Provided by: libnss-myhostname_229-4ubuntu4_i386 bug

NAME

       nss-myhostname, libnss_myhostname.so.2 - Provide hostname resolution
       for the locally configured system hostname.

SYNOPSIS

       libnss_myhostname.so.2

DESCRIPTION

       nss-myhostname is a plugin for the GNU Name Service Switch (NSS)
       functionality of the GNU C Library (glibc), primarily providing
       hostname resolution for the locally configured system hostname as
       returned by gethostname(2). The precise hostnames resolved by this
       module are:

       ·   The local, configured hostname is resolved to all locally
           configured IP addresses ordered by their scope, or — if none are
           configured — the IPv4 address 127.0.0.2 (which is on the local
           loopback) and the IPv6 address ::1 (which is the local host).

       ·   The hostname "localhost" (as well as any hostname ending in
           ".localhost", ".localdomain" or equal to "localdomain") is resolved
           to the IP addresses 127.0.0.1 and ::1.

       ·   The hostname "gateway" is resolved to all current default routing
           gateway addresses, ordered by their metric. This assigns a stable
           hostname to the current gateway, useful for referencing it
           independently of the current network configuration state.

       Various software relies on an always-resolvable local hostname. When
       using dynamic hostnames, this is traditionally achieved by patching
       /etc/hosts at the same time as changing the hostname. This is
       problematic since it requires a writable /etc file system and is
       fragile because the file might be edited by the administrator at the
       same time. With nss-myhostname enabled, changing /etc/hosts is
       unnecessary, and on many systems, the file becomes entirely optional.

       To activate the NSS modules, "myhostname" has to be added to the line
       starting with "hosts:" in /etc/nsswitch.conf.

       It is recommended to place "myhostname" last in the nsswitch.conf line
       to make sure that this mapping is only used as fallback, and that any
       DNS or /etc/hosts based mapping takes precedence.

EXAMPLE

       Here is an example /etc/nsswitch.conf file that enables myhostname
       correctly:

           passwd:         compat mymachines
           group:          compat mymachines
           shadow:         compat

           hosts:          files resolve mymachines myhostname
           networks:       files

           protocols:      db files
           services:       db files
           ethers:         db files
           rpc:            db files

           netgroup:       nis

       To test, use glibc's getent tool:

           $ getent ahosts `hostname`
           ::1       STREAM omega
           ::1       DGRAM
           ::1       RAW
           127.0.0.2       STREAM
           127.0.0.2       DGRAM
           127.0.0.2       RAW

       In this case, the local hostname is omega.

SEE ALSO

       systemd(1), nss-resolve(8), nss-mymachines(8), nsswitch.conf(5),
       getent(1)