Provided by: postfix_3.1.0-3_amd64 bug


       master - Postfix master process


       master [-Ddtvw] [-c config_dir] [-e exit_time]


       The  master(8) daemon is the resident process that runs Postfix daemons on demand: daemons
       to send or receive messages via the network, daemons to deliver mail locally, etc.   These
       daemons are created on demand up to a configurable maximum number per service.

       Postfix  daemons  terminate voluntarily, either after being idle for a configurable amount
       of time, or after having serviced a configurable number of requests.  Exceptions  to  this
       rule  are  the  resident  queue  manager, address verification server, and the TLS session
       cache and pseudo-random number server.

       The behavior of the master(8) daemon is controlled by the configuration file, as
       described in master(5).


       -c config_dir
              Read  the and configuration files in the named directory instead
              of the default configuration directory.   This  also  overrides  the  configuration
              files for other Postfix daemon processes.

       -D     After  initialization,  run a debugger on the master process. The debugging command
              is specified with the debugger_command in the global configuration file.

       -d     Do not redirect stdin, stdout or stderr  to  /dev/null,  and  do  not  discard  the
              controlling terminal. This must be used for debugging only.

       -e exit_time
              Terminate  the master process after exit_time seconds. Child processes terminate at
              their convenience.

       -t     Test mode. Return a zero exit status when the lock file does  not  exist
              or when that file is not locked.  This is evidence that the master(8) daemon is not

       -v     Enable verbose logging for debugging purposes. This option is passed  on  to  child
              processes. Multiple -v options make the software increasingly verbose.

       -w     Wait  in  a dummy foreground process, while the real master daemon initializes in a
              background process.  The dummy foreground process returns a zero exit  status  only
              if  the  master  daemon  initialization  is  successful,  and  if it completes in a
              reasonable amount of time.

              This feature is available in Postfix 2.10 and later.


       SIGHUP Upon receipt of a HUP signal (e.g., after "postfix  reload"),  the  master  process
              re-reads  its configuration files. If a service has been removed from the
              file,  its  running  processes  are  terminated  immediately.   Otherwise,  running
              processes  are  allowed  to  terminate as soon as is convenient, so that changes in
              configuration settings affect only new service requests.

              Upon receipt of a TERM signal (e.g., after "postfix  abort"),  the  master  process
              passes  the signal on to its child processes and terminates.  This is useful for an
              emergency shutdown. Normally one would terminate only the master  ("postfix  stop")
              and allow running processes to finish what they are doing.


       Problems  are  reported  to  syslogd(8).  The exit status is non-zero in case of problems,
       including problems while initializing as a master daemon process in the background.


              After initialization, start a  debugger  as  specified  with  the  debugger_command
              configuration parameter in the configuration file.

              Directory with Postfix configuration files.


       Unlike  most Postfix daemon processes, the master(8) server does not automatically pick up
       changes to Changes to are  never  picked  up  automatically.   Use  the
       "postfix reload" command after a configuration change.


       default_process_limit (100)
              The default maximal number of Postfix child processes that provide a given service.

       max_idle (100s)
              The  maximum  amount  of  time  that  an  idle  Postfix daemon process waits for an
              incoming connection before terminating voluntarily.

       max_use (100)
              The maximal number of incoming connections  that  a  Postfix  daemon  process  will
              service before terminating voluntarily.

       service_throttle_time (60s)
              How  long  the  Postfix  master(8) waits before forking a server that appears to be

       Available in Postfix version 2.6 and later:

       master_service_disable (empty)
              Selectively disable master(8) listener ports by service type or by service name and


       config_directory (see 'postconf -d' output)
              The default location of the Postfix and configuration files.

       daemon_directory (see 'postconf -d' output)
              The directory with Postfix support programs and daemon programs.

       debugger_command (empty)
              The  external  command to execute when a Postfix daemon program is invoked with the
              -D option.

       inet_interfaces (all)
              The network interface addresses that this mail system receives mail on.

       inet_protocols (all)
              The Internet protocols Postfix  will  attempt  to  use  when  making  or  accepting

       import_environment (see 'postconf -d' output)
              The  list  of  environment  parameters  that  a  Postfix process will import from a
              non-Postfix parent process.

       mail_owner (postfix)
              The UNIX system account that  owns  the  Postfix  queue  and  most  Postfix  daemon

       process_id (read-only)
              The process ID of a Postfix command or daemon process.

       process_name (read-only)
              The process name of a Postfix command or daemon process.

       queue_directory (see 'postconf -d' output)
              The location of the Postfix top-level queue directory.

       syslog_facility (mail)
              The syslog facility of Postfix logging.

       syslog_name (see 'postconf -d' output)
              The  mail  system  name that is prepended to the process name in syslog records, so
              that "smtpd" becomes, for example, "postfix/smtpd".


       To expand the directory names below into their actual values, use  the  command  "postconf
       config_directory" etc.

       $config_directory/, global configuration file.
       $config_directory/, master server configuration file.
       $queue_directory/pid/, master lock file.
       $data_directory/master.lock, master lock file.


       qmgr(8), queue manager
       verify(8), address verification
       master(5), configuration file syntax
       postconf(5), configuration file syntax
       syslogd(8), system logging


       The Secure Mailer license must be distributed with this software.


       Wietse Venema
       IBM T.J. Watson Research
       P.O. Box 704
       Yorktown Heights, NY 10598, USA

       Wietse Venema
       Google, Inc.
       111 8th Avenue
       New York, NY 10011, USA