Provided by: texlive-font-utils_2017.20180305-2_all bug


       autoinst - wrapper around the LCDF TypeTools, for installing and using OpenType fonts in


       autoinst [options] fontfile(s)


       Eddie Kohler's LCDF TypeTools are superb tools for installing OpenType fonts in LaTeX, but
       they can be hard to use: they need many, often long, command lines and don't generate the
       fd and sty files LaTeX needs.  autoinst simplifies the use of the TypeTools for font
       installation by generating and executing all commands for otftotfm and by creating and
       installing all necessary fd and sty files.

       Given a family of font files (in otf or ttf format), autoinst will create several LaTeX
       font families:

         -  Four text families (with lining and oldstyle digits, each in both tabular and
            proportional variants), all with the following shapes:

              n       Roman text

              it, sl  Italic and slanted (sometimes called oblique) text

              sc      Small caps

              sw      Swash

              tl      Titling shape. Meant for all-caps text only (even though it sometimes
                      contains lowercase glyphs as well), where letterspacing and the positioning
                      of punctuation characters have been adjusted to suit all-caps text.  (This
                      shape is only generated for the families with lining digits, since old-
                      style digits make no sense with all-caps text.)

              scit, scsl
                      Italic and slanted small caps

              nw      "Upright swash"; usually roman text with a few "oldstyle" ligatures like
                      ct, sp and st.

              tlit, tlsl
                      Italic and slanted titling text

         -  For each T1-encoded text family: a family of TS1-encoded symbol fonts, in roman,
            italic and slanted shapes.

         -  Families with superiors, inferiors, numerators and denominators, in roman, italic and
            slanted shapes.

         -  An ornament family, in roman, italic and slanted shapes.

       Of course, if the fonts don't contain italics, oldstyle digits, small caps etc., the
       corresponding shapes and families are not created.  In addition, the creation of most
       families and shapes can be controlled by options (see "COMMAND-LINE OPTIONS" below).

       These families use the FontPro project's naming scheme: <FontFamily>-<Suffix>, where
       <Suffix> is:

       LF      proportional (i.e., figures have varying widths) lining figures

       TLF     tabular (i.e., all figures have the same width) lining figures

       OsF     proportional oldstyle figures

       TOsF    tabular oldstyle figures

       Sup     superior characters (note that most fonts have only an incomplete set of superior
               characters: digits, some punctuation and the letters abdeilmnorst; normal forms
               are used for other characters)

       Inf     inferior characters; usually only digits and some punctuation, normal forms for
               other characters

       Orn     ornaments

       Numr    numerators

       Dnom    denominators

       The generated fonts are named <FontName>-<suffix>-<shape>-<enc>, where <suffix> is the
       same as above (but in lowercase), <shape> is either empty, "sc", "swash" or "titling", and
       <enc> is the encoding (also in lowercase).  A typical name in this scheme would be

   On the choice of text encoding
       By default, autoinst generates text fonts with OT1, T1 and LY1 encodings, and the
       generated style files use LY1 as the default text encoding.  LY1 has been chosen over T1
       because it has some empty slots to accommodate the additional ligatures provided by many
       OpenType fonts.  Other encodings can be chosen using the -encoding option (see "COMMAND-
       LINE OPTIONS" below).

   Using the fonts in your LaTeX documents
       autoinst generates a style file for using the font in LaTeX documents, named
       <FontFamily>.sty. This style file also takes care of loading the fontenc and textcomp
       packages.  To use the font, put the command "\usepackage{<FontFamily>}" in the preamble of
       your document.

       This style file defines a number of options:

       "lining", "oldstyle", "tabular", "proportional"
           Choose which figure style to use.  The defaults are "oldstyle" and "proportional" (if

           Scale the font by a factor of <number>.  E.g., to increase the size of the font by 5%,
           use "\usepackage[scale=1.05]{<FontFamily>}".  May also be spelled "scaled".

           This option is only available when you have the xkeyval package installed.

       "light", "medium", "regular"
           Select the weight that LaTeX will use as the "regular" weight; the default is

       "ultrablack", "ultrabold", "heavy", "extrablack", "black", "extrabold", "demibold",
       "semibold", "bold"
           Select the weight that LaTeX will use as the "bold" weight; the default is "bold".

       The previous two groups of options will only work if you have the mweights package

       The style file will also try to load the fontaxes package (available on CTAN), which gives
       easy access to various font shapes and styles.  Using the machinery set up by fontaxes,
       the generated style file defines a number of commands (which take the text to be typeset
       as argument) and declarations (which don't take arguments, but affect all text up to the
       end of the current group) to access titling, superior and inferior characters:


           \tlshape        \texttitling    \texttl
           \sufigures      \textsuperior   \textsu
           \infigures      \textinferior   \textin

       In addition, the "\swshape" and "\textsw" commands are redefined to place swash on the
       secondary shape axis (fontaxes places it on the primary shape axis) to make them behave
       properly when nested, so that "\swshape\upshape" will give upright swash.

       There are no commands for accessing the numerator and denominator fonts; these can be
       selected using fontaxes' standard commands, e.g.,

       The style file also provides a command "\ornament{<number>}", where "<number>" is a number
       from 0 to the total number of ornaments minus one. Ornaments are always typeset using the
       current family, series and shape. A list of all ornaments in a font can be created by
       running LaTeX on the file nfssfont.tex (part of a standard LaTeX installation) and
       supplying the name of the ornament font.

       To access the ornaments, autoinst creates a font-specific encoding file
       <FontFamily>_orn.enc, but only if that file doesn't yet exist in the current directory.
       This is a deliberate feature that allows you to provide your own encoding vector, e.g. if
       your fonts use non-standard glyph names for ornaments.

       These commands are only generated for existing shapes and number styles; no commands are
       generated for shapes and styles that don't exist, or whose generation was turned off by
       the user.  Also these commands are built on top of fontaxes, so if that package cannot be
       found, you're limited to using the lower-level commands from standard NFSS ("\fontfamily",
       "\fontseries", "\fontshape" etc.).

   NFSS codes
       NFSS identifies fonts by a combination of family, series (the concatenation of weight and
       width), shape and size.  autoinst parses the output of "otfinfo --info" to determine these
       parameters. When this fails (e.g., because the font family contains uncommon widths or
       weights), autoinst ends up with different fonts having the same values for these font
       parameters, which means that these fonts cannot be used in NFSS.  In that case, autoinst
       will split the font family into multiple subfamilies (based on each font file's
       "Subfamily" value) and try again.  (Since many font vendors misunderstand the "Subfamily"
       concept and make each font file its own separate subfamily, this strategy is only used as
       a last resort.)

       If such a proliferation of font families is unwanted, either run autoinst on a smaller set
       of fonts or add the missing widths, weights and shapes to the tables %FD_WIDTH, %FD_WEIGHT
       and %FD_SHAPE, at the beginning of the source code.  Please also send a bug report (see
       AUTHOR below).

       autoinst maps widths, weights and shapes to NFSS codes using the following tables. These
       are based on the standard Fontname scheme and Philipp Lehman's Font Installation Guide,
       but some changes were made to avoid name clashes in font families with many different
       widths and weights, such as Helvetica Neue and Fira Sans.

           WEIGHT                              WIDTH

           Two            2     [1]            Ultra Compressed    up
           Four           4     [1]            Extra Compressed    ep
           Eight          8     [1]            Compressed          p
           Hair           a                    Compact             p
           Thin           t                    Ultra Condensed     uc
           Ultra Light    ul                   Extra Condensed     ec
           Extra Light    el                   Condensed           c
           Light          l                    Narrow              n
           Book           sl    [2]            Semicondensed       sc
           Regular              [3]            Regular                     [3]
           Medium         mb                   Semiextended        sx
           Demibold       db                   Extended            x
           Semibold       sb                   Expanded            e
           Bold           b                    Wide                w
           Extra Bold     eb
           Ultra          ub
           Ultra Bold     ub                   SHAPE
           Black          k
           Extra Black    ek                   Roman, Upright      n       [4]
           Ultra Black    uk                   Italic              it
           Heavy          h                    Cursive, Kursiv     it
           Poster         r                    Oblique             sl      [5]
                                               Slanted             sl      [5]
                                               Incline(d)          sl      [5]


       [1] These weights only occur (as far as I know) in Fira Sans.

       [2] Since release 2018-01-09, autoinst adds "ssub" rules to the fd files to substitute
           "Book" weight for "Regular" when the latter is missing.  Before that, "Book" was
           treated as a synonym for "Regular".

       [3] When both weight and width are empty, the "series" attribute becomes "m".

       [4] Adobe Silentium Pro contains two "Roman" shapes ("RomanI" and "RomanII"); the first of
           these is mapped to "n", the second one to "it".

       [5] Since release 2014-01-21; before that, slanted shapes were mapped to "it".

   A note for MiKTeX users
       Automatically installing the fonts into a suitable TEXMF tree (as autoinst tries to do by
       default) requires a TeX-installation that uses the kpathsea library; with TeX
       distributions that implement their own directory searching (such as MiKTeX), autoinst will
       complain that it cannot find the kpsewhich program and install all generated files into
       subdirectories of the current directory.  If you use such a TeX distribution, you should
       either move these files to their correct destinations by hand, or use the -target option
       (see "COMMAND-LINE OPTIONS" below) to specify a TEXMF tree.

       Also, some OpenType fonts may lead to pl and vpl files that are too big for MiKTeX's
       pltotf and vptovf; the versions that come with W32TeX ( and TeXLive
       ( don't seem to have this problem.


       autoinst tries hard to do The Right Thing (TM) by default, so in many cases you won't need
       these options; but most aspects of its operation can be fine-tuned if you want to.

       You may use either one or two dashes before options, and option names may be shortened to
       a unique prefix (e.g., -encoding may be abbreviated to -enc or even -en, but -e is
       ambiguous (it may mean either -encoding or -extra)).

           Don't actually do anything, only create the logfile autoinst.log showing which fonts
           would have been generated.

           Generate the specified encoding(s) for the text fonts. The default is "OT1,T1,LY1".
           For each encoding, a file <encoding>.enc (in all lowercase!)  should be somewhere
           where otftotfm can find it. Suitable encoding files for OT1, T1/TS1 and LY1 come with
           autoinst. (These files are called fontools_ot1.enc etc. to avoid name clashes with
           other packages; the "fontools_" prefix may be omitted.)

           Multiple text encodings can be specified as a comma-separated list: "-encoding=OT1,T1"
           (without spaces!). The generated style file passes these encodings to fontenc in the
           specified order, so the last one will become the default text encoding for your

       -ts1 / -nots1
           Control the creation of TS1-encoded fonts. The default is -ts1 if the text encodings
           (see -encoding above) include T1, -nots1 otherwise.

           Install the font as a sanserif font, accessed via "\sffamily" and "\textsf".  The
           generated style file redefines "\familydefault", so including it will still make this
           font the default text font.

           Install the font as a typewriter font, accessed via "\ttfamily" and "\texttt".  The
           generated style file redefines "\familydefault", so including it will still make this
           font the default text font.

       -lining / -nolining
           Control the creation of fonts with lining figures. The default is -lining.

       -oldstyle / -nooldstyle
           Control the creation of fonts with oldstyle figures. The default is -oldstyle.

       -proportional / -noproportional
           Control the creation of fonts with proportional figures. The default is -proportional.

       -tabular / -notabular
           Control the creation of fonts with tabular figures. The default is -tabular.

       -smallcaps / -nosmallcaps
           Control the creation of small caps fonts. The default is -smallcaps.

       -swash / -noswash
           Control the creation of swash fonts. The default is -swash.

       -titling / -notitling
           Control the creation of titling fonts. The default is -titling.

       -superiors / -nosuperiors
           Control the creation of fonts with superior characters.  The default is -superiors.

       -inferiors=[ sinf | subs | dnom ]
           The OpenType standard defines several kinds of digits that might be used as inferiors
           or subscripts: "Scientific Inferiors" (OpenType feature "sinf"), "Subscripts" ("subs")
           and "Denominators" ("dnom").  This option allows the user to determine which of these
           styles autoinst should use for the inferior characters. The default is not to create
           fonts with inferior characters.

           Note that many fonts contain only one (or even none) of these types of inferior
           characters. If you specify a style of inferiors that isn't actually present in the
           font, autoinst silently falls back to its default of not creating fonts with
           inferiors; it doesn't try to substitute one of the other features.

       -fractions / -nofractions
           Control the creation of fonts with numerators and denominators.  The default is

       -ornaments / -noornaments
           Control the creation of ornament fonts. The default is -ornaments.

       -defaultlining / -defaultoldstyle
       -defaulttabular / -defaultproportional
           Tell autoinst which figure style is the current font family's default (i.e., which
           figures you get when you don't specify any OpenType features).

           Don't use these options unless you are certain you need them!  They are only needed
           for fonts that don't provide OpenType features for their default figure style; and
           even in that case, autoinst's default values (-defaultlining and -defaulttabular) are
           usually correct.

           Some fonts provide kerning pairs for tabular figures.  This is very probably not what
           you want (e.g., numbers in tables won't line up exactly).  This option adds extra
           --ligkern options to the commands for otftotfm to suppress such kerns.  Note that this
           option leads to very long commands (it adds one hundred  --ligkern options), which may
           cause problems on some systems.

           Append text as extra options to the command lines for otftotfm.  To prevent text from
           accidentily being interpreted as options to autoinst, it should be properly quoted.

           Manual mode. By default, autoinst immediately executes all otftotfm commands it
           generates; with the -manual option, these commands are instead written to a file
           autoinst.bat.  Furthermore it adds the  --pl option (which tells otftotfm to generate
           human readable/editable pl and vpl files instead of the default tfm and vf files) and
           omits the  --automatic option (which causes otftotfm to leave all generated files in
           the current directory, rather than install them into your TEXMF tree). Manual mode is
           meant to enable tweaking the generated commands and post-processing the generated

           When using this option, run pltotf and vptovf after executing the commands (to convert
           the pl and vf files to tfm and vf format) and move all generated files to their proper

       All following options are only meaningful in automatic mode, and hence ignored in manual

           Install all generated files into the TEXMF tree at DIRECTORY.

           By default, autoinst searches your $TEXMFLOCAL and $TEXMFHOME paths and installs all
           files into subdirectories of the first writable TEXMF tree it finds (or into
           subdirectories of the current directory, if no writable directory is found).

           These options are equivalent to otftotfm's  --vendor and  --typeface options: they
           change the "vendor" and "typeface" parts of the names of the subdirectories in the
           TEXMF tree where generated files will be stored.  The default values are "lcdftools"
           and the font's FontFamily name.

           Note that these options change only directory names, not the names of any generated

       -updmap / -noupdmap
           Control whether or not updmap is called after the last call to otftotfm.  The default
           is -updmap.


       Eddie Kohler's TypeTools (

       Perl can be obtained from; it is a standard part of many Linux
       distributions.  For Windows, try ActivePerl ( or Strawberry
       Perl (

       XeTeX ( and LuaTeX ( are Unicode-aware TeX
       engines that can use OpenType fonts directly, without the need for any (La)TeX-specific
       support files.

       The FontPro project ( offers very complete LaTeX
       support (including math) for Adobe's Minion Pro, Myriad Pro and Cronos Pro font families.

       John Owens' otfinst (available from CTAN) is another wrapper around otftotfm.


       Marc Penninga <>

       When sending a bug report, please give as much relevant information as possible; this
       includes at least (but may not be limited to) the log file autoinst.log.  If you see any
       error messages (either from autoinst itself, from the LCDF TypeTools, from Perl or from
       the OS), please include these verbatim as well; don't paraphrase them.


       Copyright (C) 2005-2018 Marc Penninga.


       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of
       the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either
       version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.  A copy of the text of
       the GNU General Public License is included in the fontools distribution; see the file


       This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY;
       without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
       See the GNU General Public License for more details.


       (See the source for the full story, all the way back to 2005.)

       2018-01-09  Added the "sl" weight for font families (such as Fira Sans) that contain both
                   "Book" and "Regular" weights (reported by Bob Tennent).  Added the "Two",
                   "Four", "Eight" and "Hair" weights.

       2017-06-16  Changed the -inferiors option from a binary yes-or-no choice to allow the user
                   to choose one of the "sinf", "subs" and "dnom" features.  autoinst now always
                   creates a log file.

       2017-03-21  Updated the fontools_ot1.enc encoding file to include the "Lslash" and
                   "lslash" glyphs (thanks to Bob Tennent).