Provided by: im-config_0.29-1ubuntu12_all bug


       im-config - set up input method configuration for X Window System


       im-config [OPTION]


       -a      List  all;  force to list all possible input methods in menu or
               STDOUT even if any associated packages are not installed on the

       -c      Use console dialogue.

       -x      Use X dialogue with zenity.

       -s      No  action; perform a simulation of events that would occur but
               do not actually change configuration files.

       -l      List all  available  input  method  configuration  settings  to
               STDOUT.   Unless  -a  is  used,  list only ones with associated
               packages installed.

       -m      List configuration values to STDOUT:
               ·   active configuration (system)
               ·   active configuration (user)
               ·   automatic configuration for the current locale
               ·   override configuration for the current locale
               ·   automatic configuration for most locales
               If the active configuration is custom, the user made  a  custom
               configuration and im-config should not change it.

       -n      <input method name>

               Set  input  method  to  <input method name>. This option is for
               other configuration tool to set the input  method.   Since  the
               default  value of <input method name> is "auto", you usually do
               not need to use this from other configuration script.

               Specifying invalid <input method name> causes the  error  exit.
               Updating  the  configuration  file which was not updated by im-
               config also causes the error exit.

               When this <input  method  name>  is  "REMOVE"  then  it  always
               removes  the  configuration  file even if it was not updated by

       -o      <input method name>

               Print the localized description  of  the  input  method  <input
               method name> to STDOUT.

       The  -l,  -m, -n, and -o options are meant to be API for other programs
       to control the im-config.


       This manual page very briefly documents im-config and the configuration
       of the input method.

       im-config  provides  the  framework  to configure the input method on X
       Window System with GTK GUI or console terminal  dialogue.  If  this  is
       invoked  without  option,  this  lists  available  input methods as its
       choice while marking automatic choice with trailing @-mark. The listing
       is  ordered by the priority of the input method.  The input method with
       the highest priority comes first.  The availability of the input method
       is  judged  by  the  installation of any associated packages. After you
       make a choice for the  input  method,  this  displays  a  guidance  for
       associated packages to be installed.

       If  only  a  set  of  required  input  method  packages  along with the
       im-config package is installed, you do not need to  use  this  command.
       Such  a  installation works well in its default and there is no need to
       use this  command.   When  you  wish  to  have  multiple  input  method
       environments  installed  and wish to switch among them, you need to use
       this command.

       If you have no idea for what package to install, im-config invoked with
       both -a and -s is a good start.

       This  input method is the essential mechanism for Japanese, Chinese and
       Korean (CJK) languages to  enter  their  non-ASCII  native  characters.
       This  is also useful to support specialized keyboard bindings for other
       non-European languages such as Indic and other Asian languages.

       Some input methods such as IBus, fcitx, and uim support not only one of
       these  CJK languages but support almost all languages simultaneously by
       dynamically switching keyboard modes with GUI on the fly.

       The im-config package installs a hook script  /etc/X11/Xsession.d/70im-
       config_launch.  When  X  starts,  it sources this file as a POSIX shell
       code.  Then this hook script tries to  source  the  user  configuration
       file  ~/.xinputrc,  if  it exists.  Otherwise, this hook script sources
       the system configuration file /etc/X11/xinit/xinputrc.

       im-config invoked from a user account updates  the  user  configuration
       file  ~/.xinputrc.  im-config invoked from the root account updates the
       system  configuration  file  ~/etc/X11/xinit/xinputrc.   The  essential
       contents of generated files are:

       run_im <input method name>

       When  these  files  are sourced, the run_im shell function instructs to
       source the initialization code for the corresponding input method. This
       initialization  code  is defined in the <2 digits number>_<input method
       name>.rc file in /usr/share/im-config/data.

       The  im-config  hook  script,   /etc/X11/Xsession.d/70im-config_launch,
       exports following variables to X programs: $XMODIFIERS, $GTK_IM_MODULE,

       The im-config hook script, /etc/X11/Xsession.d/70im-config_launch, also
       set $STARTUP to use /usr/bin/im-launch for starting required daemons.

       If  you wish to create a custom configuration beyond what im-config can
       do for you, please copy one of these  initialization  code  files  into
       ~/.xinputrc  or /etc/X11/xinit/xinputrc and edit it to suite your need.
       For example, 02_cjkv.rc tells how input method can  be  customized  for
       each  locale.   This  script  should  be  written  to  set  environment
       variables if "$IM_CONFIG_PHASE" = 1 and to  start  daemon  programs  if
       "$IM_CONFIG_PHASE" = 2 .

       Please  note  that  this  <2 digits number> part of these configuration
       files may change for every new releases of the im-config package.

       When   a   user   makes    manual    changes    to    ~/.xinputrc    or
       /etc/X11/xinit/xinputrc  without using im-config, im-config will detect
       it using a md5sum hush value embedded in the shell comment and will not
       overwrite  such  files.   You  must  erase them manually if you wish to
       replace them with ones created by im-config.

       The <2 digits number>_<input method name>.conf files in  /usr/share/im-
       config/data  provide  the UI data for im-config and the heuristic logic
       of selecting desirable input method under the auto mode.   The  smaller
       number of the <2 digits number> indicates the higher priority of <input
       method name>.

       These <2 digits number>_<input  method  name>.conf  files  defines  few
       variables  and  functions.   The  value of IM_CONFIG_SHORT is the short
       description  of  the  input  method  for  the  menu.   The   value   of
       IM_CONFIG_LONG  is  the long description of the input method explaining
       its package dependency.  The package_menu shell function defines  as  a
       function  to  return  true  if any associated input method packages are
       installed to activate its menu entry.  The package_auto shell  function
       defines  as  a  function  to return true if the sufficient input method
       packages are installed for the auto mode.  These  definitions  use  the
       package_status  shell function which takes package name as its argument
       and returns true if it is installed properly.

       The menu lists input methods with the <2 digits number> between 00  and
       89.   The auto mode considers its input method candidate from <2 digits
       number> between 10 and 79 in this order.  The usage  convention  of  <2
       digits number> is:

       00-09:  Input Method choice mode       (default/auto/cjkv/REMOVE)

       10-49:  Input Method supporting multiple languages.(auto ready)

       50-79:  Input Method supporting limited languages. (auto ready)

       80-89:  Input Method (deprecated one) (not for auto)

       90-99:  Used internally by im-config (not for auto)

       This  structure ensures to have different input methods to be installed
       side-by-side with minimal user configurations.


       If you have any problem, see the first part of  ~/.xsession-errors  and
       look  for  the  cause.  If you are running im-config while Debian (sid)
       system is undergoing a  major  library  transition,  you  may  need  to
       manually  set  up ~/.xinputrc with adjusted library version number etc.
       Please file a bug report to the im-config  package  using  reportbug(1)
       describing your resolution experience.




       This  manual page was written by Osamu Aoki <>, for the
       Debian GNU/Linux system (but may be used by others).