Provided by: linux-tools-common_4.4.0-21.37_all bug


       turbostat - Report processor frequency and idle statistics


       turbostat [Options] command
       turbostat [Options] [--interval seconds]


       turbostat  reports processor topology, frequency, idle power-state statistics, temperature
       and power on X86 processors.  There are two ways to invoke turbostat.  The first method is
       to  supply a command, which is forked and statistics are printed upon its completion.  The
       second method is to omit the command, and turbostat displays statistics every  5  seconds.
       The 5-second interval can be changed using the --interval option.

       Some information is not available on older processors.

       Options  can be specified with a single or double '-', and only as much of the option name
       as necessary to disambiguate it from others is necessary.  Note  that  options  are  case-
       sensitive.  --Counter MSR# shows the delta of the specified 64-bit MSR counter.

       --counter MSR# shows the delta of the specified 32-bit MSR counter.

       --Dump displays the raw counter values.

       --debug  displays  additional  system  configuration information.  Invoking this parameter
       more than once may also enable internal turbostat debug information.

       --interval seconds overrides the default 5-second measurement interval.

       --help displays usage for the most common parameters.

       --Joules displays energy in Joules, rather than dividing Joules by time to print power  in

       --MSR MSR# shows the specified 64-bit MSR value.

       --msr MSR# shows the specified 32-bit MSR value.

       --Package limits output to the system summary plus the 1st thread in each Package.

       --processor  limits  output to the system summary plus the 1st thread in each processor of
       each package.  Ie. it skips hyper-threaded siblings.

       --Summary limits output to a 1-line System Summary for each interval.

       --TCC temperature sets the Thermal Control Circuit temperature for systems  which  do  not
       export  that  value.  This is used for making sense of the Digital Thermal Sensor outputs,
       as they return degrees Celsius below the TCC activation temperature.

       --version displays the version.

       The command parameter forks command, and upon its exit, displays the  statistics  gathered
       since it was forked.


       CPU Linux CPU (logical processor) number.  Yes, it is okay that on many systems the CPUs are not listed in numerical order -- for efficiency reasons, turbostat runs in topology order, so HT siblings appear together.
       AVG_MHz number of cycles executed divided by time elapsed.
       %Busy percent of the interval that the CPU retired instructions, aka. % of time in "C0" state.
       Bzy_MHz average clock rate while the CPU was busy (in "c0" state).
       TSC_MHz average MHz that the TSC ran during the entire interval.


       Package processor package number.
       Core processor core number.
       Note that multiple CPUs per core indicate support for Intel(R) Hyper-Threading Technology (HT).
       CPU%c1, CPU%c3, CPU%c6, CPU%c7 show the percentage residency in hardware core idle states.
       CoreTmp Degrees Celsius reported by the per-core Digital Thermal Sensor.
       PkgTtmp Degrees Celsius reported by the per-package Package Thermal Monitor.
       Pkg%pc2, Pkg%pc3, Pkg%pc6, Pkg%pc7 percentage residency in hardware package idle states.
       PkgWatt Watts consumed by the whole package.
       CorWatt Watts consumed by the core part of the package.
       GFXWatt Watts consumed by the Graphics part of the package -- available only on client processors.
       RAMWatt Watts consumed by the DRAM DIMMS -- available only on server processors.
       PKG_% percent of the interval that RAPL throttling was active on the Package.
       RAM_% percent of the interval that RAPL throttling was active on DRAM.


       Without  any parameters, turbostat displays statistics ever 5 seconds.  (override interval
       with "-i sec" option, or specify a command for turbostat to fork).
       [root@hsw]# ./turbostat
            CPU Avg_MHz   %Busy Bzy_MHz TSC_MHz
              -     488   12.51    3898    3498
              0       0    0.01    3885    3498
              4    3897   99.99    3898    3498
              1       0    0.00    3861    3498
              5       0    0.00    3882    3498
              2       1    0.02    3894    3498
              6       2    0.06    3898    3498
              3       0    0.00    3849    3498
              7       0    0.00    3877    3498


       The "--debug" option prints additional system information before measurements:

       The first row of statistics is a summary for the entire system.  For residency %  columns,
       the  summary  is  a  weighted average.  For Temperature columns, the summary is the column
       maximum.  For Watts columns, the summary is a system total.  Subsequent rows show  per-CPU
       turbostat version 4.1 10-Feb, 2015 - Len Brown <>
       CPUID(0): GenuineIntel 13 CPUID levels; family:model:stepping 0x6:3c:3 (6:60:3)
       RAPL: 3121 sec. Joule Counter Range, at 84 Watts
       cpu0: MSR_NHM_PLATFORM_INFO: 0x80838f3012300
       8 * 100 = 800 MHz max efficiency
       35 * 100 = 3500 MHz TSC frequency
       cpu0: MSR_IA32_POWER_CTL: 0x0004005d (C1E auto-promotion: DISabled)
       cpu0: MSR_NHM_SNB_PKG_CST_CFG_CTL: 0x1e000400 (UNdemote-C3, UNdemote-C1, demote-C3, demote-C1, UNlocked: pkg-cstate-limit=0: pc0)
       cpu0: MSR_NHM_TURBO_RATIO_LIMIT: 0x25262727
       37 * 100 = 3700 MHz max turbo 4 active cores
       38 * 100 = 3800 MHz max turbo 3 active cores
       39 * 100 = 3900 MHz max turbo 2 active cores
       39 * 100 = 3900 MHz max turbo 1 active cores
       cpu0: MSR_IA32_ENERGY_PERF_BIAS: 0x00000006 (balanced)
       cpu0: MSR_CORE_PERF_LIMIT_REASONS, 0x31200000 (Active: ) (Logged: Auto-HWP, Amps, MultiCoreTurbo, Transitions, )
       cpu0: MSR_GFX_PERF_LIMIT_REASONS, 0x00000000 (Active: ) (Logged: )
       cpu0: MSR_RING_PERF_LIMIT_REASONS, 0x0d000000 (Active: ) (Logged: Amps, PkgPwrL1, PkgPwrL2, )
       cpu0: MSR_RAPL_POWER_UNIT: 0x000a0e03 (0.125000 Watts, 0.000061 Joules, 0.000977 sec.)
       cpu0: MSR_PKG_POWER_INFO: 0x000002a0 (84 W TDP, RAPL 0 - 0 W, 0.000000 sec.)
       cpu0: MSR_PKG_POWER_LIMIT: 0x428348001a82a0 (UNlocked)
       cpu0: PKG Limit #1: ENabled (84.000000 Watts, 8.000000 sec, clamp DISabled)
       cpu0: PKG Limit #2: ENabled (105.000000 Watts, 0.002441* sec, clamp DISabled)
       cpu0: MSR_PP0_POLICY: 0
       cpu0: MSR_PP0_POWER_LIMIT: 0x00000000 (UNlocked)
       cpu0: Cores Limit: DISabled (0.000000 Watts, 0.000977 sec, clamp DISabled)
       cpu0: MSR_PP1_POLICY: 0
       cpu0: MSR_PP1_POWER_LIMIT: 0x00000000 (UNlocked)
       cpu0: GFX Limit: DISabled (0.000000 Watts, 0.000977 sec, clamp DISabled)
       cpu0: MSR_IA32_TEMPERATURE_TARGET: 0x00641400 (100 C)
       cpu0: MSR_IA32_PACKAGE_THERM_STATUS: 0x88340800 (48 C)
       cpu0: MSR_IA32_THERM_STATUS: 0x88340000 (48 C +/- 1)
       cpu1: MSR_IA32_THERM_STATUS: 0x88440000 (32 C +/- 1)
       cpu2: MSR_IA32_THERM_STATUS: 0x88450000 (31 C +/- 1)
       cpu3: MSR_IA32_THERM_STATUS: 0x88490000 (27 C +/- 1)
           Core     CPU Avg_MHz   %Busy Bzy_MHz TSC_MHz     SMI  CPU%c1  CPU%c3  CPU%c6  CPU%c7 CoreTmp  PkgTmp PkgWatt CorWatt GFXWatt
              -       -     493   12.64    3898    3498       0   12.64    0.00    0.00   74.72      47      47   21.62   13.74    0.00
              0       0       4    0.11    3894    3498       0   99.89    0.00    0.00    0.00      47      47   21.62   13.74    0.00
              0       4    3897   99.98    3898    3498       0    0.02
              1       1       7    0.17    3887    3498       0    0.04    0.00    0.00   99.79      32
              1       5       0    0.00    3885    3498       0    0.21
              2       2      29    0.76    3895    3498       0    0.10    0.01    0.01   99.13      32
              2       6       2    0.06    3896    3498       0    0.80
              3       3       1    0.02    3832    3498       0    0.03    0.00    0.00   99.95      28
              3       7       0    0.00    3879    3498       0    0.04

       The max efficiency frequency, a.k.a. Low Frequency Mode, is the frequency available at the
       minimum package voltage.  The TSC frequency is the base frequency of the processor -- this
       should match the brand string in /proc/cpuinfo.  This base frequency should be sustainable
       on all CPUs indefinitely, given nominal power and cooling.  The remaining rows  show  what
       maximum  turbo frequency is possible depending on the number of idle cores.  Note that not
       all information is available on all processors.

       The --debug option adds additional columns to the measurement ouput,  including  CPU  idle
       power-state  residency  processor  temperature sensor readinds.  See the field definitions


       If turbostat is invoked with  a  command,  it  will  fork  that  command  and  output  the
       statistics  gathered when the command exits.  eg. Here a cycle soaker is run on 1 CPU (see
       %c0) for a few seconds until ^C while the other CPUs are mostly idle:

       root@hsw: turbostat cat /dev/zero > /dev/null
            CPU Avg_MHz   %Busy Bzy_MHz TSC_MHz
              -     482   12.51    3854    3498
              0       0    0.01    1960    3498
              4       0    0.00    2128    3498
              1       0    0.00    3003    3498
              5    3854   99.98    3855    3498
              2       0    0.01    3504    3498
              6       3    0.08    3884    3498
              3       0    0.00    2553    3498
              7       0    0.00    2126    3498
       10.783983 sec

       Above the cycle soaker drives cpu5 up its 3.9 GHz turbo limit.  The first  row  shows  the
       average MHz and %Busy across all the processors in the system.

       Note  that  the Avg_MHz column reflects the total number of cycles executed divided by the
       measurement interval.  If the %Busy column is 100%, then the processor was running at that
       speed  the entire interval.  The Avg_MHz multiplied by the %Busy results in the Bzy_MHz --
       which is the average frequency while the processor was executing -- not including any non-
       busy idle time.


       turbostat  must  be  run  as  root.   Alternatively,  non-root users can be enabled to run
       turbostat this way:

       # setcap cap_sys_rawio=ep ./turbostat

       # chmod +r /dev/cpu/*/msr

       turbostat reads hardware counters, but doesn't write them.  So it will not interfere  with
       the OS or other programs, including multiple invocations of itself.

       turbostat  may  work  poorly  on Linux-2.6.20 through 2.6.29, as acpi-cpufreq periodically
       cleared the APERF and MPERF MSRs in those kernels.

       AVG_MHz = APERF_delta/measurement_interval.  This is the actual number of  elapsed  cycles
       divided  by the entire sample interval -- including idle time.  Note that this calculation
       is resilient to systems lacking a non-stop TSC.

       TSC_MHz = TSC_delta/measurement_interval.  On a system with an invariant TSC,  this  value
       will be constant and will closely match the base frequency value shown in the brand string
       in /proc/cpuinfo.  On a system where the TSC stops in idle, TSC_MHz will  drop  below  the
       processor's base frequency.

       %Busy = MPERF_delta/TSC_delta

       Bzy_MHz = TSC_delta/APERF_delta/MPERF_delta/measurement_interval

       Note  that  these  calculations  depend  on  TSC_delta,  so  they  are not reliable during
       intervals when TSC_MHz is not running at the base frequency.

       Turbostat data collection is not atomic.  Extremely short measurement intervals (much less
       than  1  second), or system activity that prevents turbostat from being able to run on all
       CPUS to quickly collect data, will result in inconsistent results.

       The APERF, MPERF MSRs are  defined  to  count  non-halted  cycles.   Although  it  is  not
       guaranteed  by  the  architecture, turbostat assumes that they count at TSC rate, which is
       true on all processors tested to date.


       Volume 3B: System Programming Guide"




       msr(4), vmstat(8)


       Written by Len Brown <>