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       pdftex - PDF output from TeX


       pdftex [options] [&format] [file|\commands]


       Run the pdfTeX typesetter on file, usually creating file.pdf.  If the file argument has no
       extension, ".tex" will be appended to it.  Instead of a filename, a set of pdfTeX commands
       can  be  given,  the  first of which must start with a backslash.  With a &format argument
       pdfTeX uses a different set of  precompiled  commands,  contained  in  format.fmt;  it  is
       usually better to use the -fmt format option instead.

       pdfTeX  is  a version of TeX, with the e-TeX extensions, that can create PDF files as well
       as DVI files.

       In DVI mode, pdfTeX can be used as a complete replacement for the TeX engine.

       The typical use of pdfTeX is with a pregenerated formats for which  PDF  output  has  been
       enabled.  The pdftex command uses the equivalent of the plain TeX format, and the pdflatex
       command uses the equivalent of the LaTeX  format.   To  generate  formats,  use  the  -ini

       The  pdfinitex  and  pdfvirtex  commands  are  pdfTeX's analogues to the initex and virtex
       commands.  In this installation, if the links exist, they are symbolic links to the pdftex

       In  PDF  mode,  pdfTeX  can natively handle the PDF, JPG, JBIG2, and PNG graphics formats.
       pdfTeX cannot include PostScript or Encapsulated PostScript (EPS)  graphics  files;  first
       convert them to PDF using epstopdf(1).  pdfTeX's handling of its command-line arguments is
       similar to that of of the other TeX programs in the web2c implementation.


       This version of pdfTeX understands the following command line options.

              Sets \pdfdraftmode so pdfTeX doesn't write a PDF  and  doesn't  read  any  included
              images, thus speeding up execution.

       -enc   Enable  the  encTeX  extensions.  This option is only effective in combination with
              -ini.      For     documentation     of     the     encTeX      extensions      see

       -etex  Enable  the  e-TeX  extensions.   This option is only effective in combination with
              -ini.  See etex(1).

              Print error messages in the form file:line:error which is similar to the  way  many
              compilers format them.

              Disable printing error messages in the file:line:error style.

              This is the old name of the -file-line-error option.

       -fmt format
              Use  format  as  the  name  of  the format to be used, instead of the name by which
              pdfTeX was called or a %& line.

              Exit with an error code when an error is encountered during processing.

       -help  Print help message and exit.

       -ini   Start in INI mode, which is used to dump formats.  The INI mode  can  be  used  for
              typesetting,  but  no  format  is preloaded, and basic initializations like setting
              catcodes may be required.

       -interaction mode
              Sets the  interaction  mode.   The  mode  can  be  either  batchmode,  nonstopmode,
              scrollmode,  and  errorstopmode.  The meaning of these modes is the same as that of
              the corresponding \commands.

       -ipc   Send DVI or PDF output to a socket as well as the usual output file.  Whether  this
              option is available is the choice of the installer.

              As  -ipc,  and  starts the server at the other end as well.  Whether this option is
              available is the choice of the installer.

       -jobname name
              Use name for the job name, instead of deriving it from the name of the input file.

       -kpathsea-debug bitmask
              Sets path searching debugging flags according to the  bitmask.   See  the  Kpathsea
              manual for details.

       -mktex fmt
              Enable mktexfmt, where fmt must be either tex or tfm.

       -mltex Enable MLTeX extensions.  Only effective in combination with -ini.

       -no-mktex fmt
              Disable mktexfmt, where fmt must be either tex or tfm.

       -output-comment string
              In  DVI mode, use string for the DVI file comment instead of the date.  This option
              is ignored in PDF mode.

       -output-directory directory
              Write output files in directory instead of the current directory.   Look  up  input
              files in directory first, the along the normal search path.

       -output-format format
              Set  the  output  format  mode,  where format must be either pdf or dvi.  This also
              influences the set of graphics formats understood by pdfTeX.

              If the first line of the main input file begins with %& parse it to look for a dump
              name or a -translate-file option.

              Disable parsing of the first line of the main input file.

       -progname name
              Pretend  to  be  program  name.   This  affects both the format used and the search

              Enable the filename recorder.  This leaves a trace of the files  opened  for  input
              and output in a file with extension .fls.

              Enable  the  \write18{command}  construct.   The  command can be any shell command.
              This construct is normally disallowed for security reasons.

              Disable the \write18{command} construct, even if it is  enabled  in  the  texmf.cnf

              In  DVI  mode, insert source specials into the DVI file.  This option is ignored in
              PDF mode.

       -src-specials where
              In DVI mode, insert source specials in certain placed of the DVI file.  where is  a
              comma-separated  value  list:  cr, display, hbox, math, par, parent, or vbox.  This
              option is ignored in PDF mode.

       -synctex NUMBER
              generate SyncTeX data for previewers according to bits of NUMBER. See  the  synctex
              manual page for details.

       -translate-file tcxname
              Use  the  tcxname  translation table to set the mapping of input characters and re-
              mapping of output characters.

       -default-translate-file tcxname
              Like -translate-file except that a %& line can overrule this setting.

              Print version information and exit.

       -8bit  make all characters printable by default.


       See the Kpathsea library documentation (e.g., the `Path specifications' node) for  precise
       details  of  how the environment variables are used.  The kpsewhich utility can be used to
       query the values of the variables.

       One caveat: In most pdfTeX formats, you cannot use ~ in a filename you  give  directly  to
       pdfTeX,  because ~ is an active character, and hence is expanded, not taken as part of the
       filename.  Other programs, such as Metafont, do not have this problem.

              Normally, pdfTeX puts its output files in the current  directory.   If  any  output
              file  cannot be opened there, it tries to open it in the directory specified in the
              environment variable TEXMFOUTPUT.  There is no default  value  for  that  variable.
              For  example, if you say pdftex paper and the current directory is not writable and
              TEXMFOUTPUT has the value /tmp,  pdfTeX  attempts  to  create  /tmp/paper.log  (and
              /tmp/paper.pdf,  if any output is produced.)  TEXMFOUTPUT is also checked for input
              files, as TeX often generates files that need to be subsequently read;  for  input,
              no  suffixes  (such  as  ``.tex'')  are  added by default, the input name is simply
              checked as given.

              Search path for \input and \openin files.  This should start with  ``.'',  so  that
              user files are found before system files.  An empty path component will be replaced
              with the paths defined in the  texmf.cnf  file.   For  example,  set  TEXINPUTS  to
              ".:/home/user/tex:"  to prepend the current directory and ``/home/user/tex'' to the
              standard search path.

              Search path for format files.

              Command template for switching to editor.  The default, usually  vi,  is  set  when
              pdfTeX is compiled.

              Search path for font metric (.tfm) files.

              If set, its value, taken to be in epoch-seconds, will be used for the timestamps in
              the PDF output, such as the CreationDate and ModDate  keys.   This  is  useful  for
              making reproducible builds.

              If  set  to  the  value  "1", the time-related TeX primitives (\year, \month, \day,
              \time) are also initialized from the  value  of  SOURCE_DATE_EPOCH.   This  is  not
              recommended if there is any viable alternative.
              pdfTeX  also  has  several  primitives  to  support  reproducible builds, which are
              preferable to setting these environment variables; see the main manual.

       Many, many more environment variables may be consulted related to path searching.  See the
       Kpathsea manual.


       The location of the files mentioned below varies from system to system.  Use the kpsewhich
       utility to find their locations.
              Font name mapping definitions.

       *.tfm  Metric files for pdfTeX's fonts.

       *.fmt  Predigested pdfTeX format (.fmt) files.


       Starting with version 1.40, pdfTeX incorporates the e-TeX extensions, and pdfeTeX is  just
       a  copy  of  pdfTeX.   See  etex(1).  This manual page is not meant to be exhaustive.  The
       complete documentation for this version of pdfTeX can be found in the  pdfTeX  manual  and
       the info manual Web2C: A TeX implementation.


       This  version  of  pdfTeX  fails  to trap arithmetic overflow when dimensions are added or
       subtracted.  Cases where this occurs are rare, but when it does  the  generated  DVI  file
       will be invalid.  Whether a generated PDF file would be usable is unknown.


       pdfTeX  is  available  for a large variety of machine architectures and operating systems.
       pdfTeX is part of all major TeX distributions.
       The pdfTeX home page:
       pdfTeX on CTAN:
       pdfTeX mailing list for all discussion:


       The full pdfTeX manual can be accessed from the home page or  CTAN  page.   Same  for  the
       Web2C,  Kpathsea,  and  other  manuals.   Some  related  programs:  epstopdf(1),  etex(1),
       latex(1), luatex(1), mptopdf(1), tex(1), mf(1).


       The primary authors of pdfTeX are Han The Thanh, Petr  Sojka,  Jiri  Zlatuska,  and  Peter
       Breitenlohner (eTeX).

       TeX  was  designed  by Donald E. Knuth, who implemented it using his Web system for Pascal
       programs.  It was ported to Unix at Stanford by Howard Trickey, and at  Cornell  by  Pavel
       Curtis.   The  version now offered with the Unix TeX distribution is that generated by the
       Web to C system (web2c), originally written by Tomas Rokicki and Tim Morgan.

       The encTeX extensions were written by Petr Olsak.