Provided by: hibernate_2.0+15+g88d54a8-1_all bug


       hibernate - save your computer's state to disk, and then switch it off


       hibernate [OPTION]...


       The  hibernate  script  (or  "suspend  script")  is  used  to  invoke  the  Linux kernel's
       Hibernation functionality.

       When you hibernate your machine, the contents of your computer's memory will be  saved  to
       disc, and your computer will switch off.  When you switch it back on again, it will resume
       exactly as it was when you hibernated.  This script is designed for TuxOnIce, which is not
       yet  included in the main kernel tree and must be downloaded from the TuxOnIce web site at, but can also utilise the vanilla kernel interfaces for swsusp or
       pmdisk  (through  /proc/acpi/sleep  or  /sys/power/state).  Instructions on setting up the
       kernel can also be found on that web site.

       The hibernate script takes care of the user-space side of the suspend, including unloading
       and  reloading  drivers  which  don't  suspend  properly,  setting  the system clock after
       resuming, taking down and bringing up network interfaces and various other hacks that  may
       be  required  on some hardware.  By default, all it does is restore the system clock after
       suspending;  see  hibernate.conf(5)  for  information  on  configuring  the  rest  of  its

       If  the hibernate script is invoked with a name of the form hibernate-foo then it will use
       the configuration file /etc/hibernate/foo.conf instead of the default.

       The hibernate script accepts the following command-line options:


       -h, --help      Shows this help screen.

       --version       Shows the Hibernate Script version.

       -f, --force     Ignore errors and suspend anyway.

       -k, --kill      Kill processes if needed, in order to suspend.

       -v<n>, --verbosity=<n>
                       Change verbosity level (0 = errors only, 3 = verbose, 4 = debug)

       -F<file>, --config-file=<file>
                       Use the given configuration file instead of the default ()

       --dry-run       Don't actually do anything.

       -g, --restore-grub
                       Restores the grub menu to normal  (use  if  a  resume  was  not  completed
                       successfully) and exits the script. A suspend is not performed.

       --lock-console-as <username>
                       Uses vlock to lock the entire system after resuming, requirng you to enter
                       the password for the given user to unlock it. This overrides any  username
                       given in the configuration file. (Requires vlock)

       -n, --no-suspend
                       Disables  actually  suspending  the system. This is useful for testing the
                       hibernate script itself.

       -r[0|1], --reboot[=<0|1>] (requires UseTuxOnIce on)
                       If 0 is specified, disables rebooting after writing the image,  regardless
                       of  the  Reboot  option  in  the configuration file. If 1 or omitted, will
                       force a reboot after writing the image.

       --bug-report (requires UseTuxOnIce on)
                       Gathers a bunch of  information  about  your  machine  and  writes  it  to
                       standard output. Please attach this information along with any bug reports
                       to the TuxOnIce mailing list.


       The exit codes returned by the hibernate script are currently as follows:

       0      Hibernation was completed successfully.

       2      Hibernation was aborted due to errors from some part of the  script.  (eg,  modules
              not unloading, devices or filesystems in use).

       3      Hibernate  script  was aborted by user with Ctrl+C. (This does not mean the suspend
              was aborted by a user by pressing Escape).

       4      Hibernation was aborted  by  a  kernel  problem  (hibernate.log  and  dmesg  should
              indicate why), or the user aborted the suspend with the Escape key.


                 Contains   options  which  influence  the  hibernate  script's  behaviour.   See
                 hibernate.conf(5) for more information.



                 These  directories  contains  "scriptlets"  that  provide   functionality   when
                 suspending   and  resuming.   See  the  SCRIPTLET-API  file  included  with  the
                 distribution (which can be found in /usr/share/doc/hibernate on Debian  systems)
                 for information on how these work.


       Probably lots!

       If  you  have  problems with the hibernate script or TuxOnIce, the best place to ask is on
       the mailing list - You will need to subscribe to  post.
       See for details.

       If  the  suspend  process  itself  crashes  (while  "Writing caches", "Reading caches", or
       "Copying original kernel back", etc), then the problem lies with TuxOnIce itself. See  the
       FAQ at for help on debugging.


       This script was written by Bernard Blackham, with contributions from:

       ·   Carsten Rietzschel (modules, bootsplash and grub scriptlets. many ideas and bugfixes)

       ·   Cameron Patrick (many bugfixes and ideas, man page and Debian packaging)