Provided by: pssh_2.3.1-1_all bug


       paralllel-ssh — parallel ssh program


       paralllel-ssh  [-vAiIP]  [-h  hosts_file]  [-H  [user@]host[:port]] [-l user] [-p par] [-o
       outdir] [-e errdir] [-t timeout] [-O options] [-x args] [-X arg] command ...

       paralllel-ssh -I [-vAiIP] [-h hosts_file] [-H [user@]host[:port]] [-l user] [-p  par]  [-o
       outdir] [-e errdir] [-t timeout] [-O options] [-x args] [-X arg] [command ...]


       paralllel-ssh  is  a  program  for  executing  ssh  in  parallel on a number of hosts.  It
       provides features such as sending input to all of the processes,  passing  a  password  to
       ssh, saving output to files, and timing out.

       The  PSSH_NODENUM  and  PSSH_HOST  environment variables are sent to the remote host.  The
       PSSH_NODENUM variable is assigned a unique number for each ssh connection, starting with 0
       and  counting up.  The PSSH_HOST variable is assigned the name of the host as specified in
       the hosts list.  Note that sshd drops environment variables by default, so sshd_config  on
       the remote host must include the line:
              AcceptEnv PSSH_NODENUM PSSH_HOST


       -h host_file
       --hosts host_file
              Read  hosts  from  the  given  host_file.   Lines  in the host file are of the form
              [user@]host[:port] and can include blank lines and comments (lines  beginning  with
              "#").   If  multiple  host  files are given (the -h option is used more than once),
              then paralllel-ssh behaves as though these files were concatenated together.  If  a
              host  is specified multiple times, then paralllel-ssh will connect the given number
              of times.

       -H     [user@]host[:port]
       --host [user@]host[:port]
       -H     "[user@]host[:port] [ [user@]host[:port ] ... ]"
       --host "[user@]host[:port] [ [user@]host[:port ] ... ]"
              Add the given host strings to the list of hosts.  This option may be given multiple
              times, and may be used in conjunction with the -h option.

       -l user
       --user user
              Use  the given username as the default for any host entries that don't specifically
              specify a user.

       -p parallelism
       --par parallelism
              Use the given number as the maximum number of concurrent connections.

       -t timeout
       --timeout timeout
              Make connections time out after the given number of seconds.  With a  value  of  0,
              paralllel-ssh will not timeout any connections.

       -o outdir
       --outdir outdir
              Save  standard  output  to files in the given directory.  Filenames are of the form
              [user@]host[:port][.num] where the user and port are only included for  hosts  that
              explicitly specify them.  The number is a counter that is incremented each time for
              hosts that are specified more than once.

       -e errdir
       --errdir errdir
              Save standard error to files in the given directory.  Filenames  are  of  the  same
              form as with the -o option.

       -x args
       --extra-args args
              Passes  extra  SSH  command-line  arguments  (see  the  ssh(1)  man  page  for more
              information about SSH arguments).  This option may  be  specified  multiple  times.
              The arguments are processed to split on whitespace, protect text within quotes, and
              escape with backslashes.  To pass arguments without such  processing,  use  the  -X
              option instead.

       -X arg
       --extra-arg arg
              Passes  a  single  SSH  command-line  argument  (see  the  ssh(1) man page for more
              information about SSH arguments).  Unlike the -x option, no processing is performed
              on   the  argument,  including  word  splitting.   To  pass  multiple  command-line
              arguments, use the option once for each argument.

       -O options
       --options options
              SSH options in the format used in the SSH configuration file (see the ssh_config(5)
              man page for more information).  This option may be specified multiple times.

              Prompt  for  a password and pass it to ssh.  The password may be used for either to
              unlock a key or for password authentication.  The  password  is  transferred  in  a
              fairly  secure  manner  (e.g., it will not show up in argument lists).  However, be
              aware that a root user on your system could potentially intercept the password.

              Display standard output and standard error as each host completes.

              Display standard output (but not standard error) as each host completes.

              Include error messages from ssh with the -i and \ options.

              Read input and send to each ssh process.  Since ssh allows a command script  to  be
              sent on standard input, the -I option may be used in lieu of the command argument.

              Display  output as it arrives.  This option is of limited usefulness because output
              from different hosts are interleaved.


       Connect to host1 and host2, and print "hello, world" from each:
              parallel-ssh -i -H "host1 host2" echo "hello, world"

       Print "hello, world" from each host specified in the file hosts.txt:
              parallel-ssh -i -h hosts.txt echo "hello, world"

       Run a command as root with a prompt for the root password:
              parallel-ssh -i -h hosts.txt -A -l root echo hi

       Run a long command without timing out:
              parallel-ssh -i -h hosts.txt -t 0 sleep 10000

       If the file hosts.txt has a large number of entries, say 100, then the parallelism  option
       may also be set to 100 to ensure that the commands are run concurrently:
              parallel-ssh -i -h hosts.txt -p 100 -t 0 sleep 10000

       Run a command without checking or saving host keys:
              parallel-ssh   -i   -H   host1   -H   host2   -x  "-O  StrictHostKeyChecking=no  -O
              UserKnownHostsFile=/dev/null -O GlobalKnownHostsFile=/dev/null" echo hi

       Print the node number for each connection (this will print 0, 1, and 2):
              parallel-ssh -i -H host1 -H host1 -H host2 'echo $PSSH_NODENUM'


       If you have a set of hosts that you connect to frequently with specific options, it may be
       helpful to create an alias such as:
              alias pssh_servers="parallel-ssh -h /path/to/server_list.txt -l root -A"

       The  ssh_config  file  can  include an arbitrary number of Host sections.  Each host entry
       specifies ssh options which apply only to the  given  host.   Host  definitions  can  even
       behave  like aliases if the HostName option is included.  This ssh feature, in combination
       with parallel-ssh host files, provides a tremendous amount of flexibility.


       The exit status codes from paralllel-ssh are as follows:

       0      Success

       1      Miscellaneous error

       2      Syntax or usage error

       3      At least one process was killed by a signal or timed out.

       4      All processes completed, but at least one  ssh  process  reported  an  error  (exit
              status 255).

       5      There  were  no  ssh  errors,  but  at least one remote command had a non-zero exit


       Written by Brent N. Chun <> and Andrew McNabb <>.


       ssh(1), ssh_config(5), parallel-scp(1),  parallel-rsync(1),  parallel-slurp(1),  parallel-

                                         January 24, 2012                        paralllel-ssh(1)