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       dummy-ups - Driver for multi-purpose UPS emulation


       This man page only documents the specific features of the dummy-ups
       driver. For information about the core driver, see nutupsdrv(8).


       This program is a multi-purpose UPS emulation tool. Its behavior
       depends on the running mode:

   Dummy Mode
       dummy-ups looks like a standard device driver to upsd(8) and allows one
       to change any value for testing purposes. It is both interactive,
       controllable through the upsrw(1) and upscmd(1) commands (or equivalent
       graphical tool), and batchable through script files. It can be
       configured, launched and used as any other real driver. This mode is
       mostly useful for development and testing purposes.

   Repeater Mode
       dummy-ups acts as a NUT client, simply forwarding data. This can be
       useful for supervision purposes. This can also allow some load sharing
       between several UPS instances, using a point-to-point communication
       with the UPS.


       The port specification depends on the running mode, and allows the
       driver to select the right mode.

   Dummy Mode
       Port is a definition file name for dummy-ups. This can either be an
       absolute or a relative path name. In the latter case the NUT sysconfig
       directory (ie /etc/nut, /usr/local/ups/etc, ...) is prepended.

       For instance:

                   driver = dummy-ups
                   port =
                   desc = "dummy-ups in dummy mode"

       This file is generally named "". It contains a list of all
       valid data and associated values, and has the same format as an upsc(8)
       dump (<varname>: <value>). So you can easily create definition files
       from an existing UPS using "upsc >". It can also be empty, in
       which case only a basic set of data is available: device., driver.,
       ups.mfr, ups.model, ups.status

       Samples definition files are available in the "data" directory of the
       nut source tree, and generally in the sysconfig directory of your
       system distribution.

       Since dummy-ups will loop on reading this file, you can dynamically
       modify it to interact with the driver. This will avoid message spam
       into your system log files, if you are using NUT default configuration.

       You can also use the "TIMER <seconds>" instruction to create scheduled
       events sequences. For example, the following sequence will loop on
       switching ups.status between "OL", "OB" and "OB LB" every minute:

           ups.status: OL
           TIMER 60
           ups.status: OB
           TIMER 60
           ups.status: LB
           TIMER 60

       It is wise to end the script with a TIMER. Otherwise dummy-ups will
       directly go back to the beginning of the file.

   Repeater Mode
       Port is the name of a remote UPS, using the NUT form, ie:


       For instance:

                       driver = dummy-ups
                       port = ups@hostname
                       desc = "dummy-ups in repeater mode"


       Once the driver is loaded in dummy mode, you can change any variables,
       except those of the driver.* and server.* collections. You can do this
       by either editing the definition file, or use the upsrw(1) and
       upscmd(1) commands.

       Note that in simulation mode, new variables can be added on the fly, by
       adding these to the definition file. Conversely, if you need to remove
       variable (such as transient ones, like ups.alarm), simply update these
       by setting an empty value. As a result, they will get removed from the

       In repeater mode, the driver acts according to the capabilities of the
       UPS, and so support the same instant commands and settable values.


       This driver was written in one evening to replace the previous
       dummycons testing driver. It was too limited and required to work from
       a terminal to interact.

       dummy-ups is useful for NUT client development, and other testing

       It also helps the NUT Quality Assurance effort, by automating some
       tests on the NUT framework.

       It now offers a repeater mode. This will help in building the Meta UPS
       approach, which allows one to build a virtual device, composed of
       several other devices (either UPS, PDUs).


       Instant commands are not yet supported in Dummy Mode, and data need
       name/value checking enforcement, as well as boundaries or enumeration


       Arnaud Quette


       upscmd(1), upsrw(1), ups.conf(5), nutupsdrv(8)

   Internet Resources:
       The NUT (Network UPS Tools) home page: