Provided by: dpkg-dev_1.20.9ubuntu2_all bug

NAME

       deb - Debian binary package format

SYNOPSIS

       filename.deb

DESCRIPTION

       The .deb format is the Debian binary package file format. It is understood since dpkg
       0.93.76, and is generated by default since dpkg 1.2.0 and 1.1.1elf (i386/ELF builds).

       The format described here is used since Debian 0.93; details of the old format are
       described in deb-old(5).

FORMAT

       The file is an ar archive with a magic value of !<arch>.  Only the common ar archive
       format is supported, with no long file name extensions, but with file names containing an
       optional trailing slash, which limits their length to 15 characters (from the 16 allowed).
       File sizes are limited to 10 ASCII decimal digits, allowing for up to approximately
       9536.74 MiB member files.

       The tar archives currently allowed are, the old-style (v7) format, the pre-POSIX ustar
       format, a subset of the GNU format (new style long pathnames and long linknames, supported
       since dpkg 1.4.1.17; large file metadata since dpkg 1.18.24), and the POSIX ustar format
       (long names supported since dpkg 1.15.0).  Unrecognized tar typeflags are considered an
       error.  Each tar entry size inside a tar archive is limited to 11 ASCII octal digits,
       allowing for up to 8 GiB tar entries.  The GNU large file metadata support permits 95-bit
       tar entry sizes and negative timestamps, and 63-bit UID, GID and device numbers.

       The first member is named debian-binary and contains a series of lines, separated by
       newlines. Currently only one line is present, the format version number, 2.0 at the time
       this manual page was written.  Programs which read new-format archives should be prepared
       for the minor number to be increased and new lines to be present, and should ignore these
       if this is the case.

       If the major number has changed, an incompatible change has been made and the program
       should stop. If it has not, then the program should be able to safely continue, unless it
       encounters an unexpected member in the archive (except at the end), as described below.

       The second required member is named control.tar.  It is a tar archive containing the
       package control information, either not compressed (supported since dpkg 1.17.6), or
       compressed with gzip (with .gz extension) or xz (with .xz extension, supported since
       1.17.6), as a series of plain files, of which the file control is mandatory and contains
       the core control information, the conffiles, triggers, shlibs and symbols files contain
       optional control information, and the preinst, postinst, prerm and postrm files are
       optional maintainer scripts.  The control tarball may optionally contain an entry for ‘.’,
       the current directory.

       The third, last required member is named data.tar.  It contains the filesystem as a tar
       archive, either not compressed (supported since dpkg 1.10.24), or compressed with gzip
       (with .gz extension), xz (with .xz extension, supported since dpkg 1.15.6), bzip2 (with
       .bz2 extension, supported since dpkg 1.10.24) or lzma (with .lzma extension, supported
       since dpkg 1.13.25).

       These members must occur in this exact order. Current implementations should ignore any
       additional members after data.tar.  Further members may be defined in the future, and (if
       possible) will be placed after these three. Any additional members that may need to be
       inserted after debian-binary and before control.tar or data.tar and which should be safely
       ignored by older programs, will have names starting with an underscore, ‘_’.

       Those new members which won't be able to be safely ignored will be inserted before
       data.tar with names starting with something other than underscores, or will (more likely)
       cause the major version number to be increased.

MEDIA TYPE

   Current
       application/vnd.debian.binary-package

   Deprecated
       application/x-debian-package

       application/x-deb

SEE ALSO

       deb-old(5), dpkg-deb(1), deb-control(5), deb-conffiles(5), deb-triggers(5), deb-shlibs(5),
       deb-symbols(5), deb-preinst(5), deb-postinst(5), deb-prerm(5), deb-postrm(5).