Provided by: postgresql-client-common_214ubuntu0.1_all bug


       pg_wrapper - wrapper for PostgreSQL client commands


       client-program [--cluster version/cluster] [...]

       (client-program: psql, createdb, dropuser, and all other client programs installed in


       This program is run only as a link to names which correspond to PostgreSQL programs in
       /usr/lib/postgresql/version/bin. It determines the configured cluster and database for the
       user and calls the appropriate version of the desired program to connect to that cluster
       and database, supplying any specified options to that command.

       The target cluster is selected by the following means, in descending order of precedence:

       1.  explicit specification with the --host option

       2.  explicit specification with the --cluster option

       3.  if the PGHOST environment variable is set, no further cluster selection is performed.
           The default PostgreSQL version and port number (from the command line, the environment
           variable PGPORT, or default 5432) will be used.

       4.  explicit specification with the PGCLUSTER environment variable

       5.  matching entry in ~/.postgresqlrc (see postgresqlrc(5)), if that file exists

       6.  matching entry in /etc/postgresql-common/user_clusters (see user_clusters(5)), if that
           file exists

       7.  If only one cluster exists on the local system, that one will be selected.

       8.  If several clusters exist on the local system, the one listening on the default port
           5432 will be selected.

       If none of these rules match, pg_wrapper does not set any environment variables and the
       program called will likely error out with a message like "could not connect to server:
       Connection refused".

       For psql, pg_archivecleanup, and pg_isready, pg_wrapper will always use the binary from
       the newest PostgreSQL version installed, as these are downwards compatible.

       Note that pg_wrapper needs to be able to read the server config to get the port number to
       connect to. If a non-standard port is configured in a place that pg_wrapper cannot read,
       connecting will fail. This particularly holds if the port was configured via ALTER SYSTEM
       in and pg_wrapper is invoked as any user other than postgres and


       --cluster version/cluster
       --cluster version/host:[port]
           cluster is either the name of a cluster on the local system, or takes the form
           host:port for a remote cluster. If port is left empty (i. e. you just specify host:),
           it defaults to 5432.


           If $PGCLUSTER is set, its value (of the form version/cluster) specifies the desired
           cluster, similar to the --cluster option. However, if --cluster is specified, it
           overrides the value of $PGCLUSTER.

           This specifies an alternative base directory for cluster configurations. This is
           usually /etc/postgresql/, but for testing/development purposes you can change this to
           point to e. g. your home directory, so that you can use the postgresql-common tools
           without root privileges.

           This is the location of PostgreSQL's and postgresql-common's global configuration (e.
           g. pg_service.conf, user_clusters(5)). The default is /etc/postgresql-common/.


           stores the default cluster and database for users and groups as set by the

           stores defaults set by the user himself.


       user_clusters(5), postgresqlrc(5)


       Martin Pitt <>