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       pthread_tryjoin_np, pthread_timedjoin_np - try to join with a terminated thread


       #define _GNU_SOURCE             /* See feature_test_macros(7) */
       #include <pthread.h>

       int pthread_tryjoin_np(pthread_t thread, void **retval);

       int pthread_timedjoin_np(pthread_t thread, void **retval,
                                const struct timespec *abstime);

       Compile and link with -pthread.


       These  functions  operate  in  the same way as pthread_join(3), except for the differences
       described on this page.

       The pthread_tryjoin_np() function performs a nonblocking  join  with  the  thread  thread,
       returning  the  exit  status  of the thread in *retval.  If thread has not yet terminated,
       then instead of blocking, as is done by pthread_join(3), the call returns an error.

       The pthread_timedjoin_np() function performs a join-with-timeout.  If thread has  not  yet
       terminated,  then  the  call  blocks  until  a maximum time, specified in abstime.  If the
       timeout expires before thread terminates, the call returns an error.  The abstime argument
       is a structure of the following form, specifying an absolute time measured since the Epoch
       (see time(2)):

           struct timespec {
               time_t tv_sec;     /* seconds */
               long   tv_nsec;    /* nanoseconds */


       On success, these functions return 0; on error, they return an error number.


       These functions can fail with the same errors  as  pthread_join(3).   pthread_tryjoin_np()
       can in addition fail with the following error:

       EBUSY  thread had not yet terminated at the time of the call.

       pthread_timedjoin_np() can in addition fail with the following errors:

              The call timed out before thread terminated.

       EINVAL abstime value is invalid (tv_sec is less than 0 or tv_nsec is greater than 1e9).

       pthread_timedjoin_np() never returns the error EINTR.


       These functions first appeared in glibc in version 2.3.3.


       For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).

       │InterfaceAttributeValue   │
       │pthread_tryjoin_np(),  │ Thread safety │ MT-Safe │
       │pthread_timedjoin_np() │               │         │


       These functions are nonstandard GNU extensions; hence the suffix  "_np"  (nonportable)  in
       the names.


       The following code waits to join for up to 5 seconds:

           struct timespec ts;
           int s;


           if (clock_gettime(CLOCK_REALTIME, &ts) == -1) {
               /* Handle error */

           ts.tv_sec += 5;

           s = pthread_timedjoin_np(thread, NULL, &ts);
           if (s != 0) {
               /* Handle error */


       clock_gettime(2), pthread_exit(3), pthread_join(3), pthreads(7)


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