Provided by: util-linux_2.36.1-8ubuntu1_amd64 bug


       setpriv - run a program with different Linux privilege settings


       setpriv [options] program [arguments]


       Sets or queries various Linux privilege settings that are inherited across execve(2).

       In  comparison to su(1) and runuser(1), setpriv neither uses PAM, nor does it prompt for a
       password.  It is a simple, non-set-user-ID wrapper around execve(2), and can  be  used  to
       drop  privileges in the same way as setuidgid(8) from daemontools, chpst(8) from runit, or
       similar tools shipped by other service managers.


              Clear supplementary groups.

       -d, --dump
              Dump the current privilege state.  This option can be specified more than  once  to
              show extra, mostly useless, information.  Incompatible with all other options.

       --groups group...
              Set supplementary groups.  The argument is a comma-separated list of GIDs or names.

       --inh-caps (+|-)cap...  or  --ambient-caps (+|-)cap...  or  --bounding-set (+|-)cap...
              Set  the  inheritable capabilities, ambient capabilities or the capability bounding
              set.  See capabilities(7).  The argument is a comma-separated list of +cap and -cap
              entries,  which  add  or  remove  an entry respectively. cap can either be a human-
              readable name as seen in capabilities(7) without the cap_ prefix or of  the  format
              cap_N,  where  N is the internal capability index used by Linux.  +all and -all can
              be used to add or remove all caps.

              The set of capabilities starts out as the current inheritable set  for  --inh-caps,
              the  current  ambient  set  for  --ambient-caps  and  the  current bounding set for

              Note  the  following   restrictions   (detailed   in   capabilities(7))   regarding
              modifications to these capability sets:

              * A  capability can be added to the inheritable set only if it is currently present
                in the bounding set.

              * A capability can be added to the ambient set only if it is currently  present  in
                both the permitted and inheritable sets.

              * Notwithstanding  the  syntax  offered  by  setpriv,  the  kernel  does not permit
                capabilities to be added to the bounding set.

              If you drop a capability from the bounding set without also dropping  it  from  the
              inheritable set, you are likely to become confused.  Do not do that.

              Preserve  supplementary groups.  Only useful in conjunction with --rgid, --egid, or

              Initialize supplementary groups using initgroups(3).  Only  useful  in  conjunction
              with --ruid or --reuid.

              List all known capabilities.  This option must be specified alone.

              Set  the  no_new_privs  bit.   With  this  bit  set,  execve(2)  will not grant new
              privileges.  For example, the set-user-ID and set-group-ID bits  as  well  as  file
              capabilities  will be disabled.  (Executing binaries with these bits set will still
              work, but they will not gain privileges.  Certain LSMs,  especially  AppArmor,  may
              result  in  failures  to execute certain programs.)  This bit is inherited by child
              processes and  cannot  be  unset.   See  prctl(2)  and  Documentation/prctl/no_new_
              privs.txt in the Linux kernel source.

              The no_new_privs bit is supported since Linux 3.5.

       --rgid gid, --egid gid, --regid gid
              Set  the real, effective, or both GIDs.  The gid argument can be given as a textual
              group name.

              For safety, you must specify one of  --clear-groups,  --groups,  --keep-groups,  or
              --init-groups if you set any primary gid.

       --ruid uid, --euid uid, --reuid uid
              Set  the real, effective, or both UIDs.  The uid argument can be given as a textual
              login name.

              Setting a uid or gid does not change capabilities, although the exec  call  at  the
              end might change capabilities.  This means that, if you are root, you probably want
              to do something like:

                      setpriv --reuid=1000 --regid=1000 --inh-caps=-all

       --securebits (+|-)securebit...
              Set or clear securebits.  The  argument  is  a  comma-separated  list.   The  valid
              securebits  are noroot, noroot_locked, no_setuid_fixup, no_setuid_fixup_locked, and
              keep_caps_locked.  keep_caps is cleared by execve(2) and is therefore not allowed.

       --pdeathsig keep|clear|<signal>
              Keep, clear or set the parent death signal.  Some LSMs, most  notably  SELinux  and
              AppArmor, clear the signal when the process' credentials change.  Using --pdeathsig
              keep will restore the parent death signal after changing credentials to remedy that

       --selinux-label label
              Request a particular SELinux transition (using a transition on exec, not dyntrans).
              This will fail and cause setpriv to abort  if  SELinux  is  not  in  use,  and  the
              transition  may  be  ignored  or  cause  execve(2)  to fail at SELinux's whim.  (In
              particular, this is unlikely to work in conjunction with  no_new_privs.)   This  is
              similar to runcon(1).

       --apparmor-profile profile
              Request a particular AppArmor profile (using a transition on exec).  This will fail
              and cause setpriv to abort if AppArmor is not in use, and  the  transition  may  be
              ignored or cause execve(2) to fail at AppArmor's whim.

              Clears  all  the  environment  variables  except  TERM; initializes the environment
              variables HOME, SHELL, USER, LOGNAME according to the  user's  passwd  entry;  sets
              PATH    to    /usr/local/bin:/bin:/usr/bin    for    a    regular   user   and   to
              /usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin for root.

              The environment variable PATH may be different on systems where /bin and /sbin  are
              merged  into  /usr.   The environment variable SHELL defaults to /bin/sh if none is
              given in the user's passwd entry.

       -V, --version
              Display version information and exit.

       -h, --help
              Display help text and exit.


       If applying any specified option fails, program will not be run and  setpriv  will  return
       with exit status 127.

       Be  careful  with this tool -- it may have unexpected security consequences.  For example,
       setting no_new_privs and then execing a program that is  SELinux-confined  (as  this  tool
       would do) may prevent the SELinux restrictions from taking effect.


       If  you're  looking  for behaviour similar to su(1)/runuser(1), or sudo(8) (without the -g
       option), try something like:

           setpriv --reuid=1000 --regid=1000 --init-groups

       If you want to mimic daemontools' setuid(8), try:

           setpriv --reuid=1000 --regid=1000 --clear-groups


       Andy Lutomirski ⟨


       runuser(1), su(1), prctl(2), capabilities(7)


       The setpriv command is part of the util-linux package and is available from  Linux  Kernel
       Archive ⟨⟩.