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     bsqldb — batch SQL script processor using DB-Library


     bsqldb [-hqv] [-S servername] [-D database] [-U username] [-P password] [-i input_file]
            [-o output_file] [-e error_file] [-H hostname] [-t field_term] [-R pivot_description]


     bsqldb is a utility program distributed with FreeTDS.  bsqldb is a non-interactive
     equivalent of the "isql" utility programs distributed by Sybase and Microsoft. Like them,
     bsqldb uses the command "go" on a line by itself as a separator between batches. The last
     batch need not be followed by "go".  bsqldb makes use of the DB-Library API provided by
     FreeTDS. This API is of course also available to application developers.


     -D database
             Database to use.

     -H hostname
             hostname Override name of client sent to server.

     -P password
             Database server password.

     -S servername
             Database server to which to connect.

     -U username
             Database server login name. If username is not provided, a domain login is attempted
             for TDS 7+ connections.

     -e error_file
             Name of file for errors.

     -h      Print column headers with the data to the same file.

     -i input_file
             Name of script file, containing SQL.

     -o output_file
             Name of output file, holding result data.

     -q      Do not print column metadata, return status, or rowcount. Overrides -h.

     -t field_term
             Specifies the field terminator. Default is two spaces (' ').  Recognized escape
             sequences are tab ('\t'), carriage return ('\r'), newline ('\n'), and backslash

     -v      Verbose mode, for more information about the DB-Library interaction.  This also
             reports the result set metadata, including and return code. All verbose data are
             written to standard error (or -e), so as not to interfere with the data stream.

     -R pivot_description
             Specify pivot trasformation. The format is ⟨down columns⟩ ⟨across columns⟩
             ⟨function⟩ ⟨value⟩.  Columns are specified but numbers.  The format of down columns
             and across columns is a comma separated list of columns.  function is either count,
             sum, min or max.


     DSQUERY default servername


     bsqldb is a filter; it reads from standard input, writes to standard output, and writes
     errors to standard error. The -i, -o, and -e options override these defaults.

     The source code for bsqldb is intended as a model for DB-Library users. DB-Library has a
     rich set of functions, and it can be hard sometimes to understand how to use them,
     particularly the first time. If you find something about the source code unclear, you are
     encouraged to email the author your comments.


     bsqldb exits 0 on success, and >0 if the server cannot process the query.

     For messages with severity > 10, bsqldb calls exit(3) with the severity level.  For example,
     if the severity level is 16, bsqldb will return an exit status of 16 to the shell.


     bsqldb first appeared in FreeTDS 0.63.


     The bsqldb utility was written by James K. Lowden <>.


     Microsoft servers as of SQL Server 7.0 SP 3 do not return output parameters unless the RPC
     functions are used. This means bsqldb cannot return output parameters for stored procedures
     with these servers.