Provided by: cdparanoia_3.10.2+debian-14build1_amd64 bug

NAME

       cdparanoia - an audio CD reading utility which includes extra data verification features

SYNOPSIS

       cdparanoia [options] span [outfile] |-B

DESCRIPTION

       cdparanoia  retrieves  audio tracks from CDDA-capable CDROM drives.  The data can be saved
       to a file or directed to standard output in WAV, AIFF, AIFF-C or raw format.   Most  ATAPI
       and SCSI and several proprietary CDROM drive makes are supported; cdparanoia can determine
       if the target drive is CDDA capable.

       In  addition  to  simple  reading,  cdparanoia  adds   extra-robust   data   verification,
       synchronization, error handling and scratch reconstruction capability.

OPTIONS

       -A --analyze-drive
              Run  and  log  a  complete  analysis of drive caching, timing and reading behavior;
              verifies that cdparanoia is correctly modelling a specific drive's cache  and  read
              behavior. Implies -vQL.

       -v --verbose
              Be  absurdly verbose about the auto-sensing and reading process. Good for setup and
              debugging.

       -q --quiet
              Do not print any progress or error information during the reading process.

       -e --stderr-progress
              Force output of progress information to stderr (for wrapper scripts).

       -l --log-summary [file]
              Save result summary to file, default filename cdparanoia.log.

       -L --log-debug [file]
              Save detailed device auto-sense and debugging output to a  file,  default  filename
              cdparanoia.log.

       -V --version
              Print the program version and quit.

       -Q --query
              Perform  CDROM  drive auto-sense, query and print the CDROM table of contents, then
              quit.

       -s --search-for-drive
              Forces a complete search for a CDROM drive, even if the /dev/cdrom link exists.

       -h --help
              Print a brief synopsis of cdparanoia usage and options.

       -p --output-raw
              Output headerless data as raw 16-bit PCM data with interleaved samples in host byte
              order.  To force little or big endian byte order, use -r or -R as described below.

       -r --output-raw-little-endian
              Output headerless data as raw 16-bit PCM data with interleaved samples in LSB first
              byte order.

       -R --output-raw-big-endian
              Output headerless data as raw 16-bit PCM data with interleaved samples in MSB first
              byte order.

       -w --output-wav
              Output  data  in  Micro$oft RIFF WAV format (note that WAV data is always LSB-first
              byte order).

       -f --output-aiff
              Output data in Apple AIFF format (note that AIFC data is always in  MSB-first  byte
              order).

       -a --output-aifc
              Output data in uncompressed Apple AIFF-C format (note that AIFF-C data is always in
              MSB-first byte order).

       -B --batch

              Cdda2wav-style batch output flag; cdparanoia will split the  output  into  multiple
              files at track boundaries.  Output file names are prepended with 'track#.'

       -c --force-cdrom-little-endian
              Some  CDROM  drives  misreport  their endianness (or do not report it at all); it's
              possible that cdparanoia will guess wrong.  Use -c to force cdparanoia to treat the
              drive as a little endian device.

       -C --force-cdrom-big-endian
              As above but force cdparanoia to treat the drive as a big endian device.

       -n --force-default-sectors n
              Force  the interface backend to do atomic reads of n sectors per read.  This number
              can be misleading; the kernel will often split read requests into  multiple  atomic
              reads  (the  automated Paranoia code is aware of this) or allow reads only within a
              restricted size range.  This option should generally not be used.

       -d --force-cdrom-device device
              Force the interface backend to read from device  rather  than  the  first  readable
              CDROM  drive  it finds.  This can be used to specify devices of any valid interface
              type (ATAPI, SCSI, or proprietary).

       -k --force-cooked-device device
              This option forces use  of  the  old  'cooked  ioctl'  kernel  interface  with  the
              specified  CDROM device.  The cooked ioctl interface is obsolete in Linux 2.6 if it
              is present at all.  -k cannot be used with -d or -g.

       -g --force-generic-device device
              This option forces use of the old 'generic SCSI' (sg)  kernel  interface  with  the
              specified  generic SCSI device.  -g cannot be used with -k.  -g may be used with -d
              to explicitly set both the SCSI carom and generic  (sg)  devices  separately.  This
              option  is only useful on obsolete SCSI setups and when using the generic SCSI (sg)
              driver.

       -S --force-read-speed number
              Use this option explicitly to set the read rate of the CD drive (where  supported).
              This  can  reduce  underruns  on machines that have slow disks, or which are low on
              memory.

       -t --toc-offset number
              Use this option to force the entire disc LBA  addressing  to  shift  by  the  given
              amount;  the  value is added to the beginning offsets in the TOC.  This can be used
              to shift track boundaries for the whole disc manually on sector  granularity.   The
              next option does something similar...

       -T --toc-bias
              Some  drives  (usually  random  Toshibas)  report the actual track beginning offset
              values in the TOC, but then treat the beginning of track 1 index 1 as sector 0  for
              all read operations.  This results in every track seeming to start too late (losing
              a bit of the beginning and catching a bit of the next track).  -T accounts for this
              behavior.   Note  that this option will cause cdparanoia to attempt to read sectors
              before or past the known user data area of the disc, resulting in  read  errors  at
              disc edges on most drives and possibly even hard lockups on some buggy hardware.

       -O --sample-offset number
              Use  this  option  to  force the entire disc to shift sample position output by the
              given amount; this can be used  to  shift  track  boundaries  for  the  whole  disc
              manually  on sample granularity. Note that this will cause cdparanoia to attempt to
              read partial sectors before or past the known user data area of the disc,  probably
              causing  read  errors  on  most drives and possibly even hard lockups on some buggy
              hardware.

       -Z --disable-paranoia
              Disable all data verification and correction features.  When using  -Z,  cdparanoia
              reads  data  exactly  as  would  cdda2wav(1) with an overlap setting of zero.  This
              option implies that -Y is active.

       -z --never-skip[=max_retries]
              Do not accept any skips; retry forever if needed.  An optional  maximum  number  of
              retries can be specified; for comparison, default without -z is currently 20.

       -Y --disable-extra-paranoia
              Disables  intra-read data verification; only overlap checking at read boundaries is
              performed. It can wedge  if  errors  occur  in  the  attempted  overlap  area.  Not
              recommended.

       -X --abort-on-skip
              If the read skips due to imperfect data, a scratch, or whatever, abort reading this
              track.  If output is to a file, delete the partially completed file.

OUTPUT SMILIES

         :-)  Normal operation, low/no jitter

         :-|  Normal operation, considerable jitter

         :-/  Read drift

         :-P  Unreported loss of streaming in atomic read operation

         8-|  Finding read problems at same point during reread; hard to correct

         :-0  SCSI/ATAPI transport error

         :-(  Scratch detected

         ;-(  Gave up trying to perform a correction

         8-X  Aborted read due to known, uncorrectable error

         :^D  Finished extracting

PROGRESS BAR SYMBOLS

       <space>
              No corrections needed

          -   Jitter correction required

          +   Unreported loss of streaming/other error in read

          !   Errors found after stage 1 correction; the drive is making the same  error  through
              multiple re-reads, and cdparanoia is having trouble detecting them.

          e   SCSI/ATAPI transport error (corrected)

          V   Uncorrected error/skip

SPAN ARGUMENT

       The  span  argument specifies which track, tracks, or subsections of tracks to read.  This
       argument is required, unless batch-mode is used (in batch-mode, cdparanoia  will  rip  all
       tracks  if  no span is given).  NOTE: Unless the span is a simple number, it's generally a
       good idea to quote the span argument to protect it from the shell.

       The span argument may be a simple track  number  or  an  offset/span  specification.   The
       syntax of an offset/span takes the rough form:

       1[ww:xx:yy.zz]-2[aa:bb:cc.dd]

       Here,  1  and  2 are track numbers; the numbers in brackets provide a finer-grained offset
       within a particular track. [aa:bb:cc.dd] is in hours/minutes/seconds/sectors format.  Zero
       fields  need  not  be  specified: [::20], [:20], [20], [20.], etc, would be interpreted as
       twenty seconds, [10:] would be ten minutes, [.30] would be thirty sectors (75 sectors  per
       second).

       When  only a single offset is supplied, it is interpreted as a starting offset and ripping
       will continue to the end of the track.  If a single offset is preceded or  followed  by  a
       hyphen,  the  implicit  missing  offset  is  taken  to  be  the  start or end of the disc,
       respectively. Thus:

       1:[20.35]
              Specifies ripping from track 1, second 20, sector 35 to the end of track 1.

       1:[20.35]-
              Specifies ripping from 1[20.35] to the end of the disc

       -2     Specifies ripping from the beginning of the disc up to (and including) track 2

       -2:[30.35]
              Specifies ripping from the beginning of the disc up to 2:[30.35]

       2-4    Specifies ripping from the beginning of track 2 to the end of track 4.

       Again, don't forget to protect square brackets from the shell.

EXAMPLES

       A few examples, protected from the shell:

       Query only with exhaustive search for a drive and full reporting of auto-sense:

              cdparanoia -vsQ

       Extract an entire disc, putting each track in a separate file:

              cdparanoia -B

       Extract from track 1, time 0:30.12 to 1:10.00:

              cdparanoia "1[:30.12]-1[1:10]"

       Extract from the beginning of the disc up through track 3:

              cdparanoia -- -3

       The "--" above is to distinguish "-3" from an option flag.

OUTPUT

       The output file argument is optional; if it  is  not  specified,  cdparanoia  will  output
       samples  to one of cdda.wav, cdda.aifc, or cdda.raw depending on whether -w, -a, -r or, -R
       is used (-w is the implicit default).  The output file argument of  -  specifies  standard
       output; all data formats may be piped.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

       cdparanoia  sprang  from  and  once  drew  heavily from the interface of Heiko Eissfeldt's
       (heiko@colossus.escape.de) 'cdda2wav' package.  cdparanoia would not have happened without
       it.

       Joerg  Schilling  has  also  contributed SCSI expertise through his generic SCSI transport
       library.

AUTHOR

       Monty <monty@xiph.org>

       cdparanoia's homepage may be found at: http://www.xiph.org/paranoia/

                                           11 Sep 2008                              CDPARANOIA(1)