help message describing the available options  and

       -c, --config-file=CONFIGFILE
              Specify  an  alternate  config file.  The default config file is
              /etc/drbdlinks.conf.   Alternate  config  files  should  have  a
              "drbdlinks-" prefix, e.g. "drbdlinks-httpd.conf".

       -s, --suffix=SUFFIX
              Name to append to the local file-system name when the link is in
              place.  The default is "drbdlinks",  which  would  result  in  a
              renamed file like "/etc/httpd.drbdlinks".

       -v, --verbose
              Increase  verbosity  level  by  1  for  every occurrence of this


       Here are a few examples of how drbdlinks can be used.

       The most straight-forward, and default, method for starting drbdlinks:

              drbdlinks start

       To use a suffix different from the default when linking to  a  file  or
       directory, the -s option can be used, specifying the desired string:

              drbdlinks -s orig start

       would rename the file-system name to "name.orig".

       Increase the verbosity to assist in debugging:

              drbdlinks -v -v start

       Use  an alternate configuration file, possibly from with a DRBD mounted

              drbdlinks -c /shared1/drbdlinks-httpd.conf start

       This would use the specified configuration  file,  found  on  our  DRBD
       device  mounted  on  /shared1.   This  would  allow  us  to easily keep
       drbdlinks configurations tied to a specific set of data on a DRBD  disk
       in an active/active sort of HA configuration.


       DRBD(8), drbdadm(8), drbdsetup(8), heartbeat(8).


       drbdlinks was written by Sean Reifschneider <>.

       This  manual  page  was written by Cyril Bouthors <>,
       for the Debian project (but may be used by others).  Sean Reifschneider
       modified  it  for  status and monitor arguments, and included it in the
       base  drbdlinks  release.   Mike  Loseke  <>  added   the
       sections on options and examples.

                              September  3, 2008                  DRBDLINKS(8)