Provided by: nut-server_2.7.2-4ubuntu1_amd64 bug

NAME

       usbhid-ups - Driver for USB/HID UPS equipment

NOTE

       This man page only documents the hardware-specific features of the usbhid-ups driver. For
       information about the core driver, see nutupsdrv(8).

       This driver, formerly called newhidups, replaces the legacy hidups driver, which only
       supported Linux systems.

SUPPORTED HARDWARE

       usbhid-ups brings USB/HID UPS monitoring to NUT on all platform supporting USB through
       libusb. It should detect any UPS that uses the HID power device class, but the amount of
       data will vary depending on the manufacturer and model.

       At the present time, usbhid-ups supports:

       ·   the newer Eaton USB models,

       ·   all MGE USB models,

       ·   all Dell USB models,

       ·   some APC models,

       ·   some Belkin models,

       ·   some Cyber Power Systems models.

       ·   some TrippLite models

       For a more complete list, refer to the NUT hardware compatibility list, available in the
       source distribution as data/drivers.list, or on the NUT website. You may use the "explore"
       driver option to gather information from HID UPSes which are not yet supported; see below
       for details.

       This driver is known to work on:

       ·   most Linux systems,

       ·   FreeBSD (beta stage) and maybe other *BSD,

       ·   Darwin / Mac OS X,

       ·   Solaris 10.

EXTRA ARGUMENTS

       This driver also supports the following optional settings:

       offdelay=num
           Set the timer before the UPS is turned off after the kill power command is sent (via
           the -k switch).

           The default value is 20 (in seconds). Usually this must be lower than ondelay, but the
           driver will not warn you upon startup if it isn’t.

       ondelay=num
           Set the timer for the UPS to switch on in case the power returns after the kill power
           command had been sent but before the actual switch off. This ensures the machines
           connected to the UPS are, in all cases, rebooted after a power failure.

           The default value is 30 (in seconds). Usually this must be greater than offdelay, but
           the driver will not warn you upon startup if it isn’t. Some UPS’es will restart no
           matter what, even if the power is (still) out at the moment this timer elapses. In
           that case, you could try if setting ondelay = -1 in ups.conf helps.

       pollfreq=num
           Set polling frequency, in seconds, to reduce the USB data flow. Between two polling
           requests, the driver will wait for interrupts (aka UPS notifications), which are data
           changes returned by the UPS by itself. This mechanism allow to avoid or reduce
           staleness message, due to the UPS being temporarily overloaded with too much polling
           requests. The default value is 30 (in seconds).

       pollonly
           If this flag is set, the driver will ignore interrupts it receives from the UPS (not
           recommended, but needed if these reports are broken on your UPS).

       vendor=regex, product=regex, serial=regex, vendorid=regex, productid=regex
           Select a specific UPS, in case there is more than one connected via USB Each option
           specifies an extended regular expression (see regex(7)) that must match the UPS’s
           entire vendor/product/serial string (minus any surrounding whitespace), or the whole
           4-digit hexadecimal code for vendorid and productid. Try -DD for finding out the
           strings to match.

           Examples:

           ·    -x vendor="Foo.Corporation.*"

           ·    -x vendorid=051d* (APC)

           ·    -x product=".*(Smart|Back)-?UPS.*"

       bus=regex
           Select a UPS on a specific USB bus or group of busses. The argument is a regular
           expression that must match the bus name where the UPS is connected (e.g. bus="002",
           bus="00[2-3]").

       explore
           With this option, the driver will connect to any device, including ones that are not
           yet supported. This must always be combined with the "vendorid" option. In this mode,
           the driver will not do anything useful except for printing debugging information
           (typically used with -DD).

       maxreport
           With this option, the driver activates a tweak to workaround buggy firmware returning
           invalid HID report length. Some APC Back-UPS units are known to have this bug.

INSTALLATION

       This driver is not built by default. You can build it by using "configure --with-usb=yes".
       Note that it will also install other USB drivers.

       You also need to install manually the legacy hotplug files (libhidups and libhid.usermap,
       generally in /etc/hotplug/usb/), or the udev file (nut-usbups.rules, generally in
       /etc/udev/rules.d/) to address the permission settings problem. For more information,
       refer to the README file in nut/scripts/hotplug or nut/scripts/udev.

       On Linux with MGE equipment, you will need at least a 2.4.25 or 2.6.2 kernel as well as
       libusb-0.1.8 or later to disable hiddev support and avoid conflict.

IMPLEMENTATION

       The driver ignores the "port" value in ups.conf. Unlike previous versions of this driver,
       it is now possible to control multiple UPS units simultaneously with this driver, provided
       they can be distinguished by setting some combination of the "vendor", "product",
       "serial", "vendorid", and "productid" options. For instance:

           [mge]
                   driver = usbhid-ups
                   port = auto
                   vendorid = 0463
           [tripplite]
                   driver = usbhid-ups
                   port = auto
                   vendorid = 09ae

KNOWN ISSUES AND BUGS

   Repetitive timeout and staleness
       Some models tends to be unresponsive with the default polling frequency. The result is
       that your system log will have lots of messages like:

           usb 2-1: control timeout on ep0in
           usb 2-1: usbfs: USBDEVFS_CONTROL failed cmd usbhid-ups rqt 128 rq 6 len 256
           ret -110

       In this case, simply modify the general parameter "pollinterval" to a higher value (like
       10 for 10 seconds). This should solve the issue.

   Got EPERM: Operation not permitted upon driver startup
       You have forgotten to install the hotplug files, as explained in the INSTALLATION section
       above. Don’t forget to restart hotplug so that it applies these changes.

   Unattended shutdowns
       The hardware which was used for development of this driver is almost certainly different
       from what you have, and not all manufacturers follow the USB HID Power Device Class
       specifications to the letter. You don’t want to find out that yours has issues here when a
       power failure hits your server room and you’re not around to manually restart your
       servers.

       If you rely on the UPS to shutdown your systems in case of mains failure and to restart
       them when the power returns, you must test this. You can do so by running upsmon -c fsd.
       With the mains present, this should bring your systems down and then cycle the power to
       restart them again. If you do the same without mains present, it should do the same, but
       in this case, the outputs shall remain off until mains power is applied again.

AUTHORS

       Originally sponsored by MGE UPS SYSTEMS. Now sponsored by Eaton
       http://opensource.eaton.com Arnaud Quette, Peter Selinger, Arjen de Korte

SEE ALSO

   The core driver
       nutupsdrv(8)

   Internet resources
       The NUT (Network UPS Tools) home page: http://www.networkupstools.org/