Provided by: kopano-server_8.7.0-7ubuntu1_amd64 bug


       kopano-server - Start the Kopano storage server.


       kopano-server [OPTION]


       The kopano-server is the Zafara storage server. It contacts a database server and provides
       services to Kopano clients. The user base can be retrieved from an external source, like
       LDAP, or can be setup with a separate list of users.

       After starting, the server keeps listening for connections on the configured TCP port
       and/or Unix socket.


       The storage server program takes the following configuration options:

       --config, -c file
           Specify the location of the configuration file.

           Default: /etc/kopano/server.cfg

           Displays the values of server.cfg configuration parameters and the implied defaults.

       --foreground, -F
           Run in the foreground. Normally the server will daemonize and run in the background.

       --restart-searches, -R
           Rebuild all search folders. This may take some time and is only needed when your
           search folders have become out-of-sync with the actual data in the database. The sync
           will start synchronously at the start of the server, and you will have to wait for all
           searches to complete before connecting to the server.

           Ignore version information from the database. Kopano will normally not start the
           server if the database has a newer version than the kopano-server binary. This makes
           sure you cannot downgrade your server binary while keeping the same database. If you
           know what you're doing, you can use this option to bypass the start-up version check
           of the database.

           Override the attachment storage option from the configuration file. When you change
           the option of the location where to store attachments after you've already started the
           kopano-server once, this location will conflict. Attachments will not be found when
           they are stored in a different location.

           When you upgrade/downgrade from/to multiserver setups, the server will not start,
           because of database differences. If you know what you're doing, and want to circumvent
           this and start the server anyway, you can use this option.

           Forcing the kopano-server do the normal upgrade as usual. The server will only
           daemonize when the upgrade is complete. Simple progress can be followed in the log
           output of the server.

           Print the version and exit.

       When invoked with no options, the server will search for a configuration file in
       /etc/kopano/server.cfg. If no configuration file is found, default values are used. See
       kopano-server.cfg(5) for all configuration options and their default values.


       Starting the server with an alternative configuration:

       kopano-server -c /path/to/server.cfg

       You may also use the init.d scripts:

       /etc/init.d/kopano-server [start| stop| restart]


           The server configuration file.

       Configuration options for user plugins are in their respective configuration file. The
       name of these files is set in the server.cfg file. See kopano-server.cfg(5) for
       information on the server.cfg settings.


       If you run into problems, check the log for any errors. If you made a mistake in the
       configuration of the log method, this will be reported on standard error. You can also
       restart the server with a higher log level. Also, before starting the server, always make
       sure the database server is running at the right location and no other server is listening
       on the configured TCP port.

       For extended diagnostics, there are special extended log options available for enhanced
       debugging capabilities. The parameter log_level has special or-ed values which can be set
       to investigate different modules within the server process:

       SQL: 0x00010000, User backend: 0x00020000, Server cache: 0x00040000, SOAP: 0x00100000,
       ICS: 0x00200000

       For example, if you are using LDAP as the user plugin, you can set the log_level to
       0x00020006 for extended LDAP logging (the last digit 6 enables extended verbose logging).
       To enable SQL and LDAP logging at the same time, set log_level to 0x00030006

       WARNING: The log options create huge amounts of log entries in production environments,
       this results in abnormal large logfiles which can fill up available disk space very fast.
       Only use this with extreme caution.


       The normal way for user clients to connect to the server is over TCP, either direct using
       the Kopano port, or over HTTP when Apache is setup as a proxy. Users can only login with
       their username and password.

       The normal way for admin clients, like the spooler and admin tool, to connect to the
       server is through the Unix socket on Unix type servers. The admin clients are able to
       login when they are run as root or as the user the storage server process is running as.
       Most of the time this will be root only, since the storage server process runs as root by

       As an exception for the dagent, a unix user can also connect to its own store without a
       password. Any other store cannot be accessed this way.

       Direct SSL connections are also possible. The server needs to be configured to accept SSL
       connections on a new port. Login via an SSL key is also possible. Please read the next
       section on how to setup SSL.


       To accept SSL connections directly by the server, the storage server will need to listen
       on a different port to separate the normal connections from the encrypted connections.
       This is set in the server_ssl_port setting in the configuration file.

       Then, you must setup a signed SSL certificate. First, we'll create a Certificate Authority
       to be able to sign certificate requests. We provide a script which makes it easy to create
       certificates on any distribution. This script is located in /usr/share/kopano, called Enter the following commands to create a certificate for the Kopano

        mkdir -p /etc/kopano/ssl
        cd /etc/kopano/ssl
        sh /usr/share/kopano/ server

       Press enter twice to start the creation of a new CA, probably called demoCA. Enter a
       password when asked for. This is the password later used to sign certificate requests.
       Then enter your certificate information. Do not leave the Common Name field blank,
       otherwise the creation will fail. A good example for the Common Name field is your

       Now that we have a CA, we can create self-signed certificates. The script will
       automatically start the creation of this certificate. The CA certificate must be set in
       the server.cfg file in the server_ssl_ca_file setting. We need a signed certificate for
       the server to start with SSL support.

       Enter a password for the request, and enter the certificate details. Some details need to
       be different from what you typed when creating the CA. Type at least a different name in
       the 'Organizational Unit Name' field. The challenge password at the end may be left empty.

       The script will automatically continue with signing this certificate request. You will
       need to enter your CA certificate password again to sign this request. Then you must
       accept the new certificate into the CA.

       After accepting, a new signed certificate is created, with the name server.pem. This file
       contains the private key, so keep this file safe.

       The script will ask if a public key should also be created. Since we're creating the
       certificate for the server, this is not needed. So enter 'n' and press enter.

       The server.pem file should be set in the server.cfg file in the server_ssl_key_file
       option. See kopano-server.cfg(5) for information on the possible SSL settings. The
       password of this key needs to be set in the server_ssl_key_pass option. Do not forget this
       password in the server.cfg file, otherwise the kopano-server program will ask for this
       password when an SSL connection is accepted.

       To create a new certificate for a client service, run the script again. You can create one
       new certificate for all clients, or separate certificates for each client.

        sh /usr/share/kopano/

       When typing the certificate information, type at least a different 'Organizational Unit
       Name' field. When asked for a public key, type 'y' and enter to create the public key.

       Install the new service.pem on the server that will be logging in. Install the
       service-public.pem file in the /etc/kopano/sslkeys directory:

        mkdir /etc/kopano/sslkeys
        mv service-public.pem /etc/kopano/sslkeys

       The remote service, which has the service.pem private key, can now login with the
       certificate, because the known public key matches.


       With special chars (like umlauts) the sorting is working more the dictionary way according
       to DIN 5007-1, section Depending on the behaviour wanted, the collation setting
       can be changed with the (not per default included) parameter
        default_sort_locale_id. When setting this parameter to de_DE@collation=phonebook for
       example the sorting will be oriented to the DIN 5007-2, section standard which
       is rather used in phonebooks and actually decomposes umlauts for sorting inline within
       non-umlaut based ASCII characters.


       The following signals can be sent to the storage server process:

           When the HUP signal is received, some options from the configuration file are
           reloaded. The reloadable options are listed in the kopano-server.cfg(5) manual page.

           Also, when using log_method = file, the logfile will be closed and a new logfile will
           be opened. You can use this signal in your logrotate system.

           To gracefully let the server exit, the normal TERM signal is used. Because of open
           sessions by clients it may take up to 60 seconds for the server to completely


       Written by Kopano.


       kopano-server.cfg(5), kopano-admin(8)