Provided by: texlive-binaries_2019.20190605.51237-3build2_amd64

#### NAME

```       pdftex - PDF output from TeX

```

#### SYNOPSIS

```       pdftex [options] [&format] [file|\commands]

```

#### DESCRIPTION

```       Run the pdfTeX typesetter on file, usually creating file.pdf.  If the file argument has no
extension, ".tex" will be appended to it.  Instead of a filename, a set of pdfTeX commands
can  be  given,  the  first of which must start with a backslash.  With a &format argument
pdfTeX uses a different set of  precompiled  commands,  contained  in  format.fmt;  it  is
usually better to use the -fmt format option instead.

pdfTeX  is  a version of TeX, with the e-TeX extensions, that can create PDF files as well
as DVI files.

In DVI mode, pdfTeX can be used as a complete replacement for the TeX engine.

The typical use of pdfTeX is with a pregenerated formats for which  PDF  output  has  been
enabled.  The pdftex command uses the equivalent of the plain TeX format, and the pdflatex
command uses the equivalent of the LaTeX  format.   To  generate  formats,  use  the  -ini
switch.

The  pdfinitex  and  pdfvirtex  commands  are  pdfTeX's analogues to the initex and virtex
commands.  In this installation, if the links exist, they are symbolic links to the pdftex
executable.

In  PDF  mode,  pdfTeX  can natively handle the PDF, JPG, JBIG2, and PNG graphics formats.
pdfTeX cannot include PostScript or Encapsulated PostScript (EPS)  graphics  files;  first
convert them to PDF using epstopdf(1).  pdfTeX's handling of its command-line arguments is
similar to that of of the other TeX programs in the web2c implementation.

```

#### OPTIONS

```       This version of pdfTeX understands the following command line options.

-draftmode
Sets \pdfdraftmode so pdfTeX doesn't write a PDF  and  doesn't  read  any  included
images, thus speeding up execution.

-enc   Enable  the  encTeX  extensions.  This option is only effective in combination with
-ini.      For     documentation     of     the     encTeX      extensions      see
http://www.olsak.net/enctex.html.

-etex  Enable  the  e-TeX  extensions.   This option is only effective in combination with
-ini.  See etex(1).

-file-line-error
Print error messages in the form file:line:error which is similar to the  way  many
compilers format them.

-no-file-line-error
Disable printing error messages in the file:line:error style.

-file-line-error-style
This is the old name of the -file-line-error option.

-fmt format
Use  format  as  the  name  of  the format to be used, instead of the name by which
pdfTeX was called or a %& line.

-halt-on-error
Exit with an error code when an error is encountered during processing.

-help  Print help message and exit.

-ini   Start in INI mode, which is used to dump formats.  The INI mode  can  be  used  for
typesetting,  but  no  format  is preloaded, and basic initializations like setting
catcodes may be required.

-interaction mode
Sets the  interaction  mode.   The  mode  can  be  either  batchmode,  nonstopmode,
scrollmode,  and  errorstopmode.  The meaning of these modes is the same as that of
the corresponding \commands.

-ipc   Send DVI or PDF output to a socket as well as the usual output file.  Whether  this
option is available is the choice of the installer.

-ipc-start
As  -ipc,  and  starts the server at the other end as well.  Whether this option is
available is the choice of the installer.

-jobname name
Use name for the job name, instead of deriving it from the name of the input file.

Sets path searching debugging flags according to the  bitmask.   See  the  Kpathsea
manual for details.

-mktex fmt
Enable mktexfmt, where fmt must be either tex or tfm.

-mltex Enable MLTeX extensions.  Only effective in combination with -ini.

-no-mktex fmt
Disable mktexfmt, where fmt must be either tex or tfm.

-output-comment string
In  DVI mode, use string for the DVI file comment instead of the date.  This option
is ignored in PDF mode.

-output-directory directory
Write output files in directory instead of the current directory.   Look  up  input
files in directory first, the along the normal search path.

-output-format format
Set  the  output  format  mode,  where format must be either pdf or dvi.  This also
influences the set of graphics formats understood by pdfTeX.

-parse-first-line
If the first line of the main input file begins with %& parse it to look for a dump
name or a -translate-file option.

-no-parse-first-line
Disable parsing of the first line of the main input file.

-progname name
Pretend  to  be  program  name.   This  affects both the format used and the search
paths.

-recorder
Enable the filename recorder.  This leaves a trace of the files  opened  for  input
and output in a file with extension .fls.

-shell-escape
Enable  the  \write18{command}  construct.   The  command can be any shell command.
This construct is normally disallowed for security reasons.

-no-shell-escape
Disable the \write18{command} construct, even if it is  enabled  in  the  texmf.cnf
file.

-src-specials
In  DVI  mode, insert source specials into the DVI file.  This option is ignored in
PDF mode.

-src-specials where
In DVI mode, insert source specials in certain placed of the DVI file.  where is  a
comma-separated  value  list:  cr, display, hbox, math, par, parent, or vbox.  This
option is ignored in PDF mode.

-synctex NUMBER
generate SyncTeX data for previewers according to bits of NUMBER. See  the  synctex
manual page for details.

-translate-file tcxname
Use  the  tcxname  translation table to set the mapping of input characters and re-
mapping of output characters.

-default-translate-file tcxname
Like -translate-file except that a %& line can overrule this setting.

-version
Print version information and exit.

-8bit  make all characters printable by default.

```

#### ENVIRONMENT

```       See the Kpathsea library documentation (e.g., the `Path specifications' node) for  precise
details  of  how the environment variables are used.  The kpsewhich utility can be used to
query the values of the variables.

One caveat: In most pdfTeX formats, you cannot use ~ in a filename you  give  directly  to
pdfTeX,  because ~ is an active character, and hence is expanded, not taken as part of the
filename.  Other programs, such as Metafont, do not have this problem.

TEXMFOUTPUT
Normally, pdfTeX puts its output files in the current  directory.   If  any  output
file  cannot be opened there, it tries to open it in the directory specified in the
environment variable TEXMFOUTPUT.  There is no default  value  for  that  variable.
For  example, if you say pdftex paper and the current directory is not writable and
TEXMFOUTPUT has the value /tmp,  pdfTeX  attempts  to  create  /tmp/paper.log  (and
/tmp/paper.pdf,  if any output is produced.)  TEXMFOUTPUT is also checked for input
files, as TeX often generates files that need to be subsequently read;  for  input,
no  suffixes  (such  as  ``.tex'')  are  added by default, the input name is simply
checked as given.

TEXINPUTS
Search path for \input and \openin files.  This should start with  ``.'',  so  that
user files are found before system files.  An empty path component will be replaced
with the paths defined in the  texmf.cnf  file.   For  example,  set  TEXINPUTS  to
".:/home/user/tex:"  to prepend the current directory and ``/home/user/tex'' to the
standard search path.

TEXFORMATS
Search path for format files.

TEXEDIT
Command template for switching to editor.  The default, usually  vi,  is  set  when
pdfTeX is compiled.

TFMFONTS
Search path for font metric (.tfm) files.

SOURCE_DATE_EPOCH
If set, its value, taken to be in epoch-seconds, will be used for the timestamps in
the PDF output, such as the CreationDate and ModDate  keys.   This  is  useful  for
making reproducible builds.

FORCE_SOURCE_DATE
If  set  to  the  value  "1", the time-related TeX primitives (\year, \month, \day,
\time) are also initialized from the  value  of  SOURCE_DATE_EPOCH.   This  is  not
recommended if there is any viable alternative.
pdfTeX  also  has  several  primitives  to  support  reproducible builds, which are
preferable to setting these environment variables; see the main manual.

Many, many more environment variables may be consulted related to path searching.  See the
Kpathsea manual.

```

#### FILES

```       The location of the files mentioned below varies from system to system.  Use the kpsewhich
utility to find their locations.

pdftex.map
Font name mapping definitions.

*.tfm  Metric files for pdfTeX's fonts.

*.fmt  Predigested pdfTeX format (.fmt) files.

```

#### NOTES

```       Starting with version 1.40, pdfTeX incorporates the e-TeX extensions, and pdfeTeX is  just
a  copy  of  pdfTeX.   See  etex(1).  This manual page is not meant to be exhaustive.  The
complete documentation for this version of pdfTeX can be found in the  pdfTeX  manual  and
the info manual Web2C: A TeX implementation.

```

#### BUGS

```       This  version  of  pdfTeX  fails  to trap arithmetic overflow when dimensions are added or
subtracted.  Cases where this occurs are rare, but when it does  the  generated  DVI  file
will be invalid.  Whether a generated PDF file would be usable is unknown.

```

#### AVAILABILITY

```       pdfTeX  is  available  for a large variety of machine architectures and operating systems.
pdfTeX is part of all major TeX distributions.
pdfTeX on CTAN: http://www.ctan.org/pkg/pdftex.
pdfTeX mailing list for all discussion: http://lists.tug.org/pdftex.

```

#### SEEALSO

```       The full pdfTeX manual can be accessed from the home page or  CTAN  page.   Same  for  the
Web2C,  Kpathsea,  and  other  manuals.   Some  related  programs:  epstopdf(1),  etex(1),
latex(1), luatex(1), mptopdf(1), tex(1), mf(1).

```

#### AUTHORS

```       The primary authors of pdfTeX are Han The Thanh, Petr  Sojka,  Jiri  Zlatuska,  and  Peter
Breitenlohner (eTeX).

TeX  was  designed  by Donald E. Knuth, who implemented it using his Web system for Pascal
programs.  It was ported to Unix at Stanford by Howard Trickey, and at  Cornell  by  Pavel
Curtis.   The  version now offered with the Unix TeX distribution is that generated by the
Web to C system (web2c), originally written by Tomas Rokicki and Tim Morgan.

The encTeX extensions were written by Petr Olsak.
```