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       detex - a filter to strip TeX commands from a .tex file.


       detex [ -clnstw ] [ -e environment-list ] [ filename[.tex] ... ]


       Detex  (Version  2.6)  reads  each  file in sequence, removes all comments and TeX control
       sequences and writes the remainder on the standard output.  All  text  in  math  mode  and
       display  mode is removed.  By default, detex follows \input commands.  If a file cannot be
       opened, a warning message is printed and the command is ignored.   If  the  -n  option  is
       used,  no  \input  or  \include  commands  will  be  processed.   This  allows single file
       processing.  If no input file is given on the command  line,  detex  reads  from  standard

       If  the  magic  sequence  ``\begin{document}''  appears  in  the text, detex assumes it is
       dealing with LaTeX source and detex recognizes additional constructs used in LaTeX.  These
       include  the \include and \includeonly commands.  The -l option can be used to force LaTeX
       mode and the -t option can be used to force TeX mode regardless of input content.

       Text in various environment modes of LaTeX is  ignored.   The  default  modes  are  array,
       eqnarray, equation, figure, mathmatica, picture, table and verbatim.  The -e option can be
       used to specify a comma separated environment-list of environments to  ignore.   The  list
       replaces the defaults so specifying an empty list effectively causes no environments to be

       The -c option can be used in LaTeX mode to have detex echo the arguments to  \cite,  \ref,
       and \pageref macros.  This can be useful when sending the output to a style checker.

       Detex  assumes  the standard character classes are being used for TeX.  Detex allows white
       space between control sequences and magic characters like `{' when recognizing things like
       LaTeX environments.

       If  the  -w  flag  is  given, the output is a word list, one `word' (string of two or more
       letters and apostrophes beginning with a  letter)  per  line,  and  all  other  characters
       ignored.   Without -w the output follows the original, with the deletions mentioned above.
       Newline characters are preserved where possible so that the  lines  of  output  match  the
       input as closely as possible.

       The  TEXINPUTS  environment variable is used to find \input and \include files.  Like TeX,
       it interprets a leading or trailing `:' as the default TEXINPUTS.  It does not support the
       `//' directory expansion magic sequence.

       Detex  now handles the basic TeX ligatures as a special case, replacing the ligatures with
       acceptable charater substitutes.  This eliminates spelling  errors  introduced  by  merely
       removing  them.   The  ligatures  are  \aa,  \ae,  \oe,  \ss, \o, \l (and their upper-case
       equivalents).  The special "dotless" characters \i and \j are also replaced with i  and  j

       Note  that  previous  versions  of  detex  would  replace  control  sequences with a space
       character to prevent words from running together.  However, this  caused  accents  in  the
       middle  of  words  to  break  words, generating "spelling errors" that were not desirable.
       Therefore, the new version merely removes these accents.  The  old  functionality  can  be
       essentially duplicated by using the -s option.




       Nesting  of  \input is allowed but the number of opened files must not exceed the system's
       limit on the number of simultaneously opened files.   Detex  ignores  unrecognized  option
       characters after printing a warning message.


       Daniel Trinkle, Computer Science Department, Purdue University


       Detex  is  not a complete TeX interpreter, so it can be confused by some constructs.  Most
       errors result in too much rather than too little output.

       Running LaTeX source without a ``\begin{document}'' through detex may produce errors.

       Suggestions for improvements are (mildly) encouraged.