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lexgrog - parse header information in man pages
lexgrog [-m|-c] [-dfw?V] [-E encoding] file ...
lexgrog is an implementation of the traditional “groff guess” utility
in lex. It reads the list of files on its command line as either man
page source files or preformatted “cat” pages, and displays their name
and description as used by apropos and whatis, the list of
preprocessing filters required by the man page before it is passed to
nroff or troff, or both.
If its input is badly formatted, lexgrog will print “parse failed”;
this may be useful for external programs that need to check man pages
for correctness. If one of lexgrog's input files is “-”, it will read
from standard input; if any input file is compressed, a decompressed
version will be read automatically.
Print debugging information.
Parse input as man page source files. This is the default if
neither --man nor --cat is given.
Parse input as preformatted man pages (“cat pages”). --man and
--cat may not be given simultaneously.
Display the name and description from the man page's header, as
used by apropos and whatis. This is the default if neither
--whatis nor --filters is given.
Display the list of filters needed to preprocess the man page
before formatting with nroff or troff.
-E encoding, --encoding encoding
Override the guessed character set for the page to encoding.
Print a help message and exit.
Print a short usage message and exit.
Display version information.
0 Successful program execution.
1 Usage error.
2 lexgrog failed to parse one or more of its input files.
$ lexgrog man.1
man.1: "man - an interface to the on-line reference manuals"
$ lexgrog -fw man.1
man.1 (t): "man - an interface to the on-line reference manuals"
$ lexgrog -c whatis.cat1
whatis.cat1: "whatis - display manual page descriptions"
$ lexgrog broken.1
broken.1: parse failed
mandb (which uses the same code as lexgrog) parses the NAME section at
the top of each manual page looking for names and descriptions of the
features documented in each. While the parser is quite tolerant, as it
has to cope with a number of different forms that have historically
been used, it may sometimes fail to extract the required information.
When using the traditional man macro set, a correct NAME section looks
something like this:
foo \- program to do something
Some manual pagers require the ‘\-’ to be exactly as shown; mandb is
more tolerant, but for compatibility with other systems it is
nevertheless a good idea to retain the backslash.
On the left-hand side, there may be several names, separated by commas.
Names containing whitespace will be ignored to avoid pathological
behaviour on certain ill-formed NAME sections. The text on the right-
hand side is free-form, and may be spread over multiple lines. If
several features with different descriptions are being documented in
the same manual page, the following form is therefore used:
foo, bar \- programs to do something
baz \- program to do nothing
(A macro which starts a new paragraph, like .PP, may be used instead of
the break macro .br.)
When using the BSD-derived mdoc macro set, a correct NAME section looks
something like this:
.Nd program to do something
There are several common reasons why whatis parsing fails. Sometimes
authors of manual pages replace ‘.SH NAME’ with ‘.SH MYPROGRAM’, and
then mandb cannot find the section from which to extract the
information it needs. Sometimes authors include a NAME section, but
place free-form text there rather than ‘name \- description’. However,
any syntax resembling the above should be accepted.
apropos(1), man(1), whatis(1), mandb(8)
lexgrog attempts to parse files containing .so requests, but will only
be able to do so correctly if the files are properly installed in a
manual page hierarchy.
The code used by lexgrog to scan man pages was written by:
Fabrizio Polacco (email@example.com).
Colin Watson (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Colin Watson wrote the current incarnation of the command-line front-
end, as well as this man page.