Provided by: rofi_1.5.0-1_amd64 bug


       rofi - A window switcher, application launcher, ssh dialog and dmenu replacement


       rofi [ -show mode ]|[ -dmenu ]|[ -e msg ] [ CONFIGURATION ]


       rofi is an X11 pop-up window switcher, run dialog, dmenu replacement, and more. It focuses
       on being fast to use  and  have  minimal  distraction.  It  supports  keyboard  and  mouse
       navigation, type to filter, tokenized search and more.


       rofi´s  main  functionality  is to assist in your workflow, allowing you to quickly switch
       between windows, start applications or log into  a  remote  machine  via  ssh.  There  are
       different modi for different types of actions.

       rofi can also function as (drop-in) replacement for dmenu(1).

   Running rofi
       To  launch rofi directly in a certain mode, specify a mode with rofi -show <mode>. To show
       the run dialog:

           rofi -show run

   Emulating dmenu
       rofi can emulate dmenu(1) (a dynamic menu for X) when launched with the -dmenu flag.

       The website for dmenu can be found here

       rofi does not aim to be 100% compatible with dmenu. There are simply  too  many  different
       flavors  of  dmenu.  The  idea  is  that  the  basic  usage command-line flags are obeyed,
       theme-related  flags  are  not.  Besides,  rofi  offers  some  extended   features   (like
       multi-select, highlighting, message bar, extra key bindings).

   Display Error message
       rofi error dialog can also be called from the command line.

           rofi -e "my message"

       Markup support can be enabled, see CONFIGURATION options.


       There  are  currently  three  methods of setting configuration options (evaluated in order

       •   System configuration file (for example /etc/rofi.conf).

       •   Xresources:  A  method  of   storing   key   values   in   the   Xserver.   See   here
  for more information.

       •   Rasi theme file: The new theme format can be used to set configuration values.

       •   Configuration  File:  This  uses the same format as the Xresources file. By default it
           looks in XDG_USER_CONFIG_DIR/rofi/config, but can be  overridden  on  commandline.  By
           default  XDG_USER_CONFIG_DIR  defaults  to  $HOME/.config.  (See  rofi  -h for current
           location). This is the recommended way of configuring rofi.

       •   Command-line options: Arguments passed to rofi.

       TIP: To get a template config file run: rofi -dump-xresources > rofi-example.config. NOTE:
       In  version  1.4.0  we  support  configuration  in  a new format, a config for this can be
       generated by: rofi -dump-config

       The Xresources file expects options starting with rofi. followed by its name.  An  example
       to set the number of lines:

           rofi.lines: 10

       Command  line  options  override  settings  from  Xresources  file. The same option set as
       argument — prefixed with a ´-´:

           rofi -lines 10

       To get a list of available options formatted as Xresources entries, run:

           rofi -dump-xresources

       The configuration system supports the following types:

       •   string

       •   integer (signed and unsigned)

       •   char

       •   Boolean

       Boolean options have a non-default command-line syntax. Example to enable option X:


       To disable option X:


       Below is a list of the most important options:


       The help option shows the full list of commandline options  and  the  current  set  value.
       These include dynamic (run-time generated) options.


       Dump  the current active configuration in Xresources format to the command-line. This does
       not validate all passed values (for example, colors).

       -threads num

       Specify the number of threads rofi should use:

       •   0: Autodetect the number of supported hardware threads.

       •   1: Disable threading

       •   2..N: Specify the maximum number of threads to use in the thread pool.


       Run rofi in dmenu mode. This allows for interactive scripts. In  dmenu  mode,  rofi  reads
       from STDIN, and output to STDOUT. A simple example, displaying three pre-defined options:

           echo -e "Option #1\nOption #2\nOption #3" | rofi -dmenu

       Or get the options from a script:

           ~/ | rofi -dmenu

       -show mode

       Open  rofi  in  a  certain  mode.  Available  modes are window, run, drun, ssh, combi. The
       special argument keys can be used to open a searchable list of supported key bindings (see

       To show the run-dialog:

           rofi -show run

       -modi mode1,mode1

       Specify  an ordered, comma-separated list of modes to enable. Enabled modes can be changed
       at runtime. Default key is Ctrl+Tab. If no modes are specified, all modes will be enabled.
       To only show the run and ssh launcher:

           rofi -modi "run,ssh" -show run

       Custom modes can be added using the internal ´script´ mode. Each mode has two parameters:


       Example: Have a mode ´Workspaces´ using the script:

           rofi -modi "window,run,ssh," -show Workspaces

       Notes:  The  I3 Window manager does not like commas in the command when specifying an exec
       command. For that case ´#´ can be used as an separator.


       Start in  case  sensitive  mode.  This  option  can  be  changed  at  run-time  using  the
       -kb-toggle-case-sensitivity key binding.


       Cycle through the result list. Default is ´true´.

       -filter filter

       Filter the list by setting text in input bar to filter

       -config filename

       Load an alternative configuration file.

       -scroll-method method

       Select the scrolling method. 0: Per page, 1: continuous.


       Hide the indicator that shows what part of the string is matched.


       Disables lazy grab, this forces the keyboard being grabbed before gui is shown.


       Disable plugin loading.

       -plugin-path directory

       Specify the directory where rofi should look for plugins.


       Show application icons in drun and window modes.


       Specify  icon  theme  to  be  used  in  drun mode if show-icons setting is enabled. If not
       specified default theme from DE is used, Adwaita and gnome themes act as fallback themes.

       -matching method

       Specify the matching algorithm used. Current the following methods are supported.

       •   normal: match the int string

       •   regex: match a regex input

       •   glob: match a glob pattern

       •   fuzzy: do a fuzzy match

           Default: normal

       Note: glob matching might be slow for larger lists


       Tokenize the input.

       -drun-match-fields field1,field2,...

       When using drun, match only with the specified Desktop entry fields. The different  fields

       •   name: the application´s name

       •   generic: the application´s generic name

       •   exec: the application´s executable

       •   categories: the application´s categories

       •   comment: the application comment

       •   all: all of the above

           Default: name,generic,exec,categories

       -window-match-fields field1,field2,...

       When using window mode, match only with the specified fields. The different fields are:

       •   title: window´s title

       •   class: window´s class

       •   role: window´s role

       •   name: window´s name

       •   desktop: window´s current desktop

       •   all: all of the above

           Default: all

       Most  of  the  following options are deprecated and should not be used. Please use the new
       theme format to customize rofi. More information about the new format can be found in  the
       rofi-theme(5) manpage.


       Maximum number of lines to show before scrolling.

           rofi -lines 25

       Default: 15


       Number of columns to show before scrolling.

           rofi -columns 2

       Default: 1

       -width [value]

       Set width of menu. [value] is specified in percentage.

           rofi -width 60

       If [value] is larger then 100, size is set in pixels. Example to span a full-HD monitor:

           rofi -width 1920

       If  [value] is negative, it tries to estimates a character width. To show 30 characters in
       a row:

           rofi -width -30

       Character width is a rough estimate, and might not be correct, but should  work  for  most
       monospaced fonts.

       Default: 50


       Specify  where the window should be located. The numbers map to the following locations on

             1 2 3
             8 0 4
             7 6 5

       Default: 0


       Keep a fixed number of visible lines (See the -lines option.)


       Define the inner margin of the window.

       Default: 5


       Use the full-screen height and width.


       Open in sidebar-mode. In this mode a list of all enabled modes is  shown  at  the  bottom.
       (See -modi option) To show sidebar, use:

           rofi -show run -sidebar-mode -lines 0


       When one entry is left, automatically select it.

       -m num

       -m name

       -monitor num

       -monitor name

       Select  monitor  to  display  rofi  on. It accepts as input: primary (if primary output is
       set), the xrandr output name, or integer number (in order of detection). Negative  numbers
       are handled differently:

       •   -1: the currently focused monitor.

       •   -2:  the  currently  focused  window  (that  is,  rofi will be displayed on top of the
           focused window).

       •   -3: Position at mouse (overrides the location  setting  to  get  normal  context  menu

       •   -4: the monitor with the focused window.

       •   -5: the monitor that shows the mouse pointer.

           Default: -5

       See rofi -h output for the detected monitors, their position, and size.

       -theme filename

       Path to the new theme file format. This overrides the old theme settings.

       -theme-str string

       Allow theme parts to be specified on the command line as an override.

       For example:

           rofi -theme-str ´#window { fullscreen: true; }´

       This option can be specified multiple times.

       -dpi number

       Override the default DPI setting. If set to 0, it tries to auto-detect based on X11 screen
       size (similar to i3 and GTK). If set to 1, it tries to auto-detect based on  the  size  of
       the monitor that rofi is displayed on (similar to latest Qt 5).

   PATTERN setting

       Specify which terminal to start.

           rofi -terminal xterm

       Pattern: {terminal} Default: x-terminal-emulator

       -ssh-client client

       Override the used ssh client.

       Pattern: {ssh-client} Default: ssh

   SSH settings
       -ssh-command cmd

       Set  the command to execute when starting a ssh session. The pattern {host} is replaced by
       the selected ssh entry.

       Pattern: {ssh-client} Default: {terminal} -e {ssh-client} {host}


       Parse the /etc/hosts file for entries.

       Default: disabled

       -parse-known-hosts -no-parse-known-hosts

       Parse the ~/.ssh/known_hosts file for entries.

       Default: enabled

   Run settings
       -run-command cmd

       Set command ({cmd}) to execute when running an application. See PATTERN.

       Default: {cmd}

       -run-shell-command cmd

       Set command to execute when running an application in a shell. See PATTERN.

       Default: {terminal} -e {cmd}

       -run-list-command cmd

       If set, use an external tool to generate list of executable commands. Uses run-command.

       Default: {cmd}

   Window switcher settings
       -window-format format

       Format what is being displayed for windows.

       format: {field[:len]}


       •   w: desktop name

       •   t: title of window

       •   n: name

       •   r: role

       •   c: class

       len: maximum field length (0 for auto-size). If length  and  window  width  are  negative,
       field  length is width - len. if length is positive, the entry will be truncated or padded
       to fill that length.

       default: {w} {c} {t}

       -window-command cmd

       Set command to execute on selected window for a custom action. See PATTERN.

       Default: "xkill -id {window}"

   Combi settings
       -combi-modi mode1,mode2

       The modi to combine in combi mode. For syntax to see -modi. To  get  one  merge  view,  of
       window,run, and ssh:

           rofi -show combi -combi-modi "window,run,ssh" -modi combi

       Notes:  The  I3 Window manager does not like commas in the command when specifying an exec
       command. For that case ´#´ can be used as a separator.

   History and Sorting
       -disable-history -no-disable-history (re-enable history)

       Disable history

       -sort to enable -no-sort to disable

       Enable, disable sorting. This setting can be changed at runtime (see -kb-toggle-sort).

       -levenshtein-sort to enable -no-levenshtein-sort to disable

       When searching, always sort the result based on levenshtein  distance.  If  disabled,  fzf
       sorting is used when fuzzy matching is used. If enabled, levenshtein sorting is used event
       fuzzy matching is used.

       For other matching modes sorting is always done via levenshtein-sort.

   Dmenu specific
       -sep separator

       Separator for dmenu. Example: To show a list of ´a´ to ´e´ with ´|´ as a separator:

           echo "a|b|c|d|e" | rofi -sep ´|´ -dmenu

       -p prompt

       Specify the prompt to show in dmenu mode. For example, select ´monkey´, a,b,c,d, or e.

           echo "a|b|c|d|e" | rofi -sep ´|´ -dmenu -p "monkey:"

       Default: dmenu

       -selected-row selected row

       Select a certain row.

       Default: 0

       -l number of lines to show

       Maximum number of lines the menu may show before scrolling.

           rofi -lines 25

       Default: 15


       Makes dmenu searches case-insensitive

       -a X

       Active row, mark row X as active (starting at 0). You can specify single element: -a  3  A
       range: -a 3-8 or a set of rows: -a 0,2 or any combination: -a 0,2-3,9

       -u X

       Urgent  row,  mark row X as urgent (starting at 0). You can specify single element: -u 3 A
       range: -u 3-8 or a set of rows: -u 0,2 or any combination: -u 0,2-3,9


       Only return a selected item, do not allow custom entry. This mode always returns an entry,
       or returns directly when no entries given.


       Only return a selected item, do not allow custom entry. This mode returns directly when no
       entries given.

       -format format

       Allows the output of dmenu to be customized (N is the total number of input entries):

       •   ´s´ selected string

       •   ´i´ index (0 - (N-1))

       •   ´d´ index (1 - N)

       •   ´q´ quote string

       •   ´f´ filter string (user input)

       •   ´F´ quoted filter string (user input)

       Default: ´s´

       -select string

       Select first line that matches the given string

       -mesg string

       Add a message line below the filter entry box. Supports pango markup. For more information
       on                 supported                 markup                see                here


       Make rofi react like a normal application window. Useful for scripts like Clerk  that  are
       basically an application.


       Dump  the filtered list to stdout and quit. This can be used to get the list as rofi would
       filter it. Use together with -filter command.

       -input file

       Reads from file instead of stdin.


       Hide the input text. This should not be considered secure!


       Tell rofi that DMenu input is pango markup encoded,  and  should  be  rendered.  See  here  for  details  about pango


       Allow multiple lines to be selected. Adds a small selection indicator to the left of  each


       Force  rofi  mode  to  first read all data from stdin before showing the selection window.
       This is original dmenu behavior.

       Note: the default asynchronous mode will also  be  automatically  disabled  if  used  with
       conflicting options, such as -dump, -only-match or -auto-select.

       -async-pre-read number

       Reads  the first 25 entries blocking, then switches to async mode. This makes it feel more

       default: 25

   Message dialog
       -e message

       Pops up a message dialog (used internally for showing errors) with message. Message can be

       -pid path

       Make rofi create a pid file and check this on startup. The pid file prevents multiple rofi
       instances from running simultaneously. This is useful when running rofi from a key-binding


       Enable fake transparency. This only works with transparent background color in the theme.


       Select  what  to  use  as  background  for  fake  transparency.  This can be ´background´,
       ´screenshot´ or a path to an image file (currently only supports png).

       -display-{mode} string

       Set the name to use for mode. This is used as prompt and in combi-browser.

       -click-to-exit -no-click-to-exit

       Click the mouse outside of the rofi window to exit.

       Default: enabled


       Disable parsing of configuration. This runs rofi in stock mode.


       Disables the loading of plugins.

       To get a trace with (lots of) debug information, set the  following  environment  variable
       when executing rofi:


       The trace can be filtered by only outputting the relevant domains, for example:


       For        more       information       on       debugging,       see       the       wiki


       To launch commands (for example, when using the ssh launcher), the user can enter the used
       command-line. The following keys can be used that will be replaced at runtime:

       •   {host}: the host to connect to

       •   {terminal}: the configured terminal (see -terminal-emulator)

       •   {ssh-client}: the configured ssh client (see -ssh-client)

       •   {cmd}: the command to execute

       •   {window}: the window ID of the selected window (in window-command)


       If  argv[0]  (calling command) is dmenu, rofi will start in dmenu mode. This way it can be
       used as a drop-in replacement for dmenu. Just copy or symlink rofi to dmenu in $PATH.

           ln -s /usr/bin/rofi /usr/bin/dmenu


       The theme format below describes the old  (pre  version  1.4)  theme  format.  Please  see
       rofi-theme(5) manpage for an updated manual.

       The  theme  setup allows you to specify colors per state, similar to i3 Currently 3 states

       •   normal: normal row

       •   urgent: highlighted row (urgent)

       •   active: highlighted row (active)

       For each state, the following 5 colors must be set:

       •   bg: background color row

       •   fg: text color

       •   bgalt: background color alternating row

       •   hlfg: foreground color selected row

       •   hlbg: background color selected row

       The  window  background  and  border  color  should  be  specified  separately.  The   key
       color-window contains a tuple background,border,separator. An example for Xresources file:

           ! State:           ´bg´,     ´fg´,     ´bgalt´,  ´hlbg´,   ´hlfg´
           rofi.color-normal: #fdf6e3,  #002b36,  #eee8d5,  #586e75,  #eee8d5
           rofi.color-urgent: #fdf6e3,  #dc322f,  #eee8d5,  #dc322f,  #fdf6e3
           rofi.color-active: #fdf6e3,  #268bd2,  #eee8d5,  #268bd2,  #fdf6e3

           !                  ´background´, ´border´, ´separator´
           rofi.color-window: #fdf6e3,      #002b36,  #002b36

       Same settings can also be specified on command-line:

           rofi -color-normal "#fdf6e3,#002b36,#eee8d5,#586e75,#eee8d5"


       RGB colors can be specified by either their X11 name or hexadecimal notation. For example:




       ARGB  colors  are  also supported. These can be used to create a transparent window if (1)
       your Xserver supports TrueColor, and (2) you are running a composite manager. For example:



       The  first  two fields specify the alpha level. This determines the amount of transparency
       (00 everything, FF nothing). The other fields represent the actual color, in hex.

       Transparency can be used within rofi, for example if the selected background color is  50%
       transparent, the background color of the window will be visible through it.


       rofi has the following key bindings:

       •   Ctrl-v, Insert: Paste from clipboard

       •   Ctrl-Shift-v, Shift-Insert: Paste primary selection

       •   Ctrl-u: Clear the line

       •   Ctrl-a: Beginning of line

       •   Ctrl-e: End of line

       •   Ctrl-f, Right: Forward one character

       •   Alt-f: Forward one word

       •   Ctrl-b, Left: Back one character

       •   Alt-b: Back one word

       •   Ctrl-d, Delete: Delete character

       •   Ctrl-Alt-d: Delete word

       •   Ctrl-h, Backspace: Backspace (delete previous character)

       •   Ctrl-Alt-h: Delete previous word

       •   Ctrl-j,Ctrl-m,Enter: Accept entry

       •   Ctrl-n,Down: Select next entry

       •   Ctrl-p,Up: Select previous entry

       •   Page Up: Go to previous page

       •   Page Down: Go to next page

       •   Ctrl-Page Up: Go to previous column

       •   Ctrl-Page Down: Go to next column

       •   Ctrl-Enter: Use entered text as a command (in ssh/run modi)

       •   Shift-Enter: Launch the application in a terminal (in run mode)

       •   Shift-Enter:  Return  the  selected entry and move to the next item while keeping rofi
           open. (in dmenu)

       •   Shift-Right: Switch to the next modi. The list can be customized with  the  -switchers

       •   Shift-Left:  Switch  to  the  previous  modi.  The  list  can  be  customized with the
           -switchers argument.

       •   Ctrl-Tab: Switch to the next modi. The list can  be  customized  with  the  -switchers

       •   Ctrl-Shift-Tab:  Switch  to  the  previous  modi.  The list can be customized with the
           -switchers argument.

       •   Ctrl-space: Set selected item as input text.

       •   Shift-Del: Delete entry from history.

       •   grave: Toggle case sensitivity.

       •   Alt-grave: Toggle levenshtein sorting.

       •   Alt-Shift-S: Take a screenshot and store it in the Pictures directory.

       To get a full list of key bindings on the commandline, see rofi -h. The  options  starting
       with -kb are keybindings. Key bindings can be modified using the configuration systems. To
       get a searchable list of key bindings, run rofi -show keys.

       A key binding starting with ! will act when all keys have been released.

Available Modi

       Show a list of all the windows and allow switching between them. Pressing the delete-entry
       binding   (shift-delete)  will  close  the  window.  Pressing  the  accept-custom  binding
       (control-enter  or  shift-enter)  will  run  a  command  on  the   window.   (See   option
       window-command );

       Shows  a  list  of  the  windows on the current desktop and allows switching between them.
       Pressing the delete-entry binding  (shift-delete)  will  kill  the  window.  Pressing  the
       accept-custom  binding  (control-enter  or  shift-enter) will run a command on the window.
       (See option window-command );

       Shows a list of executables in $PATH  and  can  launch  them  (optional  in  a  terminal).
       Pressing  the  delete-entry  binding  (shift-delete)  will  remove this entry from the run
       history. Pressing the accept-custom binding (control-enter or shift-enter)  will  run  the
       command in a terminal.

       Same  as  the  run  launches, but the list is created from the installed desktop files. It
       automatically launches them in a terminal if specified in the Desktop File.  Pressing  the
       delete-entry  binding (shift-delete) will remove this entry from the run history. Pressing
       the accept-custom binding (control-enter or  shift-enter)  with  custom  input  (no  entry
       matching) will run the command in a terminal.

       Shows  a list of SSH targets based on your ssh config file, and allows to quickly ssh into

       Shows a searchable list of key bindings.

       Allows custom scripted Modi to be added.


   The text in the window switcher is not nicely lined out.
       Try using a mono-space font.

   The window is completely black.
       Check quotes used on the commandline: you might have used  ("smart quotes") instead of  "
       ("machine quotes").

   What does the icon in the top right show?
       The indicator shows:

           ` ` Case insensitive and no sorting.
           `-` Case sensitivity enabled, no sorting.
           `+` Case insensitive and Sorting enabled
           `±` Sorting and Case sensitivity enabled"


       Some basic usage examples of rofi:

       Show the run dialog:

           rofi -modi run -show run

       Show the the run dialog, and allow switching to Desktop File run dialog (drun):

           rofi -modi run,drun -show run

       Combine the run and Desktop File run dialog (drun):

           rofi -modi combi -show combi -combi-modi run,drun

       Combine  the  run  and  Desktop  File  run  dialog  (drun),  and allow switching to window

           rofi -modi combi,window -show combi -combi-modi run,drun

       Run rofi full monitor width at the top of the monitor like a dropdown menu:

           rofi -show run -width 100 -location 1 -lines 5 -bw 2 -yoffset -2

       Get a colored list of available wi-fi networks:

           tty-pipe nmcli device wifi | out2html -p | rofi -dmenu -markup-rows

       Pop up a text message claiming that this is the end:

           rofi -e "This is the end"

       Pop up a text message in red, bold font claiming that this is still the end:

           rofi -e "<span color=´red´><b>This is still the end</b></span>" -markup

       Show all key bindings:

           rofi -show keys

       Use qalc to get a simple calculator in rofi:

            rofi -show calc -modi "calc:qalc +u8 -nocurrencies"


       In i3 you want to bind rofi to be launched on key release. Otherwise,  it
       cannot grab the keyboard. See also the i3 manual

       Some  tools  (such  as  import  or  xdotool) might be unable to run upon a KeyPress event,
       because the keyboard/pointer is still grabbed. For these situations,  the  --release  flag
       can be used, as it will execute the command after the keys have been released.



       Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining
       a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the
       "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including
       without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish,
       distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to
       permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to
       the following conditions:

       The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be
       included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.



       rofi website can be found here


       rofi    support    can   be   obtained   here   irc://   (#rofi   on, or via the forum


       Please see this wiki entry.


       rofi issue tracker can be found here

       When         creating         an         issue,         please          read          this first.


       rofi-sensible-terminal(1), dmenu(1), rofi-theme(5), rofi-theme-selector(1)


       Qball Cow

       Rasmus Steinke

       Quentin Glidic

       Original code based on work by: Sean Pringle

       For a full list of authors, check the AUTHORS file.

                                          December 2017                                   ROFI(1)