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       pdftex - PDF output from TeX


       pdftex [options] [&format] [file|\commands]


       Run the pdfTeX typesetter on file, usually creating file.pdf.  If the file argument has no
       extension, ".tex" will be appended to it.  Instead of a filename, a set of pdfTeX commands
       can  be  given,  the  first of which must start with a backslash.  With a &format argument
       pdfTeX uses a different set of  precompiled  commands,  contained  in  format.fmt;  it  is
       usually better to use the -fmt format option instead.

       pdfTeX  is  a version of TeX, with the e-TeX extensions, that can create PDF files as well
       as DVI files.

       In DVI mode, pdfTeX can be used as a complete replacement for the TeX engine.

       The typical use of pdfTeX is with a pregenerated formats for which  PDF  output  has  been
       enabled.  The pdftex command uses the equivalent of the plain TeX format, and the pdflatex
       command uses the equivalent of the LaTeX  format.   To  generate  formats,  use  the  -ini

       The  pdfinitex  and  pdfvirtex  commands  are  pdfTeX's analogues to the initex and virtex
       commands.  In this installation, if the links exist, they are symbolic links to the pdftex

       In  PDF  mode,  pdfTeX  can natively handle the PDF, JPG, JBIG2, and PNG graphics formats.
       pdfTeX cannot include PostScript or Encapsulated PostScript (EPS)  graphics  files;  first
       convert them to PDF using epstopdf(1).  pdfTeX's handling of its command-line arguments is
       similar to that of of the other TeX programs in the web2c implementation.


       This version of pdfTeX understands the following command line options.

              Sets \pdfdraftmode so pdfTeX doesn't write a PDF  and  doesn't  read  any  included
              images, thus speeding up execution.

       -enc   Enable  the  encTeX  extensions.  This option is only effective in combination with
              -ini.      For     documentation     of     the     encTeX      extensions      see

       -etex  Enable  the  e-TeX  extensions.   This option is only effective in combination with
              -ini.  See etex(1).

              Print error messages in the form file:line:error which is similar to the  way  many
              compilers format them.

              Disable printing error messages in the file:line:error style.

              This is the old name of the -file-line-error option.

       -fmt format
              Use  format  as  the  name  of  the format to be used, instead of the name by which
              pdfTeX was called or a %& line.

              Exit with an error code when an error is encountered during processing.

       -help  Print help message and exit.

       -ini   Start in INI mode, which is used to dump formats.  The INI mode  can  be  used  for
              typesetting,  but  no  format  is preloaded, and basic initializations like setting
              catcodes may be required.

       -interaction mode
              Sets the  interaction  mode.   The  mode  can  be  either  batchmode,  nonstopmode,
              scrollmode,  and  errorstopmode.  The meaning of these modes is the same as that of
              the corresponding \commands.

       -ipc   Send DVI or PDF output to a socket as well as the usual output file.  Whether  this
              option is available is the choice of the installer.

              As  -ipc,  and  starts the server at the other end as well.  Whether this option is
              available is the choice of the installer.

       -jobname name
              Use name for the job name, instead of deriving it from the name of the input file.

       -kpathsea-debug bitmask
              Sets path searching debugging flags according to the  bitmask.   See  the  Kpathsea
              manual for details.

       -mktex fmt
              Enable mktexfmt, where fmt must be either tex or tfm.

       -mltex Enable MLTeX extensions.  Only effective in combination with -ini.

       -no-mktex fmt
              Disable mktexfmt, where fmt must be either tex or tfm.

       -output-comment string
              In  DVI mode, use string for the DVI file comment instead of the date.  This option
              is ignored in PDF mode.

       -output-directory directory
              Write output files in directory instead of the current directory.   Look  up  input
              files in directory first, the along the normal search path.

       -output-format format
              Set  the  output  format  mode,  where format must be either pdf or dvi.  This also
              influences the set of graphics formats understood by pdfTeX.

              If the first line of the main input file begins with %& parse it to look for a dump
              name or a -translate-file option.

              Disable parsing of the first line of the main input file.

       -progname name
              Pretend  to  be  program  name.   This  affects both the format used and the search

              Enable the filename recorder.  This leaves a trace of the files  opened  for  input
              and output in a file with extension .fls.

              Enable  the  \write18{command}  construct.   The  command can be any shell command.
              This construct is normally disallowed for security reasons.

              Disable the \write18{command} construct, even if it is  enabled  in  the  texmf.cnf

              In  DVI  mode, insert source specials into the DVI file.  This option is ignored in
              PDF mode.

       -src-specials where
              In DVI mode, insert source specials in certain placed of the DVI file.  where is  a
              comma-separated  value  list:  cr, display, hbox, math, par, parent, or vbox.  This
              option is ignored in PDF mode.

       -translate-file tcxname
              Use the tcxname translation table to set the mapping of input  characters  and  re-
              mapping of output characters.

       -default-translate-file tcxname
              Like -translate-file except that a %& line can overrule this setting.

              Print version information and exit.


       See  the Kpathsea library documentation (e.g., the `Path specifications' node) for precise
       details of how the environment variables are used.  The kpsewhich utility can be  used  to
       query the values of the variables.

       One  caveat:  In  most pdfTeX formats, you cannot use ~ in a filename you give directly to
       pdfTeX, because ~ is an active character, and hence is expanded, not taken as part of  the
       filename.  Other programs, such as Metafont, do not have this problem.

              Normally,  pdfTeX  puts  its  output files in the current directory.  If any output
              file cannot be opened there, it tries to open it in the directory specified in  the
              environment  variable  TEXMFOUTPUT.   There  is no default value for that variable.
              For example, if you say pdftex paper and the current directory is not writable  and
              TEXMFOUTPUT  has  the  value  /tmp,  pdfTeX  attempts to create /tmp/paper.log (and
              /tmp/paper.pdf, if any output is produced.)  TEXMFOUTPUT is also checked for  input
              files,  as  TeX often generates files that need to be subsequently read; for input,
              no suffixes (such as ``.tex'') are added by  default,  the  input  name  is  simply
              checked as given.

              Search  path  for  \input and \openin files.  This should start with ``.'', so that
              user files are found before system files.  An empty path component will be replaced
              with  the  paths  defined  in  the  texmf.cnf  file.  For example, set TEXINPUTS to
              ".:/home/user/tex:" to prepend the current directory and ``/home/user/tex'' to  the
              standard search path.

              Search path for format files.

              Command  template  for  switching  to editor.  The default, usually vi, is set when
              pdfTeX is compiled.

              Search path for font metric (.tfm) files.

              If set, its value, taken to be in epoch-seconds, will be used for the timestamps in
              the  PDF  output,  such  as  the CreationDate and ModDate keys.  This is useful for
              making reproducible builds.

              If set to the value "1", the time-related  TeX  primitives  (\year,  \month,  \day,
              \time)  are  also  initialized  from  the  value of SOURCE_DATE_EPOCH.  This is not
              recommended if there is any viable alternative.
              pdfTeX also has several  primitives  to  support  reproducible  builds,  which  are
              preferable to setting these environment variables; see the main manual.

       Many, many more environment variables may be consulted related to path searching.  See the
       Kpathsea manual.


       The location of the files mentioned below varies from system to system.  Use the kpsewhich
       utility to find their locations.
              Font name mapping definitions.

       *.tfm  Metric files for pdfTeX's fonts.

       *.fmt  Predigested pdfTeX format (.fmt) files.


       Starting  with version 1.40, pdfTeX incorporates the e-TeX extensions, and pdfeTeX is just
       a copy of pdfTeX.  See etex(1).  This manual page is not  meant  to  be  exhaustive.   The
       complete  documentation  for  this version of pdfTeX can be found in the pdfTeX manual and
       the info manual Web2C: A TeX implementation.


       This version of pdfTeX fails to trap arithmetic overflow  when  dimensions  are  added  or
       subtracted.   Cases  where  this  occurs are rare, but when it does the generated DVI file
       will be invalid.  Whether a generated PDF file would be usable is unknown.


       pdfTeX is available for a large variety of machine architectures  and  operating  systems.
       pdfTeX is part of all major TeX distributions.
       The pdfTeX home page:
       pdfTeX on CTAN:
       pdfTeX mailing list for all discussion:


       The  full  pdfTeX  manual  can  be accessed from the home page or CTAN page.  Same for the
       Web2C,  Kpathsea,  and  other  manuals.   Some  related  programs:  epstopdf(1),  etex(1),
       latex(1), luatex(1), mptopdf(1), tex(1), mf(1).


       The  primary  authors  of  pdfTeX  are Han The Thanh, Petr Sojka, Jiri Zlatuska, and Peter
       Breitenlohner (eTeX).

       TeX was designed by Donald E. Knuth, who implemented it using his Web  system  for  Pascal
       programs.   It  was  ported to Unix at Stanford by Howard Trickey, and at Cornell by Pavel
       Curtis.  The version now offered with the Unix TeX distribution is that generated  by  the
       Web to C system (web2c), originally written by Tomas Rokicki and Tim Morgan.

       The encTeX extensions were written by Petr Olsak.