Provided by: udisks2_2.1.7-1ubuntu1_amd64 bug

NAME

       udisks - Disk Manager

DESCRIPTION

       udisks provides interfaces to enumerate and perform operations on disks and storage
       devices. Any application (including unprivileged ones) can access the udisksd(8) daemon
       via the name org.freedesktop.UDisks2 on the system message bus[1]. In addition to the
       D-Bus API, a library, libudisks2 is also provided. This library can be used from C/C++ and
       any high-level language with GObjectIntrospection[2] support such as Javascript and
       Python. udisks is only indirectly involved in what devices and objects are shown in the
       user interface. See these notes[3] for what is shown in GNOME 3.

ACCESS CONTROL

       By default, logged-in users in active log-in sessions are permitted to perform operations
       (for example, mounting, unlocking or modifying) on devices attached to the seat their
       session is on. Access-control is fine-grained and based on polkit(8), see the
       “Authorization Checks” chapter in the udisks documentation for more information. Note that
       the x-udisks-auth option can be used in the /etc/fstab and /etc/crypttab files to specify
       that additional authorization is required to mount resp. unlock the device (typically
       requiring the user to authenticate as an administrator).

DRIVE CONFIGURATION

       At start-up and when a drive is connected, udisksd(8) will apply configuration stored in
       the file /etc/udisks2/IDENTIFIER.conf where IDENTIFIER is the value of the Drive:Id
       property for the drive. If the file changes on disk its new contents will also be applied
       to the drive. Typically, users or administrators will never need to edit drive
       configuration files as they are effectively managed through graphical applications such as
       gnome-disks(1). Manually editing configuration files is however supported — the file
       format is a simple .ini-like format (see the Desktop Entry Specification[4] for the exact
       syntax). New groups and keys may be added in the future.

   ATA group
       The ATA group is for settings that apply to drives using the ATA command-set. The
       following keys are supported:

       StandbyTimeout
           The standby timeout. A value of zero means "timeouts are disabled": the device will
           not automatically enter standby mode. Values from 1 to 240 specify multiples of 5
           seconds, yielding timeouts from 5 seconds to 20 minutes. Values from 241 to 251
           specify from 1 to 11 units of 30 minutes, yielding timeouts from 30 minutes to 5.5
           hours. A value of 252 signifies a timeout of 21 minutes. A value of 253 sets a
           vendor-defined timeout period between 8 and 12 hours, and the value 254 is reserved.
           255 is interpreted as 21 minutes plus 15 seconds. Note that some older drives may have
           very different interpretations of these values. This is similar to the -S option in
           hdparm(8).

       APMLevel
           The Advanced Power Management level. A low value means aggressive power management and
           a high value means better performance. Possible settings range from values 1 through
           127 (which permit spin-down), and values 128 through 254 (which do not permit
           spin-down). The highest degree of power management is attained with a setting of 1,
           and the highest I/O performance with a setting of 254. A value of 255 can be used to
           disable Advanced Power Management altogether on the drive (not all drives support
           disabling it, but most do). This is similar to the -B option in hdparm(8).

       AAMLevel
           The Automatic Acoustic Management level. Most modern harddisk drives have the ability
           to speed down the head movements to reduce their noise output. The possible values are
           between 0 and 254. 128 is the most quiet (and therefore slowest) setting and 254 the
           fastest (and loudest). Some drives have only two levels (quiet / fast), while others
           may have different levels between 128 and 254. At the moment, most drives only support
           3 options, off, quiet, and fast. These have been assigned the values 0, 128, and 254
           at present, respectively, but integer space has been incorporated for future
           expansion, should this change. This is similar to the -M option in hdparm(8).

       WriteCacheEnabled
           A boolean specifying whether to enable or disable the Write Cache. Valid values for
           this key are “true” and “false”. This is similar to the -W option in hdparm(8). This
           key was added in 2.1.

       ReadLookaheadEnabled
           A boolean specifying whether to enable or disable the Read Look-ahead. Valid values
           for this key are “true” and “false”. This is similar to the -A option in hdparm(8).
           This key was added in 2.1.7.

DEVICE INFORMATION

       udisks relies on recent versions of udev(7) and the Linux kernel. Influential device
       properties in the udev database include:

       UDISKS_SYSTEM
           If set, this overrides the value of the HintSystem property.

       UDISKS_IGNORE
           If set, this overrides the value of the HintIgnore property.

       UDISKS_AUTO
           If set, this overrides the value of the HintAuto property.

       UDISKS_CAN_POWER_OFF
           If set, this overrides the value of the CanPowerOff property.

       UDISKS_NAME
           The name to use for the device when presenting it in an user interface. This
           corresponds to the HintName property.

       UDISKS_ICON_NAME
           The icon to use for the device when presenting it in an user interface. If set, the
           name must adhere to the freedesktop.org icon theme specification[5]. This corresponds
           to the HintIconName property.

       UDISKS_SYMBOLIC_ICON_NAME
           The icon to use for the device when presenting it in an user interface using a
           symbolic icon. If set, the name must adhere to the freedesktop.org icon theme
           specification[5]. This corresponds to the HintSymbolicIconName property.

       UDISKS_FILESYSTEM_SHARED
           If set to 1, the filesystem on the device will be mounted in a shared directory (e.g.
           /media/VolumeName) instead of a private directory (e.g.  /run/media/$USER/VolumeName)
           when the Filesystem.Mount() method is handled.

       ID_SEAT
           The physical seat the device is attached to. If unset or set to the empty string,
           “seat0” (the first seat) is assumed.

API STABILITY

       udisks guarantees a stable D-Bus API within the same major version and this guarantee also
       extends to the client-side library libudisks2. Additionally, several major versions of
       udisks can be installed and operate at the same time although interoperability may be
       limited - for example, a device mounted using the udisks N.x API may require additional
       authorization if attempting to unmount it through the the (N-1).x API.

       The udisks developers do not anticipate breaking API but does reserve the right to do so
       and if it happens, promises to bump the major version and ensure the new major version of
       udisks is parallel-installable with any older major version. However, note that programs,
       man pages and other artifacts may change name (for example, adopt a “2” suffix) to make
       room for the next major version. Therefore, applications can not rely on tools like e.g.
       udisksctl(1) to be available. Additionally, there is no guarantee that the options,
       command-line switches etc. of command-line tools or similar will remain stable.

       Instead, applications should only use the D-Bus API, the libudisks2 library or tools such
       as dbus-send(1) or gdbus(1) to interact with udisksd(8).

AUDIENCE

       The intended audience of udisks include operating system developers working on the
       higher-level parts of the operating system, for example the desktop shell (such as
       GNOME[6]) and disk management applications (e.g. GNOME's Disks[7] application). Software
       on this level typically depend on a specific (major) version of udisks and may even have
       support for previous versions of udisks or alternative interfaces performing the same role
       as udisks.

       While udisks indeed provides a stable API and a clear upgrade path, it may not be an
       appropriate dependency for third party applications. For example, if the operating system
       switches to udisks version N.x and an application is still using the udisks (N-1).x API,
       the application will not work unless udisks (N-1).x is installed. While this situation is
       still workable (since both udisks N.x and udisks (N-1).x can be installed) it may not be
       desirable to ask the user to install the old version - in fact, the operating system
       vendor may not even provide a packaged version of the old version. Hence, if an
       application does not want to tie itself to a specific version of the operating system, it
       should not use udisks.

       Viable alternatives to udisks are APIs that are guaranteed to be around for longer
       time-frames, including:

       ·   Low-level APIs and commands such as e.g.  sysfs[8], libudev[9],
           /proc/self/mountinfo[10] and util-linux[11].

       ·   High-level APIs such as GVolumeMonitor[12].

       In particular, for desktop applications it is a much better idea to use something like
       GVolumeMonitor since it will make the application show the same devices as the desktop
       shell (e.g. file manager, file chooser and so on) is showing.

AUTHOR

       Written by David Zeuthen <zeuthen@gmail.com> with a lot of help from many others.

BUGS

       Please send bug reports to either the distribution bug tracker or the upstream bug tracker
       at http://bugs.freedesktop.org/enter_bug.cgi?product=udisks.

SEE ALSO

       udev(7), polkit(8), udisksd(8), udisksctl(1), umount.udisks2(8), gnome-disks(1)

NOTES

        1. system message bus
           http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/dbus

        2. GObjectIntrospection
           https://live.gnome.org/GObjectIntrospection

        3. notes
           http://git.gnome.org/browse/gvfs/tree/monitor/udisks2/what-is-shown.txt

        4. Desktop Entry Specification
           http://freedesktop.org/wiki/Specifications/desktop-entry-spec

        5. freedesktop.org icon theme specification
           http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Specifications/icon-theme-spec

        6. GNOME
           http://www.gnome.org

        7. Disks
           https://live.gnome.org/Design/Apps/Disks

        8. sysfs
           http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sysfs

        9. libudev
           http://www.freedesktop.org/software/systemd/libudev/

       10. /proc/self/mountinfo
           http://www.kernel.org/doc/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt

       11. util-linux
           http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Util-linux

       12. GVolumeMonitor
           http://developer.gnome.org/gio/stable/volume_mon.html