Provided by: tilecache_2.11+ds-2_all bug

NAME

       tilecache - Cache and serve map tiles

DESCRIPTION

       TileCache is a BSD licensed tile caching mechanism.  The goal is to make it easy to set up
       a WMS or TMS frontend to any backend data services you might be  interested  in,  using  a
       pluggable caching and rendering mechanism.

       TileCache was developed by MetaCarta Labs and released to the public under a BSD license.

       The  TileCache  was  designed  as  a companion to OpenLayers, the BSD licensed web mapping
       interface. If you are using TileCache with OpenLayers, please read  the  section  of  this
       readme which describes how to do so. For additional help with setting up TileCache for use
       with OpenLayers, please feel free to stop by #openlayers, on irc.freenode.net, or to  send
       email to tilecache@openlayers.org.

RUNNING UNDER CGI

       · TileCache  should  have  a  cgi  installed under /usr/lib/cgi-bin, called tilecache.cgi.
         This is accessible from http://yourmachine.example.com/cgi-bin/tilecache.cgi.

       · Edit /etc/tilecache.cfg to point the DiskCache to the location you wish to cache  tiles,
         and the layers to point to the map file or WMS server you wish to cache.

       · Visit:

         http://yourmachine.example.com/cgi-bin/tilecache.cgi?LAYERS=basic&SERVICE=WMS&BBOX=-180,-90,0,90

       · Or visit:

         http://yourmachine.example.com/cgi-bin/tilecache.cgi/1.0.0/basic/0/0/0.png

       · If you see a tile, TileCache is working correctly.

RUNNING UNDER MOD_PYTHON

       · Edit  /etc/tilecache.cfg to point the DiskCache to the location you wish to cache tiles,
         and the layers to point to the map file or WMS server you wish to cache.

       · Add the following to your Apache configuration:

         Alias /tiles /var/lib/python-support/python2.4/tilecache/
         <Directory /var/lib/python-support/python2.4/>
              SetHandler python-program
              PythonHandler TileCache.Service
              PythonOption TileCacheConfig /etc/tilecache.cfg
         </Directory>

       · Visit one of the URLs described above, replacing tilecache.cgi with tilecache.py

       · If you see a tile you have set up your configuration correctly. Congrats!

RUNNING STANDALONE (UNDER WSGI)

       TileCache includes standalone HTTP server which uses the WSGI handler. This implementation
       depends on Python Paste , which can be installed via the python-paste package.

       For versions of Python earlier than 2.5, you will also need to install wsgiref:

       http://cheeseshop.python.org/pypi/wsgiref

       Once you have all the prerequisites installed, simply run:

       /usr/sbin/tilecache_http_server

       This will start a webserver listening on port 8080 (by default), after which you should be
       able to open:

       http://yourmachine.example.com:8080/1.0.0/basic/0/0/0.png

       to see your first tile.

RUNNING UNDER FASTCGI

       TileCache includes a fastcgi implementation. In order to use this implementation, you will
       need to install flup, available from:

       http://trac.saddi.com/flup

       This  implementation also depends on Python Paste, which can be downloaded via the python-
       paste package:

       Once you have done this, you can configure your fastcgi server to use tilecache.fcgi.

       Configuring FastCGI is beyond the scope of this documentation.

CONFIGURATION

       TileCache is configured by a config file, defaulting  to  /etc/tilecache.cfg.   There  are
       several parameters to control TileCache layers that are applicable to all layers:

       bbox   The bounding box of the Layer. The resolutions array defaults to having resolutions
              which are equal to the bbox divided by 512 (two standard tiles).

       debug  Whether to send debug output to the error.log. Defaults to "yes",  can  be  set  to
              "no"

       description
              Layer description, used in some metadata responses. Default is blank.

       extension
              File  extension  of  the layer. Used to request images from WMS servers, as well as
              when writing cache files.

       layers A string used to describe the layers. Typically passed directly  to  the  renderer.
              The  WMSLayer  sends this in the HTTP request, and the MapServerLayer chooses which
              layer to render based on this string. If no layer is provided, the  layer  name  is
              used to fill this property.

       levels An integer, describing the number of ´zoom levels´ or scales to support. Overridden
              by resolutions, if passed.

       mapfile
              The absolute file location of a mapfile. Required for MapServer and Mapnik layers.

       maxResolution
              The maximum resolution. If this  is  set,  a  resolutions  array  is  automatically
              calculated up to a number of levels controlled by the ´levels´ option.

       metaTile
              set  to "yes" to turn on metaTiling. This will request larger tiles, and split them
              up using the Python Imaging library.  Defaults to "no".

       metaBuffer
              an integer number of pixels to request around the outside  of  the  rendered  tile.
              This is good to combat edge effects in various map renderers. Defaults to 10.

       metaSize
              A  comma  separated  pair  of  integers,  which is used to determine how many tiles
              should be rendered when using metaTiling. Default is 5,5.

       resolutions
              Comma separate list of resolutions you want the TileCache instance to support.

       size   Comma separated set of integers, describing the width/height of the tiles. Defaults
              to 256,256

       srs    String describing the SRS value. Default is "EPSG:4326"

       type   The  type of layer. Options are: WMSLayer, MapnikLayer, MapServerLayer, ImageLayer,
              GDAL, ArcXML

       url    URL to use when requesting images from a remote WMS server. Required for WMSLayer.

       watermarkImage
              The watermarkImage parameter is assigned on a per-layer basis.   This  is  a  fully
              qualified  path  to an image you would like to apply to each tile. We recommend you
              use a watermark image the same size as your tiles.  If using the default tile size,
              you  should  use  a  256x256  image.  NOTE: Python Imaging Library DOES NOT support
              interlaced images.

       watermarkOpacity
              The watermarkOpacity parameter is assigned on a per-layer basis.   This  configures
              the opacity of the watermark over the tile, it is a floating point number between 0
              and 1. Usage is optional and will otherwise default.

       extent_type
              Setting this to ´loose´ will allow TileCache to generate tiles outside the  maximum
              bounding box. Useful for clients that don´t know when to stop asking for tiles.

       tms_type
              Setting  this  to  "google"  will  cause  tiles  to switch vertical order (that is,
              following the Google style x/y pattern).

USING TILECACHE WITH OPENLAYERS

       To run OpenLayers with TileCache the URL passed to  the  OpenLayers.Layer.WMS  constructor
       must  point to the TileCache script, i.e. tilecache.cgi or tilecache.py. As an example see
       the   example-cgi.html   file   included   in   the    TileCache    distribution,    under
       /usr/share/doc/tilecache/examples/.

       Note:  example-cgi.html  assumes  TileCache is set up under CGI (see above). If you set up
       TileCache under mod_python you´d need to slighly modify example-cgi.html: the  URL  passed
       to  the OpenLayers.Layer.WMS constructor must point to the mod_python script as opposed to
       the CGI script. Similarly, you would need to edit this URL if you were  to  use  TileCache
       with the standalone HTTP Server or FastCGI.

       The  most  important  thing  to  do  is  to  ensure that the OpenLayers Layer has the same
       resolutions and bounding box as your TileCache layer. You can define  the  resolutions  in
       OpenLayers  via  the  ´resolutions´ option or the ´maxResolution´ option on the layer. The
       maxExtent should be defined to match the bbox parameter of the TileCache layer.

USING TILECACHE WITH MAPSERVER

       MapServer has a map  level  metadata  option,  labelcache_map_edge_buffer,  which  is  set
       automatically by TileCache to the metaBuffer plus five when metaTiling is on, if it is not
       set in the mapfile.

       If you are using MetaTiling, be aware that MapServer generates interlaced PNG files, which
       PIL  will  not  read.  See  http://mapserver.gis.umn.edu/docs/faq/pil_mapscript  on how to
       resolve this.

SEEDING YOUR TILECACHE

       The tilecache_seed utility will seed tiles in a cache automatically. You will need to have
       TileCache set up in one of the previously described configurations.

   Usage
       /usr/sbin/tilecache_seed [options] <layer> [<zoom start> <zoom stop>]

   Options
       --version
              show the program's version number and exit

       -h, --help
              show the program's help message and exit

       -f, --force
              force recreation of tiles even if they are already in cache

       -b BBOX, --bbox=BBOX
              restrict  to  specified  bounding  box  where  BBOX is in the format "left, bottom,
              right, top"

       -c TILECACHECONFIG, --config=TILECACHECONFIG
              path to configuration file

       -d DELAY, --delay=DELAY
              delay time between requests (default: 0)

       -p PADDING, --padding=PADDING
              extra margin tiles to seed around target area.  Defaults  to  0  (some  edge  tiles
              might  be missing).  A value of 1 ensures all tiles will be created, but some tiles
              may be wholly outside your bbox

       -r, --reverse
              reverse order of seeding tiles

   Arguments
       layer  same layer name that is in the tilecache.cfg

       zoom start
              Zoom level to start the process

       zoom stop
              Zoom level to end the process

   Seeding by center point and radius
       If called without zoom level arguments, tilecache_seed.py will seed zoom levels  5  to  17
       and  assume  that  it needs to read a list of points and radii from standard input, in the
       form:

       <lat>,<lon>,<radius>
       <lat>,<lon>,<radius>
       <lat>,<lon>,<radius>
       <lat>,<lon>,<radius>
       <ctrl + d>

       The format of this file is:

       lon    the position(s) to seed longitude

       lat    the position(s) to seed latitude

       radius the radius around the lon/lat to seed in degrees

   Examples
       An example with zoom levels 5 through 12 would be like;

       $ /usr/sbin/tilecache_seed -c /etc/tilecache.cfg -b "-118.12500,31.952162238,-116.015625,34.3071438563" Zip_Codes 5 12

       The bbox can be dropped and defaults to world lonlat(-180,-90,180,90):

       $ /usr/sbin/tilecache_seed.py -c /etc/tilecache.cfg Zip_Codes 0 9

       In  center  point/radius  mode,  the  zoom  level  range  is  not  specifiable  from   the
       command-line. An example usage might look like:

       $ /usr/sbin/tilecache_seed.py -c /etc/tilecache.cfg Zip_Codes
       -118.12500,31.952162238,0.05
       -121.46327,32.345345645,0.08
       <Ctrl+D>

       ... the seeding will then commence ...

CLEANING YOUR TILECACHE

       The  tilecache_clean  utility  will remove the least recently accessed tiles from a cache,
       down to a specified size.

   Usage
       /usr/sbin/tilecache_clean [options] <cache_location>

   Options
       --version
              show program´s version number and exit

       -h , --help
              show this help message and exit

       -s SIZE, --size SIZE
              Maximum cache size, in megabytes.

       -e ENTRIES, --entries ENTRIES
              Maximum cache entries. This limits the amount of memory that will be used to  store
              information about tiles to remove.

   Notes
       The  --entries  option to tilecache_clean.py is optional, and is used to regulate how much
       memory it uses to do its bookkeeping. The default value of 1 million will  hopefully  keep
       RAM  utilization  under  about  100M  on a 32-bit x86 Linux machine. If tilecache_clean.py
       doesn´t appear to be keeping your disk cache down to an appropriate size, try upping  this
       value.

       tilecache_clean is designed to be run from a cronjob like so:

       00 05 * * *  /usr/sbin/tilecache_clean.py -s500 /var/www/tilecache

TROUBLESHOOTING

       Occasionally,  for  some  reason, when using meta tiles, your server may leave behind lock
       files. If this happens, there will be files in your cache  directory  with  the  extension
       ´.lck´.  If you are seeing tiles not render and taking multiple minutes before returning a
       500 error, you may be suffering under a stuck lock.

       Removing all files with extension ´.lck´  from  the  cache  directory  will  resolve  this
       problem.

SEE ALSO

       memcached(8)

       http://tilecache.org/

       http://openlayers.org/

       http://wiki.osgeo.org/index.php/WMS_Tiling_Client_Recommendation

       http://wiki.osgeo.org/index.php/Tile_Map_Service_Specification

AUTHOR

       crschmidt@metacarta.com

COPYRIGHT

       (c) 2006-2007 MetaCarta, Inc.  Distributed under the BSD license.