Provided by: pandoc_1.19.2.4~dfsg-1build4_amd64 bug


       pandoc - general markup converter


       pandoc [options] [input-file]...


       Pandoc  is  a  Haskell  library  for  converting  from one markup format to another, and a
       command-line tool that uses this library.  It can read Markdown, CommonMark, PHP  Markdown
       Extra,    GitHub-Flavored    Markdown,    MultiMarkdown,   and   (subsets   of)   Textile,
       reStructuredText, HTML, LaTeX, MediaWiki markup, TWiki markup, Haddock markup, OPML, Emacs
       Org  mode,  DocBook,  txt2tags,  EPUB,  ODT  and  Word  docx; and it can write plain text,
       Markdown,  CommonMark,  PHP  Markdown  Extra,  GitHub-Flavored  Markdown,   MultiMarkdown,
       reStructuredText,  XHTML, HTML5, LaTeX (including beamer slide shows), ConTeXt, RTF, OPML,
       DocBook, OpenDocument, ODT, Word docx, GNU Texinfo,  MediaWiki  markup,  DokuWiki  markup,
       ZimWiki  markup,  Haddock markup, EPUB (v2 or v3), FictionBook2, Textile, groff man pages,
       Emacs Org mode, AsciiDoc, InDesign  ICML,  TEI  Simple,  and  Slidy,  Slideous,  DZSlides,
       reveal.js  or S5 HTML slide shows.  It can also produce PDF output on systems where LaTeX,
       ConTeXt, or wkhtmltopdf is installed.

       Pandoc's enhanced version of Markdown includes  syntax  for  footnotes,  tables,  flexible
       ordered  lists,  definition  lists,  fenced  code  blocks,  superscripts  and  subscripts,
       strikeout, metadata blocks, automatic tables of contents, embedded LaTeX math,  citations,
       and  Markdown  inside  HTML  block elements.  (These enhancements, described further under
       Pandoc's Markdown, can be disabled using the markdown_strict input or output format.)

       In contrast to most existing tools for  converting  Markdown  to  HTML,  which  use  regex
       substitutions,  pandoc  has a modular design: it consists of a set of readers, which parse
       text in a given format and produce a native representation of the document, and a  set  of
       writers,  which  convert this native representation into a target format.  Thus, adding an
       input or output format requires only adding a reader or writer.

       Because pandoc's intermediate representation of a document is less expressive than many of
       the  formats  it converts between, one should not expect perfect conversions between every
       format and every other.   Pandoc  attempts  to  preserve  the  structural  elements  of  a
       document,  but  not  formatting  details such as margin size.  And some document elements,
       such as  complex  tables,  may  not  fit  into  pandoc's  simple  document  model.   While
       conversions  from  pandoc's Markdown to all formats aspire to be perfect, conversions from
       formats more expressive than pandoc's Markdown can be expected to be lossy.

   Using pandoc
       If no input-file is specified, input is read from stdin.  Otherwise, the  input-files  are
       concatenated (with a blank line between each) and used as input.  Output goes to stdout by
       default (though output to stdout is disabled for the odt, docx,  epub,  and  epub3  output
       formats).  For output to a file, use the -o option:

              pandoc -o output.html input.txt

       By  default,  pandoc produces a document fragment, not a standalone document with a proper
       header and footer.  To produce a standalone document, use the -s or --standalone flag:

              pandoc -s -o output.html input.txt

       For more information on how standalone documents are produced, see Templates, below.

       Instead of a file, an absolute URI may be given.  In  this  case  pandoc  will  fetch  the
       content using HTTP:

              pandoc -f html -t markdown

       If  multiple  input  files  are  given, pandoc will concatenate them all (with blank lines
       between them) before parsing.  This feature is disabled for binary input formats  such  as
       EPUB, odt, and docx.

       The format of the input and output can be specified explicitly using command-line options.
       The input format can be specified using the -r/--read or  -f/--from  options,  the  output
       format  using the -w/--write or -t/--to options.  Thus, to convert hello.txt from Markdown
       to LaTeX, you could type:

              pandoc -f markdown -t latex hello.txt

       To convert hello.html from HTML to Markdown:

              pandoc -f html -t markdown hello.html

       Supported output formats are listed below  under  the  -t/--to  option.   Supported  input
       formats  are  listed below under the -f/--from option.  Note that the rst, textile, latex,
       and html readers are not complete; there are some constructs that they do not parse.

       If the input or output format is not specified explicitly, pandoc will attempt to guess it
       from the extensions of the input and output filenames.  Thus, for example,

              pandoc -o hello.tex hello.txt

       will  convert  hello.txt  from Markdown to LaTeX.  If no output file is specified (so that
       output goes to stdout), or if the output file's extension is unknown,  the  output  format
       will  default to HTML.  If no input file is specified (so that input comes from stdin), or
       if the input files' extensions are unknown,  the  input  format  will  be  assumed  to  be
       Markdown unless explicitly specified.

       Pandoc  uses  the  UTF-8  character  encoding  for  both  input and output.  If your local
       character encoding is not UTF-8, you should pipe input and output through iconv:

              iconv -t utf-8 input.txt | pandoc | iconv -f utf-8

       Note that in some output formats (such as HTML, LaTeX, ConTeXt, RTF,  OPML,  DocBook,  and
       Texinfo),  information  about  the  character encoding is included in the document header,
       which will only be included if you use the -s/--standalone option.

   Creating a PDF
       To produce a PDF, specify an output file with a .pdf extension.  By default,  pandoc  will
       use LaTeX to convert it to PDF:

              pandoc test.txt -o test.pdf

       Production of a PDF requires that a LaTeX engine be installed (see --latex-engine, below),
       and assumes that the following  LaTeX  packages  are  available:  amsfonts,  amsmath,  lm,
       ifxetex,  ifluatex,  eurosym,  listings  (if  the  --listings  option  is used), fancyvrb,
       longtable, booktabs, graphicx and grffile (if the  document  contains  images),  hyperref,
       ulem,  geometry  (with  the geometry variable set), setspace (with linestretch), and babel
       (with lang).  The use of xelatex or  lualatex  as  the  LaTeX  engine  requires  fontspec;
       xelatex  uses  mathspec,  polyglossia  (with lang), xecjk, and bidi (with the dir variable
       set).  The upquote and microtype packages are used if available, and csquotes will be used
       for  smart  punctuation  if  added  to  the  template or included in any header file.  The
       natbib, biblatex,  bibtex,  and  biber  packages  can  optionally  be  used  for  citation
       rendering.  These are included with all recent versions of TeX Live.

       Alternatively, pandoc can use ConTeXt or wkhtmltopdf to create a PDF.  To do this, specify
       an output file with a .pdf extension, as before, but add -t context  or  -t html5  to  the
       command line.

       PDF  output  can  be controlled using variables for LaTeX (if LaTeX is used) and variables
       for ConTeXt (if ConTeXt is used).  If wkhtmltopdf is used, then the variables margin-left,
       margin-right,  margin-top,  margin-bottom,  and  papersize will affect the output, as will


   General options
       -f FORMAT, -r FORMAT, --from=FORMAT, --read=FORMAT
              Specify input format.  FORMAT can be native (native Haskell), json (JSON version of
              native  AST),  markdown  (pandoc's  extended  Markdown),  markdown_strict (original
              unextended  Markdown),  markdown_phpextra  (PHP  Markdown  Extra),  markdown_github
              (GitHub-Flavored  Markdown),  markdown_mmd  (MultiMarkdown), commonmark (CommonMark
              Markdown),  textile  (Textile),  rst  (reStructuredText),  html   (HTML),   docbook
              (DocBook),  t2t  (txt2tags),  docx (docx), odt (ODT), epub (EPUB), opml (OPML), org
              (Emacs Org mode), mediawiki  (MediaWiki  markup),  twiki  (TWiki  markup),  haddock
              (Haddock  markup),  or latex (LaTeX).  If +lhs is appended to markdown, rst, latex,
              or html, the input will be treated as literate Haskell source: see Literate Haskell
              support, below.  Markdown syntax extensions can be individually enabled or disabled
              by appending +EXTENSION or  -EXTENSION  to  the  format  name.   So,  for  example,
              markdown_strict+footnotes+definition_lists  is  strict  Markdown with footnotes and
              definition lists enabled,  and  markdown-pipe_tables+hard_line_breaks  is  pandoc's
              Markdown  without  pipe  tables  and with hard line breaks.  See Pandoc's Markdown,
              below, for a list of extensions and  their  names.   See  --list-input-formats  and
              --list-extensions, below.

       -t FORMAT, -w FORMAT, --to=FORMAT, --write=FORMAT
              Specify  output  format.  FORMAT can be native (native Haskell), json (JSON version
              of  native  AST),  plain  (plain  text),  markdown  (pandoc's  extended  Markdown),
              markdown_strict  (original  unextended  Markdown),  markdown_phpextra (PHP Markdown
              Extra), markdown_github (GitHub-Flavored Markdown),  markdown_mmd  (MultiMarkdown),
              commonmark  (CommonMark  Markdown),  rst  (reStructuredText),  html  (XHTML), html5
              (HTML5), latex (LaTeX), beamer (LaTeX beamer slide show),  context  (ConTeXt),  man
              (groff  man),  mediawiki  (MediaWiki  markup),  dokuwiki (DokuWiki markup), zimwiki
              (ZimWiki markup), textile (Textile), org (Emacs Org mode), texinfo  (GNU  Texinfo),
              opml   (OPML),   docbook   (DocBook   4),   docbook5   (DocBook   5),  opendocument
              (OpenDocument), odt (OpenOffice text document), docx (Word docx), haddock  (Haddock
              markup),  rtf  (rich  text  format),  epub  (EPUB  v2  book),  epub3 (EPUB v3), fb2
              (FictionBook2 e-book), asciidoc (AsciiDoc), icml (InDesign ICML), tei (TEI Simple),
              slidy  (Slidy  HTML  and  JavaScript  slide  show),  slideous  (Slideous  HTML  and
              JavaScript slide show), dzslides (DZSlides HTML5 + JavaScript slide show), revealjs
              (reveal.js  HTML5 + JavaScript slide show), s5 (S5 HTML and JavaScript slide show),
              or the path of a custom lua writer (see Custom writers,  below).   Note  that  odt,
              epub,  and  epub3 output will not be directed to stdout; an output filename must be
              specified using the -o/--output option.  If +lhs  is  appended  to  markdown,  rst,
              latex,  beamer,  html,  or  html5,  the output will be rendered as literate Haskell
              source: see Literate Haskell support, below.  Markdown  syntax  extensions  can  be
              individually  enabled  or  disabled  by  appending  +EXTENSION or -EXTENSION to the
              format  name,  as  described  above  under  -f.   See   --list-output-formats   and
              --list-extensions, below.

       -o FILE, --output=FILE
              Write  output  to  FILE instead of stdout.  If FILE is -, output will go to stdout.
              (Exception: if the output format is odt, docx, epub, or epub3, output to stdout  is

              Specify the user data directory to search for pandoc data files.  If this option is
              not specified, the default user data directory will be used.  This is, in Unix:


              in Windows XP:

                     C:\Documents And Settings\USERNAME\Application Data\pandoc

              and in Windows Vista or later:


              You can find the default user data directory on  your  system  by  looking  at  the
              output  of pandoc --version.  A reference.odt, reference.docx, epub.css, templates,
              slidy, slideous, or s5 directory placed in this directory  will  override  pandoc's
              normal defaults.

              Generate a bash completion script.  To enable bash completion with pandoc, add this
              to your .bashrc:

                      eval "$(pandoc --bash-completion)"

              Give verbose debugging output.  Currently this only has an effect with PDF output.

              List supported input formats, one per line.

              List supported output formats, one per line.

              List supported Markdown extensions, one per line, followed by a + or  -  indicating
              whether it is enabled by default in pandoc's Markdown.

              List supported languages for syntax highlighting, one per line.

              List   supported   styles   for   syntax   highlighting,   one   per   line.    See

       -v, --version
              Print version.

       -h, --help
              Show usage message.

   Reader options
       -R, --parse-raw
              Parse untranslatable HTML codes and  LaTeX  environments  as  raw  HTML  or  LaTeX,
              instead  of  ignoring  them.   Affects  only HTML and LaTeX input.  Raw HTML can be
              printed in Markdown, reStructuredText,  Emacs  Org  mode,  HTML,  Slidy,  Slideous,
              DZSlides,  reveal.js,  and  S5  output;  raw  LaTeX  can  be  printed  in Markdown,
              reStructuredText, Emacs Org mode, LaTeX, and ConTeXt output.  The  default  is  for
              the  readers  to omit untranslatable HTML codes and LaTeX environments.  (The LaTeX
              reader does  pass  through  untranslatable  LaTeX  commands,  even  if  -R  is  not

       -S, --smart
              Produce typographically correct output, converting straight quotes to curly quotes,
              --- to em-dashes, -- to en-dashes, and ... to  ellipses.   Nonbreaking  spaces  are
              inserted  after certain abbreviations, such as “Mr.” (Note: This option is selected
              automatically when the output format is latex or context, unless --no-tex-ligatures
              is used.  It has no effect for latex input.)

              Selects the pandoc <= behavior for parsing smart dashes: - before a numeral
              is an en-dash, and -- is an em-dash.  This option  is  selected  automatically  for
              textile input.

              Specify the base level for headers (defaults to 1).

              Specify  classes  to  use for indented code blocks–for example, perl,numberLines or
              haskell.  Multiple classes may be separated by spaces or commas.

              Specify a default extension to use when image paths/URLs have no  extension.   This
              allows  you  to  use  the  same  source for formats that require different kinds of
              images.  Currently this option only affects the Markdown and LaTeX readers.

              Parse each file individually before combining for multifile documents.   This  will
              allow  footnotes  in different files with the same identifiers to work as expected.
              If this option is set, footnotes and links will not  work  across  files.   Reading
              binary files (docx, odt, epub) implies --file-scope.

              Specify  an executable to be used as a filter transforming the pandoc AST after the
              input is parsed and before the output is written.  The executable should read  JSON
              from  stdin and write JSON to stdout.  The JSON must be formatted like pandoc's own
              JSON input and output.  The name of the output format will be passed to the  filter
              as the first argument.  Hence,

                     pandoc --filter ./ -t latex

              is equivalent to

                     pandoc -t json | ./ latex | pandoc -f json -t latex

              The latter form may be useful for debugging filters.

              Filters  may  be written in any language.  Text.Pandoc.JSON exports toJSONFilter to
              facilitate writing filters in Haskell.  Those who would prefer to write filters  in
              python  can  use  the  module pandocfilters, installable from PyPI.  There are also
              pandoc filter libraries in PHP, perl, and javascript/node.js.

              In order of preference, pandoc will look for filters in

              1. a specified full or relative path (executable or non-executable)

              2. $DATADIR/filters (executable or non-executable)

              3. $PATH (executable only)

       -M KEY[=VAL], --metadata=KEY[:VAL]
              Set the metadata field KEY to the value VAL.  A value specified on the command line
              overrides a value specified in the document.  Values will be parsed as YAML boolean
              or string values.  If no value is specified, the value will be treated  as  Boolean
              true.  Like --variable, --metadata causes template variables to be set.  But unlike
              --variable, --metadata affects the metadata of the underlying  document  (which  is
              accessible from filters and may be printed in some output formats).

              Normalize  the  document  after  reading:  merge adjacent Str or Emph elements, for
              example, and remove repeated Spaces.

       -p, --preserve-tabs
              Preserve tabs instead of converting them to spaces (the default).  Note  that  this
              will  only  affect tabs in literal code spans and code blocks; tabs in regular text
              will be treated as spaces.

              Specify the number of spaces per tab (default is 4).

              Specifies what to do with insertions, deletions, and comments produced  by  the  MS
              Word  “Track  Changes”  feature.  accept (the default), inserts all insertions, and
              ignores all deletions.  reject inserts all deletions and ignores insertions.   Both
              accept  and  reject  ignore  comments.   all  puts  in  insertions,  deletions, and
              comments, wrapped in spans with insertion, deletion, comment-start, and comment-end
              classes,  respectively.   The author and time of change is included.  all is useful
              for scripting: only accepting changes from a certain reviewer,  say,  or  before  a
              certain date.  This option only affects the docx reader.

              Extract  images  and  other media contained in a docx or epub container to the path
              DIR, creating it if necessary, and adjust the images references in the document  so
              they  point  to  the  extracted  files.  This option only affects the docx and epub

   General writer options
       -s, --standalone
              Produce output with an appropriate  header  and  footer  (e.g. a  standalone  HTML,
              LaTeX,  TEI,  or  RTF  file, not a fragment).  This option is set automatically for
              pdf, epub, epub3, fb2, docx, and odt output.

              Use FILE as a custom template for the generated  document.   Implies  --standalone.
              See  Templates,  below,  for  a description of template syntax.  If no extension is
              specified, an extension  corresponding  to  the  writer  will  be  added,  so  that
              --template=special  looks for special.html for HTML output.  If the template is not
              found, pandoc will search for it in the templates subdirectory  of  the  user  data
              directory  (see  --data-dir).   If  this  option  is  not  used, a default template
              appropriate for the output format will be used (see -D/--print-default-template).

       -V KEY[=VAL], --variable=KEY[:VAL]
              Set the template variable KEY to the value  VAL  when  rendering  the  document  in
              standalone  mode.  This is generally only useful when the --template option is used
              to specify a custom template, since pandoc automatically sets the variables used in
              the  default  templates.   If  no VAL is specified, the key will be given the value

       -D FORMAT, --print-default-template=FORMAT
              Print the system default template for an output FORMAT.  (See  -t  for  a  list  of
              possible FORMATs.) Templates in the user data directory are ignored.

              Print a system default data file.  Files in the user data directory are ignored.

              Specify   the   dpi   (dots   per   inch)  value  for  conversion  from  pixels  to
              inch/centimeters and vice versa.  The default is 96dpi.  Technically,  the  correct
              term would be ppi (pixels per inch).

              Determine  how  text  is  wrapped  in the output (the source code, not the rendered
              version).  With auto (the default), pandoc will attempt to wrap lines to the column
              width  specified  by --columns (default 72).  With none, pandoc will not wrap lines
              at all.  With preserve, pandoc will attempt  to  preserve  the  wrapping  from  the
              source document (that is, where there are nonsemantic newlines in the source, there
              will be nonsemantic newlines in the output as well).  Automatic wrapping  does  not
              currently work in HTML output.

              Deprecated synonym for --wrap=none.

              Specify length of lines in characters.  This affects text wrapping in the generated
              source code (see --wrap).  It also affects calculation of column widths  for  plain
              text tables (see Tables below).

       --toc, --table-of-contents
              Include  an  automatically  generated  table of contents (or, in the case of latex,
              context, docx, and rst, an instruction to create one) in the output document.  This
              option has no effect on man, docbook, docbook5, slidy, slideous, s5, or odt output.

              Specify  the  number  of  section  levels to include in the table of contents.  The
              default is 3 (which means that level 1, 2, and 3 headers  will  be  listed  in  the

              Disables  syntax  highlighting  for  code  blocks and inlines, even when a language
              attribute is given.

              Specifies the coloring style to be used in highlighted source  code.   Options  are
              pygments  (the  default), kate, monochrome, breezeDark, espresso, zenburn, haddock,
              and tango.  For more information on  syntax  highlighting  in  pandoc,  see  Syntax
              highlighting, below.  See also --list-highlight-styles.

       -H FILE, --include-in-header=FILE
              Include  contents  of  FILE, verbatim, at the end of the header.  This can be used,
              for example, to include special CSS or JavaScript in HTML documents.   This  option
              can  be  used  repeatedly  to  include  multiple files in the header.  They will be
              included in the order specified.  Implies --standalone.

       -B FILE, --include-before-body=FILE
              Include contents  of  FILE,  verbatim,  at  the  beginning  of  the  document  body
              (e.g. after  the  <body>  tag  in  HTML, or the \begin{document} command in LaTeX).
              This can be used to include navigation bars or banners  in  HTML  documents.   This
              option  can be used repeatedly to include multiple files.  They will be included in
              the order specified.  Implies --standalone.

       -A FILE, --include-after-body=FILE
              Include contents of FILE, verbatim, at the end of the  document  body  (before  the
              </body>  tag  in HTML, or the \end{document} command in LaTeX).  This option can be
              used repeatedly to include multiple files.  They will  be  included  in  the  order
              specified.  Implies --standalone.

   Options affecting specific writers
              Produce  a  standalone HTML file with no external dependencies, using data: URIs to
              incorporate the contents of linked scripts, stylesheets, images, and  videos.   The
              resulting  file  should be “self-contained,” in the sense that it needs no external
              files and no net access to be displayed properly by a browser.  This  option  works
              only  with  HTML  output  formats,  including html, html5, html+lhs, html5+lhs, s5,
              slidy, slideous, dzslides, and  revealjs.   Scripts,  images,  and  stylesheets  at
              absolute URLs will be downloaded; those at relative URLs will be sought relative to
              the working directory (if the first source file is local) or relative to  the  base
              URL  (if  the  first source file is remote).  Limitation: resources that are loaded
              dynamically   through   JavaScript   cannot   be   incorporated;   as   a   result,
              --self-contained  does  not  work  with  --mathjax,  and  some  advanced features (
              e.g. zoom or speaker notes) may not work in an offline  “self-contained”  reveal.js
              slide show.

              Use <q> tags for quotes in HTML.

              Use  only  ASCII  characters  in  output.  Currently supported only for HTML output
              (which uses numerical entities instead of UTF-8 when this option is selected).

              Use reference-style links,  rather  than  inline  links,  in  writing  Markdown  or
              reStructuredText.   By  default  inline  links  are  used.   The  placement of link
              references is affected by the --reference-location option.

       --reference-location = block|section|document
              Specify whether footnotes (and references, if reference-links is set) are placed at
              the  end  of  the  current (top-level) block, the current section, or the document.
              The default is document.  Currently only affects the markdown writer.

              Use ATX-style headers in Markdown and AsciiDoc  output.   The  default  is  to  use
              setext-style headers for levels 1-2, and then ATX headers.

              Deprecated synonym for --top-level-division=chapter.

              Treat  top-level headers as the given division type in LaTeX, ConTeXt, DocBook, and
              TEI output.  The hierarchy order is part, chapter, then section;  all  headers  are
              shifted  such  that  the  top-level header becomes the specified type.  The default
              behavior is to determine the  best  division  type  via  heuristics:  unless  other
              conditions  apply,  section  is  chosen.   When  the LaTeX document class is set to
              report, book, or memoir (unless  the  article  option  is  specified),  chapter  is
              implied as the setting for this option.  If beamer is the output format, specifying
              either chapter or part will cause top-level  headers  to  become  \part{..},  while
              second-level headers remain as their default type.

       -N, --number-sections
              Number  section  headings  in  LaTeX,  ConTeXt,  HTML, or EPUB output.  By default,
              sections are not numbered.  Sections with class unnumbered will never be  numbered,
              even if --number-sections is specified.

              Offset  for section headings in HTML output (ignored in other output formats).  The
              first number is added to the section number for top-level headers, the  second  for
              second-level  headers, and so on.  So, for example, if you want the first top-level
              header in your document to be numbered “6”,  specify  --number-offset=5.   If  your
              document  starts with a level-2 header which you want to be numbered “1.5”, specify
              --number-offset=1,4.  Offsets are 0 by default.  Implies --number-sections.

              Do not use the TeX ligatures for quotation marks, apostrophes, and  dashes  (`...',
              ``..'', --, ---) when writing or reading LaTeX or ConTeXt.  In reading LaTeX, parse
              the characters `, ', and - literally, rather than parsing ligatures  for  quotation
              marks  and  dashes.   In writing LaTeX or ConTeXt, print unicode quotation mark and
              dash characters literally, rather than converting them to the  standard  ASCII  TeX
              ligatures.   Note: normally --smart is selected automatically for LaTeX and ConTeXt
              output, but it must be specified explicitly if --no-tex-ligatures is selected.   If
              you  use  literal  curly  quotes, dashes, and ellipses in your source, then you may
              want to use --no-tex-ligatures without --smart.

              Use the listings package for LaTeX code blocks

       -i, --incremental
              Make list items in slide shows display incrementally (one by one).  The default  is
              for lists to be displayed all at once.

              Specifies  that  headers  with  the  specified level create slides (for beamer, s5,
              slidy, slideous, dzslides).  Headers above this level in the hierarchy are used  to
              divide  the  slide  show  into  sections;  headers below this level create subheads
              within a slide.  The default is to set the slide level based on the contents of the
              document; see Structuring the slide show.

              Wrap sections in <div> tags (or <section> tags in HTML5), and attach identifiers to
              the enclosing <div> (or <section>) rather  than  the  header  itself.   See  Header
              identifiers, below.

              Specify  a  method  for  obfuscating  mailto: links in HTML documents.  none leaves
              mailto:  links  as  they  are.   javascript  obfuscates  them   using   JavaScript.
              references  obfuscates  them  by  printing  their letters as decimal or hexadecimal
              character references.  The default is none.

              Specify a prefix to be added to all automatically generated identifiers in HTML and
              DocBook  output,  and  to  footnote numbers in Markdown output.  This is useful for
              preventing duplicate identifiers when generating fragments to be included in  other

       -T STRING, --title-prefix=STRING
              Specify  STRING  as a prefix at the beginning of the title that appears in the HTML
              header (but not in the title as it appears at the  beginning  of  the  HTML  body).
              Implies --standalone.

       -c URL, --css=URL
              Link  to a CSS style sheet.  This option can be used repeatedly to include multiple
              files.  They will be included in the order specified.

              Use the specified file as a style reference in producing an ODT.  For best results,
              the  reference  ODT  should  be a modified version of an ODT produced using pandoc.
              The contents of the reference ODT are ignored, but its stylesheets are used in  the
              new  ODT.   If  no reference ODT is specified on the command line, pandoc will look
              for a file reference.odt in the user data directory (see --data-dir).  If  this  is
              not found either, sensible defaults will be used.

              To  produce  a custom reference.odt, first get a copy of the default reference.odt:
              pandoc --print-default-data-file reference.odt > custom-reference.odt.   Then  open
              custom-reference.docx  in  LibreOffice, modify the styles as you wish, and save the

              Use the specified file as a style reference in producing a  docx  file.   For  best
              results,  the  reference  docx should be a modified version of a docx file produced
              using pandoc.  The contents of the reference docx are ignored, but its  stylesheets
              and document properties (including margins, page size, header, and footer) are used
              in the new docx.  If no reference docx is specified on  the  command  line,  pandoc
              will  look  for  a file reference.docx in the user data directory (see --data-dir).
              If this is not found either, sensible defaults will be used.

              To produce a custom reference.docx, first get a copy of the default reference.docx:
              pandoc --print-default-data-file reference.docx > custom-reference.docx.  Then open
              custom-reference.docx in Word, modify the styles as you wish, and  save  the  file.
              For  best results, do not make changes to this file other than modifying the styles
              used by pandoc: [paragraph] Normal, Body Text,  First  Paragraph,  Compact,  Title,
              Subtitle,  Author,  Date,  Abstract, Bibliography, Heading 1, Heading 2, Heading 3,
              Heading 4, Heading 5, Heading  6,  Block  Text,  Footnote  Text,  Definition  Term,
              Definition, Caption, Table Caption, Image Caption, Figure, Figure With Caption, TOC
              Heading; [character]  Default  Paragraph  Font,  Body  Text  Char,  Verbatim  Char,
              Footnote Reference, Hyperlink; [table] Normal Table.

              Use  the  specified  CSS  file  to  style the EPUB.  If no stylesheet is specified,
              pandoc will look for a file epub.css in the user data directory  (see  --data-dir).
              If it is not found there, sensible defaults will be used.

              Use  the  specified  image  as the EPUB cover.  It is recommended that the image be
              less than 1000px in width and height.  Note that in a Markdown source document  you
              can also specify cover-image in a YAML metadata block (see EPUB Metadata, below).

              Look  in the specified XML file for metadata for the EPUB.  The file should contain
              a series of Dublin Core elements.  For example:

                      <dc:rights>Creative Commons</dc:rights>

              By default, pandoc will include the following metadata elements:  <dc:title>  (from
              the  document title), <dc:creator> (from the document authors), <dc:date> (from the
              document date, which should be in ISO 8601 format), <dc:language>  (from  the  lang
              variable,  or,  if  is  not  set,  the  locale), and <dc:identifier id="BookId"> (a
              randomly generated UUID).  Any of these  may  be  overridden  by  elements  in  the
              metadata file.

              Note: if the source document is Markdown, a YAML metadata block in the document can
              be used instead.  See below under EPUB Metadata.

              Embed the specified font in the  EPUB.   This  option  can  be  repeated  to  embed
              multiple  fonts.   Wildcards  can  also  be  used:  for  example, DejaVuSans-*.ttf.
              However, if you use wildcards on the command line, be sure to escape  them  or  put
              the  whole filename in single quotes, to prevent them from being interpreted by the
              shell.  To use the embedded fonts, you will  need  to  add  declarations  like  the
              following to your CSS (see --epub-stylesheet):

                     @font-face {
                     font-family: DejaVuSans;
                     font-style: normal;
                     font-weight: normal;
                     @font-face {
                     font-family: DejaVuSans;
                     font-style: normal;
                     font-weight: bold;
                     @font-face {
                     font-family: DejaVuSans;
                     font-style: italic;
                     font-weight: normal;
                     @font-face {
                     font-family: DejaVuSans;
                     font-style: italic;
                     font-weight: bold;
                     body { font-family: "DejaVuSans"; }

              Specify  the header level at which to split the EPUB into separate “chapter” files.
              The default is to split into chapters at level 1 headers.  This option only affects
              the  internal  composition  of  the  EPUB,  not  the  way chapters and sections are
              displayed to users.  Some readers may be slow if the chapter files are  too  large,
              so  for  large  documents with few level 1 headers, one might want to use a chapter
              level of 2 or 3.

              Use the specified LaTeX engine when producing PDF output.  The default is pdflatex.
              If  the  engine  is  not in your PATH, the full path of the engine may be specified

              Use the given string as a command-line  argument  to  the  latex-engine.   If  used
              multiple  times, the arguments are provided with spaces between them.  Note that no
              check for duplicate options is done.

   Citation rendering
              Set the bibliography field in the document's metadata to FILE, overriding any value
              set  in  the  metadata,  and  process  citations  using  pandoc-citeproc.  (This is
              equivalent to --metadata bibliography=FILE --filter pandoc-citeproc.)  If  --natbib
              or --biblatex is also supplied, pandoc-citeproc is not used, making this equivalent
              to --metadata bibliography=FILE.  If you supply this argument multiple times,  each
              FILE will be added to bibliography.

              Set  the  csl field in the document's metadata to FILE, overriding any value set in
              the metadata.  (This is equivalent to --metadata csl=FILE.)  This  option  is  only
              relevant with pandoc-citeproc.

              Set the citation-abbreviations field in the document's metadata to FILE, overriding
              any    value    set    in    the    metadata.     (This    is     equivalent     to
              --metadata citation-abbreviations=FILE.)   This   option   is  only  relevant  with

              Use natbib for citations in LaTeX output.  This option is  not  for  use  with  the
              pandoc-citeproc  filter  or with PDF output.  It is intended for use in producing a
              LaTeX file that can be processed with bibtex.

              Use biblatex for citations in LaTeX output.  This option is not for  use  with  the
              pandoc-citeproc  filter  or with PDF output.  It is intended for use in producing a
              LaTeX file that can be processed with bibtex or biber.

   Math rendering in HTML
       -m [URL], --latexmathml[=URL]
              Use LaTeXMathML to display embedded TeX math in HTML output.  The URL should  point
              to  the  LaTeXMathML.js  load  script.   If  a  URL  is  not  provided,  a  link to
              LaTeXMathML.js at the Homepage of LaTeXMathML will be inserted.

              Convert TeX math to MathML (in docbook, docbook5, html and html5).   In  standalone
              html  output,  a small JavaScript (or a link to such a script if a URL is supplied)
              will be inserted that allows the MathML to be viewed on some browsers.

              Use jsMath to display embedded TeX math in HTML output.  The URL  should  point  to
              the  jsMath load script (e.g.  jsMath/easy/load.js); if provided, it will be linked
              to in the header of standalone HTML documents.  If a URL is not provided,  no  link
              to  the jsMath load script will be inserted; it is then up to the author to provide
              such a link in the HTML template.

              Use MathJax to display embedded TeX math in HTML output.  The URL should  point  to
              the  MathJax.js  load  script.  If a URL is not provided, a link to the MathJax CDN
              will be inserted.

              Enclose TeX math in <eq> tags in HTML output.   These  can  then  be  processed  by
              gladTeX to produce links to images of the typeset formulas.

              Render  TeX  math  using  the  mimeTeX  CGI script.  If URL is not specified, it is
              assumed that the script is at /cgi-bin/mimetex.cgi.

              Render TeX formulas using an external script that converts TeX formulas to  images.
              The  formula  will be concatenated with the URL provided.  If URL is not specified,
              the CodeCogs will be used.  Note: the --webtex option will affect  Markdown  output
              as  well as HTML, which is useful if you're targeting a version of Markdown without
              native math support.

              Use KaTeX to display embedded TeX math in HTML output.  The URL should point to the
              katex.js  load  script.   If a URL is not provided, a link to the KaTeX CDN will be
              inserted.  Note: KaTeX seems to work best with html5 output.

              The URL should point to the katex.css stylesheet.  If this option is not specified,
              a  link  to  the  KaTeX CDN will be inserted.  Note that this option does not imply

   Options for wrapper scripts
              Print information about command-line arguments to stdout, then exit.   This  option
              is  intended  primarily  for  use  in  wrapper  scripts.   The first line of output
              contains the name of the output file specified  with  the  -o  option,  or  -  (for
              stdout)  if  no  output  file  was  specified.   The  remaining  lines  contain the
              command-line arguments, one per line, in the  order  they  appear.   These  do  not
              include  regular  pandoc  options  and  their arguments, but do include any options
              appearing after a -- separator at the end of the line.

              Ignore command-line arguments (for use in wrapper scripts).  Regular pandoc options
              are not ignored.  Thus, for example,

                     pandoc --ignore-args -o foo.html -s foo.txt -- -e latin1

              is equivalent to

                     pandoc -o foo.html -s


       When  the  -s/--standalone option is used, pandoc uses a template to add header and footer
       material that is needed for a self-standing document.  To see the default template that is
       used, just type

              pandoc -D *FORMAT*

       where  FORMAT  is the name of the output format.  A custom template can be specified using
       the --template option.  You can also override the system default  templates  for  a  given
       output  format  FORMAT  by  putting  a  file  templates/default.*FORMAT*  in the user data
       directory (see --data-dir, above).  Exceptions:

       · For odt output, customize the default.opendocument template.

       · For pdf output, customize the default.latex template (or the default.beamer template, if
         you use -t beamer, or the default.context template, if you use -t context).

       · docx has no template (however, you can use --reference-docx to customize the output).

       Templates contain variables, which allow for the inclusion of arbitrary information at any
       point in the file.  Variables may be set within the document using YAML  metadata  blocks.
       They  may also be set at the command line using the -V/--variable option: variables set in
       this way override metadata fields with the same name.

   Variables set by pandoc
       Some variables are set automatically by pandoc.  These  vary  somewhat  depending  on  the
       output format, but include metadata fields as well as the following:

       title, author, date
              allow  identification  of  basic aspects of the document.  Included in PDF metadata
              through LaTeX and ConTeXt.  These can be set through a pandoc  title  block,  which
              allows for multiple authors, or through a YAML metadata block:

                     - Aristotle
                     - Peter Abelard

              document  subtitle,  included in HTML, EPUB, LaTeX, ConTeXt, and Word docx; renders
              in LaTeX only when using a document class that supports \subtitle, such  as  beamer
              or the KOMA-Script series (scrartcl, scrreprt, scrbook).

              author  affiliations  (in  LaTeX  and  Beamer only).  Can be a list, when there are
              multiple authors.

              document summary, included in LaTeX, ConTeXt, AsciiDoc, and Word docx

              list of keywords to be included  in  HTML,  PDF,  and  AsciiDoc  metadata;  may  be
              repeated as for author, above

              contents specified by -H/--include-in-header (may have multiple values)

       toc    non-null value if --toc/--table-of-contents was specified

              title of table of contents (works only with EPUB and docx)

              contents specified by -B/--include-before-body (may have multiple values)

              contents specified by -A/--include-after-body (may have multiple values)

       body   body of document

              JSON representation of all of the document's metadata

   Language variables
       lang   identifies  the  main  language  of  the document, using a code according to BCP 47
              (e.g.  en or en-GB).  For some  output  formats,  pandoc  will  convert  it  to  an
              appropriate  format stored in the additional variables babel-lang, polyglossia-lang
              (LaTeX) and context-lang (ConTeXt).

              Native pandoc spans and divs with the lang attribute (value in BCP 47) can be  used
              to switch the language in that range.

              a  list  of other languages used in the document in the YAML metadata, according to
              BCP 47.  For example: otherlangs: [en-GB, fr].   This  is  automatically  generated
              from  the  lang  attributes in all spans and divs but can be overridden.  Currently
              only   used   by    LaTeX    through    the    generated    babel-otherlangs    and
              polyglossia-otherlangs variables.  The LaTeX writer outputs polyglossia commands in
              the text but the babel-newcommands variable  contains  mappings  for  them  to  the
              corresponding babel.

       dir    the   base   direction   of   the  document,  either  rtl  (right-to-left)  or  ltr

              For bidirectional documents, native pandoc spans and divs with  the  dir  attribute
              (value  rtl  or  ltr)  can  be  used  to override the base direction in some output
              formats.  This may not always be necessary if the final renderer (e.g. the browser,
              when generating HTML) supports the Unicode Bidirectional Algorithm.

              When  using  LaTeX  for  bidirectional  documents, only the xelatex engine is fully
              supported (use --latex-engine=xelatex).

   Variables for slides
       Variables are available for producing slide shows with  pandoc,  including  all  reveal.js
       configuration options.

              base URL for Slidy documents (defaults to

              base URL for Slideous documents (defaults to slideous)

       s5-url base URL for S5 documents (defaults to s5/default)

              base URL for reveal.js documents (defaults to reveal.js)

       theme, colortheme, fonttheme, innertheme, outertheme
              themes for LaTeX beamer documents

              options for LaTeX beamer themes (a list).

              controls navigation symbols in beamer documents (default is empty for no navigation
              symbols; other valid values are frame, vertical, and horizontal).

              enables on “title pages” for new sections in beamer documents (default = true).

              when true, the beamerarticle package is  loaded  (for  producing  an  article  from
              beamer slides).

              add  color  to  link  text;  automatically  enabled if any of linkcolor, citecolor,
              urlcolor, or toccolor are set (for beamer only).

       linkcolor, citecolor, urlcolor, toccolor
              color for internal links, citation links, external links, and  links  in  table  of
              contents: uses any of the predefined LaTeX colors (for beamer only).

   Variables for LaTeX
       LaTeX variables are used when creating a PDF.

              paper size, e.g.  letter, A4

              font size for body text (e.g.  10pt, 12pt)

              document class, e.g.  article, report, book, memoir

              option for document class, e.g.  oneside; may be repeated for multiple options

              option for geometry package, e.g.  margin=1in; may be repeated for multiple options

       margin-left, margin-right, margin-top, margin-bottom
              sets margins, if geometry is not used (otherwise geometry overrides these)

              adjusts line spacing using the setspace package, e.g.  1.25, 1.5

              font  package  for use with pdflatex: TeX Live includes many options, documented in
              the LaTeX Font Catalogue.  The default is Latin Modern.

              options for package used  as  fontfamily:  e.g.   osf,sc  with  fontfamily  set  to
              mathpazo  provides  Palatino  with  old-style  figures  and true small caps; may be
              repeated for multiple options

       mainfont, sansfont, monofont, mathfont, CJKmainfont
              font families for use with xelatex or lualatex: take the name of any  system  font,
              using  the  fontspec  package.  Note that if CJKmainfont is used, the xecjk package
              must be available.

       mainfontoptions, sansfontoptions, monofontoptions, mathfontoptions, CJKoptions
              options to use with mainfont, sansfont, monofont, mathfont, CJKmainfont in  xelatex
              and  lualatex.   Allow  for  any  choices  available  through fontspec, such as the
              OpenType  features  Numbers=OldStyle,Numbers=Proportional.   May  be  repeated  for
              multiple options.

              allows  font  encoding  to  be  specified  through fontenc package (with pdflatex);
              default is T1 (see guide to LaTeX font encodings)

              options to pass to the microtype package

              add color to link text; automatically  enabled  if  any  of  linkcolor,  citecolor,
              urlcolor, or toccolor are set

       linkcolor, citecolor, urlcolor, toccolor
              color  for  internal  links,  citation links, external links, and links in table of
              contents: uses any of the predefined LaTeX colors

              causes links to be printed as footnotes

       indent uses document class settings for indentation (the default LaTeX template  otherwise
              removes indentation and adds space between paragraphs)

              disables  default  behavior  of  LaTeX  template  that redefines (sub)paragraphs as
              sections, changing the appearance of nested headings in some classes

       thanks specifies contents of acknowledgments footnote after document title.

       toc    include table of contents (can also be set using --toc/--table-of-contents)

              level of section to include in table of contents

              numbering depth for sections, if sections are numbered

       lof, lot
              include list of figures, list of tables

              bibliography to use for resolving references

              bibliography style, when used with --natbib and --biblatex.

              bibliography title, when used with --natbib and --biblatex.

              list of options for biblatex.

   Variables for ConTeXt
              paper size, e.g.  letter, A4, landscape (see ConTeXt Paper Setup); may be  repeated
              for multiple options

       layout options for page margins and text arrangement (see ConTeXt Layout); may be repeated
              for multiple options

       margin-left, margin-right, margin-top, margin-bottom
              sets margins, if layout is not used (otherwise layout overrides these)

              font size for body text (e.g.  10pt, 12pt)

       mainfont, sansfont, monofont, mathfont
              font families: take the name of any system font (see ConTeXt Font Switching)

       linkcolor, contrastcolor
              color for links outside and inside a page, e.g.  red, blue (see ConTeXt Color)

              typeface style for links, e.g.  normal,  bold,  slanted,  boldslanted,  type,  cap,

              controls indentation of paragraphs, e.g.  yes,small,next (see ConTeXt Indentation);
              may be repeated for multiple options

              spacing between paragraphs, e.g.  none, small (using setupwhitespace)

              adjusts line spacing, e.g.  4ex (using setupinterlinespace); may  be  repeated  for
              multiple options

       headertext, footertext
              text  to  be  placed in running header or footer (see ConTeXt Headers and Footers);
              may be repeated up to four times for different placement

              page number style and location (using  setuppagenumbering);  may  be  repeated  for
              multiple options

       toc    include table of contents (can also be set using --toc/--table-of-contents)

       lof, lot
              include list of figures, list of tables

   Variables for man pages
              section number in man pages

       header header in man pages

       footer footer in man pages

              adjusts text to left (l), right (r), center (c), or both (b) margins

              if true (the default), hyphenation will be used

   Using variables in templates
       Variable  names  are  sequences  of  alphanumerics,  -,  and _, starting with a letter.  A
       variable name surrounded by $ signs will be replaced  by  its  value.   For  example,  the
       string $title$ in


       will be replaced by the document title.

       To write a literal $ in a template, use $$.

       Templates may contain conditionals.  The syntax is as follows:


       This  will  include  X in the template if variable has a non-null value; otherwise it will
       include Y.  X and Y are  placeholders  for  any  valid  template  text,  and  may  include
       interpolated variables or other conditionals.  The $else$ section may be omitted.

       When  variables can have multiple values (for example, author in a multi-author document),
       you can use the $for$ keyword:

              <meta name="author" content="$author$" />

       You can optionally specify a separator to be used between consecutive items:

              $for(author)$$author$$sep$, $endfor$

       A dot can be used to select a field of a variable that takes an object as its value.   So,
       for example:

              $$ ($author.affiliation$)

       If  you use custom templates, you may need to revise them as pandoc changes.  We recommend
       tracking the changes in  the  default  templates,  and  modifying  your  custom  templates
       accordingly.   An easy way to do this is to fork the pandoc-templates repository and merge
       in changes after each pandoc release.


       Pandoc understands an extended and slightly revised  version  of  John  Gruber's  Markdown
       syntax.   This  document  explains  the syntax, noting differences from standard Markdown.
       Except where noted, these differences can  be  suppressed  by  using  the  markdown_strict
       format  instead  of  markdown.   An  extensions can be enabled by adding +EXTENSION to the
       format name and disabled by adding -EXTENSION.  For example, markdown_strict+footnotes  is
       strict  Markdown  with footnotes enabled, while markdown-footnotes-pipe_tables is pandoc's
       Markdown without footnotes or pipe tables.

       Markdown is designed to be easy to write, and, even more importantly, easy to read:

              A Markdown-formatted document should be publishable as-is, as plain  text,  without
              looking  like  it's  been  marked  up with tags or formatting instructions.  – John

       This principle has guided pandoc's decisions in finding syntax for tables, footnotes,  and
       other extensions.

       There is, however, one respect in which pandoc's aims are different from the original aims
       of Markdown.  Whereas Markdown was originally  designed  with  HTML  generation  in  mind,
       pandoc  is  designed for multiple output formats.  Thus, while pandoc allows the embedding
       of raw HTML, it discourages it, and  provides  other,  non-HTMLish  ways  of  representing
       important document elements like definition lists, tables, mathematics, and footnotes.

       A  paragraph  is  one or more lines of text followed by one or more blank lines.  Newlines
       are treated as spaces, so you can reflow your paragraphs as you like.  If you need a  hard
       line break, put two or more spaces at the end of a line.

   Extension: escaped_line_breaks
       A  backslash followed by a newline is also a hard line break.  Note: in multiline and grid
       table cells, this is the only way to create a hard line break, since  trailing  spaces  in
       the cells are ignored.

       There are two kinds of headers: Setext and ATX.

   Setext-style headers
       A  setext-style  header  is a line of text “underlined” with a row of = signs (for a level
       one header) or - signs (for a level two header):

              A level-one header

              A level-two header

       The header text can contain inline formatting, such as emphasis  (see  Inline  formatting,

   ATX-style headers
       An ATX-style header consists of one to six # signs and a line of text, optionally followed
       by any number of # signs.  The number of # signs at the  beginning  of  the  line  is  the
       header level:

              ## A level-two header

              ### A level-three header ###

       As with setext-style headers, the header text can contain formatting:

              # A level-one header with a [link](/url) and *emphasis*

   Extension: blank_before_header
       Standard  Markdown  syntax  does  not  require  a blank line before a header.  Pandoc does
       require this (except, of course, at the beginning of the document).  The  reason  for  the
       requirement  is  that  it  is all too easy for a # to end up at the beginning of a line by
       accident (perhaps through line wrapping).  Consider, for example:

              I like several of their flavors of ice cream:
              #22, for example, and #5.

   Header identifiers
   Extension: header_attributes
       Headers can be assigned attributes using this syntax at the end of the line containing the
       header text:

              {#identifier .class .class key=value key=value}

       Thus, for example, the following headers will all be assigned the identifier foo:

              # My header {#foo}

              ## My header ##    {#foo}

              My other header   {#foo}

       (This syntax is compatible with PHP Markdown Extra.)

       Note  that  although  this  syntax  allows assignment of classes and key/value attributes,
       writers generally don't use all of this information.  Identifiers, classes, and  key/value
       attributes  are  used  in HTML and HTML-based formats such as EPUB and slidy.  Identifiers
       are used for labels and link anchors in the LaTeX, ConTeXt, Textile, and AsciiDoc writers.

       Headers with the class unnumbered will not  be  numbered,  even  if  --number-sections  is
       specified.   A single hyphen (-) in an attribute context is equivalent to .unnumbered, and
       preferable in non-English documents.  So,

              # My header {-}

       is just the same as

              # My header {.unnumbered}

   Extension: auto_identifiers
       A header without an explicitly specified  identifier  will  be  automatically  assigned  a
       unique  identifier  based  on  the  header text.  To derive the identifier from the header

       · Remove all formatting, links, etc.

       · Remove all footnotes.

       · Remove all punctuation, except underscores, hyphens, and periods.

       · Replace all spaces and newlines with hyphens.

       · Convert all alphabetic characters to lowercase.

       · Remove everything up to the first letter (identifiers may not begin  with  a  number  or
         punctuation mark).

       · If nothing is left after this, use the identifier section.

       Thus, for example,

       Header                       Identifier
       Header identifiers in HTML   header-identifiers-in-html
       *Dogs*?--in *my* house?      dogs--in-my-house
       [HTML], [S5], or [RTF]?      html-s5-or-rtf
       3. Applications              applications
       33                           section

       These  rules  should, in most cases, allow one to determine the identifier from the header
       text.  The exception is when several headers have the same text; in this case,  the  first
       will get an identifier as described above; the second will get the same identifier with -1
       appended; the third with -2; and so on.

       These identifiers are used to provide link targets in the table of contents  generated  by
       the  --toc|--table-of-contents  option.   They also make it easy to provide links from one
       section of a document to another.  A link to this section, for example,  might  look  like

              See the section on
              [header identifiers](#header-identifiers-in-html-latex-and-context).

       Note,  however, that this method of providing links to sections works only in HTML, LaTeX,
       and ConTeXt formats.

       If the --section-divs option is specified, then each section will be wrapped in a div  (or
       a section, if --html5 was specified), and the identifier will be attached to the enclosing
       <div> (or <section>) tag rather than the header itself.  This allows entire sections to be
       manipulated using JavaScript or treated differently in CSS.

   Extension: implicit_header_references
       Pandoc  behaves as if reference links have been defined for each header.  So, to link to a

              # Header identifiers in HTML

       you can simply write

              [Header identifiers in HTML]


              [Header identifiers in HTML][]


              [the section on header identifiers][header identifiers in

       instead of giving the identifier explicitly:

              [Header identifiers in HTML](#header-identifiers-in-html)

       If there are multiple headers with identical text, the corresponding reference  will  link
       to  the  first one only, and you will need to use explicit links to link to the others, as
       described above.

       Like regular reference links, these references are case-insensitive.

       Explicit link reference definitions always take priority over implicit header  references.
       So, in the following example, the link will point to bar, not to #foo:

              # Foo

              [foo]: bar

              See [foo]

   Block quotations
       Markdown  uses  email conventions for quoting blocks of text.  A block quotation is one or
       more paragraphs or other block elements  (such  as  lists  or  headers),  with  each  line
       preceded  by  a  >  character  and  an  optional space.  (The > need not start at the left
       margin, but it should not be indented more than three spaces.)

              > This is a block quote. This
              > paragraph has two lines.
              > 1. This is a list inside a block quote.
              > 2. Second item.

       A “lazy” form, which requires the > character only on the first line  of  each  block,  is
       also allowed:

              > This is a block quote. This
              paragraph has two lines.

              > 1. This is a list inside a block quote.
              2. Second item.

       Among  the  block  elements that can be contained in a block quote are other block quotes.
       That is, block quotes can be nested:

              > This is a block quote.
              > > A block quote within a block quote.

       If the > character is followed by an optional space, that space will be considered part of
       the  block  quote marker and not part of the indentation of the contents.  Thus, to put an
       indented code block in a block quote, you need five spaces after the >:

              >     code

   Extension: blank_before_blockquote
       Standard Markdown syntax does not require a blank line before a block quote.  Pandoc  does
       require  this  (except,  of course, at the beginning of the document).  The reason for the
       requirement is that it is all too easy for a > to end up at the beginning  of  a  line  by
       accident  (perhaps through line wrapping).  So, unless the markdown_strict format is used,
       the following does not produce a nested block quote in pandoc:

              > This is a block quote.
              >> Nested.

   Verbatim (code) blocks
   Indented code blocks
       A block of text indented four spaces (or one tab) is treated as verbatim  text:  that  is,
       special  characters  do not trigger special formatting, and all spaces and line breaks are
       preserved.  For example,

                  if (a > 3) {
                    moveShip(5 * gravity, DOWN);

       The initial (four space or one tab) indentation is not considered  part  of  the  verbatim
       text, and is removed in the output.

       Note: blank lines in the verbatim text need not begin with four spaces.

   Fenced code blocks
   Extension: fenced_code_blocks
       In  addition  to standard indented code blocks, pandoc supports fenced code blocks.  These
       begin with a row of three or more tildes (~) and end with a row of tildes that must be  at
       least as long as the starting row.  Everything between these lines is treated as code.  No
       indentation is necessary:

              if (a > 3) {
                moveShip(5 * gravity, DOWN);

       Like regular code blocks, fenced code blocks must be separated from  surrounding  text  by
       blank lines.

       If  the code itself contains a row of tildes or backticks, just use a longer row of tildes
       or backticks at the start and end:

              code including tildes

   Extension: backtick_code_blocks
       Same as fenced_code_blocks, but uses backticks (`) instead of tildes (~).

   Extension: fenced_code_attributes
       Optionally, you may attach attributes to fenced or backtick code block using this syntax:

              ~~~~ {#mycode .haskell .numberLines startFrom="100"}
              qsort []     = []
              qsort (x:xs) = qsort (filter (< x) xs) ++ [x] ++
                             qsort (filter (>= x) xs)

       Here mycode is an identifier, haskell and numberLines are classes,  and  startFrom  is  an
       attribute  with  value  100.   Some  output  formats can use this information to do syntax
       highlighting.  Currently, the only output formats that uses this information are HTML  and
       LaTeX.   If  highlighting  is supported for your output format and language, then the code
       block above will appear highlighted, with numbered lines.  (To  see  which  languages  are
       supported,  type  pandoc --list-highlight-languages.) Otherwise, the code block above will
       appear as follows:

              <pre id="mycode" class="haskell numberLines" startFrom="100">

       A shortcut form can also be used for specifying the language of the code block:

              qsort [] = []

       This is equivalent to:

              ``` {.haskell}
              qsort [] = []

       If the fenced_code_attributes extension is disabled, but input contains class attribute(s)
       for the code block, the first class attribute will be printed after the opening fence as a
       bare word.

       To prevent all highlighting, use the --no-highlight flag.  To set the highlighting  style,
       use  --highlight-style.   For  more  information on highlighting, see Syntax highlighting,

   Line blocks
   Extension: line_blocks
       A line block is a sequence of lines beginning with a vertical bar (|) followed by a space.
       The  division  into  lines  will  be  preserved in the output, as will any leading spaces;
       otherwise, the lines will be  formatted  as  Markdown.   This  is  useful  for  verse  and

              | The limerick packs laughs anatomical
              | In space that is quite economical.
              |    But the good ones I've seen
              |    So seldom are clean
              | And the clean ones so seldom are comical

              | 200 Main St.
              | Berkeley, CA 94718

       The  lines  can  be  hard-wrapped  if  needed, but the continuation line must begin with a

              | The Right Honorable Most Venerable and Righteous Samuel L.
                Constable, Jr.
              | 200 Main St.
              | Berkeley, CA 94718

       This syntax is borrowed from reStructuredText.

   Bullet lists
       A bullet list is a list of bulleted list items.  A bulleted list item begins with a bullet
       (*, +, or -).  Here is a simple example:

              * one
              * two
              * three

       This  will  produce  a  “compact” list.  If you want a “loose” list, in which each item is
       formatted as a paragraph, put spaces between the items:

              * one

              * two

              * three

       The bullets need not be flush with the left margin; they may  be  indented  one,  two,  or
       three spaces.  The bullet must be followed by whitespace.

       List items look best if subsequent lines are flush with the first line (after the bullet):

              * here is my first
                list item.
              * and my second.

       But Markdown also allows a “lazy” format:

              * here is my first
              list item.
              * and my second.

   The four-space rule
       A  list  item  may  contain  multiple  paragraphs and other block-level content.  However,
       subsequent paragraphs must be preceded by a blank line and indented four spaces or a  tab.
       The list will look better if the first paragraph is aligned with the rest:

                * First paragraph.


                * Second paragraph. With a code block, which must be indented
                  eight spaces:

                      { code }

       List  items  may  include other lists.  In this case the preceding blank line is optional.
       The nested list must be indented four spaces or one tab:

              * fruits
                  + apples
                      - macintosh
                      - red delicious
                  + pears
                  + peaches
              * vegetables
                  + broccoli
                  + chard

       As noted above, Markdown allows you to write list items  “lazily,”  instead  of  indenting
       continuation  lines.   However, if there are multiple paragraphs or other blocks in a list
       item, the first line of each must be indented.

              + A lazy, lazy, list

              + Another one; this looks
              bad but is legal.

                  Second paragraph of second
              list item.

       Note: Although the four-space rule for continuation paragraphs  comes  from  the  official
       Markdown  syntax guide, the reference implementation,, does not follow it.  So
       pandoc  will  give  different  results  than  when  authors   have   indented
       continuation paragraphs fewer than four spaces.

       The  Markdown  syntax  guide  is  not  explicit whether the four-space rule applies to all
       block-level content in a list item; it only mentions paragraphs and code blocks.   But  it
       implies  that  the  rule  applies to all block-level content (including nested lists), and
       pandoc interprets it that way.

   Ordered lists
       Ordered lists work just like bulleted lists, except that the items begin with  enumerators
       rather than bullets.

       In  standard  Markdown,  enumerators are decimal numbers followed by a period and a space.
       The numbers themselves are ignored, so there is no difference between this list:

              1.  one
              2.  two
              3.  three

       and this one:

              5.  one
              7.  two
              1.  three

   Extension: fancy_lists
       Unlike standard Markdown, pandoc allows ordered list items to be marked with uppercase and
       lowercase letters and roman numerals, in addition to Arabic numerals.  List markers may be
       enclosed in parentheses or followed by a single right-parentheses or period.  They must be
       separated  from  the text that follows by at least one space, and, if the list marker is a
       capital letter with a period, by at least two spaces.

       The fancy_lists extension also allows `#' to be used as an ordered list marker in place of
       a numeral:

              #. one
              #. two

   Extension: startnum
       Pandoc  also  pays  attention to the type of list marker used, and to the starting number,
       and both of these are preserved where possible in the output format.  Thus, the  following
       yields  a  list  with  numbers  followed  by  a single parenthesis, starting with 9, and a
       sublist with lowercase roman numerals:

               9)  Ninth
              10)  Tenth
              11)  Eleventh
                     i. subone
                    ii. subtwo
                   iii. subthree

       Pandoc will start a new list each time a different type of list marker is used.   So,  the
       following will create three lists:

              (2) Two
              (5) Three
              1.  Four
              *   Five

       If default list markers are desired, use #.:

              #.  one
              #.  two
              #.  three

   Definition lists
   Extension: definition_lists
       Pandoc  supports  definition  lists,  using  the  syntax  of  PHP Markdown Extra with some

              Term 1

              :   Definition 1

              Term 2 with *inline markup*

              :   Definition 2

                      { some code, part of Definition 2 }

                  Third paragraph of definition 2.

       Each term must fit on one line, which may optionally be followed by a blank line, and must
       be  followed by one or more definitions.  A definition begins with a colon or tilde, which
       may be indented one or two spaces.

       A term may have multiple definitions, and each definition may consist of one or more block
       elements  (paragraph,  code block, list, etc.), each indented four spaces or one tab stop.
       The body of the definition (including the first line,  aside  from  the  colon  or  tilde)
       should  be  indented four spaces.  However, as with other Markdown lists, you can “lazily”
       omit indentation except at the beginning of a paragraph or other block element:

              Term 1

              :   Definition
              with lazy continuation.

                  Second paragraph of the definition.

       If you leave space before the definition (as in  the  example  above),  the  text  of  the
       definition will be treated as a paragraph.  In some output formats, this will mean greater
       spacing between term/definition pairs.  For a more compact definition list, omit the space
       before the definition:

              Term 1
                ~ Definition 1

              Term 2
                ~ Definition 2a
                ~ Definition 2b

       Note  that  space between items in a definition list is required.  (A variant that loosens
       this  requirement,  but  disallows  “lazy”  hard   wrapping,   can   be   activated   with
       compact_definition_lists: see Non-pandoc extensions, below.)

   Numbered example lists
   Extension: example_lists
       The  special list marker @ can be used for sequentially numbered examples.  The first list
       item with a @ marker will be numbered `1',  the  next  `2',  and  so  on,  throughout  the
       document.   The  numbered  examples need not occur in a single list; each new list using @
       will take up where the last stopped.  So, for example:

              (@)  My first example will be numbered (1).
              (@)  My second example will be numbered (2).

              Explanation of examples.

              (@)  My third example will be numbered (3).

       Numbered examples can be labeled and referred to elsewhere in the document:

              (@good)  This is a good example.

              As (@good) illustrates, ...

       The label can be any string of alphanumeric characters, underscores, or hyphens.

   Compact and loose lists
       Pandoc behaves  differently  from  on  some  “edge  cases”  involving  lists.
       Consider this source:

              +   First
              +   Second:
                  -   Fee
                  -   Fie
                  -   Foe

              +   Third

       Pandoc  transforms  this into a “compact list” (with no <p> tags around “First”, “Second”,
       or “Third”), while Markdown puts <p> tags around “Second” and “Third” (but  not  “First”),
       because  of  the blank space around “Third”.  Pandoc follows a simple rule: if the text is
       followed by a blank line, it is treated as a paragraph.  Since “Second” is followed  by  a
       list,  and  not  a blank line, it isn't treated as a paragraph.  The fact that the list is
       followed by a blank line is irrelevant.  (Note:  Pandoc  works  this  way  even  when  the
       markdown_strict  format  is  specified.   This  behavior  is  consistent with the official
       Markdown syntax description, even though it is different from that of

   Ending a list
       What if you want to put an indented code block after a list?

              -   item one
              -   item two

                  { my code block }

       Trouble! Here pandoc (like other Markdown implementations) will treat { my code block } as
       the second paragraph of item two, and not as a code block.

       To  “cut  off”  the list after item two, you can insert some non-indented content, like an
       HTML comment, which won't produce visible output in any format:

              -   item one
              -   item two

              <!-- end of list -->

                  { my code block }

       You can use the same trick if you want two consecutive lists instead of one big list:

              1.  one
              2.  two
              3.  three

              <!-- -->

              1.  uno
              2.  dos
              3.  tres

   Horizontal rules
       A line containing a row of three or more *, -, or _ characters  (optionally  separated  by
       spaces) produces a horizontal rule:

              *  *  *  *


       Four  kinds  of  tables  may  be  used.   The  first  three  kinds presuppose the use of a
       fixed-width font, such as Courier.  The fourth kind can be used with proportionally spaced
       fonts, as it does not require lining up columns.

   Extension: table_captions
       A  caption  may  optionally  be provided with all 4 kinds of tables (as illustrated in the
       examples below).  A caption is a paragraph beginning with the string Table: (or  just  :),
       which will be stripped off.  It may appear either before or after the table.

   Extension: simple_tables
       Simple tables look like this:

                Right     Left     Center     Default
              -------     ------ ----------   -------
                   12     12        12            12
                  123     123       123          123
                    1     1          1             1

              Table:  Demonstration of simple table syntax.

       The headers and table rows must each fit on one line.  Column alignments are determined by
       the position of the header text relative to the dashed line below it:

       · If the dashed line is flush with the header text on the right side but extends beyond it
         on the left, the column is right-aligned.

       · If  the dashed line is flush with the header text on the left side but extends beyond it
         on the right, the column is left-aligned.

       · If the dashed line extends beyond the header text on both sides, the column is centered.

       · If the dashed line is flush with the header text on both sides, the default alignment is
         used (in most cases, this will be left).

       The table must end with a blank line, or a line of dashes followed by a blank line.

       The  column  headers may be omitted, provided a dashed line is used to end the table.  For

              -------     ------ ----------   -------
                   12     12        12             12
                  123     123       123           123
                    1     1          1              1
              -------     ------ ----------   -------

       When headers are omitted, column alignments are determined on the basis of the first  line
       of the table body.  So, in the tables above, the columns would be right, left, center, and
       right aligned, respectively.

   Extension: multiline_tables
       Multiline tables allow headers and table rows to span multiple lines of  text  (but  cells
       that span multiple columns or rows of the table are not supported).  Here is an example:

               Centered   Default           Right Left
                Header    Aligned         Aligned Aligned
              ----------- ------- --------------- -------------------------
                 First    row                12.0 Example of a row that
                                                  spans multiple lines.

                Second    row                 5.0 Here's another one. Note
                                                  the blank line between

              Table: Here's the caption. It, too, may span
              multiple lines.

       These work like simple tables, but with the following differences:

       · They  must  begin  with  a row of dashes, before the header text (unless the headers are

       · They must end with a row of dashes, then a blank line.

       · The rows must be separated by blank lines.

       In multiline tables, the table parser pays attention to the widths of the columns, and the
       writers try to reproduce these relative widths in the output.  So, if you find that one of
       the columns is too narrow in the output, try widening it in the Markdown source.

       Headers may be omitted in multiline tables as well as simple tables:

              ----------- ------- --------------- -------------------------
                 First    row                12.0 Example of a row that
                                                  spans multiple lines.

                Second    row                 5.0 Here's another one. Note
                                                  the blank line between
              ----------- ------- --------------- -------------------------

              : Here's a multiline table without headers.

       It is possible for a multiline table to have just one row, but the row should be  followed
       by  a  blank  line  (and  then the row of dashes that ends the table), or the table may be
       interpreted as a simple table.

   Extension: grid_tables
       Grid tables look like this:

              : Sample grid table.

              | Fruit         | Price         | Advantages         |
              | Bananas       | $1.34         | - built-in wrapper |
              |               |               | - bright color     |
              | Oranges       | $2.10         | - cures scurvy     |
              |               |               | - tasty            |

       The row of =s separates the header  from  the  table  body,  and  can  be  omitted  for  a
       headerless table.  The cells of grid tables may contain arbitrary block elements (multiple
       paragraphs, code blocks, lists, etc.).  Cells that span multiple columns or rows  are  not
       supported.  Grid tables can be created easily using Emacs table mode.

       Alignments  can  be  specified as with pipe tables, by putting colons at the boundaries of
       the separator line after the header:

              | Right         | Left          | Centered           |
              | Bananas       | $1.34         | built-in wrapper   |

       For headerless tables, the colons go on the top line instead:

              | Right         | Left          | Centered           |

   Extension: pipe_tables
       Pipe tables look like this:

              | Right | Left | Default | Center |
              |   12  |  12  |    12   |    12  |
              |  123  |  123 |   123   |   123  |
              |    1  |    1 |     1   |     1  |

                : Demonstration of pipe table syntax.

       The syntax is identical to PHP Markdown Extra  tables.   The  beginning  and  ending  pipe
       characters  are optional, but pipes are required between all columns.  The colons indicate
       column alignment as shown.  The header cannot be omitted.  To simulate a headerless table,
       include a header with blank cells.

       Since  the  pipes  indicate  column boundaries, columns need not be vertically aligned, as
       they are in the above example.  So, this is a perfectly legal (though ugly) pipe table:

              fruit| price

       The cells of pipe tables cannot contain block elements  like  paragraphs  and  lists,  and
       cannot  span  multiple  lines.   If a pipe table contains a row whose printable content is
       wider than the column width (see --columns), then the cell contents will  wrap,  with  the
       relative cell widths determined by the widths of the separator lines.

       Note:  pandoc  also  recognizes  pipe  tables of the following form, as can be produced by
       Emacs' orgtbl-mode:

              | One | Two   |
              | my  | table |
              | is  | nice  |

       The difference is that + is used instead of |.  Other orgtbl features are  not  supported.
       In particular, to get non-default column alignment, you'll need to add colons as above.

   Metadata blocks
   Extension: pandoc_title_block
       If the file begins with a title block

              % title
              % author(s) (separated by semicolons)
              % date

       it  will  be parsed as bibliographic information, not regular text.  (It will be used, for
       example, in the title of standalone LaTeX or HTML output.) The block may  contain  just  a
       title, a title and an author, or all three elements.  If you want to include an author but
       no title, or a title and a date but no author, you need a blank line:

              % Author

              % My title
              % June 15, 2006

       The title may occupy multiple lines, but continuation lines must begin with leading space,

              % My title
                on multiple lines

       If  a document has multiple authors, the authors may be put on separate lines with leading
       space, or separated by semicolons, or both.  So, all of the following are equivalent:

              % Author One
                Author Two

              % Author One; Author Two

              % Author One;
                Author Two

       The date must fit on one line.

       All three  metadata  fields  may  contain  standard  inline  formatting  (italics,  links,
       footnotes, etc.).

       Title  blocks  will  always  be  parsed,  but  they  will  affect the output only when the
       --standalone (-s) option is chosen.  In HTML output, titles will appear twice: once in the
       document head – this is the title that will appear at the top of the window in a browser –
       and once at the beginning of the document body.  The title in the document head  can  have
       an  optional prefix attached (--title-prefix or -T option).  The title in the body appears
       as an H1 element with class “title”, so it can be suppressed or reformatted with CSS.   If
       a  title prefix is specified with -T and no title block appears in the document, the title
       prefix will be used by itself as the HTML title.

       The man page writer extracts a title, man page section number, and other header and footer
       information  from  the title line.  The title is assumed to be the first word on the title
       line, which may optionally end  with  a  (single-digit)  section  number  in  parentheses.
       (There  should be no space between the title and the parentheses.)  Anything after this is
       assumed to be additional footer and header text.  A single pipe character  (|)  should  be
       used to separate the footer text from the header text.  Thus,

              % PANDOC(1)

       will yield a man page with the title PANDOC and section 1.

              % PANDOC(1) Pandoc User Manuals

       will also have “Pandoc User Manuals” in the footer.

              % PANDOC(1) Pandoc User Manuals | Version 4.0

       will also have “Version 4.0” in the header.

   Extension: yaml_metadata_block
       A  YAML  metadata block is a valid YAML object, delimited by a line of three hyphens (---)
       at the top and a line of three hyphens (---) or three dots (...) at the  bottom.   A  YAML
       metadata  block  may occur anywhere in the document, but if it is not at the beginning, it
       must be preceded by a blank line.  (Note that, because  of  the  way  pandoc  concatenates
       input  files  when several are provided, you may also keep the metadata in a separate YAML
       file and pass it to pandoc as an argument, along with your Markdown files:

              pandoc metadata.yaml -s -o book.html

       Just be sure that the YAML file begins with --- and ends with --- or ....)

       Metadata will be taken from the fields of the  YAML  object  and  added  to  any  existing
       document  metadata.   Metadata can contain lists and objects (nested arbitrarily), but all
       string scalars will be interpreted as Markdown.  Fields with names ending in an underscore
       will be ignored by pandoc.  (They may be given a role by external processors.)

       A  document  may  contain  multiple metadata blocks.  The metadata fields will be combined
       through a left-biased union: if two metadata blocks attempt to set  the  same  field,  the
       value from the first block will be taken.

       When  pandoc is used with -t markdown to create a Markdown document, a YAML metadata block
       will be produced only if the -s/--standalone option is used.  All  of  the  metadata  will
       appear in a single block at the beginning of the document.

       Note  that YAML escaping rules must be followed.  Thus, for example, if a title contains a
       colon, it must be quoted.  The pipe character (|) can be used to begin an  indented  block
       that  will  be  interpreted  literally, without need for escaping.  This form is necessary
       when the field contains blank lines:

              title:  'This is the title: it contains a colon'
              - Author One
              - Author Two
              tags: [nothing, nothingness]
              abstract: |
                This is the abstract.

                It consists of two paragraphs.

       Template variables will be set automatically from the metadata.   Thus,  for  example,  in
       writing  HTML, the variable abstract will be set to the HTML equivalent of the Markdown in
       the abstract field:

              <p>This is the abstract.</p>
              <p>It consists of two paragraphs.</p>

       Variables can contain  arbitrary  YAML  structures,  but  the  template  must  match  this
       structure.   The author variable in the default templates expects a simple list or string,
       but can be changed to support more complicated structures.  The following combination, for
       example, would add an affiliation to the author if one is given:

              title: The document title
              - name: Author One
                affiliation: University of Somewhere
              - name: Author Two
                affiliation: University of Nowhere

       To use the structured authors in the example above, you would need a custom template:

              $$$if(author.affiliation)$ ($author.affiliation$)$endif$

   Backslash escapes
   Extension: all_symbols_escapable
       Except  inside a code block or inline code, any punctuation or space character preceded by
       a backslash will be treated literally, even if  it  would  normally  indicate  formatting.
       Thus, for example, if one writes


       one will get


       instead of


       This  rule  is  easier  to  remember  than standard Markdown's rule, which allows only the
       following characters to be backslash-escaped:


       (However, if the markdown_strict format is used, the standard Markdown rule will be used.)

       A backslash-escaped space is parsed as a nonbreaking space.  It will appear in TeX  output
       as ~ and in HTML and XML as \&#160; or \&nbsp;.

       A backslash-escaped newline (i.e. a backslash occurring at the end of a line) is parsed as
       a hard line break.  It will appear in TeX output as \\ and in HTML as <br />.  This  is  a
       nice  alternative  to  Markdown's “invisible” way of indicating hard line breaks using two
       trailing spaces on a line.

       Backslash escapes do not work in verbatim contexts.

   Smart punctuation
       If the --smart option is specified, pandoc will produce  typographically  correct  output,
       converting  straight quotes to curly quotes, --- to em-dashes, -- to en-dashes, and ... to
       ellipses.  Nonbreaking spaces are inserted after certain abbreviations, such as “Mr.”

       Note: if your LaTeX template or any included header file call for  the  csquotes  package,
       pandoc will detect this automatically and use \enquote{...} for quoted text.

   Inline formatting
       To emphasize some text, surround it with *s or _, like this:

              This text is _emphasized with underscores_, and this
              is *emphasized with asterisks*.

       Double * or _ produces strong emphasis:

              This is **strong emphasis** and __with underscores__.

       A * or _ character surrounded by spaces, or backslash-escaped, will not trigger emphasis:

              This is * not emphasized *, and \*neither is this\*.

   Extension: intraword_underscores
       Because  _  is  sometimes used inside words and identifiers, pandoc does not interpret a _
       surrounded by alphanumeric characters as an emphasis marker.  If  you  want  to  emphasize
       just part of a word, use *:

              feas*ible*, not feas*able*.

   Extension: strikeout
       To  strikeout  a  section of text with a horizontal line, begin and end it with ~~.  Thus,
       for example,

              This ~~is deleted text.~~

   Superscripts and subscripts
   Extension: superscript, subscript
       Superscripts may be written  by  surrounding  the  superscripted  text  by  ^  characters;
       subscripts  may be written by surrounding the subscripted text by ~ characters.  Thus, for

              H~2~O is a liquid.  2^10^ is 1024.

       If the superscripted or subscripted text contains spaces, these  spaces  must  be  escaped
       with  backslashes.  (This is to prevent accidental superscripting and subscripting through
       the ordinary use of ~ and ^.) Thus, if you want the letter P with `a cat'  in  subscripts,
       use P~a\ cat~, not P~a cat~.

       To make a short span of text verbatim, put it inside backticks:

              What is the difference between `>>=` and `>>`?

       If the verbatim text includes a backtick, use double backticks:

              Here is a literal backtick `` ` ``.

       (The spaces after the opening backticks and before the closing backticks will be ignored.)

       The  general  rule  is  that a verbatim span starts with a string of consecutive backticks
       (optionally followed by a space) and ends with a string of the same  number  of  backticks
       (optionally preceded by a space).

       Note  that  backslash-escapes  (and  other  Markdown  constructs)  do not work in verbatim

              This is a backslash followed by an asterisk: `\*`.

   Extension: inline_code_attributes
       Attributes can be attached to verbatim text, just as with fenced code blocks:


   Small caps
       To write small caps, you can use an HTML span tag:

              <span style="font-variant:small-caps;">Small caps</span>

       (The semicolon is optional and there may be space after the colon.) This will work in  all
       output formats that support small caps.

       Alternatively, you can also use the new bracketed_spans syntax:

              [Small caps]{style="font-variant:small-caps;"}

   Extension: tex_math_dollars
       Anything  between two $ characters will be treated as TeX math.  The opening $ must have a
       non-space character immediately to its right, while the closing $ must  have  a  non-space
       character immediately to its left, and must not be followed immediately by a digit.  Thus,
       $20,000 and $30,000 won't parse as math.  If for some reason you need to enclose  text  in
       literal $ characters, backslash-escape them and they won't be treated as math delimiters.

       TeX  math will be printed in all output formats.  How it is rendered depends on the output

       Markdown, LaTeX, Emacs Org mode, ConTeXt, ZimWiki
              It will appear verbatim between $ characters.

              It will be rendered using an interpreted text role :math:.

              It will be rendered as latexmath:[...].

              It will be rendered inside a @math command.

       groff man
              It will be rendered verbatim without $'s.

       MediaWiki, DokuWiki
              It will be rendered inside <math> tags.

              It will be rendered inside <span class="math"> tags.

       RTF, OpenDocument, ODT
              It will be rendered, if possible, using  Unicode  characters,  and  will  otherwise
              appear verbatim.

              If the --mathml flag is used, it will be rendered using MathML in an inlineequation
              or informalequation tag.  Otherwise it will be rendered, if possible, using Unicode

       Docx   It will be rendered using OMML math markup.

              If  the  --webtex option is used, formulas are rendered as images using CodeCogs or
              other compatible web service, downloaded and embedded in  the  e-book.   Otherwise,
              they will appear verbatim.

       HTML, Slidy, DZSlides, S5, EPUB
              The way math is rendered in HTML will depend on the command-line options selected:

              1. The  default  is to render TeX math as far as possible using Unicode characters,
                 as with RTF, DocBook, and OpenDocument output.  Formulas are put inside  a  span
                 with  class="math",  so that they may be styled differently from the surrounding
                 text if needed.

              2. If the --latexmathml option is used, TeX math will be displayed between $ or  $$
                 characters and put in <span> tags with class LaTeX.  The LaTeXMathML script will
                 be used to render it as formulas.  (This trick does not work  in  all  browsers,
                 but  it works in Firefox.  In browsers that do not support LaTeXMathML, TeX math
                 will appear verbatim between $ characters.)

              3. If the --jsmath option is used, TeX math will be put  inside  <span>  tags  (for
                 inline  math)  or  <div>  tags  (for  display math) with class math.  The jsMath
                 script will be used to render it.

              4. If the --mimetex option is used, the  mimeTeX  CGI  script  will  be  called  to
                 generate  images  for  each TeX formula.  This should work in all browsers.  The
                 --mimetex option takes an optional URL as argument.  If no URL is specified,  it
                 will be assumed that the mimeTeX CGI script is at /cgi-bin/mimetex.cgi.

              5. If  the  --gladtex option is used, TeX formulas will be enclosed in <eq> tags in
                 the HTML output.  The resulting htex file may  then  be  processed  by  gladTeX,
                 which  will  produce image files for each formula and an HTML file with links to
                 these images.  So, the procedure is:

                         pandoc -s --gladtex myfile.txt -o myfile.htex
                         gladtex -d myfile-images myfile.htex
                         # produces myfile.html and images in myfile-images

              6. If the --webtex option is used, TeX formulas will be  converted  to  <img>  tags
                 that  link  to an external script that converts formulas to images.  The formula
                 will be URL-encoded and concatenated with  the  URL  provided.   If  no  URL  is
                 specified, the CodeCogs will be used (

              7. If the --mathjax option is used, TeX math will be displayed between \(...\) (for
                 inline math) or \[...\] (for display math) and put in  <span>  tags  with  class
                 math.  The MathJax script will be used to render it as formulas.

   Raw HTML
   Extension: raw_html
       Markdown  allows  you  to  insert  raw  HTML  (or  DocBook) anywhere in a document (except
       verbatim contexts, where <, >, and & are interpreted literally).  (Technically this is not
       an extension, since standard Markdown allows it, but it has been made an extension so that
       it can be disabled if desired.)

       The raw HTML is passed through unchanged in HTML, S5,  Slidy,  Slideous,  DZSlides,  EPUB,
       Markdown, Emacs Org mode, and Textile output, and suppressed in other formats.

   Extension: markdown_in_html_blocks
       Standard  Markdown  allows  you  to include HTML “blocks”: blocks of HTML between balanced
       tags that are separated from the surrounding text with blank lines, and start and  end  at
       the left margin.  Within these blocks, everything is interpreted as HTML, not Markdown; so
       (for example), * does not signify emphasis.

       Pandoc behaves this way when the markdown_strict format is used; but  by  default,  pandoc
       interprets  material  between HTML block tags as Markdown.  Thus, for example, pandoc will

              <td>[a link](</td>


              <td><a href="">a link</a></td>

       whereas will preserve it as is.

       There is one exception to this rule:  text  between  <script>  and  <style>  tags  is  not
       interpreted as Markdown.

       This  departure  from  standard  Markdown  should make it easier to mix Markdown with HTML
       block elements.  For example, one can surround a block of Markdown text  with  <div>  tags
       without preventing it from being interpreted as Markdown.

   Extension: native_divs
       Use native pandoc Div blocks for content inside <div> tags.  For the most part this should
       give the same output as markdown_in_html_blocks, but it makes it easier  to  write  pandoc
       filters to manipulate groups of blocks.

   Extension: native_spans
       Use  native  pandoc  Span  blocks  for content inside <span> tags.  For the most part this
       should give the same output as raw_html, but it makes it easier to write pandoc filters to
       manipulate groups of inlines.

   Raw TeX
   Extension: raw_tex
       In  addition  to  raw  HTML, pandoc allows raw LaTeX, TeX, and ConTeXt to be included in a
       document.  Inline TeX commands will be preserved and passed unchanged  to  the  LaTeX  and
       ConTeXt writers.  Thus, for example, you can use LaTeX to include BibTeX citations:

              This result was proved in \cite{jones.1967}.

       Note that in LaTeX environments, like

              Age & Frequency \\ \hline
              18--25  & 15 \\
              26--35  & 33 \\
              36--45  & 22 \\ \hline

       the  material  between  the  begin  and  end tags will be interpreted as raw LaTeX, not as

       Inline LaTeX is ignored in output formats other than Markdown, LaTeX, Emacs Org mode,  and

   LaTeX macros
   Extension: latex_macros
       For output formats other than LaTeX, pandoc will parse LaTeX \newcommand and \renewcommand
       definitions and apply the resulting macros to  all  LaTeX  math.   So,  for  example,  the
       following will work in all output formats, not just LaTeX:

              \newcommand{\tuple}[1]{\langle #1 \rangle}

              $\tuple{a, b, c}$

       In LaTeX output, the \newcommand definition will simply be passed unchanged to the output.

       Markdown allows links to be specified in several ways.

   Automatic links
       If you enclose a URL or email address in pointy brackets, it will become a link:


   Inline links
       An  inline  link  consists  of  the  link  text in square brackets, followed by the URL in
       parentheses.  (Optionally, the URL can be followed by a link title, in quotes.)

              This is an [inline link](/url), and here's [one with
              a title]( "click here for a good time!").

       There can be no space between the bracketed part and the  parenthesized  part.   The  link
       text can contain formatting (such as emphasis), but the title cannot.

       Email  addresses  in  inline  links are not autodetected, so they have to be prefixed with

              [Write me!](mailto:sam@green.eggs.ham)

   Reference links
       An explicit reference link has two parts, the link itself and the link  definition,  which
       may occur elsewhere in the document (either before or after the link).

       The link consists of link text in square brackets, followed by a label in square brackets.
       (There can be space between the two.) The link definition consists of the bracketed label,
       followed  by  a  colon  and a space, followed by the URL, and optionally (after a space) a
       link title either in quotes or in parentheses.  The label  must  not  be  parseable  as  a
       citation  (assuming  the  citations  extension is enabled): citations take precedence over
       link labels.

       Here are some examples:

              [my label 1]: /foo/bar.html  "My title, optional"
              [my label 2]: /foo
              [my label 3]: (The free software foundation)
              [my label 4]: /bar#special  'A title in single quotes'

       The URL may optionally be surrounded by angle brackets:

              [my label 5]: <>

       The title may go on the next line:

              [my label 3]:
                "The free software foundation"

       Note that link labels are not case sensitive.  So, this will work:

              Here is [my link][FOO]

              [Foo]: /bar/baz

       In an implicit reference link, the second pair of brackets is empty:

              See [my website][].

              [my website]:

       Note: In and most other Markdown implementations, reference  link  definitions
       cannot  occur  in  nested  constructions such as list items or block quotes.  Pandoc lifts
       this arbitrary seeming restriction.  So the following is fine in  pandoc,  though  not  in
       most other implementations:

              > My block [quote].
              > [quote]: /foo

   Extension: shortcut_reference_links
       In a shortcut reference link, the second pair of brackets may be omitted entirely:

              See [my website].

              [my website]:

   Internal links
       To  link  to  another  section  of  the  same  document,  use  the automatically generated
       identifier (see Header identifiers).  For example:

              See the [Introduction](#introduction).


              See the [Introduction].

              [Introduction]: #introduction

       Internal links are currently supported for HTML formats (including HTML  slide  shows  and
       EPUB), LaTeX, and ConTeXt.

       A  link  immediately  preceded  by a ! will be treated as an image.  The link text will be
       used as the image's alt text:

              ![la lune](lalune.jpg "Voyage to the moon")

              ![movie reel]

              [movie reel]: movie.gif

   Extension: implicit_figures
       An image occurring by itself in a paragraph will be rendered as a figure with  a  caption.
       (In  LaTeX,  a figure environment will be used; in HTML, the image will be placed in a div
       with class figure, together with a caption in a p with class caption.)   The  image's  alt
       text will be used as the caption.

              ![This is the caption](/url/of/image.png)

       If  you  just  want a regular inline image, just make sure it is not the only thing in the
       paragraph.  One way to do this is to insert a nonbreaking space after the image:

              ![This image won't be a figure](/url/of/image.png)\

   Extension: link_attributes
       Attributes can be set on links and images:

              An inline ![image](foo.jpg){#id .class width=30 height=20px}
              and a reference ![image][ref] with attributes.

              [ref]: foo.jpg "optional title" {#id .class key=val key2="val 2"}

       (This syntax is compatible with PHP Markdown Extra when only #id and .class are used.)

       For HTML and EPUB, all attributes except width and height (but including srcset and sizes)
       are  passed  through as is.  The other writers ignore attributes that are not supported by
       their output format.

       The width and height attributes on images are treated  specially.   When  used  without  a
       unit,  the  unit  is assumed to be pixels.  However, any of the following unit identifiers
       can be used: px, cm, mm, in, inch and %.  There must not be any spaces between the  number
       and the unit.  For example:

              ![](file.jpg){ width=50% }

       · Dimensions  are  converted  to  inches  for  output  in  page-based  formats like LaTeX.
         Dimensions are converted to pixels for output  in  HTML-like  formats.   Use  the  --dpi
         option to specify the number of pixels per inch.  The default is 96dpi.

       · The % unit is generally relative to some available space.  For example the above example
         will      render      to       <img href="file.jpg" style="width: 50%;" />       (HTML),
         \includegraphics[width=0.5\textwidth]{file.jpg}                (LaTeX),               or
         \externalfigure[file.jpg][width=0.5\textwidth] (ConTeXt).

       · Some output formats have a notion of a class (ConTeXt) or  a  unique  identifier  (LaTeX
         \caption), or both (HTML).

       · When  no  width or height attributes are specified, the fallback is to look at the image
         resolution and the dpi metadata embedded in the image file.

   Extension: bracketed_spans
       A bracketed sequence of inlines, as one would use to begin a link, will be  treated  as  a
       span with attributes if it is followed immediately by attributes:

              [This is *some text*]{.class key="val"}

   Extension: footnotes
       Pandoc's Markdown allows footnotes, using the following syntax:

              Here is a footnote reference,[^1] and another.[^longnote]

              [^1]: Here is the footnote.

              [^longnote]: Here's one with multiple blocks.

                  Subsequent paragraphs are indented to show that they
              belong to the previous footnote.

                      { some.code }

                  The whole paragraph can be indented, or just the first
                  line.  In this way, multi-paragraph footnotes work like
                  multi-paragraph list items.

              This paragraph won't be part of the note, because it
              isn't indented.

       The  identifiers  in footnote references may not contain spaces, tabs, or newlines.  These
       identifiers are used only to correlate the footnote reference with the note itself; in the
       output, footnotes will be numbered sequentially.

       The  footnotes  themselves need not be placed at the end of the document.  They may appear
       anywhere except inside other block elements (lists, block  quotes,  tables,  etc.).   Each
       footnote should be separated from surrounding content (including other footnotes) by blank

   Extension: inline_notes
       Inline footnotes are also allowed (though,  unlike  regular  notes,  they  cannot  contain
       multiple paragraphs).  The syntax is as follows:

              Here is an inline note.^[Inlines notes are easier to write, since
              you don't have to pick an identifier and move down to type the

       Inline and regular footnotes may be mixed freely.

   Extension: citations
       Using an external filter, pandoc-citeproc, pandoc can automatically generate citations and
       a bibliography in a number of styles.  Basic usage is

              pandoc --filter pandoc-citeproc myinput.txt

       In order to use this feature, you will need to  specify  a  bibliography  file  using  the
       bibliography  metadata  field  in  a YAML metadata section, or --bibliography command line
       argument.  You can supply multiple --bibliography arguments or set  bibliography  metadata
       field to YAML array, if you want to use multiple bibliography files.  The bibliography may
       have any of these formats:

       Format        File extension
       BibLaTeX      .bib
       BibTeX        .bibtex
       Copac         .copac
       CSL JSON      .json
       CSL YAML      .yaml
       EndNote       .enl
       EndNote XML   .xml
       ISI           .wos
       MEDLINE       .medline
       MODS          .mods
       RIS           .ris

       Note that .bib can be used with both BibTeX and  BibLaTeX  files;  use  .bibtex  to  force

       Note  that pandoc-citeproc --bib2json and pandoc-citeproc --bib2yaml can produce .json and
       .yaml files from any of the supported formats.

       In-field markup: In BibTeX and BibLaTeX databases,  pandoc-citeproc  parses  a  subset  of
       LaTeX  markup;  in  CSL  YAML  databases,  pandoc  Markdown; and in CSL JSON databases, an
       HTML-like markup:



       <span style="font-variant:small-caps;">...</span> or <sc>...</sc>
              small capitals



       <span class="nocase">...</span>
              prevent a phrase from being capitalized as title case

       pandoc-citeproc -j and -y interconvert the CSL  JSON  and  CSL  YAML  formats  as  far  as

       As  an  alternative  to  specifying  a  bibliography file using --bibliography or the YAML
       metadata field bibliography, you can include the citation data directly in the  references
       field  of the document's YAML metadata.  The field should contain an array of YAML-encoded
       references, for example:

              - type: article-journal
                id: WatsonCrick1953
                - family: Watson
                  given: J. D.
                - family: Crick
                  given: F. H. C.
                  - - 1953
                    - 4
                    - 25
                title: 'Molecular structure of nucleic acids: a structure for deoxyribose
                  nucleic acid'
                title-short: Molecular structure of nucleic acids
                container-title: Nature
                volume: 171
                issue: 4356
                page: 737-738
                DOI: 10.1038/171737a0
                language: en-GB

       (pandoc-citeproc --bib2yaml can produce these from a  bibliography  file  in  one  of  the
       supported formats.)

       Citations  and references can be formatted using any style supported by the Citation Style
       Language, listed in the Zotero Style Repository.  These  files  are  specified  using  the
       --csl  option or the csl metadata field.  By default, pandoc-citeproc will use the Chicago
       Manual of Style author-date format.  The  CSL  project  provides  further  information  on
       finding and editing styles.

       To  make  your  citations  hyperlinks  to  the  corresponding  bibliography  entries,  add
       link-citations: true to your YAML metadata.

       Citations go inside square brackets and are separated by semicolons.  Each  citation  must
       have  a  key,  composed  of  `@'  +  the  citation  identifier  from the database, and may
       optionally have a prefix, a locator, and a suffix.  The citation key  must  begin  with  a
       letter, digit, or _, and may contain alphanumerics, _, and internal punctuation characters
       (:.#$%&-+?<>~/).  Here are some examples:

              Blah blah [see @doe99, pp. 33-35; also @smith04, chap. 1].

              Blah blah [@doe99, pp. 33-35, 38-39 and *passim*].

              Blah blah [@smith04; @doe99].

       pandoc-citeproc detects locator terms in the CSL  locale  files.   Either  abbreviated  or
       unabbreviated  forms  are  accepted.  In the en-US locale, locator terms can be written in
       either singular or  plural  forms,  as  book,  bk./bks.;  chapter,  chap./chaps.;  column,
       col./cols.;  figure,  fig./figs.; folio, fol./fols.; number, no./nos.; line, l./ll.; note,
       n./nn.; opus, op./opp.; page, p./pp.; paragraph, para./paras.;  part,  pt./pts.;  section,
       sec./secs.;  sub verbo,  s.v./s.vv.; verse, v./vv.; volume, vol./vols.; ¶/¶¶; §/§§.  If no
       locator term is used, “page” is assumed.

       A minus sign (-) before the @ will suppress mention of the author in the  citation.   This
       can be useful when the author is already mentioned in the text:

              Smith says blah [-@smith04].

       You can also write an in-text citation, as follows:

              @smith04 says blah.

              @smith04 [p. 33] says blah.

       If  the  style  calls  for  a  list  of  works  cited, it will be placed at the end of the
       document.  Normally, you will want to end your document with an appropriate header:

              last paragraph...

              # References

       The bibliography will be inserted after this header.  Note that the unnumbered class  will
       be added to this header, so that the section will not be numbered.

       If  you want to include items in the bibliography without actually citing them in the body
       text, you can define a dummy nocite metadata field and put the citations there:

              nocite: |
                @item1, @item2


       In this example, the document will contain a citation for item3 only, but the bibliography
       will contain entries for item1, item2, and item3.

       It is possible to create a bibliography with all the citations, whether or not they appear
       in the document, by using a wildcard:

              nocite: |

       For LaTeX or PDF output, you can also use natbib or biblatex to render  bibliography.   In
       order  to  do  so,  specify  bibliography  files  as  outlined  above, and add --natbib or
       --biblatex argument to pandoc invocation.  Bear in mind that bibliography files have to be
       in respective format (either BibTeX or BibLaTeX).

       For more information, see the pandoc-citeproc man page.

   Non-pandoc extensions
       The  following Markdown syntax extensions are not enabled by default in pandoc, but may be
       enabled by adding +EXTENSION to the format name,  where  EXTENSION  is  the  name  of  the
       extension.   Thus,  for  example,  markdown+hard_line_breaks  is  Markdown  with hard line

   Extension: angle_brackets_escapable
       Allow < and > to be backslash-escaped, as they can be in GitHub flavored Markdown but  not
       original Markdown.  This is implied by pandoc's default all_symbols_escapable.

   Extension: lists_without_preceding_blankline
       Allow a list to occur right after a paragraph, with no intervening blank space.

   Extension: hard_line_breaks
       Causes  all  newlines  within a paragraph to be interpreted as hard line breaks instead of

   Extension: ignore_line_breaks
       Causes newlines within a paragraph to be ignored, rather than being treated as  spaces  or
       as  hard  line  breaks.   This  option is intended for use with East Asian languages where
       spaces are not used between words, but text is divided into lines for readability.

   Extension: east_asian_line_breaks
       Causes newlines within a paragraph to be ignored, rather than being treated as  spaces  or
       as  hard  line  breaks, when they occur between two East Asian wide characters.  This is a
       better choice than ignore_line_breaks for texts that include a  mix  of  East  Asian  wide
       characters and other characters.

   Extension: emoji
       Parses textual emojis like :smile: as Unicode emoticons.

   Extension: tex_math_single_backslash
       Causes  anything  between  \(  and  \)  to be interpreted as inline TeX math, and anything
       between \[ and \] to be interpreted as  display  TeX  math.   Note:  a  drawback  of  this
       extension is that it precludes escaping ( and [.

   Extension: tex_math_double_backslash
       Causes  anything  between  \\(  and \\) to be interpreted as inline TeX math, and anything
       between \\[ and \\] to be interpreted as display TeX math.

   Extension: markdown_attribute
       By default,  pandoc  interprets  material  inside  block-level  tags  as  Markdown.   This
       extension  changes the behavior so that Markdown is only parsed inside block-level tags if
       the tags have the attribute markdown=1.

   Extension: mmd_title_block
       Enables a MultiMarkdown style title block at the top of the document, for example:

              Title:   My title
              Author:  John Doe
              Date:    September 1, 2008
              Comment: This is a sample mmd title block, with
                       a field spanning multiple lines.

       See   the   MultiMarkdown   documentation   for   details.    If   pandoc_title_block   or
       yaml_metadata_block is enabled, it will take precedence over mmd_title_block.

   Extension: abbreviations
       Parses PHP Markdown Extra abbreviation keys, like

              *[HTML]: Hypertext Markup Language

       Note  that  the pandoc document model does not support abbreviations, so if this extension
       is enabled,  abbreviation  keys  are  simply  skipped  (as  opposed  to  being  parsed  as

   Extension: autolink_bare_uris
       Makes all absolute URIs into links, even when not surrounded by pointy braces <...>.

   Extension: ascii_identifiers
       Causes  the  identifiers  produced  by  auto_identifiers  to  be  pure ASCII.  Accents are
       stripped off of accented Latin letters, and non-Latin letters are omitted.

   Extension: mmd_link_attributes
       Parses multimarkdown style key-value  attributes  on  link  and  image  references.   This
       extension should not be confused with the link_attributes extension.

              This is a reference ![image][ref] with multimarkdown attributes.

              [ref]: "Image title" width=20px height=30px
                     id=myId class="myClass1 myClass2"

   Extension: mmd_header_identifiers
       Parses  multimarkdown  style  header identifiers (in square brackets, after the header but
       before any trailing #s in an ATX header).

   Extension: compact_definition_lists
       Activates the definition list syntax of pandoc 1.12.x and earlier.   This  syntax  differs
       from the one described above under Definition lists in several respects:

       · No blank line is required between consecutive items of the definition list.

       · To  get  a  “tight”  or  “compact” list, omit space between consecutive items; the space
         between a term and its definition does not affect anything.

       · Lazy wrapping of paragraphs is not allowed: the entire definition must be indented  four

   Markdown variants
       In addition to pandoc's extended Markdown, the following Markdown variants are supported:

       markdown_phpextra (PHP Markdown Extra)
              footnotes,    pipe_tables,    raw_html,   markdown_attribute,   fenced_code_blocks,
              definition_lists,   intraword_underscores,   header_attributes,    link_attributes,
              abbreviations, shortcut_reference_links.

       markdown_github (GitHub-Flavored Markdown)
              pipe_tables,  raw_html,  fenced_code_blocks,  auto_identifiers,  ascii_identifiers,
              backtick_code_blocks,   autolink_bare_uris,    intraword_underscores,    strikeout,
              hard_line_breaks, emoji, shortcut_reference_links, angle_brackets_escapable.

       markdown_mmd (MultiMarkdown)
              pipe_tables,        raw_html,        markdown_attribute,       mmd_link_attributes,
              tex_math_double_backslash,   intraword_underscores,   mmd_title_block,   footnotes,
              definition_lists,         all_symbols_escapable,        implicit_header_references,
              auto_identifiers, mmd_header_identifiers, shortcut_reference_links.

       markdown_strict (

   Extensions with formats other than Markdown
       Some of the extensions discussed above can be used with formats other than Markdown:

       · auto_identifiers can be used with latex, rst, mediawiki, and textile input (and is  used
         by default).

       · tex_math_dollars,  tex_math_single_backslash,  and tex_math_double_backslash can be used
         with html input.  (This is handy for reading web  pages  formatted  using  MathJax,  for


       You  can  use pandoc to produce an HTML + JavaScript slide presentation that can be viewed
       via a web browser.  There are five ways to do this, using S5, DZSlides,  Slidy,  Slideous,
       or reveal.js.  You can also produce a PDF slide show using LaTeX beamer.

       Here's the Markdown source for a simple slide show, habits.txt:

              % Habits
              % John Doe
              % March 22, 2005

              # In the morning

              ## Getting up

              - Turn off alarm
              - Get out of bed

              ## Breakfast

              - Eat eggs
              - Drink coffee

              # In the evening

              ## Dinner

              - Eat spaghetti
              - Drink wine


              ![picture of spaghetti](images/spaghetti.jpg)

              ## Going to sleep

              - Get in bed
              - Count sheep

       To produce an HTML/JavaScript slide show, simply type

              pandoc -t FORMAT -s habits.txt -o habits.html

       where FORMAT is either s5, slidy, slideous, dzslides, or revealjs.

       For   Slidy,   Slideous,  reveal.js,  and  S5,  the  file  produced  by  pandoc  with  the
       -s/--standalone option embeds a link to JavaScript and CSS files, which are assumed to  be
       available  at  the  relative  path s5/default (for S5), slideous (for Slideous), reveal.js
       (for reveal.js), or at the Slidy website at  (for  Slidy).   (These  paths  can  be
       changed  by  setting  the  slidy-url, slideous-url, revealjs-url, or s5-url variables; see
       Variables for slides, above.) For DZSlides, the (relatively short) JavaScript and CSS  are
       included in the file by default.

       With  all  HTML slide formats, the --self-contained option can be used to produce a single
       file that contains all of the data necessary to display the slide show,  including  linked
       scripts, stylesheets, images, and videos.

       To produce a PDF slide show using beamer, type

              pandoc -t beamer habits.txt -o habits.pdf

       Note  that  a reveal.js slide show can also be converted to a PDF by printing it to a file
       from the browser.

   Structuring the slide show
       By default, the slide level is the highest header level in the hierarchy that is  followed
       immediately by content, and not another header, somewhere in the document.  In the example
       above, level 1 headers are always followed by level  2  headers,  which  are  followed  by
       content,  so 2 is the slide level.  This default can be overridden using the --slide-level

       The document is carved up into slides according to the following rules:

       · A horizontal rule always starts a new slide.

       · A header at the slide level always starts a new slide.

       · Headers below the slide level in the hierarchy create headers within a slide.

       · Headers above the slide level in the hierarchy create “title slides,” which just contain
         the section title and help to break the slide show into sections.

       · A  title  page is constructed automatically from the document's title block, if present.
         (In the case of beamer, this can be disabled by commenting out some lines in the default

       These  rules  are  designed  to support many different styles of slide show.  If you don't
       care about structuring your slides into sections and subsections, you can just use level 1
       headers  for all each slide.  (In that case, level 1 will be the slide level.) But you can
       also structure the slide show into sections, as in the example above.

       Note: in reveal.js slide shows, if slide level is 2,  a  two-dimensional  layout  will  be
       produced,  with  level  1  headers  building  horizontally  and  level  2 headers building
       vertically.  It is not recommended that you use deeper  nesting  of  section  levels  with

   Incremental lists
       By default, these writers produce lists that display “all at once.” If you want your lists
       to display incrementally (one item at  a  time),  use  the  -i  option.   If  you  want  a
       particular  list to depart from the default (that is, to display incrementally without the
       -i option and all at once with the -i option), put it in a block quote:

              > - Eat spaghetti
              > - Drink wine

       In this way incremental and nonincremental lists can be mixed in a single document.

   Inserting pauses
       You can add “pauses” within a slide  by  including  a  paragraph  containing  three  dots,
       separated by spaces:

              # Slide with a pause

              content before the pause

              . . .

              content after the pause

   Styling the slides
       You   can   change   the  style  of  HTML  slides  by  putting  customized  CSS  files  in
       $DATADIR/s5/default (for  S5),  $DATADIR/slidy  (for  Slidy),  or  $DATADIR/slideous  (for
       Slideous),  where  $DATADIR  is  the  user  data  directory  (see --data-dir, above).  The
       originals   may   be   found   in    pandoc's    system    data    directory    (generally
       $CABALDIR/pandoc-VERSION/s5/default).   Pandoc  will  look there for any files it does not
       find in the user data directory.

       For dzslides, the CSS is included in the HTML file itself, and may be modified there.

       All reveal.js configuration options can be set through variables.  For example, themes can
       be used by setting the theme variable:

              -V theme=moon

       Or you can specify a custom stylesheet using the --css option.

       To  style  beamer  slides, you can specify a theme, colortheme, fonttheme, innertheme, and
       outertheme, using the -V option:

              pandoc -t beamer habits.txt -V theme:Warsaw -o habits.pdf

       Note that header attributes will turn into slide attributes (on a <div> or  <section>)  in
       HTML  slide  formats, allowing you to style individual slides.  In beamer, the only header
       attribute  that  affects  slides  is  the   allowframebreaks   class,   which   sets   the
       allowframebreaks  option,  causing  multiple slides to be created if the content overfills
       the frame.  This is recommended especially for bibliographies:

              # References {.allowframebreaks}

   Speaker notes
       reveal.js has good support for speaker notes.  You can add notes to your Markdown document

              <div class="notes">
              This is my note.

              - It can contain Markdown
              - like this list


       To  show  the  notes  window,  press  s while viewing the presentation.  Notes are not yet
       supported for other slide formats, but the notes will not appear on the slides themselves.

   Frame attributes in beamer
       Sometimes it is necessary to add the LaTeX [fragile] option to  a  frame  in  beamer  (for
       example,  when  using  the  minted environment).  This can be forced by adding the fragile
       class to the header introducing the slide:

              # Fragile slide {.fragile}

       All of the other frame attributes described in Section 8.1 of the Beamer User's Guide  may
       also  be  used:  allowdisplaybreaks, allowframebreaks, b, c, t, environment, label, plain,


   EPUB Metadata
       EPUB metadata may be specified  using  the  --epub-metadata  option,  but  if  the  source
       document is Markdown, it is better to use a YAML metadata block.  Here is an example:

              - type: main
                text: My Book
              - type: subtitle
                text: An investigation of metadata
              - role: author
                text: John Smith
              - role: editor
                text: Sarah Jones
              - scheme: DOI
                text: doi:10.234234.234/33
              publisher:  My Press
              rights: © 2007 John Smith, CC BY-NC

       The following fields are recognized:

              Either  a  string value or an object with fields text and scheme.  Valid values for
              scheme  are  ISBN-10,  GTIN-13,  UPC,  ISMN-10,  DOI,   LCCN,   GTIN-14,   ISBN-13,
              Legal deposit number, URN, OCLC, ISMN-13, ISBN-A, JP, OLCC.

       title  Either a string value, or an object with fields file-as and type, or a list of such
              objects.  Valid values for type are main,  subtitle,  short,  collection,  edition,

              Either  a string value, or an object with fields role, file-as, and text, or a list
              of such objects.  Valid values for role are MARC relators, but pandoc will  attempt
              to  translate  the  human-readable  versions  (like  “author”  and “editor”) to the
              appropriate marc relators.

              Same format as creator.

       date   A string value in YYYY-MM-DD format.  (Only the year  is  necessary.)  Pandoc  will
              attempt to convert other common date formats.

       lang (or legacy: language)
              A  string  value  in  BCP  47 format.  Pandoc will default to the local language if
              nothing is specified.

              A string value or a list of such values.

              A string value.

       type   A string value.

       format A string value.

              A string value.

              A string value.

       rights A string value.

              A string value (path to cover image).

              A string value (path to CSS stylesheet).

              Either ltr or rtl.  Specifies  the  page-progression-direction  attribute  for  the
              spine element.

   Linked media
       By  default,  pandoc will download linked media (including audio and video) and include it
       in the EPUB container, yielding a completely self-contained EPUB.  If you want to link  to
       external media resources instead, use raw HTML in your source and add data-external="1" to
       the tag with the src attribute.  For example:

              <audio controls="1">
                <source src=""
                        data-external="1" type="audio/mpeg">


       If you append +lhs (or  +literate_haskell)  to  an  appropriate  input  or  output  format
       (markdown,  markdown_strict,  rst, or latex for input or output; beamer, html or html5 for
       output only), pandoc will treat the document as literate Haskell source.  This means that

       · In Markdown input, “bird track” sections will be parsed  as  Haskell  code  rather  than
         block  quotations.   Text  between  \begin{code}  and \end{code} will also be treated as
         Haskell code.  For ATX-style headers the character `=' will be used instead of `#'.

       · In Markdown output, code blocks with classes haskell and literate will be rendered using
         bird  tracks,  and  block  quotations  will  be  indented one space, so they will not be
         treated as Haskell code.  In addition,  headers  will  be  rendered  setext-style  (with
         underlines)  rather  than  ATX-style (with `#' characters).  (This is because ghc treats
         `#' characters in column 1 as introducing line numbers.)

       · In restructured text input, “bird track” sections will be parsed as Haskell code.

       · In restructured text output, code blocks with class haskell will be rendered using  bird

       · In LaTeX input, text in code environments will be parsed as Haskell code.

       · In  LaTeX  output,  code  blocks  with  class  haskell  will  be  rendered  inside  code

       · In  HTML  output,  code  blocks  with  class  haskell  will  be  rendered   with   class
         literatehaskell and bird tracks.


              pandoc -f markdown+lhs -t html

       reads literate Haskell source formatted with Markdown conventions and writes ordinary HTML
       (without bird tracks).

              pandoc -f markdown+lhs -t html+lhs

       writes HTML with the Haskell code in bird tracks, so  it  can  be  copied  and  pasted  as
       literate Haskell source.


       Pandoc  will  automatically  highlight syntax in fenced code blocks that are marked with a
       language name.  The Haskell library highlighting-kate  is  used  for  highlighting,  which
       works  in  HTML,  Docx, and LaTeX/PDF output.  To see a list of language names that pandoc
       will recognize, type pandoc --list-highlight-languages.

       The color scheme can be selected using the --highlight-style option.   The  default  color
       scheme  is  pygments,  which  imitates the default color scheme used by the Python library
       pygments (though pygments is not actually used to do the highlighting).  To see a list  of
       highlight styles, type pandoc --list-highlight-styles.

       To disable highlighting, use the --no-highlight option.


       By  default,  pandoc's  docx  output applies a predefined set of styles for blocks such as
       paragraphs and block quotes, and uses  largely  default  formatting  (italics,  bold)  for
       inlines.   This  will  work for most purposes, especially alongside a reference.docx file.
       However, if you need to apply your own styles to blocks, or match  a  preexisting  set  of
       styles,  pandoc  allows  you  to  define  custom styles for blocks and text using divs and
       spans, respectively.

       If you define a div or span with  the  attribute  custom-style,  pandoc  will  apply  your
       specified style to the contained elements.  So, for example,

              <span custom-style="Emphatically">Get out,</span> he said.

       would  produce  a  docx  file  with  “Get  out,” styled with character style Emphatically.

              Dickinson starts the poem simply:

              <div custom-style="Poetry">
              | A Bird came down the Walk---
              | He did not know I saw---

       would style the two contained lines with the Poetry paragraph style.

       If the styles are not yet in your reference.docx, they will be defined in the output  file
       as  inheriting  from  normal text.  If they are already defined, pandoc will not alter the

       This feature allows for greatest customization in conjunction with pandoc filters.  If you
       want all paragraphs after block quotes to be indented, you can write a filter to apply the
       styles necessary.  If you want all italics to be transformed  to  the  Emphasis  character
       style  (perhaps  to  change  their color), you can write a filter which will transform all
       italicized inlines to inlines within an Emphasis custom-style span.


       Pandoc can be extended with custom  writers  written  in  lua.   (Pandoc  includes  a  lua
       interpreter, so lua need not be installed separately.)

       To  use  a custom writer, simply specify the path to the lua script in place of the output
       format.  For example:

              pandoc -t data/sample.lua

       Creating a custom writer requires writing a lua function for each possible  element  in  a
       pandoc  document.   To  get  a  documented  example which you can modify according to your
       needs, do

              pandoc --print-default-data-file sample.lua


       © 2006-2016 John MacFarlane (  Released under  the  GPL,  version  2  or
       greater.   This  software  carries  no  warranty  of  any  kind.   (See COPYRIGHT for full
       copyright and warranty notices.)

       Contributors include Arata Mizuki, Aaron Wolen, Albert Krewinkel, Alex Ivkin,  Alex  Vong,
       Alexander  Kondratskiy,  Alexander  Sulfrian, Alexander V Vershilov, Alfred Wechselberger,
       Andreas Lööw, Andrew Dunning, Antoine Latter, Arata Mizuki, Arlo O'Keeffe,  Artyom  Kazak,
       B.  Scott Michel, Ben Gamari, Beni Cherniavsky-Paskin, Benoit Schweblin, Bjorn Buckwalter,
       Bradley Kuhn, Brent Yorgey, Bryan O'Sullivan, Caleb McDaniel, Calvin  Beck,  Carlos  Sosa,
       Chris  Black,  Christian  Conkle, Christoffer Ackelman, Christoffer Sawicki, Clare Macrae,
       Clint Adams, Conal Elliott, Craig S.  Bosma, Daniel  Bergey,  Daniel  T.   Staal,  Daniele
       D'Orazio, David Lazar, David Röthlisberger, Denis Laxalde, Douglas Calvert, Emanuel Evans,
       Emily Eisenberg, Eric Kow, Eric Seidel, Felix Yan, Florian Eitel, François Gannaz, Freiric
       Barral,  Freirich  Raabe,  Frerich  Raabe,  Fyodor  Sheremetyev, Gabor Pali, Gavin Beatty,
       Gottfried Haider, Greg Maslov, Greg Rundlett, Grégory Bataille, Gwern Branwen,  Hans-Peter
       Deifel,  Henrik  Tramberend,  Henry  de Valence, Hubert Plociniczak, Ilya V.  Portnov, Ivo
       Clarysse, J.  Lewis Muir, Jaime Marquínez Ferrándiz, Jakob Voß, James Aspnes,  Jamie  F.
       Olson,  Jan Larres, Jan Schulz, Jason Ronallo, Jeff Arnold, Jeff Runningen, Jens Petersen,
       Jesse Rosenthal, Joe Hillenbrand, John MacFarlane,  John  Muccigrosso,  Jonas  Smedegaard,
       Jonathan  Daugherty,  Jose  Luis Duran, Josef Svenningsson, Julien Cretel, Juliusz Gonera,
       Justin Bogner, Jérémy Bobbio, Kelsey Hightower, Kolen Cheung,  Konstantin  Zudov,  Kristof
       Bastiaensen,  Lars-Dominik  Braun,  Luke Plant, Mark Szepieniec, Mark Wright, Martin Linn,
       Masayoshi Takahashi, Matej Kollar, Mathias Schenner, Mathieu Duponchelle,  Matthew  Eddey,
       Matthew  Pickering,  Matthias  C.   M.   Troffaes, Mauro Bieg, Max Bolingbroke, Max Rydahl
       Andersen, Merijn Verstraaten, Michael Beaumont, Michael Chladek, Michael Snoyman,  Michael
       Thompson,  MinRK, Morton Fox, Nathan Gass, Neil Mayhew, Nick Bart, Nicolas Kaiser, Nikolay
       Yakimov, Oliver Matthews, Ophir Lifshitz, Pablo Rodríguez, Paul  Rivier,  Paulo  Tanimoto,
       Peter  Wang,  Philippe  Ombredanne,  Phillip  Alday,  Prayag Verma, Puneeth Chaganti, Ralf
       Stephan, Raniere Silva, Recai Oktaş,  RyanGlScott,  Scott  Morrison,  Sergei  Trofimovich,
       Sergey  Astanin,  Shahbaz  Youssefi,  Shaun Attfield, Sidarth Kapur, Sidharth Kapur, Simon
       Hengel, Sumit Sahrawat, Thomas Hodgson, Thomas  Weißschuh,  Tim  Lin,  Timothy  Humphries,
       Tiziano  Müller,  Todd  Sifleet,  Tom  Leese,  Uli  Köhler, Václav Zeman, Viktor Kronvall,
       Vincent, Václav Haisman, Václav Zeman,  Wandmalfarbe,  Waldir  Pimenta,  Wikiwide,  Xavier
       Olive,  bumper314,  csforste,  infinity0x, nkalvi, qerub, robabla, roblabla, rodja.trappe,
       rski, shreevatsa.public, takahashim, tgkokk, thsutton.

       The Pandoc source code and all documentation may be downloaded from <>.