Provided by: wiringpi_2.50-0ubuntu1_amd64 bug


       gpio - Command-line access to Raspberry Pi's GPIO


       gpio -v

       gpio [ -g | -1 ] mode/read/write/aread/awrite/wb/pwm/pwnTone/clock/toggle/blink ...

       gpio [ -x extension:params ] mode/read/write/aread/awrite/pwm/toggle/blink ...

       gpio [ -p ] read/write/toggle/blink ...

       gpio [ -p ] pwnTone pin frequency ...

       gpio readall

       gpio unexportall/exports

       gpio export/edge/unexport ...

       gpio wfi ...

       gpio drive group value

       gpio usbp high | low

       gpio pwm-bal/pwm-ms

       gpio pwmr range

       gpio load  i2c/spi ...

       gpio gbr channel

       gpio gbw channel value


       GPIO  is  a  swiss  army knife of a command line tool to allow the user easy access to the
       GPIO pins on the Raspberry Pi and the SPI A/D and D/A converters on  the  Gertboard.  It's
       designed  for simple testing and diagnostic purposes, but can be used in shell scripts for
       general if somewhat slow control of the GPIO pins.

       It can also control the IO's on the PiFace IO board  and  load  the  SPI  and  I2C  kernel
       modules if required.

       Additionally, it can be used to set the exports in the /sys/class/gpio system directory to
       allow subsequent programs to use the /sys/class/gpio interface without needing to  be  run
       as root.


       -v     Output the current version including the board revision of the Raspberry Pi.

       -g     Use the BCM_GPIO pins numbers rather than wiringPi pin numbers.  Note: The BCM_GPIO
              pin numbers are always used with the export and edge commands.

       -1     Use the physical pin numbers rather than wiringPi pin  numbers.   Note:  that  this
              applies  to the P1 connector only. It is not possible to use pins on the Revision 2
              P5 connector this way, and as with -g the BCM_GPIO pin numbers are always used with
              the export and edge commands.

       -x extension
              This  causes  the  named extension to be initialised. Extensions comprise of a name
              (e.g. mcp23017) followed  by  a  colon,  then  the  pin-base,  then  more  optional
              parameters   depending   on   the   extension   type.    See   the   web   page  on

       -p     Use the PiFace interface board and its corresponding pin numbers. The  PiFace  will
              always appear at pin number 200 in the gpio command. You can assign any pin numbers
              you like in your own programs though.

       read <pin>
              Read the digital value of the  given  pin  and  print  0  or  1  to  represent  the
              respective logic levels.

       write <pin> <value>
              Write  the  given value (0 or 1) to the pin. You need to set the pin to output mode

       toggle <pin>
              Changes the state of a GPIO pin; 0 to 1, or 1 to 0.

              Note unlike the blink command, the pin must be in output mode first.

       blink <pin>
              Blinks the given pin on/off. Press Control-C to exit.

              Note: This command explicitly sets the pin to output mode.

       aread <pin>
              Read the analog value of the given pin. This needs to be used in conjunction with a
              -x flag to add in an extension that handles analog inputs.

              e.g. gpio -x mcp3002:200:0 aread 200

              will read the first analog input on an mcp3002 SPI ADC chip.

       awrite <pin> <value>
              Write  the analog value to the given pin. This needs to be used in conjunction with
              a -x flag to add in an extension that handles analog inputs.

              e.g. gpio -x mcp4802:200:0 awrite 200 128

              will write the value 128 to the first DAC port on an mcp4802 chip on the  Pi's  SPI
              bus 0.

       wb <value>
              Write  the given byte to the 8 main GPIO pins. You can prefix it with 0x to specify
              a hexadecimal number. You need to set pins to output mode first.

              Output a table of all GPIO pins values. The values represent the actual values read
              if  the  pin  is  in  input mode, or the last value written if the pin is in output

              The readall command is usable with an extension module (via the -x parameter),  but
              it's  unable  to  determine pin modes or states, so will perform both a digital and
              analog read on each pin in-turn.

       pwm <pin> <value>
              Write a PWM value (0-1023) to the given pin. The pin needs to be put into PWM  mode

       clock <pin> <frequency>
              Set  the output frequency on the given pin. The pin needs to be put into clock mode

       mode <pin> <mode>
              Set a pin into input, output or pwm mode. Can also use the literals up, down or tri
              to set the internal pull-up, pull-down or tristate (off) controls.

              The ALT modes can also be set using alt0, alt1,  ... alt5.

              Un-Export all the GPIO pins in the /sys/class/gpio directory.

              Print a list (if any) of all the exported GPIO pins and their current values.

       export Export a GPIO pin in the /sys/class/gpio directory. Use like the mode command above
              however only in, out, high and low are supported at this time. Note  that  the  pin
              number  is  the  BCM_GPIO  number  and  not  the  wiringPi number. The high and low
              commands pre-set the output value at the same time as the export to output mode.

              Once a GPIO pin has been exported, the gpio program changes the  ownership  of  the
              /sys/class/gpio/gpioX/value    and    if    present    in    later   kernels,   the
              /sys/class/gpio/gpioX/edge pseudo files to  that  of  the  user  running  the  gpio
              program.  This  means that you can have a small script of gpio exports to setup the
              gpio pins as your program requires without the need to run  anything  as  root,  or
              with the sudo command.

       edge   This  exports  a  GPIO  pin  in the /sys/class/gpio directory, set the direction to
              input and set the edge interrupt method to none, rising, falling or both.  Use like
              the export command above and note that BCM_GPIO pin number is used not not wiringPi
              pin numbering.

              Like the export commands above, ownership is set  to  that  of  the  calling  user,
              allowing subsequent access from user programs without requiring root/sudo.

              Un-Export a GPIO pin in the /sys/class/gpio directory.

       wfi <pin> <mode>
              This set the given pin to the supplied interrupt mode: rising, falling or both then
              waits for the interrupt to happen. It's a non-busy wait, so does  not  consume  and
              CPU while it's waiting.

       drive  group value

              Change  the  pad  driver value for the given pad group to the supplied drive value.
              Group is 0, 1 or 2 and value is 0-7. Do not use unless you are absolutely sure  you
              know what you're doing.

       usbp   high | low

              Change  the USB current limiter to high (1.2 amps) or low (the default, 600mA) This
              is only applicable to the Model B+ and the Model B, v2.

              Change the PWM mode to balanced (the default) or mark:space ratio (traditional)

       pwmr   Change the PWM range register. The default is 1024.

       gbr    channel

              This reads the analog to digital converter on the Gertboard on the  given  channel.
              The board jumpers need to be in-place to do this operation.

       gbw    channel value

              This  writes the supplied value to the output channel on the Gertboards SPI digital
              to analogue converter.  The board jumpers need to be in-place to do this operation.

WiringPi vs. BCM_GPIO Pin numbering vs. Physical pin numbering

       The quickest way to get a list of the pin differences is to run the command

       gpio readall


       gpio                  executable


       gpio mode 4 output # Set pin 4 to output

       gpio -g mode 23 output # Set GPIO pin 23 to output (same as WiringPi pin 4)

       gpio mode 1 pwm # Set pin 1 to PWM mode

       gpio pwm 1 512 # Set pin 1 to PWM value 512 - half brightness

       gpio export 17 out # Set GPIO Pin 17 to output

       gpio export 0 in # Set GPIO Pin 0 (SDA0) to input.

       gpio -g read 0 # Read GPIO Pin 0 (SDA0)


       When using the export, edge or unexport  commands,  the  pin  numbers  are  always  native
       BCM_GPIO numbers and never wiringPi pin numbers.

       As  of  kernels  4.1.7,  a user-level GPIO access mechanism is available, however wiringPi
       will not use this by default - because at this time there appears to be issues when trying
       to  program  the  PWM or clock output hardware. If you can live without PWM or GPIO clocks
       and you want to use the GPIO from a non-root program, then you need to make sure that  the
       module  bcm2835_gpiomem  is loaded at boot time. This should happen automatically when you
       enable the device tree in raspi-config. You may also need some additional  information  in
       /etc/udev/rules.d/ to change the mode and ownership of the /dev/gpiomem file. Finally, you
       need to set the  environment  variable  WIRINGPI_GPIOMEM.  This  will  go-away  in  future
       releases once the /dev/gpiomem interface is fully operational.


       WiringPi's home page



       Gordon Henderson


       Please report bugs to <>


       Copyright (c) 2012-2018 Gordon Henderson This is free software; see the source for copying
       conditions. There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR


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