Provided by: git-man_2.32.0-1ubuntu1_all bug


       git-fast-export - Git data exporter


       git fast-export [<options>] | git fast-import


       This program dumps the given revisions in a form suitable to be piped into git

       You can use it as a human-readable bundle replacement (see git-bundle(1)), or as a format
       that can be edited before being fed to git fast-import in order to do history rewrites (an
       ability relied on by tools like git filter-repo).


           Insert progress statements every <n> objects, to be shown by git fast-import during

           Specify how to handle signed tags. Since any transformation after the export can
           change the tag names (which can also happen when excluding revisions) the signatures
           will not match.

           When asking to abort (which is the default), this program will die when encountering a
           signed tag. With strip, the tags will silently be made unsigned, with warn-strip they
           will be made unsigned but a warning will be displayed, with verbatim, they will be
           silently exported and with warn, they will be exported, but you will see a warning.

           Specify how to handle tags whose tagged object is filtered out. Since revisions and
           files to export can be limited by path, tagged objects may be filtered completely.

           When asking to abort (which is the default), this program will die when encountering
           such a tag. With drop it will omit such tags from the output. With rewrite, if the
           tagged object is a commit, it will rewrite the tag to tag an ancestor commit (via
           parent rewriting; see git-rev-list(1))

       -M, -C
           Perform move and/or copy detection, as described in the git-diff(1) manual page, and
           use it to generate rename and copy commands in the output dump.

           Note that earlier versions of this command did not complain and produced incorrect
           results if you gave these options.

           Dumps the internal marks table to <file> when complete. Marks are written one per line
           as :markid SHA-1. Only marks for revisions are dumped; marks for blobs are ignored.
           Backends can use this file to validate imports after they have been completed, or to
           save the marks table across incremental runs. As <file> is only opened and truncated
           at completion, the same path can also be safely given to --import-marks. The file will
           not be written if no new object has been marked/exported.

           Before processing any input, load the marks specified in <file>. The input file must
           exist, must be readable, and must use the same format as produced by --export-marks.

           In addition to labelling blobs and commits with mark ids, also label tags. This is
           useful in conjunction with --export-marks and --import-marks, and is also useful (and
           necessary) for exporting of nested tags. It does not hurt other cases and would be the
           default, but many fast-import frontends are not prepared to accept tags with mark

           Any commits (or tags) that have already been marked will not be exported again. If the
           backend uses a similar --import-marks file, this allows for incremental bidirectional
           exporting of the repository by keeping the marks the same across runs.

           Some old repositories have tags without a tagger. The fast-import protocol was pretty
           strict about that, and did not allow that. So fake a tagger to be able to fast-import
           the output.

           Start the stream with a feature done stanza, and terminate it with a done command.

           Skip output of blob objects and instead refer to blobs via their original SHA-1 hash.
           This is useful when rewriting the directory structure or history of a repository
           without touching the contents of individual files. Note that the resulting stream can
           only be used by a repository which already contains the necessary objects.

           This option will cause fast-export to issue a "deleteall" directive for each commit
           followed by a full list of all files in the commit (as opposed to just listing the
           files which are different from the commit’s first parent).

           Anonymize the contents of the repository while still retaining the shape of the
           history and stored tree. See the section on ANONYMIZING below.

           Convert token <from> to <to> in the anonymized output. If <to> is omitted, map <from>
           to itself (i.e., do not anonymize it). See the section on ANONYMIZING below.

           By default, running a command such as git fast-export master~5..master will not
           include the commit master~5 and will make master~4 no longer have master~5 as a parent
           (though both the old master~4 and new master~4 will have all the same files). Use
           --reference-excluded-parents to instead have the stream refer to commits in the
           excluded range of history by their sha1sum. Note that the resulting stream can only be
           used by a repository which already contains the necessary parent commits.

           Add an extra directive to the output for commits and blobs, original-oid <SHA1SUM>.
           While such directives will likely be ignored by importers such as git-fast-import, it
           may be useful for intermediary filters (e.g. for rewriting commit messages which refer
           to older commits, or for stripping blobs by id).

           Specify how to handle encoding header in commit objects. When asking to abort (which
           is the default), this program will die when encountering such a commit object. With
           yes, the commit message will be re-encoded into UTF-8. With no, the original encoding
           will be preserved.

           Apply the specified refspec to each ref exported. Multiple of them can be specified.

           A list of arguments, acceptable to git rev-parse and git rev-list, that specifies the
           specific objects and references to export. For example, master~10..master causes the
           current master reference to be exported along with all objects added since its 10th
           ancestor commit and (unless the --reference-excluded-parents option is specified) all
           files common to master~9 and master~10.


           $ git fast-export --all | (cd /empty/repository && git fast-import)

       This will export the whole repository and import it into the existing empty repository.
       Except for reencoding commits that are not in UTF-8, it would be a one-to-one mirror.

           $ git fast-export master~5..master |
                   sed "s|refs/heads/master|refs/heads/other|" |
                   git fast-import

       This makes a new branch called other from master~5..master (i.e. if master has linear
       history, it will take the last 5 commits).

       Note that this assumes that none of the blobs and commit messages referenced by that
       revision range contains the string refs/heads/master.


       If the --anonymize option is given, git will attempt to remove all identifying information
       from the repository while still retaining enough of the original tree and history patterns
       to reproduce some bugs. The goal is that a git bug which is found on a private repository
       will persist in the anonymized repository, and the latter can be shared with git
       developers to help solve the bug.

       With this option, git will replace all refnames, paths, blob contents, commit and tag
       messages, names, and email addresses in the output with anonymized data. Two instances of
       the same string will be replaced equivalently (e.g., two commits with the same author will
       have the same anonymized author in the output, but bear no resemblance to the original
       author string). The relationship between commits, branches, and tags is retained, as well
       as the commit timestamps (but the commit messages and refnames bear no resemblance to the
       originals). The relative makeup of the tree is retained (e.g., if you have a root tree
       with 10 files and 3 trees, so will the output), but their names and the contents of the
       files will be replaced.

       If you think you have found a git bug, you can start by exporting an anonymized stream of
       the whole repository:

           $ git fast-export --anonymize --all >anon-stream

       Then confirm that the bug persists in a repository created from that stream (many bugs
       will not, as they really do depend on the exact repository contents):

           $ git init anon-repo
           $ cd anon-repo
           $ git fast-import <../anon-stream
           $ ... test your bug ...

       If the anonymized repository shows the bug, it may be worth sharing anon-stream along with
       a regular bug report. Note that the anonymized stream compresses very well, so gzipping it
       is encouraged. If you want to examine the stream to see that it does not contain any
       private data, you can peruse it directly before sending. You may also want to try:

           $ perl -pe 's/\d+/X/g' <anon-stream | sort -u | less

       which shows all of the unique lines (with numbers converted to "X", to collapse "User 0",
       "User 1", etc into "User X"). This produces a much smaller output, and it is usually easy
       to quickly confirm that there is no private data in the stream.

       Reproducing some bugs may require referencing particular commits or paths, which becomes
       challenging after refnames and paths have been anonymized. You can ask for a particular
       token to be left as-is or mapped to a new value. For example, if you have a bug which
       reproduces with git rev-list sensitive -- secret.c, you can run:

           $ git fast-export --anonymize --all \
                 --anonymize-map=sensitive:foo \
                 --anonymize-map=secret.c:bar.c \

       After importing the stream, you can then run git rev-list foo -- bar.c in the anonymized

       Note that paths and refnames are split into tokens at slash boundaries. The command above
       would anonymize subdir/secret.c as something like path123/bar.c; you could then search for
       bar.c in the anonymized repository to determine the final pathname.

       To make referencing the final pathname simpler, you can map each path component; so if you
       also anonymize subdir to publicdir, then the final pathname would be publicdir/bar.c.


       Since git fast-import cannot tag trees, you will not be able to export the linux.git
       repository completely, as it contains a tag referencing a tree instead of a commit.




       Part of the git(1) suite